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ИИ как новая форма жизни

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ИИ как новая форма жизни

  1. 1. Alexey Turchin Искусственный интеллект
 Новая форма жизни
  2. 2. 1. Проблема безопасности ИИ (что нас ждет плохого) 2. Медицинский ИИ (что нас ждет хорошего) 3. Слияние человека и компьютера (как решить обе проблемы) 4. Освоение космоса с помощью роботов- репликаторов: жизнь в космосе
  3. 3. То, что сейчас называют ИИ – это не ИИ
  4. 4. AI spring
 2012 – Neural networks 2016 – AI hype in media
  5. 5. ❶ Narrow AI ❷ AGI = human level AI ❸ Superintelligence AI epochs:
  6. 6. Narrow AI ❶ Neural nets ❷ Expert system ❸ Genetic algorithms
  7. 7. Human level AI ❶ Natural language processing ❷ Brain models ❸ Turing test
  8. 8. AGI When: from 2020 to 2100 How long: From days to decades Conservative estimate: 2050 and decades
  9. 9. Superintelligence Recursively self-improving Will quickly become smarter than all human race Many are afraid of it: Bostrom, Musk
  10. 10. Levels of Superintelligence
  11. 11. ❶ (Cyber)Weapons ❷ Unemployment ❸ Self-improving AI AI safety
  12. 12. Paperclip maximizer
  13. 13. Smile maximizer
  14. 14. AI driven human extinction
  15. 15. What is going on now in medical AI?
 Major IT companies created medical AI departments: • Google – Calico, Deepmind Health • Facebook – Chan-Zuckerberg initiative • Intel – Intel health and science • IBM – IBM Watson • Microsoft – Microsoft Health, Allen Brain Atlas, malaria research in Gates foundation
  16. 16. What is going on now?
 Major IT companies created medical AI departments: • Global AI startup financing hit $5 bn in 2016 (Nikkei) • Medicine – 15% of total spendings
  17. 17. What is going on now?
 From Virtual Nurses To Drug Discovery: 106 Artificial Intelligence Startups In Healthcare Deals to healthcare-focused AI startups went up from less than 20 in 2012 to nearly 70 in 2016.
  18. 18. }Research Therapy Uploading Life extension AI 2 New therapies 3 Robo-scientists 1 Diagnosis 2 Cure 3 Profilaxis 1 Cryonics 2 Recording 3 BCI 1 Cure aging Medical AI ≠ Life extension AI
  19. 19. Startups Deepmind Healthcare: Stream app. “Streaming the right information to the right clinician at the right time” AiCure: confirms medication ingestion Babylon Health: AI expert system + videochat
  20. 20. Upgrade Network Elon Mask: neural lace and Open AI: net of self improving individuals We: Best way for such merge: medical AI • BCI + “neuronet” • Self-improvement • Cyborgization • Human-like AI assistants • Humoral interface • Social network of patients
  21. 21. Superintelligence and nanotechnologies Nanorobots A) self-replicating B) externally controlled C) having narrow AI
  22. 22. Загрузка сознания в компьютер и слияние с ИИ
  23. 23. Киборги как новая форма жизни
  24. 24. Superintelligence will solve death
  25. 25. Космос ответ на вопрос о новом человеке
  26. 26. Для освоения космоса нужен искусственный интеллект
  27. 27. Роботы в космосе: самовоспроизводящиеся колонии и нанотех
  28. 28. Зонды фон Неймана для освоения Галактики

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