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Water-based paint formulations Vol. 4

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Water-based paint formulations Vol. 4

  1. 1. WATER-BASED PA1NT FORMULATIONS Volume 4 by Ernest W. Flick NOYES PUBLICATIONS Inp IWesWood, New Jersey, U.S.A.
  2. 2. Copyright 8 1997 by Ernest W. Flick No patt of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any fonn or by any means, electronic or mechanical including photocopying, recording 01 by any informa- tion stonge and retrieval system, without permission in Writing from the Publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 75-2939 Printed in the United States ISBN 0-8155-1415-8 Published in the United States of America by Noyes Publications 369 Fairview Avenue Westwood, New Jersey 07675 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publications Data (Revised for vol. 4) Flick, Ernest W. Water-based paint formulations. Vol. 4 published by Noyes Publications. Includes index. 1. Paint--Patents. II. Title. TP935.F62 1975 66T.63 75-2939 ISBN 0-8155-0571-X (v. 1) ISBN 0-8155-1345-3 (v. 3) ISBN 0-8155-1415-8 (v. 4)
  3. 3. In Memory of My Mother and Father
  4. 4. This collection of 232up-to-date water-based trade and industrial formulations will be of value to technical and managerial personnel in paint manufacturing companies and firms which supply raw materials or services to these companies, and to those interested in less hazardous, environmentally safer formulations. The book will be useful to both those with extensive experience as well as those new to the field. This book includes new and different formulations than those included in the previously published Industrial Water- Based Paint Formulations and Water-Based Paint Formulations. The data consist of selections of manufacturers' suggested formulations made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. The information given is presented as supplied; the manufacturer should be contacted if there are any questions. Only the most recent data supplied us has been included. Any solvent contained is minimal. The table of contents is organized in such a way as to serve as a subject index. The formulations described are divided into sections which cover exterior, interior, and exterior and/or interior water-based paints, enamels, and coatings, as indicated below: I. Coatings and Topcoats 11. Coil Coatings 111. Enamels IV. Enamels-Baking V. Exterior Paints and Related Products VI. Interior Paints and Related Products VII. Lacquers VIII. Primers IX. Sealants and Related Compounds X. Stains XI. Miscellaneous Each formula has been placed in the chapter which is most applicable. The reader, if seeking a formula for a specific end use, should check each chapter which could possibly apply. vii
  5. 5. ... viii Preface In addition to the above, there are two other sections which will be helpful to the reader: XI. A chemical trade name section where trade-named raw materials are listed with a chemical description and the supplier's name. The specifications which the raw materials meet are included if applicable. XIII. Main office addresses of the suppliers of trade-named raw materials and/or formulations. Included in the descriptive information for each formulations, where available, the following properties may be listed: viscosity, solids, content, % nonvolatiles, pigment volume concentration, density, pH, spatter, leveling, sag resistance, scrub stability, freeze-thaw stability, ease of application, gloss foaming, cratering, brightness, opacity, water spotting, adhesion to chalk, brush clean-up, reflectance, and sheen. Ernest W. Flick Notice To the best of our knowledge the information in this publications is accurate; however, the Publisher does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or completeness of, or consequence arising from, such information. These formulations do not purport to contain detailed manufacturing nor user instruction, and by its range and scope could not possibly do so. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by the Author or Publisher. Water-based paint raw materials could be toxic, and therefore, due caution should always be exercised in the use of these hazardous materials. Final determination of the suitability of any information or product for use contemplated by any user, and the manner of that use, is the sole responsibility of the user. We strongly recommend that users seek and adhere to a manufacturer's or supplier's current instructions for handling each material they use. The Author and Publisher have used their best efforts to include only the most recent data available. The reader is cautioned to consult the supplier in case of questions regarding current availability.
