Seeds of Revolution
 Stamp Act
 Affected ALL the colonists
 Tax on all printed documents (newspapers, pamphlets, etc.)
...
The Revolution Begins
 Loyalists vs. Patriots
 Lexington and Concord (April 1775) –
first shots fired in the American
Re...
Declaration of Independence
 Declare all have Unalienable rights
 Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
 Wrote li...
THE WAR!
 Battle of Saratoga (1778)
 Turning point, French come
in on side of Americans
 Battle of Yorktown (1781)
 Vi...
The Articles of Confederation
1781-1787
• First law of the U.S.
• Provisions of Articles:
1.No chief executive
2.No nation...
Constitutional Convention
• 1787 - Philadelphia
• Purpose was to
REVISE Articles of
Confederation
• George Washington
pres...
WAS SUPPOSED TO BE A
“MEETING TO REVISE & AMEND”
THE ARTICLES OF CONF.
PA- HOST
DELEGATE
OLDEST AT
AGE 81
“FATHER OF THE
CONSTITUTION”
• Limited government
• Republicanism
• Checks and balances
• Federalism
• Separation of powers
• Popular sovereignty
• Ind...
Limited
Government
The ruler
(president) is
subject to
the law.
Came from the Magna Carta (1215).
Republicanism
Form of government where
people are ruled through
elected officials.
Checks and Balances
Each branch of
government
monitors and limits
the power of the
other two.
An example is the
President ...
The Feds
The
States
Federalism-Federal government
has more power than the states. They can enforce laws on
Separation of Powers
The division of power between the three branches.
Popular Sovereignty
The people choose!
Individual Rights
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Press
Freedom of
Religion
Freedom to
Assemble/Petition
Do you understand why the
Constitution is important?
You have 5 minutes to explain
“If one of these principals was left ou...
Bill of Rights
• First ten amendments
• Answers the grievances of
the Declaration of
Independence
BILL
OF
RIGHTS
Bill of Rights
• 1 – Freedom of religion, speech, press and
right to petition and assemble
• 2 - Right to bear arms
• 3 – ...
Bill of Rights
• 4 – No illegal searches and seizure
• 5 – Rights of the accused
• 6 – Right to a speedy, public trial
• 7...
1789 George Washington becomes
President
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
Constitution and bill of rights 2013
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Constitution and bill of rights 2013

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Constitution and bill of rights 2013

  1. 1. Seeds of Revolution  Stamp Act  Affected ALL the colonists  Tax on all printed documents (newspapers, pamphlets, etc.)  The colonists were upset that Parliament was taxing them and because they could not vote for members of Parliament. Their chant became “No taxation without representation!”  Boston Massacre: Citizens fired upon by British soldiers. Five Boston citizens were killed.  Boston Tea Party-Citizens react by for throwing British tea into the Harbor worth 10,000 English pounds = 1 million US dollars today. They receive harsh punishment from England. Result: The First Continental Congress meets. 12 of the 13 colonies attended this meeting. They met to figure out how to help Boston.
  2. 2. The Revolution Begins  Loyalists vs. Patriots  Lexington and Concord (April 1775) – first shots fired in the American Revolution against British.  Second Continental Congress meets. They will lead the country during the American Revolution.  George Washington was named Commander of the Continental Army.
  3. 3. Declaration of Independence  Declare all have Unalienable rights  Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness  Wrote list of grievances (complaints) against King George III  Thomas Jefferson = primary author  Adopted on July 4, 1776
  4. 4. THE WAR!  Battle of Saratoga (1778)  Turning point, French come in on side of Americans  Battle of Yorktown (1781)  Victory for the Americans, British General Cornwallis surrenders his army of 8,000 and is defeated.  Treaty of Paris, 1783  Ends war, America gains its independence.
  5. 5. The Articles of Confederation 1781-1787 • First law of the U.S. • Provisions of Articles: 1.No chief executive 2.No national court system 3.Gov’t could not tax on a national level • States held power. Weak Central Government.
  6. 6. Constitutional Convention • 1787 - Philadelphia • Purpose was to REVISE Articles of Confederation • George Washington presided • James Madison proposed a new document called….
  7. 7. WAS SUPPOSED TO BE A “MEETING TO REVISE & AMEND” THE ARTICLES OF CONF.
  8. 8. PA- HOST DELEGATE OLDEST AT AGE 81
  9. 9. “FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION”
  10. 10. • Limited government • Republicanism • Checks and balances • Federalism • Separation of powers • Popular sovereignty • Individual rights Principles of the Constitution
  11. 11. Limited Government The ruler (president) is subject to the law. Came from the Magna Carta (1215).
  12. 12. Republicanism Form of government where people are ruled through elected officials.
  13. 13. Checks and Balances Each branch of government monitors and limits the power of the other two. An example is the President vetoes a law passed by Congress.
  14. 14. The Feds The States Federalism-Federal government has more power than the states. They can enforce laws on
  15. 15. Separation of Powers The division of power between the three branches.
  16. 16. Popular Sovereignty The people choose!
  17. 17. Individual Rights Freedom of Speech Freedom of Press Freedom of Religion Freedom to Assemble/Petition
  18. 18. Do you understand why the Constitution is important? You have 5 minutes to explain “If one of these principals was left out of the Constitution, which would’ve had the greatest impact on our country and why?”
  19. 19. Bill of Rights • First ten amendments • Answers the grievances of the Declaration of Independence BILL OF RIGHTS
  20. 20. Bill of Rights • 1 – Freedom of religion, speech, press and right to petition and assemble • 2 - Right to bear arms • 3 – No Quartering troops
  21. 21. Bill of Rights • 4 – No illegal searches and seizure • 5 – Rights of the accused • 6 – Right to a speedy, public trial • 7 – Trial by jury in civil cases • 8 – No cruel or unusual punishment
  22. 22. 1789 George Washington becomes President

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