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Public libraries

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Public libraries

  1. 1. Public LibrariesPrepared to: Dr. Augusta Rosario A. VillamaterPrepared by: Angelique L. Guce
  2. 2. Public librariesIt may be said to have begun inEngland in 1850 with the passingof the first Public Libraries Act.Public Libraries Act- This permitted towns andparishes to set up public libraries.
  3. 3. Purpose For the free and restricted of provision books and related material to members of the community for study purposes, and for vocational and recreational use. They are, and must remain, instruments of informal education, existing for self- development in an atmosphere of freedom.
  4. 4. AdministrationNumber of trustees -It variesfrom one library to the next, depending on rulesestablished by the political jurisdiction thelibrary serves. Ordinarily, a public library boardconsists of 6 to 12 trustees.Board of trustees- Itestablishes the library’s operating policies,and the director is responsible forimplementing those policies.
  5. 5. DirectorHe/she usually reports to aboard of trustees made up ofcitizens interested in improvinglocal library service.She manages the staff andoversees all of the library’s dailyoperations.
  6. 6. Collections:It includes printed materials suchas reference sets, paperbacknovels, biographies, children’s andyoung adult literature, histories,newspapers, and magazines.It usually also containphotographs, maps, artreproductions, sound recordings,and video recordings.
  7. 7. Departments Reference Libraries Reference Libraries Home Reading Libraries Children’s Libraries Periodicals Branch Libraries Mobile Libraries Gramophone Record Libraries
  8. 8. Reference librariesThere are 10,000volumes publicreference libraries inBritain and indeedthose below number.
  9. 9. Medium-sized referencelibraryIt contains 20,000 volumes,with the stock of such materialdirectories, dictionaries, atlases,encyclopedias, bibliographies.
  10. 10. Large referencelibrariesIt contains all the additionof monographs on specificsubjects, files of periodicalsand a wealth of pamphletand other material.
  11. 11. It is divided intodepartments:CommercialTechnicalForeignInternational
  12. 12. Home reading LibrariesUp to the 1890s home reading orlending libraries in Britain issuedbooks on the indicator or closedaccess method.
  13. 13. They have arrangementswhereby readers mayreserve books, while booksnot in stock will either bepurchased or borrowedfrom another library.
  14. 14. Childrens LibrariesNottingham had thefirst separate children’slibrary in the 1880s butthe greatest impetus tolibrary service for youngpeople was given byCroydon early in thiscentury.
  15. 15. In most children’s librariesillustration collection aremaintained, loans being madefrom these to teachers andstudent. In modern times, there areno age limits in the children’slibrary.
  16. 16. Branch LibrariesThe term “branch library” includes full-timebranches, part time branches, and what may becalled delivery stations.Systems with branches in cities and towns areusually centralized for administrative purposes.
  17. 17. Mobile Library•It was originated as ameans of supplying a bookservice to scattered in ruralcommunities.
  18. 18. •Mobile libraries need to becareful planning so that themaximum number of bookscan be carried anddisplayed.
  19. 19. Gramophone Record LibrariesSince 1945, gramophone record ithas sprung up all over Britain, throughmore particularly in London area.
  20. 20. It uses a form ofindicator system toshow which records areavailable for borrowing.

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