  6. 6. SECTION I: COATINGS AND TOPCOATS .................... 1 Clearcoat Modification ............................... 2 825/Rhoplex CL-104) ................................ 3 Ancamine 2410 High Solids Coating ........................ 4 2410/Ancamide 500 High Solids Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Cured with HMMM ................................. 6 Phenolic Clear Bake Coating .............................. 8 Clear Bake Coating ..................................... 9 Phenolic Clear Bake Coating .............................. 9 Clear Wood Coating-A & B & C K-Flex UD-320W Modified .... 10 Direct to Metal Acrylic Latex Coating Starting Point Formulation ...................................... 11 Low Gloss VinyVABS Topcoat ........................... 12 Clear Topcoat for Flexible Substrates ....................... 12 . . . . . . . . . . 13 Lower Adhesion ................................... 13 Polyphobe Rheology Modifiers Formula C Good Leveling . . . . . 14 ................................. 14 Acrylic EmulsiodUrea-Formaldehyde Wood Aliphatic Wood Coating Formulation (Sancure Exhibit 4 .Starting Formulation Ancamine Black Single Coat K-Flex XM-4316 PU Dispersion Clear Bake Coating ..................................... 7 Strippable Coating Sample Formulation A Unmodified Strippable Coating Sample Formulation B Strippable Coating Formulations Thickened with Ucar Formula D High Build Strippable Coating for Plastic Substrates ..................... 15 Strippable Coating Formulations .......................... 16 Topcoat for Prefinished Hardboard Siding .................... 17 Water-Borne Alkyd/Melamine Wood Clearcoat Modification . . . . . . 18 Waterborne Clear High Gloss Topcoat ...................... 20 White Gloss Maintenance Topcoat ......................... 21 White Gloss Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Wood Topcoat Model Formulations ........................ 23 ix
  7. 7. x Contents and Subject Index SECTION 11: COIL COATINGS ............................ 24 Chromate Coil-Coating Primer ........................... 25 Low-Sheen Coil-Coating Topcoat ......................... 26 Medium-Gloss Coil-Coating Topcoat ...................... 27 Strippable Coil Coating ................................. 28 SECTION LII: ENAMELS ................................. 29 Acrylic Emulsion Enamel-B&C K-Flex UD-320W Modified . . . . . 30 Synergistic Effects of Combining Nacorr with Anti- Corrosive Pigment in an Air Dry Water Reducible Alkyd Modified Acrylic Enamel ....................... 31 Ancamide 2353 Fast Drying White Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Ancamide 2353 Low VOC White Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Cary Gloss White Enamel ............................... 34 Clear Enamel (For Maximum Solvent and Abrasion Resistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Gloss Safety Red Enamel ............................... 37 Gloss Safety Yellow Enamel ............................. 38 Gloss White Enamel ................................... 39 Gloss White Enamel (Maximum Solvent and Abrasion Resistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Green Air Dry Enamel for Flexible Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 High-Hiding Eggshell Enamel ............................ 43 MacGregor Gloss Black Enamel .......................... 44 Pinehurst Gloss Green Enamel ............................ 45 Self-Priming Interior Semi-Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Exterior Maintenance-Type Coating ........................ 46 Semigloss Enamel ..................................... 47 Southern Pines Gloss White Enamel ........................ 49 Spensol I54 Orange Enamel ............................. 50 Waterborne Black Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-28A) ............................ 51 Waterborne Blue Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No.3019-316) ............................ 52 Waterborne Dark Blue Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No.3019-31D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Waterborne Green Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-3lF) ............................. 54 Waterborne Orange Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula 3019-310 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Waterborne Red Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-31B) ............................ 56 Waterborne Red Orange Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-31E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
