Ix determiners part 1__beta file


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Ix determiners part 1__beta file

  1. 1. PES/ENG/IX/004 Note- File for Beta Evaluation PUNJAB EDUSAT SOCIETY PRODUCTION SUBJECT- ENGLISH CLASS- IX TOPIC: DETERMINERS-I CUT TO MM1: Show a girl named Babli lying on a bed. Her grandmother is trying to put her to sleep. Babli – Amma, every day ma tells me a story in English. I cannot sleep till you tell me one. Granny- OK Babli. Today, I’ll tell you a story called “The Milkman and his castle” (The scene changes to the animation of the following story along with VO) Show a boy walking along the road carrying a milk-can. He dreams of becoming rich and living like a king in a Palace. Later, a cow hits him. He falls down and starts crying over spilled milk. Voice over 1: (Wrong English used on purpose) There lived the poor milkman in the village. He had a son who was always lost in her day dreams. One day he was walking along the road to sell milk. He had the can fill of a milk on her head. He began to dream of a riches he would earn by selling this milk. He dreamt of becoming richer day by day by selling a milk. One day he would own an castle. Suddenly the cow hit him. Her can of milk fell down on an road. Few a milk was spilt and there was hardly some left in the can. A boy started crying. (The scene changes to the mother-daughter again) Granny: So Babli, what did you learn from this story? Babli: Amma, I wasn’t able to understand the story! I am still not able to decide whether the milkman had a son or a daughter. You have confused me so much. Granny: (looking embarrassed) Is it? Oh! CUT TO ANCHOR1: So did you enjoy the story? I am sure you couldn’t. This was because of incorrect grammar usage. The boy was made ‘her’, milk was substituted with ‘an’, instead of using ‘all’, ‘few’ milk was used. Now, let us correct the story and narrate it again to understand the story and appreciate the importance of proper grammar use. Cut to MM3 – (Show the same story animation once again but this time with the following voice- over with correct grammar use) Voice over-2 with text on screen: 1
  2. 2. PES/ENG/IX/004 There lived a poor milkman in a village. He had a son who was always lost in his day dreams. One day he was walking along a road to sell milk. He had a can full of milk on his head. He began to dream of the riches he would earn by selling this milk. He dreamt of becoming richer day by day by selling the milk. One day he would own a castle. Suddenly a cow hit him. His can of milk fell down on the road. All the milk was spilt and there was hardly any left in the can. The boy started crying. CUT TO ANCHOR2: You can notice the difference now. The story is clear enough to be understood. Have you ever wondered which part of English grammar do these small but important words belong to? How are they supposed to be used in the correct manner? How can they be categorized and distinguished? We shall find answers to all these questions together today as we study another very important part of English grammar called DETERMINERS. Here are the learning objectives for this module- SUPER 2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES Voice-over with text on screen After the end of this module, students will be able to • Define determiners • List the six types of determiners • Give examples of different types of determiners • Use the correct word order with different types of determiners • Differentiate between adjectives and determiners CUT TO ANCHOR- 3 To achieve all these objectives, let’s go with Babli and learn the kinds of determiners, with her teacher ,Mrs. Puri. CUT TO MM-4 Scene shifts to Babli knocking at the door of Mrs. Puri. Mrs. Puri opens the door.Conversation between Babli and Mrs.Puri to be shown. Babli: Namaste Mrs. Puri, I am so confused. I cannot do my homework on Determiners. Can you help me out with it? Mrs. Puri: Yes Babli, if we take up one at a time, you will understand them better,But before that, come with me to the vegetable shop. We can start our learning of ‘determiners’ from there itself. Babli: That sounds funny! But lets try. Cut to MM-5 Now show Babli and Mrs. Puri walking to a vegetable shop, with all kinds of vegetables displayed in different shelves and baskets. They stop and start talking. Conversation:(voice over with lip movement of the two characters) Mrs. Puri: See the vegetables carefully, Babli. 2
