Ix vocabulary synonymns_antonymns_homonymns

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Ix vocabulary synonymns_antonymns_homonymns

  1. 1. EDUSAT PILOT SCRIPT SUBJECT – ENGLISH CLASS – IX TOPIC – VOCABULARY MODULE – SYNONYM, ANTONYMN, HOMONYMN ANCHOR 1 Good morning students. How are you today? Well children, today we will have really an interesting lesson to deal with. We are going to learn many new words today because we are going to deal with three topics of vocabulary 1. Synonyms 2. Antonyms 3. Homonyms Well let us first see our objectives. So after completing today’s lesson, the students will be able to Learning Objectives • Define all the three words-Synonyms, Antonyms and Hymonyms and give common examples. • Use Synonyms, Antonyms and Hymonyms in spoken and writing skill. • List Synonyms, Antonyms and Hymonyms words. Well first we are going to learn Synonyms. SUPER 1
  2. 2. What are synonyms? ANCHOR 2 Synonyms are words with similar meanings. These words are almost similar to each other. Let me explain with the help of some examples VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Here is the list of few synonyms. Allow permit tidy clean Beautiful pretty vast big Correct right wealthy rich Discover find actual real End finish begin start Enough plenty annual yearly Excuse pardon arrive reach Foolish stupid big large Glad happy brave bold Haste hurry difficult hard Injure hurt quiet silent Lazy inactive vacant empty Ordinary common Reply answer Task work essential necessary Right correct close near Wallet purse drag pull Study examine wear put on 2
  3. 3. Afraid of fear of certain sure ANCHOR 3 Well these are few of the synonyms. Let us see some exercises to understand. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN A. Use the words in the box to find synonyms for the italicized words: chair sick thro like w easy little late big angr roc jum y k thin p Jack was mad because the other kids teased him. (1) Now let us first read all the sentences. It was a simple question. (2) The pumpkin was so huge that I couldn’t carry it. (3) The teacher was angry because the students were tardy. (4) Toss me the ball! (5) I enjoy drinking tea in the morning. (6) Sally wasn’t at school because she was ill. 3
  4. 4. (7) Someone was sitting in my seat. (8) Someone threw a stone and broke the window. (9) He tried to hop over the puddle. (10) The baby’s hands were tiny. (11) He is so skinny that his clothes don’t fit anymore. (12) ANCHOR 4 WELL SIMPLE EXERCISE. NOW LTE US SEE OUR ANSWERS. 1. Angry 2. Easy 3. Big 4. late 5. throw 6. Like 7. Sick 8. Chair 9. Rock 10. Jump 11. Little 12. Thin Now we will see another exercise. Look at the following crossword and try to solve it. This is your practice exercise.) (SHOW pic of two twin girls standing together with the crossword. 4
  5. 5. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Across Down 1. Another word for toss 1. Another word for skinny 2. Another word for quiet 2. Another word for easy 3. Another word for hop 4. Another word for middle 5. Another word for tiny 7. Another word for ill 6. Another word for loud 8. Another word for clever 9. Another word for begin 9. Another word for close 10. Another word for 12. Another word for seat tidy 14. Another word for 11. Another word for huge stone 16. Another word for 13. Another word for difficult chat 15. Another word for end ANCHOR 5 Well students I hope you must have understood synonyms till now. Let us see ANTONYMS now. SUPER What are antonyms? ANCHOR 6 Antonyms are words in opposite to their meaning. 5
  6. 6. Let us see some of our opposites. Accept reject increase decrease Active lazy junior senior Ancient modern kind cruel Arrival departure lend borrow Attack defend light heavy Bent straight light dark Better worse majority minority Blunt sharp maximum minimum Bold timid oral written Coarse fine permanent temporary Create destroy please displease Deep shallow positive negative Early late punish reward Expensive cheap rough smooth Forwards backwards safe danderous Found lost sickness health Success failure fresh stale ANCHOR 7 Let us do an exercise now. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Q1. Fill in the gaps with opposite words. 1. better (EWORS) 2. more (ELSS) 6
  7. 7. 3. thin (FAT) 4. bright (UDLL) 5. soft (HADR) 6. valuable (HTWLSOESR) 7. peaceful (ONTEVIL) 8. cheap (IENSEEPXV) 9. noisy (ITQEU) 10. wise (OLSHOIF) Well answers are: • WORSE • ELSE • FAT • DULL • HARD • VIOLENT • EXPENSIVE • QUIET Well students I hope this one was not very difficult for you. Let us see another exercise now. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Q2. Underline the two antonyms in each sentence. The first one is done for you 1. A famous author wrote this story at a time when she was still unknown. 2. Running shoes are too casual to wear at such a formal event. 3. It’s the same thing every four years: Karen and I always have opposite opinions about the election. 4. Andrew believes that you sold the faulty parts that he purchased on the Web. 5. How could such a dull man write such an exciting book? 6. Which is more dangerous for that spacecraft, the ascent or the descent onto the desert runway? 7