  8. 8. Contents and Subject Index xi Waterborne Yellow Epoxy Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No.3019-31C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Whispering Pines Semigloss White Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Anquamine 401 1:l White Gloss Enamel .................... 60 Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Anquamine 401/Solid Resin Dispersion 2:l White SECTION IV: ENAMELS-BAKING ........................ 62 Clear Bake Coating .................................... 63 Phenolic Clear Bake Coating ............................. 63 Clear High Gloss. Baking Finish .......................... 64 Blue Metallic Urethane Enamel ........................... 64 Experimental Water-Reducible Polyester Gloss White Baking Enamel Using Halox SZP-391 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Waterborne Acrylic Bake Enamel Water Reducible Polyester Baking Enamel Spensol L54 White Baking Enamel 2-Component Waterborne System ......................... 69 ......................... 66 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 ........................ 68 SECTION V: EXTERIOR PAINTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS . . . 70 Exterior Flat House Paint with ZnO ........................ 71 Exterior Gloss White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Exterior House Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Exterior House Paint .Tint Base .......................... 75 Exterior Semigloss Formulation ........................... 77 Exterior Tint Base Formulation ........................... 78 Exterior Trim Formulation Modified Vinyl Acrylic Paint . . . . . . . . . 79 Exterior Trim Formulation ............................... 80 Exterior White Flat House Paint ........................... 82 Exterior White Trim house Paint .......................... 83 Good Quality White Exterior Flat Paint for Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Good Quality White Exterior Flat Paint for Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Gregson Drive Gloss White .............................. 86 High Quality Exterior Semi Gloss Paint ..................... 87 High Sheen White House Paint ........................... 88 Low VOC Exterior House Paint ........................... 89 Quality Exterior Flat Formulation .......................... 90 Quality Exterior Flat Paint ............................... 91 Quality White Exterior Trim Paint ......................... 92 Quality White House Paint with ZnO ....................... 94 Urethane Fortified Porch & Deck Enamel .................... 95 Weather Barrier Formulation ............................. 96 White Exterior Flat House Paint with Zinc Oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Exterior Semigloss .................................... 76
  9. 9. xii Contents and Subject Index White Roof Coating ................................... 99 SECI'ION VI: INTERIOR PAINTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS . 100 Clear High Gloss Varnish .............................. 101 Fast-Dry Sealer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Economy Flat Wall Paint .............................. 102 Good Quality Interior Flat with <50g/L VOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 High Quality Super Flat Interior Paint ..................... 105 Interior Clear Wood Finish (Rhoplex CL-l04/Sancure 815) . . . . . . 106 Interior Sanding Sealer (Rhoplex CL-105) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Interior Contractor Flat ................................ 107 Interior Good Quality Flat for Roller and Brush Application ..................................... 108 Interior Good Quality Flat .............................. 110 Interior Semigloss Formulation .......................... 111 Interior Vinyl Acrylic Eggshell for Roller and Brush Application ................................. 112 Interior Vinyl Acrylic Semigloss ......................... 114 Intumescent Interior White Fire-Retardant Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Low VOC Interior Flat ................................ 116 Solvent Free Interior Satin Paint ......................... 117 White Interior Eggshell ................................ 118 SECTION VII: LACQUERS .............................. 119 Green Lacquer ...................................... 120 DIY Waterborne Lacquer ........................... 121 White Lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Foam Control with Agitan Additives in a High Gloss SECI'ION VIII: PRIMERS ............................... 124 Acrylic Latex Tannin Block Primer Using Halox BW-100 . . . . . . 125 Alkyd Modified Latex Primer ........................... 126 Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent Anti-Corrosive Primer . . . . . . . . . . 127 Anquamine 401/Semi-solid Epoxy Dispersion Lead and Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer 128 Anquamine 401/Solid Resin Dispersion Lead and Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Corrosion Inhibitive Primer ............................. 