Portrait of a lady by khushwant singh


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Portrait of a lady by khushwant singh

  1. 1. PES/ENG/XI/027 • This is final file, needs Punjabi correction. • Contact person for this script from SSA, Punjab team – Mrs Brar 9780107971. • Word limit- 1875 CLASS: 10+1 TOPIC: CHARACTERSKETCH PORTRAIT OF A LADY BY KHUSHWANT SINGH ANCHOR 1- Welcome to today’s lesson. Today, we will learn ‘how to write a character sketch’. Do you know? What does a character sketch mean? The word character sketch consists of two words – character and sketch . VO & MO Character means reputation Bwv cirqr MO & VO Sketch means a portrait or a drawing. VO ryKw icqr Bwv cirqr icqrx - iksy ivAkqI dy cirqr bwry dsxw Now you must be thinking that while writing an essay on a person you do the same. But you will see the difference between the two. VO &MO DIFFERENCE BETWEEEN CHARACTER SKETCH AND AN ESSAY ON A PERSON -1-
  2. 2. PES/ENG/XI/027 • While writing an essay, we are free to use our own imagination about a person. VO ieh lyK iLKx vWg hI hY pr lyK iv`c AsI AwpxI klpxw vrq skdy hW MO & VO • We talk about the good qualities of that person. VO AsIN ivAkqI bwry isrP cMgIAW g`LW krdy hW [ MO & VO • While writing a character sketch, we are confined to the nature of the character what the writer has portrayed in the story, novel or a play. VO pr cirqr icqrx ilKx ligAW AsIN pwqr dy suBwA bwry dsdy hW ijvyN lyKk nyN khwxI ,nwvl jW nwtk iv`c icqirAw hY[ • Both good and bad aspects of a person are discussed. icqrq kIqy jw rhy ivAkqI dy suBwA dy cMgy Aqy mwVy dovyN p`KW qy ivcwr kIqI jWdI hY [ So while writing a character sketch we have to read the text. Now look at this picture. (Pic. of grandmother on the screen) ANCHOR What do you see in the picture? Yes, an old lady. May be like somebody’s grandmother. Do you love your grandmother? O’, sure. Some of you who are living in joint families must have experienced the cozy lap of your grandmother. You can easily write about your grandmother. But the way khushwant Singh has -2-
  3. 3. PES/ENG/XI/027 written about his own grandmother in ‘Portrait Of A Lady’ is amazing. He has described about her appearance, habits, nature and day to day activities in such a way that the reader finds her in front of him. So today we will discuss about Khushwant Singh’s grandmother. We see two phases of his grandmother’s life. The first phase is that when Khushwant Singh‘s family lives in a village. Just have a look on these pictures. Pictures Description of Pictures-- Pic-1 – • An old, short and fatty lady wearing white Punjabi suit, wrinkled face, grey hair, with one hand telling the beads of a rosary and other resting on her waist to balance her stoop. Anchor What does this picture tell us about the physique of the grandmother? Let’s write. • She is fat, short and slightly bent. • Her face is a criss- Cross of wrinkles. • Her grey hair usually remains scattered on her puckered face. • She can not walk strait so she hobbles with one hand on her waist to balance her stoop. • The other hand telling the beads of her rosary. Pic-2 -the grandmother getting her grandson ready for school. Pic-3 the grandmother giving him breakfast of stale chapattis with sugar and butter spread on them. -3-
  4. 4. PES/ENG/XI/027 Pic-4 Grandmother handing over a wooden slate, earthen inkpot, and pen to the grand son. Children! What do you observe in these pictures? Let’s try to write them. • The grand mother making her grand son ready for school. • Giving him breakfast of stale chapaties. • Handing her grandson the all required things. It shows she is very caring. Pic-5 Grandmother accompanying him to the school with stale chapattis in her hand and her lips moving. Pic-6 Grandmother is sitting inside the temple, reading holy book. The writer is sitting in a veranda with the other students in rows singing the alphabets and prayers in a chorus. Pic-7 The grandmother and the grandson leaving the school, throwing stale chapattis to the dogs and the dogs are following them, growling and fighting with each other for the chapattis. ANCHOR 2- Now let us try to write about the habits of the grandmother on the basis of the pictures you have seen just now. HABITS ( VO - You see in the picture grand mother is wearing white Punjabi suit. So you can write about her dress also. She) • Wears white spotless dress. (You must have noticed that in every picture, her lips keep on moving. So you can write) • Her lips always move in inaudible prayers. -4-
  5. 5. PES/ENG/XI/027 ( In the picture you see that the grand mother accompanying her grand son to the school because the school is attached to a temple. So what does it show about grand mother? ) • She is very religious; daily goes to the temple, reads holy books and tells the beads of the rosary. (VO- While getting her grand son ready, she keeps on singing prayers in a bit loud voice because) • She also wishes that her grand son could learn prayers by heart. ROUTINUE • Loves her grand son very much. • Accompanies her grand son to the school. • Help him to get ready and also help him in his lessons. (VO- It shows that she is) • Very sincere and dutiful. (In the picture you must have noticed that the grand mother is feeding chapaties to the village dog. So you can write that) • She feeds the chapattis to village dogs. Therefore she is very kind to the animals. ANCHOR 3- And now the scene shifts from village home to a city house. Description of Character -- Character -- Khushwant Singh, a twelve years old boy wearing an English school Uniform, going to school by the school bus Description of Scene-- -5-