  8. 8. 7. Michelle should never have told her little sister to always wear shoes on her hands. 8. If he’s really innocent, why does he look so guilty? Well students let us see all answers.(read the sentences again and highlight the words in bold form flash them.) 2. Running shoes are too casual to wear at such a formal event. 3. It’s the same thing every four years: Karen and I always have opposite opinions about the election. 4. Andrew believes that you sold the faulty parts that he purchased on the web. 5. How could such a dull man write such an exciting book? 6. Which is more dangerous for that spacecraft, the ascent or the descent onto the desert runway? 7. Michelle should never have told her little sister to always wear shoes on her hands. 8. If he’s really innocent, why does he look so guilty? Well let us see another exercise now. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Q3. Try to identify the antonyms in the following questions. Let us read all the sentences. (show pic of both the opposites on screen and read question and then iots answer and then show the pic.) 1. Which word is the antonym of "sunny", as in "it is sunny outside, today"? o Wet o Hot o Cloudy o Windy (mm a pic of sunny and cloudy weather. ) 2. Which word is the antonym of "bad", as in "he was bad today"? o Terrible 8
  9. 9. o Unlucky o Good o Ugly (mm a pic of a boy throwing paper on the ground and second pic of throwing paper in the dustbin.) ANCHOR 8 See children throwing paper on the road is a bad habit and throwing it in the dustbin is a good habit. 3. Which word is the antonym of "happy", as in "you make me very happy"? o Laughing o Sad o Joyful o Content ( mm a pic of happy and sad face.) 4 Which word is the antonym of "liquid", as in "this water is a liquid"? o Hard o Wet o Smooth o Solid ( mm a pic of water flowing and pic of ice as solid.) Well our answers are; 1. Cloudy 2. Good 3. Sad 4. Solid. So students let us see next exercise. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Q4. Select the correct number representing the opposite word for the following: A. female 1 - male 9
  10. 10. B. boy 2 - daughter C. woman 3 - husband D. son 4 - sister E. wife 5 - girl F. brother 6 – man Well answers are 2. girl 3. man 4. daughter 5. husband 6. sister Well this one is for your practice. Q5. Select the correct number representing the opposite word for the following: A. weak 1 - find B. stop 2 - strong C. finish 3 - sick D. young 4 - go E. sit 5 - old F. big 6 - open G. tall 7 - little H. fat 8 - skinny I. shut 9 - short J. sell 10 - buy K. healthy 11 - stand 10
  11. 11. L. lose 12 – begin ANCHOR 9 Well students let us see our next topic which is HOMONYMS SUPER What are homonyms? Well they are the words which have same pronunciation but different spellings and meanings. Eg. Write and right Threw and through etc. Homonyms are pretty easy if you're paying attention. Remain vigilant, and you will quickly earn your black belt and become the envy of everyone you meet. Well let us see few examples. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN 1. accept: to accept is to receive, admit or take on responsibility I accept responsibility for the car accident. except: usually a preposition meaning other than or a conjunction meaning if it weren't for the fact that I have every card except the ace of spades. 2. affect: usually a verb meaning to have an influence on, to bring about a change Eating too much can affect your weight. effect: usually a noun meaning result The effect of the frost will be higher fruit prices. 3. advice: a noun meaning an opinion about an action The pediatrician gave advice on how to bathe infants. 11
  12. 12. advise: a verb meaning to offer advice or recommend I would advise you not to speed at night. 4. forth: an adverb meaning forward in time, place or order We went forth with our plans to move. fourth: follows third I was fourth in line. 5. its: shows possession, answers the question, "Whose?" Its gas tank was empty. it's: contraction of it is It's the third Sunday of the month. 6. lose: to misplace something How can you lose your wallet? loose: not tight, to set free We let the dog loose during the day. 7. no: the negative Staying home alone is no way to spend a Saturday night. know: to possess knowledge I know the entire alphabet. 8. new: not old Every summer I buy a new swimsuit. knew: past tense of know I knew the answer but did not raise my hand. 9. of: a preposition that links words 12
  13. 13. The lion is the king of beasts. have: a verb meaning to possess They have eight children. Caution: don't contract have to of as in "This might of worked." It should be, "This might have worked," or "This might've worked." 10. principal: adjective meaning important or having to do with interest/capital the adjective is always spelled with an a The principal of Denton High School is Bob Richards. principle: noun that refers to a basic truth or law or a policy It was against my principles to argue with the elderly man. 11. there: (1) indicates direction: The dog is over there. (2) subject: There are five cookies left. their: shows possession: That is their new home. they're: contraction of they are: They're going to be late. 12. to: (1) preposition used to link words: Mary went to the library. (2) infinitive form of the verb: Bob likes to juggle. too: (1) refers to quantity: I ate too much. (2) also: Sandy is going to the library too. two: the number two: We had two flowers to plant. 13. were: verb: The twins were tired. where: direction or place: Where did I leave my glasses? 14. whose: shows possession: Whose dirty shoes are on the carpet? who's: contraction of who is: Who's coming for supper? 13