130 Metal Wash Primer ................................... 130 Cost Effective 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer Using Halox SW-111 ................................... 131 Dipping Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Experimental General Purpose Tannin-Stain Resistant Water-Base Primer Using Halox Xtain A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  10. 10. Contents and Subject Index xiii Experimental High Performance Tannin-Stain Resistant Water-Base Primer Using Halox Xtain A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Experimental Waterbase Acrylic Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . 135 Exterior House Paint Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Exterior House Paint Primer Based on Ucar Latex 163 . . . . . . . . . 139 General Purpose Latex Maintenance Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 General Purpose/Low Cost Water-Base Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 High Performance Bare Metal Primer ...................... 142 High Performance Galvanized Metal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 High Performance 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer 144 Halox SZP-391 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 High Solids Red Iron Oxide Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 House Paint Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Lead and Chromate Free Primer .......................... 149 Lead and Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Lead and Chromate Free Waterborne Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Lead Based Primer ................................... 152 Lead Silico Chromate Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Low Sheen Gray Primer ............................... 154 Non-Lead/Non-Chromate Primer ........................ 155 134 . . . . . . . . . . . . . High Performance 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer Using Primer for Factory-Primer Hardboard Siding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Primer 20323D Based on Phosguard J-0853 and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 157 Primer 203236 Based on Phosguard J-0813 and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 158 Primer 20596F Based on Heucophos ZPZ and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 159 Primer 20596G Based on Heucophos ZMP and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 160 Primer 21102E Based on Molycoat 212 and 10 AS Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 161 Primer 21105H Based on Phosguard J-0815 and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 162 Primer 211051 Based on Nalzin 2 and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 163 Primer 21109C Based on Strontium Chromate and 10 ES Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 164 Rapid Dry Waterborne Epoxy Primer ...................... 165 Red Inhibitive Maintenance Primer ....................... 167 Red Iron Oxide Corrosion Resistant Epoxy Primer (Two Component System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Red Iron Oxide Water Reducible Alkyd Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
  11. 11. xiv Contents and Subject Index Rust Inhibitive Chromate Primer ......................... 172 Solvent Resistant. Water-Reducible Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 lT-P-1975 Federal Specification Metal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 Universal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Universal Primer Non-Lifting and High Salt Spray Resistance . . . . 176 Water-Base Acrylic Universal Primer Using Halox Water-Base Acrylic Universal Primer Using Halox SZP-391 & Xtain A ............................... 178 Waterborne Black Iron Oxide Primer Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No.3019-38A) . . . . . . . . . . 179 Waterborne Red Iron Oxide Primer Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No.2954-76A) . . . . . . . . . . 180 Waterborne Red Oxide Epoxy Primer ...................... 181 Waterborne Yellow Iron Oxide Primer Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-39B) . . . . . . . . . . 182 Water Reducible Alkyd Yellow Iron Oxide Primer Using Halox SZP-391 ............................. 183 Water Reducible Alkyd Yellow Iron Oxide Primer Using Halox CW-491 .............................. 184 Water Reducible Epoxy-Ester Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . 185 Water Reducible Epoxy-Ester Red Iron Oxide Primer Using Halox CW-491 .............................. 187 White. Corrosion Resistant Latex Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 White Inhibitive Maintenance Primer ...................... 