.
1) Introduction to Personality
2) Theory of segment fried
3) Perspectives in Study of
Personality








The term personality was taken from the two Latin
words “per” and “sonare” which means “to sound
through”.
Per...






Psychoanalytic
Behavioristic (including social cognitive
theory)
Humanistic
Trait perspectives


1.

2.
3.



Founder of the psychoanalytic movement in
psychology.
Divisions of Consciousness
Personality Structure
Fr...
1) Conscious mind
2) Preconscious mind
3) Unconscious mind


Conscious mind - level of the mind that is aware of
immediate surroundings and perceptions.



consists of everything ...








Preconscious mind - level of the mind in which
information is available but not currently conscious.
The uncon...





Unconscious mind - level of the mind in which
thoughts, feelings, memories, and other information
are kept that ar...
 1)

ID
 2) EGO
 3) Superego










only component of personality that is present
from birth
contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic
energy...
the largely conscious, “executive” part of personality
mediates among the demands of the id, superego and
reality
opera...






the part of personality that presents
internalized ideals
provides standards for judgment and for
future aspirati...




The ego ideal includes the rules and standards
for good behaviors. These behaviors include
those which are approved ...
Freud’s idea of the mind’s structure
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personality

  1. 1. .
  2. 2. 1) Introduction to Personality 2) Theory of segment fried 3) Perspectives in Study of Personality
  3. 3.     The term personality was taken from the two Latin words “per” and “sonare” which means “to sound through”. Personality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual. Character: value judgments of a person’s moral and ethical behavior Personality is the sum total of who you are– your attitude and reaction, both physical and emotional.
  4. 4.     Psychoanalytic Behavioristic (including social cognitive theory) Humanistic Trait perspectives
  5. 5.  1. 2. 3.  Founder of the psychoanalytic movement in psychology. Divisions of Consciousness Personality Structure Freud’s Theory: Stages of Personality Development sigmund freud (1856 to 1939)
  6. 6. 1) Conscious mind 2) Preconscious mind 3) Unconscious mind
  7. 7.  Conscious mind - level of the mind that is aware of immediate surroundings and perceptions.  consists of everything inside of our awareness includes such things as the sensations, perceptions, memories and feeling inside of our current awareness Example: Change your attention Dance  
  8. 8.     Preconscious mind - level of the mind in which information is available but not currently conscious. The unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness pull preconscious to conscious into consciousness when needed. Example: if you were asked what television show you watched last night or what you had for breakfast this morning, you would be pulling that information out of your preconscious.
  9. 9.    Unconscious mind - level of the mind in which thoughts, feelings, memories, and other information are kept that are not easily or voluntarily brought into consciousness. reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict Example: Breathing Can be revealed in dreams and Freudian slips of the tongue.
  10. 10.  1) ID  2) EGO  3) Superego
  11. 11.      only component of personality that is present from birth contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification pleasure principle: which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state anxiety or tension. For example, an increase in hunger or thirst should produce an immediate attempt to eat or drink
  12. 12. the largely conscious, “executive” part of personality mediates among the demands of the id, superego and reality operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain The ego also discharges tension created by unmet impulses through the secondary process, in which the ego tries to find an object in the real world that matches the mental image created by the id's primary process.
  13. 13.    the part of personality that presents internalized ideals provides standards for judgment and for future aspirations holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments……
  14. 14.   The ego ideal includes the rules and standards for good behaviors. These behaviors include those which are approved of by parental and other authority figures. Obeying these rules leads to feelings of pride, value and accomplishment. The conscience includes information about things that are viewed as bad by parents and society. These behaviors are often forbidden and lead to bad consequences, punishments or feelings of guilt and remorse.
  15. 15. Freud’s idea of the mind’s structure

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