  14. 14. 15. your: shows possession: Those are your dirty shoes. you're: contraction of you are: You're always late for supper. ANCHOR 10 Well these are few examples of homonyms. I hope you must have understood what are they. Now you will have certain exercises to follow. In these exercises you might have certain different words so try and answer them. This is really going to help you in improving your English. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN Practice Exercise Read each sentence and fill in the blank with the correct word. 1. I will not be able to __________________ the new job. (accept, except) ANCHOR 11 Well see now read the sentence carefully. Concentrate on the action done and you can find the right answer. Here I is talking about his job which he is not ready to accept. So your answer is accept. Now read all the sentences. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN 1 Please try not to __________________ your new sunglasses. (lose, loose) 2. __________________ going to the races this evening. (Their, They're) 3. How does candy __________________ your blood sugar? (affect, effect) 4. We had __________________ much snow last winter. (to, too, two) 5 She __________________ the capitals of every state. (new, knew) 6. __________________ car is parked in the driveway? (Who's, Whose) 14
  15. 15. 7. April is the __________________ month. (forth, fourth) 8 The __________________ ingredients of bread are flour, water, and yeast. (principal, principle) 9. I would __________________ all parents to have a dog. (advice, advise) Let us check our answers. 2. Loose 3. They’re 4. Affect 5. Too 6. Knew 7. Whose 8. Fourth 9. Principle 10. Advice See these two words are always very confusing.so see a trick. Concentrate on last letters of both the words. Principal Principle - see the word with letters le signifies rule. And the other word means principal of the school or institutions. 10. Advise. Well this was not very difficult . Let us see another exercise. VO WITH TEXT ON SCREEN There are two or more homonyms in each sentence. Read the sentences carefully and then underline the homonyms. The first two sentences have been done for you. 1. The wind blew my blue shirt into the pool. 2. Cheryl rode along as we rowed the boat from the island to the lakeside road. 15
  16. 16. 3. I’ve never seen such a beautiful scene. 4. We want a site for our home that will be out of sight. 5. The seam in the tent doesn’t seem to hold back the rain. 6. Due to the dry weather, we do not see any dew on the grass. 7. I knew they had a new gnu at the zoo. 8. Some people know that you add to find the sum. 9. They’re hanging their coats over there. 10. I ate the eight cakes that were on my plate. 11. How many ways can I tell him that he weighs too much? 12. They banned the crude band from playing at the concert. 13. She only won one ticket to the show. 14. We must raze the old building before the sun’s rays can raise the temperature. 15. We’ll find a tropical isle where I’ll walk down the aisle with my bride. 16. You’re crazy if you pierce your ankle! Well let us see our answers. Read the sentences again. 3. I’ve never seen such a beautiful scene. 4. We want a site for our home that will be out of sight. 5. The seam in the tent doesn’t seem to hold back the rain. 6. Due to the dry weather, we do not see any dew on the grass. 7. I knew they had a new gnu at the zoo. 8. Some people know that you add to find the sum. 9. They’re hanging their coats over there. 10. I ate the eight cakes that were on my plate. 16
  17. 17. 11. How many ways can I tell him that he weighs too much? 12. They banned the crude band from playing at the concert. 13. She only won one ticket to the show. 14. We must raze the old building before the sun’s rays can raise the temperature. 15. We’ll find a tropical isle where I’ll walk down the aisle with my bride. 16. You’re crazy if you pierce your ankle! ANCHOR 16 Well students I hope you have got enough practice to understand all the three topics. Now we will see one practice exercise which will check your true understanding of all the three topics. There is a pair of words underlined in each sentence. Tell whether the words are synonyms, antonyms or homonyms. The first four are done for you. • I hope the pharmacist brews up some good medicine to put on my bruise. homonyms • What makes you think that I can repair the broken bike that you couldn’t fix? synonyms • Sylvia’s fast new car beat my slow one in the race. antonyms • I didn’t know whether to laugh or cry when I heard the news. • . We planted a pair of pear trees in the yard. • . If you think about cause and effect, you'll know what the result of your decision will be. • . Aunt Evie hates hunting, so please hide that deer hide before she gets here. • . I hired a fine lawyer to defend me, but he charged me more than the fine I would have had to pay. • . Her knight in shining armor rides a horse that is as black as night. • . The fire took seconds to destroy a painting that took weeks to create. • . There’s a stiff penalty for breaking that law, and it’s a fair punishment. • . He may be innocent of all the charges, but he acted like he was guilty when he ran away. • . Irma thinks you are very well informed, but Shelly believes you don’t know what you're talking about. • . The key to the new boat was dropped on the quay. • . That beautiful pen (female swan) should not be imprisoned in a pen! 17
  18. 18. • . Kerry gave a triumphant shout to celebrate our team's victorious record. • . An unknown poet wrote that famous verse. • . Carlos refuses to buy any book written by that author. • . Even in the bright light of day, the light plastic table looked identical to the heavy wooden one. Anchor 17 Children, we now come to the end of our module on Vocabulary. Hope you will go back and try to add on more to your vocabulary and use them in your writing and conversation. Good Bye! 18

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