189 SZP-391 & BW-100 .............................. 177 SECTION IX:SEALANTS AND RELATED COMPOUNDS . . . . . . 190 Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent Aluminum Mastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Clear Sealant ....................................... 192 High-Quality Exterior Latex Caulk ....................... 193 Patching Compound (Brushing Grade) ..................... 194 Patching Compound (Trowel Grade) ....................... 195 Pigmented Caulk Formulation based on 2:l Vinyl AcrylidAcrylic Blend .............................. 196 Premium.Performance. Medium-Flexibility Caulk . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 Sealant Application ................................... 198 Translucent Caulk Formulation .......................... 199 ASTM C-920 Pigmented Caulk Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Translucent Sealant ................................... 201 Vinyl Acrylic Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Weather-Barrier Mastic ............................... 203 SECTION X: STAINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Brown Wiping Stain .................................. 206
  12. 12. Contents and Subject Index xv Interior Wiping Stain (Emulsion E-2977) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 Light Redwood Wiping Stain ............................ 208 Stain Concentrate .................................... 209 Tannin Stain Blocking Formulation ....................... 210 Acrylic Tannin Stain-Blocking Primer ..................... 210 Water Reducible Redwood Solid Color Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 SECI'ION XI: MISCELLANEOUS ......................... 212 Anquamine 401 Clear Coat Semi-Solid Epoxy Dispersion . . . . . . . 213 Anquamine 401 Clear Coat Solid Epoxy Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . 214 Anquamine 401 Liquid Epoxy Clear Coat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 Aqueous Polyester-Urethane Pigment Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Black Gloss Enamel .................................. 216 Clear Barriernie Coat for Vinyl ......................... 216 Clear Tint Base ..................................... 217 Clear Waterborne Cement Sealer ...................... 218 Waterborne Black Topcoat ............................. 218 Exterior/Interior Block Filler ............................ 219 High Solids Self Priming Alkyd .......................... 220 Masonry Block Fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 Masonry Blockfill .................................... 222 Water Reducible Alkyd ................................ 223 2-Component Waterborne System ........................ 224 FCA's for Waterborne Building Product Formulations SECTION XII: TRADE NAMED RAW M A T E W S . . . . . . . . . . . 225 SECTION XIII: SUPPLIERS ADDRESSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
  13. 13. 2 Water-Based Paint Formulations A c r y l i c Eaulsion/Urea-Formaldehyde Wood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n K-Flex UD-320W i s an a l i p h a t i c , s a t u r a t e d , water s o l u b l e r e s i n m o d i f i e r . T h i s urethane d i o l m o d i f y i n g r e s i n i m p a r t s improved s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e t o t h e f o r c e d d r y (thermoset) wood c l e a r c o a t formul a t ion b e l ow. What makes t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n unique, i s t h e absence o f n e u t r a l - i z i n g amines. As a r e s u l t , a f r e e a c i d c a t a l y s t may be used (Nacure 155) and lower temperature c u r e s may be achieved. A p o t l i f e of 24-48 hours i s p o s s i b l e . WB Wood C l e a r c o a t Component: B e e t l e 65 Methanol S i l w e t t L-77 Rhopl ex AC-1024 Water Exxate 700 Chemcor AS-35-3 K-Flex UD-320W Nacure 155 Methanol M o d i f i c a t i o n : 0% 24.5 2.4 0 . 4 49.2 7.2 1 . 4 4.1 0.0 4.9 5.9 %K-Flex UD-320W -5% 10% 24.5 24.5 2.4 2 . 4 0 . 4 0 . 4 44.2 39.3 9 . 4 11.5 1.4 1 . 4 4 . 1 4.1 2.8 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.9 5.9 F o r m u l a t i on Procedure: 1. The components were added i n t h e o r d e r as presented, f o r easi e r in c o r p o r a t i on. 2. The Nacure 155 c a t a l y s t was p r e - d i l u t e d w i t h t h e methanol below i t i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n b e f o r e i n c o r p o r a t i o n , w i t h a Nacure 155/Methanol r a t i o o f 45.5/54.5. S u b s t r a t e : B i r c h Faced Plywood S e a l e r : S e l f Sealed ( 2 Coats, 2 bakes) Sealer/Topcoat, WFT: 20-25u (0.8-1.0 m i l ) / C o a t Sealer/Topcoat Bake: 10 min./71C (160F) 4 Hour Spot T e s t S t a i n T e s t : 0% UD-320W 10% UD-320W Acrylic/UD-320W/B-65 50/0/50 40/10/50 C o f f e e Severe Haze L i g h t S t a i n M i l k Severe Haze No E f f e c t Mustard Water Lemon J u i c e No E f f e c t L i g h t S t a i n Severe Haze No E f f e c t S l i g h t Haze No E f f e c t No e f f e c t was seen i n t h e 4 hour s p o t t e s t i n any o f t h e f o r m u l a t i o n s w i t h ketchup, n a i l p o l i s h remover, i s o p r o p a n o l , l i q u i d c l e a n e r o r l i p s t i c k . 160F r e s u l t e d i n an H p e n c i l hardness and 100+ MEK double rubs. SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-26 Drawdowns made o v e r Aluminum p a n e l s and baked 10 minutes a t