  6. 6. PES/ENG/XI/027 Scene – Khushwant singh comes back to home and the grandmother asked him (Show conversation between these two characters) Grandmother: Khushi! What did you do at school, today? Khushwant: They taught us English and about Archimedes’ Principle. Granny: Science and English! What else? Khushwant: We had music and dance classes. I enjoyed very much. Grandmother: The lowly things! Did they teach you anything about God? Khushwant: No, granny. Grandmother: Very bad! ANCHOR 4- So surely you have more knowledge about the grandmother. Let’s see. When the grand son returns from the school she asks him what he has learnt at school. So you will write that) • She shows keen interest in the education and learning process of her grand son. • She is against Western culture and loves Indian culture. • She can not understand science so she has no interest in it. (The reaction, she shows about the music in the animation clearly shows that) • She hates music as she thinks it as the profession of the beggars and bad character people. (VO- She asks her grand son if he has been told about God at school. Clearly shows that) • She wants her grand son to be religious like her. -6-
  7. 7. PES/ENG/XI/027 Now have a look on some more pictures. Pictures 1. The grandmother is spinning on the spinning wheel (charkha) . (sound: looking at the picture you can see the grandmother sitting by the wheel spinning and reciting prayers. This was what she did from morning till evening) 2. At noon when she rests she feeds sparrows and hundreds of small birds sitting on and around her. (sound: These were her happiest moments for her in the entire day) (VO-These pictures show that) • Old age is no bar to work hard for her. • She remains busy in spinning, reciting prayers and feeding sparrows. • She is very kind to animals. ANCHOR 5- Now let’s have a look at some more pictures. Scene 1- Khushwant Singh is to leave for abroad in order to study in a University. Grandmother with other family members comes to leave him at station. Without showing any emotion her lips moved in prayer and she kissed writer’s forehead. Scene 2- After five years, when the writer comes back collected the women of the neighbourhood, got an old drum and started to sing of the home coming of warriors. Scene 3- Thousands of sparrows sat silently scattered around her corpse, as if they were mourning her death. They took no notice of the bread crumbs and flew away silently when the corpse was taken away for cremation. ANCHOR 6- Now let us try to write more about the grandmother: -7-
  8. 8. PES/ENG/XI/027 (VO- You have seen her feeding dogs and sparrows. There you can write that she is) • Very kind to the dogs and sparrows. When her grand son returns after completing his education, she sings the songs which are sung at the retuning of victorious warriors. There fore you can write that) • She loves her culture, fond of singing and spinning. (VO- You see , she is very reserve at the time of the departure of her grand son. She does not show any emotions. It shows that by nature she is very) • Calm and cool. • Does not show resentment. • Instead, she becomes quiet. (VO- Now, recall the scene of sparrows being fed by grand mother. Her behavior with the little birds shows that) • Not only that she loved the sparrows but they shared a mutual affection towards each other. ANCHOR So children you have gathered a lot about the grand mother. Now you can write in your own words. You may face the difficulty in understanding some new words. Don’t worry I am here to help you. Here is a glossary to help you. GLOSSARY • Wrinkles- lines of aging on the face • Pretty- attractive and pleasant • Revolting- unpleasant, disgusting -8-
  9. 9. PES/ENG/XI/027 • Absurd- completely ridiculous • Undignified- ungraceful • Fables- traditional short stories • Hobbled- to walk with difficulty • Stoop- Bent • Rosary- String of beads used to count prayers • Puckered – wrinkled • Inaudible- That you can not hear • Prophets- messenger of God • Serenity- calmness • Scriptures- holy books • Seclusion- being private • Frivolous- silly and amusing • Sagging – bending down • Pallor- pale coloring ANCHOR 7- Well children now you can compile all the points and start writing the character sketch of Khushwant Singh’s grand mother and we will meet in the next episode. Till then keep on working hard. You can also do an activity to retain the character of the grand mother. ACTIVITY 1. Read the lesson carefully. -9-
  10. 10. PES/ENG/XI/027 2. Note the adjectives and verbs related to grand mother 3. Cut a picture of an old lady or you may draw yourself or take the help of your friends. 4. Paste this picture in the center of a chart paper. 5. Write the adjectives selected by you on small strips of paper. 6. Paste these strips around the picture. 7. Now make simple sentences using the verbs and the adjectives. 8. Write them on bigger paper strips in bold hand and with different colors. 9. Paste these strips on another chart paper. 10. Now paste both the charts in you class room. The script is frozen by Mrs Baljeet Brar on 23.07.09 - 10 -