  3. 3. PES/ENG/IX/004 Babli: Yes Ma’m, I can see all of them. Mrs. Puri: Tell me, where are the potatoes? Babli: Well, the potatoes are there. Mrs. Puri :How many ‘baskets of onions are there? Babli: There are three baskets of onions. Mrs. Puri: Which Gobi do you want? Babli: I want that Gobi. Mrs. Puri: Can you see some salad leaves? Babli: There isn’t any salad leaf. Mrs. Puri: Is every vegetable fresh? Babli: Yes, some vegetables are quite fresh. Teacher speaks to the audience and to Babli: Mrs. Puri: So, now what do you notice in all the answers that Babli gave? All the underlined words point to the position of the nouns concerned. Since they all determine the positions of the Noun, they are known as ‘Determiners’. Anchor comes in: (Voice over with script on the screen) Anchor: So now friends, we can define ‘Determiners’. They are words that give position to Nouns. They signal the coming of a noun in a sentence. It is linked with a noun, and the meaning refers to only a particular noun. Voice over with text on screen: (Show the shaded text on screen) Read the following sentences: She will be given that trophy. Every individual has the right to speak his mind. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Those mangoes were not ripe. There isn’t any water in the well. Little knowledge is dangerous. (Show animated kaleidoscopic designs while this voice over continues) Now can you identify the common characteristic of the words given in bold and underlined? These words determine the position of a noun. Hence they are called determiners. They can be categorized into five types- Types of Determiners 3
  4. 4. PES/ENG/IX/004 1. Articles 2. Demonstratives 3. Possessives 4. Numericals 5. Quantitatives 6. Interrogatives (‘wh’ words.) Let us have a look at each of these with the help of our friend Babli and her Teacher, Mrs. Puri. Cut to MM -6: Show the teacher and her class again. VO (along with MM-6): Mrs. Puri:The first type of determiners are the Articles – a, an, the But before we talk about the ‘Articles’ as the first form of determiners, can we do a quick recap of the ‘vowels’? Babli: Yes ma’m, we remember them. They are ‘a’, ‘e’, ’i ’, ’o ’, and ‘u’ Mrs. Puri: Yes, but tell me why do we need to recall the vowels? Babli: I know it ma’m. The use of these articles is connected to the words starting with the vowel sounds---eg. An ant; An egg; an inkpot; an order; an umbrella,an Xray, An MLA.(Babli points to the pictures with words.) For words that don’t start with a vowel,we use ‘the’ and ‘ a’ as determiners. eg. The boy narrated an amazing story. A cat is on the roof. The second type are the Possessives – my, our, his, her,their etc. Eg. My hands have become dirty. His notebook was very untidy. Their team is winning. The third type are the Demonstratives – this, that, these, those, etc. They are used to point out people or things. e. g. This book is red in colour. Those children have been punished. That dog is barking. The next ones are the Numericals and Number Expressions – each, either, every, neither. ,another, many, several, any, some of, a number of, a lot of, plenty of, one, two, three, first, second, etc They refer to each member of a class separately. e. g. I met all the children of that school. Each of them is very smart. . A number of children have gone for picnic. Many eggs in the carton were already rotten. We have plenty of water to drink. She is the first girl to do well in the class. He caught one fish in his net. 4
  5. 5. PES/ENG/IX/004 The Fifth type of determiners is the Quantifiers – much, some, no, any, little, enough, a lot of, etc. Eg. They don’t have enough money to go by air. He has not taken much water today. She has little food to feed the whole family. Meena has a lot of dresses. Last, but not the least, we have the Interrogatives or the ‘wh’words – what, which, whose, etc. Eg. What colour is the fire? Whose pencil is this? Which book do you want? CUT TO ANCHOR4: So we saw how to place the determiners in correct order and hence form proper sentences. Now we shall focus on the differences between an adjective and a determiner. VOICE OVER WITH TEXT ON SCREEN (Show one point of difference at a time, in synchronization with voice over. Then show the next point, and so on) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AN ADJECTIVE AND A DETERMINER ADJECTIVES DETERMINERS 5