  14. 14. Coatingsand Topcoats 3 A l i p h a t i c Wood Coatinn Formulation JSancure 825/Rho~lexCL-104) 61end : Rhoplex CL-104 (38% S o l i d s ) Water Add f o l l o w i n g w i t h good a g i t a t i o n : Dowanol DPM Hexyl C a r b i t o l Mix 10-15 minutes Sancure 825 (34% S o l i d s ) Surfactant Package (Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g ) : Surfynol 104H Surfynol DF-l1OL Mineral S p i r i t s Surfynol DF-70 DC-14 Add and mix 30 minutes Pounds 134.2 33.8 12.75 2.55 100.0 2.6 1 . 3 1.3 1.3 0.7 Adjust t o desired v i s c o s i t y using Acrysol RM825 (Rohm & Haas Co.) I f required, f l o w i s enhanced by a d d i t i o n o f very low l e v e l s o f Fluorad FC-129 (3M Corp.) as a 10% s o l u t i o n i n water. NOTE: Avoid excessive use o f fluorocarbons, as sharp surface tension drops can cause recoat problems and strong foaming tendencies. Always a d j u s t t o desired v i s c o s i t y range p r i o r t o evaluating f l o w / l e v e l and deaeration p r o p e r t i e s . Low v i s c o s i t y can y i e l d “Picture-Framing‘‘ and/or a “ F i sh-Eye“ e f f e c t . High v i s c o s i t y can y i e l d poor deaeration p r o p e r t i es. Surfynol a d d i t i v e s have been shown t o provide t h e f o l l o w i n g benef it s : *Color u n i f o r m i t y o f s t a i n s *Early s t a i n 1appi ng resistance *Consistent wetting, f l o w and l e v e l i n g on various woods *Foam c o n t r o l With no detrimental e f f e c t upon: *Topcoat r e c o a t a b i l i t y and i n t e r c o a t adhesion *Gloss r e t e n t i o n upon aging *Tannin bleed r e s i stance *Water s e n s i t i v i t y *Chemical resistance SOURCE: A i r Products & Chemicals, I n c . : Surfynol Surfactants: Formulation A (B.F. Goodrich)
  15. 15. 4 Water-Based Paint Formulations Ancamine 2410 H i g h S o l i d s C o a t i n g A S i d e : DER 331 TS 610 50% FC430 i n Xylene Disperse, t h e n reduce speed S t a i n l e s s s t e e l f l a k e BYK 320 Aromatic 100 B S i d e : Ancami ne 2410 E t h y l A l c o h o l D i s s o l v e , t h e n add: C a b o s i l TS 720 W o l l a s t o c o a t 10ES D i s p e r s e t o 6 n . s . u . Methyl E t h y l Ketone T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i e s : Non V o l a t i l e by Weight: 0.75 Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0 . 6 0 PVC: 0 . 1 6 CPVC: 0 . 3 4 PVC/CPVC: 0 . 4 8 P i gment Content: 0.30 NVV on V e h i c l e : 0 . 6 4 VOC g/1: 3 2 7 . 9 VOC l b s / g a l : 2 . 7 4 & 330.9 7 3.5 176 79 7 . 1 1 5 0 . 5 37.7 8.8 133.3 152.3 Wei ght/Gal l o n Comp A : Weight/Gallon Comp 0 : M i x i n q R a t i o : 1 : l Gals 34.1 0 . 4 0 . 4 3 . 2 1 1 0 . 9 1 5 . 5 5.8 0 . 5 5 . 5 22.7 1 2 . 0 6 9 . 6 5 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 1 0 . 8 5 I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y : 580 cP Pot L i f e : 4 . 5 h r Dry t o Touch: 0.75 h r Dry Hard: 4 h r Ancamine 2410 Chemical Resistance: 7 Day Immersion R e s u l t s : Reagent : Acetone Cyclohexanone PM A c e t a t e E t h y l A c e t a t e Ethanol Isodecanol Aromatic 100 To1uene DMF THF EP R e s u l t : No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t Reagent: NMP C1o r o x Skydro1 50% c a u s t i c 10% c a u s t i c 6% HC1 : S u l f u r i c : A c e t i c A c i d D i e t h y l ami ne 50% phenol i n x y l e n R e s u l t : No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t 81is t e r e d 81 is t e r e d B l i s t e r e d 0 1 i e D 0 4 SOURCE: A i r Products and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamine 2410 C u r i n g Agent: E x h i b i t 3 F o r m u l a t i o n
