Engineering Awareness in Open Networks

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Presentation by Julia Schaumeier at the 2nd Awareness Workshop on Challenges for Achieving Self-awareness in Autonomic Systems @ SASO 2012, Lyon, France

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Engineering Awareness in Open Networks

  1. 1. Engineering Awareness in Open Networks Julia Schaumeier AWARENESS PhD Forum @ SASO 2012 10 September 2012
  2. 2. Overview Goal Create institutions for self-organised resource allocation Setting Autonomous, heterogeneous agents in open, embedded and resource-constrained systems exogenous and endogenous events change environment intentional non-compliance and accidental malfunction Tools Ostrom: self-governing commons and evolution of institutions Artikis: dynamic specifications of open agent systems Self-awareness for introspection and evaluationJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 1/9
  3. 3. Two Research Questions Q1: Is it possible to apply Elinor Ostrom’s socio-economic principles to institutions for self-organised management of open systems in resource-constraint environments? Q2: Is it possible to ensure that the self-organisation is successful?Julia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 2/9
  4. 4. Governing the Commons [Ostrom, 1990] institutional rules: conventionally agreed by affected agents, mutually understood, monitored and enforced, mutable and nested within higher-order rules (decisions → action situations) typical allocation sequence: (contribute →) demand → allocate → appropriate system regulated by self-governing agents that ensure responsible handling of the resourceJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 3/9
  5. 5. Dynamic Specification Framework [Artikis, 2011] Norm-governed system specification for multiagent systems Physical power, institutionalised power, and permission Obligations, and other complex normative relations Sanctions and penalties Roles and actions (communication language) Protocol stack: object-/meta-/meta-meta-/etc. level protocols Specification space (DoFs) Axiomatisation in the Event Calculus general purpose action language for representing events, and for reasoning about effects of eventsJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 4/9
  6. 6. Levels of Awareness derived from neuroscience and psychologyJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 5/9
  7. 7. Question 1 Is it possible to apply Elinor Ostrom’s socio-economic principles to institutions for self-organised management of open systems in resource-constraint environments? Yes, see SASO 2011 and Awareness Workshop 2011 Specified model uses Artikis’ framework to express Ostrom’s elements of institutions for self-governing commons Meta-protocols in the Event Calculus and notion of institutionalised power implement nested higher-order rules and action situations Experimental testbed Principles typically lead to a sustainable resource and make systems more enduring Principles have to be congruent with agents’ behaviour and environment Self-organisation important, no ‘one size fits all’ strategyJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 6/9
  8. 8. Question 2 Is it possible to ensure that the self-organisation is successful? Problem: implementation of principles requires careful design and modification to be congruent with current state of environment – not all developments anticipatable in design phase Hypothesis: Q2 is feasible using notions of self-awareness (Planned) experimental testbed To show what level of self-awareness keeps balance between costs and movement in specification space (all rules/roles) depending on population profile Example: Fairness as social (self-)evaluation measure level of predictive self-awareness subjective a priori incentive for optimising collective welfare objective a posteriori outcome metric ‘real world’ problem: smarter infrastructure management, like smart gridsJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 7/9
  9. 9. Contributions Theoretical AI: investigation of logical and computational foundations of self-organising and self-aware norm-governed multi-agent systems Experimental AI: development of a testbed for animating institutions for logic-based electronic systems Application of AI: instantiation of abstract model for management of energy distributionJulia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 8/9
  10. 10. Thank you!Julia Schaumeier Engineering Awareness in Open Networks 9/9

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