  6. 6. PES/ENG/IX/004 1. The form of adjectives can 1. Determiners on the other hand change. have an invariant form. Eg. Wise wiser wisest Eg. A boy, an apple 2. An adjective can be used 2. A determiner comes only before before a noun, or as a complement a noun. ‘to be’. Eg. A dress Eg. A nice dress This dress is nice. 3. fe;/ th Noun ~ modify eoB bJh 3. fJZe s'I tZX determiner ~ noun fJZe s'I f}nkdk adjective dh tos'I ehsh phrase #u tofsnk Bjh ik ;edk . ik ;edh j?. 4. fe;/ tke ftZu adjective jw/Fk 4H fe;/ tke ftZu Determiner Determiner s'I pknd nkT[Idk j?. jw/Fk adjective s'I gfjbK nkT[Idk j?. Eg. Her new dress( not, new her fit/ Eg. A red pen( not, red a pen) dress) fJ; sokQ n;hI determiner ns/ adjective ftZu w[Zy tZvk coe d/y fbnk j?. j[D w?~ T[whd j? fe s[;h fJBKQ ftub/ coe ~ ;gFN eo ;ed/ j'. j[D S/sh Bkb d[jokJh eo bJhJ/ i' e[ZM n;hI fJ; gkm ftZu f;Zfynk j?. Voice over with text on screen: • determiner fJZe nfijk Fpd j? i' fe fe;/ tke ftZu noun d/ nkT[D dk signals fdzdk j?. determiners dhnk fe;wK nouns dhnk fe;wK s/ fBoGo eodhnk jB-Singular or Plural. Singular nouns ~ jw/Fk determiner dh }o{os j[zdh j?. Plural nouns bJh ,the Determiner is optional. For uncountables, the Determiner fJZe tko c/o optional j?. For Singular Noun (determiner is a must) Eg. Bobby took one egg from the plate.(right) Bobby took one egg from plate.(sounds wrong without the determiner ‘the’.(Singular noun is’Bobby”) For Plural Noun(Determiner is optional) Eg .Let’s not buy books.(right, although there is no determiner, and ’Books’ is a plural word) Let’s not buy these books.(Still correct with the use of the determiner’ these’ and the plural noun ‘books’) For uncountable nouns(Determiner is optional) Eg.Please give me some water.(right, with ‘some ‘as the determiner for the uncountable noun ‘water’) Water is not required in this dish.(Still correct, even after the absence of the determiner ‘some’.) The above mentioned cases tell us that the use of the determiners depend on the situation and meaning of the sentence to be constructed., in case of singular nouns, Plural -Nouns and uncountables. 6
  7. 7. PES/ENG/IX/004 • Determiners can be categorized as: a. articles- a, an, the b. possessives – my, our, his, etc c. demonstratives – this, that, those, etc d. Numericals and number expressions – each, every, either, another, many, some, a lot of, plenty of, one, two, three. e. quantifiers – much, some, any, etc f. interrogatives or ‘wh’ words – what, which, whose Adjectives eJh sohfenK Bkb fit/ change of form d/ fj;kp Bkb determiners s'I tZyo/ jB. fe;/ tke ftZu Determiner jw/Fk adjective s'I gfjbK nkT[Idk j?. fJZe s'I tZX determiner ~ noun phrase #u tofsnk Bjh ik ;edk. EXAMPLES . 1. Although Rita is tall,Pinky is the taller of the two.(Form of ‘Adjective’ is changed in the same sentence but the sentence is correct.) 2. This is a house.(Here the determiner ’a’ cannot change its form). 3. This is a big,beautiful house.(This sentence has 2 adjectives’big’ and ‘beautiful’ and only one determiner’a’.) EXERCISE (Show the question and flash the answer after 1-2 seconds Show each sentence along with the animated images) Which of the two determiners given in the brackets would you use to fill in the blanks? 1. I have three party dresses, but ________ of them is new. (neither, none) Ans – none 7
  8. 8. PES/ENG/IX/004 2. There aremany umbrellas here, but _________ of them is mine. (neither, none) Ans-none 3. He owns five dogs. _______ of them are Alsatians. (All, Both) Ans- all 4. She has painted dozens of landscapes. Have you seen ________ of them? (any, either) Ans- any 8
  9. 9. PES/ENG/IX/004 5 Sita and Gita are twins.----------play Badminton.(all, both) Ans:Both Each of her friends ________ a university degree. (has, have) Ans- has Many of the birds in this park _________ here throughout the year. (live, lives) Ans- live 9
  10. 10. PES/ENG/IX/004 7 Both of the children wanted to finish _________ work early. (his, their) Ans- their 8 Every child should learn from _________ own experiences. (his or her, their) Ans- his or her 9 Either of my daughters can lend you _________ racket. (her, their) 10
  11. 11. PES/ENG/IX/004 Ans- her What word do you need to complete the sentence? 1. I like my job most ___ the time. 2. None ______ the people I met spoke English. 3. Could you spare me a couple ______ minutes? In each of the following sentences, indicate whether the highlighted word is a numeral or a determiner: 1. Five twos are ten Numeral Determiner 2. Seven is my lucky number Numeral Determiner 3. Each team consists of Numeral Determiner eleven players 4. They've invited me to a Numeral Determiner second interview 5. He was the last to arrive, as Numeral Determiner usual End of the episode (To be declared by the anchor with a pleasant note) That should be all on Determiners for today. I hope this session was easy, and informative. Have a good day! The script has been reviewed by - ------------------------------- Signature - ------------------------------------------------------------- Date - ------------------------------------------------------------------ 11