  16. 16. Coatings and Topcoats 5 E x h i b i t 4 - S t a r t i n g Formul-ation Ancarni ne 241O/Ancami de 500 High. Sol i d s C o a t i n g A S i d e : DER 331 C a b o s i l TS-610 Lbs Gals 284.6 29.3 7.6 0.43 D i s p e r s e a t H i g h Speed Reduce Speed, t h e n add: A1 umi num L243 106 8.59 When u n i f o r m l y mixed, add: E p o d i l 759 SF 69 B S i d e : Ancami ne 2410 B e e t l e 216-8 Ancamide 500 E t h y l A l c o h o l M e t h y l E t h y l Ketone n B u t y l A l c o h o l E t h y l A l c o h o l T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i e s : Non V o l a t i l e by Weight: 0.72 Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.64 PVC: 0.056 CPVC: 0.31 PVC/CPVC: 0.17 Pigment Content: 0.09 NVV on V e h i c l e : 0.7 VOC g / l : 290.53 VOC l b s / g a l : 2.43 86.3 11.64 0.3 0.04 77.67 8.00 22.7 2.60 81.8 10.34 29.1 4.44 73.9 11.01 81.7 12.10 9.8 1.49 Weight/Gallon Comp A : 9.68 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 0: 7.53 M i x i n g R a t i o : 1:l Weight p e r G a l l o n : 8.61 I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y : 270 CP Pot L i f e : 3 h r Dry t o Touch: 1.5 h r Dry Hard: 4 h r C o r r o s i o n Resi stance : E x h i b i t 4 i s a p r e l im i n a r y s t a r t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n combi n i ng Ancamine 2410 c u r i n g agent w i t h Ancamide 500 c u r i n g agent as t h e B s i d e . C o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e i s v e r y good. C l e v e l a n d h u m i d i t y t e s t i n g showed no a t t a c k a f t e r 700 h o u r s . S a l t s p r a y r e s u l t s on g r i t b l a s t e d s t e e l showed no a t t a c k i n t h e f i e l d and minor a t t a c k a t t h e s c r i b e (8 r a t i n g ) a f t e r 700 h o u r s . SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamine 2410 C u r i n g Agent: E x h i b i t 4
  17. 17. 6 Water-Eased Paint Formulations B l a c k S i n g l e Coat K-Flex-XM-4316 P U - D ~ s p e r s l o nCured w i t h HMMM F o r m u l a t i o n WR-40 i s a h i g h performance h i g h g l o s s b l a c k f o r m u l a t i o n based on K-Flex XM-4316 p o l y e s t e r - u r e t h a n e d i s p e r s i o n c r o s s l i n k e d w i t h an amino r e s i n . The f o r m u l a t i o n o f f e r s a h i g h g l o s s c o a t ing Component: Pigment G r i n d Paste, P a r t 1 : K-F1 ex XM-2311 Water, d e i o n i z e d Dimethylethanolamine ( 1 ) Monarch 1300 K-Sperse 152 MS Dimethylethanolamine ( 2 ) Pigment Paste, P a r t 2 : K-Flex XM-2311 K-F1 ex XM-4316 Water, d e i o n i z e d Pigment Paste K-F1 ex XM-4316 Water d e i o n i zed Resimene 747 Nacure 2547 S i l w e t L7604/L7605 ( 1 : l ) 25% i n H20 Water as r e q u i r e d f o r v i s c o s i t y adjustment F o r m u l a t i o n C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : Resi n/HMMM, r a t 10 : 75/25 N o n v o l a t i l e , c a l c u l a t e d , 'YO: 39.0 T h e o r e t i c a l VOC, g/L, ( l b / g a l l o n ) : 145, ( 1 .23) B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y , 25C, s p i n d l e #16, 60 rpm, c p . : Cure Schedule, temperature, t i m e : 150C, 15 m i n u t e s Dry F i l m Thickness, m i l , ( m i c r o n ) : 1 . 0 ( 2 5 ) Gloss, 60, 20, 90: 91, 81 pH: 7 . 8 - 8 . 3 F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : S u b s t r a t e , aluminum % W t 2 . 4 0 2.95 0.15 1 .oo 0.07 0 . 1 0 1.20 1 . 2 0 1 . 1 0 10.17 63.95 6 . 2 0 9 . 5 5 0 . 1 3 0.40 9 . 6 0 300-500 F o r m u l a t i o n Notes: Pigment G r i n d Paste P a r t 1 : B l e n d t h e K-Flex XM-2311 p o l y u r e t h a n e d i s p e r s a n t r e s i n w i t h water and d i m e t h y l e t h a n o l a m i n e ( 1 ) and add t h e carbon b l a c k , premix and add t h e b l e n d o f K-Sperse w i t h d i m e t h y l e t h a n o l a m i n e ( 2 ) , check t h e pH and add more d i m e t h y l e t h a - nolamine i f pH i s below 9.2, d i s p e r s e i n a s t e e l b a l l m i l l t o Hegman NS 8 r a t i n g . Pigment Paste P a r t 2 : A f t e r g r i n d i n g i n t h e s t e e l b a l l m i l l add t h e a d d i t i o n a l K-Flex XM-2311, XM-4316 and w a t e r t o t h e b a l l m i l l , r u n f o r an a d d i t i o n a l 30 m i n u t e s . The pigment c o n c e n t r a t e i s s t a b l e . A f t e r l o n g e r a g i n g a d d i t i o n o f s m a l l amounts o f amine f o r pH adjustment m i g h t be r e q u i r e d . Letdown Formula: L e t t h e pigment p a s t e down under a g i t a t i o n w i t h remainder o f K-Flex XM-4316, w a t e r , melamine c r o s s l i n k e r and c a t a l y s t . Add t h e s i l i c o n e s u r f a c t a n t and use t h e remainder o f t h e w a t e r f o r v i s c o s i t y a d j u s t m e n t s . F i n a l pH o f t h e f o r m u l a - t i o n s h o u l d be between 7.8 t o 8 . 3 . SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : P r e l i m i n a r y F o r m u l a t i o n WR-40
  18. 18. Coatings and Topcoats 7 Clear Bake Coating Materi a1 : E p i -Re2 3522-W-60 Resin ~ _ _ _Pounds Gal 1ons 637.50 69.29 Thoroughly pre-nix t h e f o l l o w i n g and add t o t h e above under g e n t l e a g i t a t i o n . Cyme1 324 B u t y l O x i t o l Glycol Ether 2-Propoxyethanol BYK-301 A n t i - c r a t e r i n g agent Syntex 3981 Accelerator 53.10 5.71 22.50 3.00 40.20 5.00 2.00 0.25 2.75 0.37 Blend thoroughly. Dissolve f o l l o w i n g by warming t o 150F. Add t o above under a g i t a t i o n before a l l o w i n g t o cool. O i cyandi ami de Dei oni zed water Typical Coati ng Properties : % N o n - v o l a t i l e - weight: 48.5 - volume: 43.2 V i s c o s i t y : 57 K.U. pH: 7.0 Pounds/Gallon: 9.05 V o l a t i l e Composition: Water Organics V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gallon: 1.46 Grams/Li t e r : 175 13.50 0.41 133.00 15.97 _ _ _ _ _ _Pounds Gallons 388.0 46.50 62.7 8.00 F i l m Properties:* Bake Schedule: Pencil Hardness Reverse Impact, i n . - l b s . 160 160 160 160 5 min. a t 450F 4H 30 min. a t 400F 5H 15 min. a t 400F 5H 30 min. a t 350F 4H * Films cast #42 Myra Bar (0.75 m f l a s h . SOURCE: She11 Chemical Co. : S t a r t E p i -Rez 3522-W-60 Resin 1 . ) on bonderite 1000; 10 min. ng Formulation No. 2500:
  19. 19. 8 Water-Based Paint Formulations Clear Bake Coatinq Materia1 : Pounds Epi -Rez 3551-WY-43 Resi n 756.0 Add under a g i t a t i o n : Ektapro EEP Beetle 80 Water Typical Coating Properties: Total Weight Solids, %: 47.5 Total Volume Solids, %: 41.8 Pounds/Gallon: 8.96 Epoxy/Urea, based on s o l i d s V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds Pounds/Gal l o n : 1 .85 Grams/Li t e r : 222 V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d #5 Sp Dry F i l m Thickness: 1.0 m i l Substrate: Bonderite 1000 Typical F i l m Properties: 21.2 86.8 31.5 %: 80/20 VOC) : ndle, 20 rpm, cps: 1,400 Gal lons 84.00 2.68 9.54 3.78 Bake Schedule a t 350F, minutes: 20 Pencil Hardness: 3H Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : 80 S t a r t i n g Formulation No. 2501: Epi-Rez 3551-WY-43 Resin Phenolic Clear Bake Coating Pounds GallonsMateri a1 : Water 115.5 13.87 Methylon 75108 162.5 16.75 B u t y l O x i t o l Glycol Ether 48.8 6.50 n-Butyl Alcohol 43.9 6.50 Syntex 3981 Accelerator 58.1 7.90 Typical Coating Properties: ~~ Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin 442.9 48.48 Premix and add slowly under a g i t a t i o n : Total Weight Solids, %: 46.6 Total Volume Solids, %: 31.0 Pounds/Gallon: 8.72 Epoxy/Phenolic: 60:40 C a t a l y s t , a c t i v e on r e s i n s o l i d s , %: 3.3 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gallon: 2.68 Grams/Li t e r : 322 V i s c o s i t y , #4 Ford Cup, seconds: 40-60 pH: 6.4 Reduction f o r Conventional Spray A p p l i c a t i o n : None Dry F i l m Thickness: 0 . 4 m i l s Substrate: Bonderite 1000 Bake Schedule: 15 min. a t 450F Pencil Hardness: 9H Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : >I60 MEK Resistance, double rubs: 100 Typical F i l m Properties: S t a r t i n g Formulation No. 2502: Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin SOURCE: Shell Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g Formulations
  20. 20. Coatingsand Topcoats 9 Clear Bake Coating Materi a1 : Epi -Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin Water Premix and add: Beetle Urea Formaldehyde Resin n-Butyl Alcohol Syntex 3981 Accelerator Pounds 579.6 113.7 80.7 43.2 55.9 Gal l o n s 63.42 13.65 8.92 6.40 7.61 Typical Coating Properties: Total Weight Solids, %: 45.7 Total Volume Solids, %: 42.6 Pounds/Gallon: 8.73 Epoxy/Urea: 80/20 C a t a l y s t , % ( A c t i v e on r e s i n s o l i d s ) : 2 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gal 1on: 2.19 Grams/Liter: 263 V i s c o s i t y , #4 Ford Cup, seconds: 60-80 pH: 7.1 S t a r t i n g Formulation No. 2506: Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin Phenolic Clear Bake Coating Materia1 : Part A: Epi -Rez 3551-WY-43 Resin Premix and add under a g i t a t i o n : Santol ink EP560 Ektapro EEP Add under a g i t a t i o n : Water _ _ _ _ _ _Pounds Gal 1ons 662.1 73.56 93.1 10.18 80.6 10.16 5 0 . 8 6.10 Typical Coati ng P r o p e r t i es : Total Weight Solids, %: 42.0 Total Volume Solids, %: 36.6 Pounds/Gallon: 8.87 Epoxy/Phenolic, based on s o l i d s , percent: 80/20 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gal 1on: 2.90 Grams/Liter: 348 Viscosity, #4 Ford Cup, seconds: 70-80 Dry F i l m Thickness: 0 . 5 m i l Substrate: Bonderite 1000 Bake Schedule a t 350F. minutes: 20 Pencil Hardness: 5H Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : s160 MEK Resistance, Double Rubs: 100 Typi c a l F i 1m Properties : S t a r t i n g Formulation No. 2505: €pi-Rez 3551-WY-43 Resin SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co. : S t a r t i n g Formulations
  21. 21. 10 Water-Based Paint Formulations C l e a r Wood CoatinQ-A & B 8 C _-K-F1 ex UD-320W Modi f ie d The f o l l o w i n g wood c o a t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n e v a l u a t e s K-Flex UD-320W a t 5 and 10% m o d i f i c a t i o n on s o l i d s . The system was c a t a l y z e d w i t h K-Cure 129W. Cure response was examined on c l e a n b a r e and 840 t r e a t e d Aluminum a t a r a p i d schedule o f 60 sec./82C. Hardness improvements were found a t a l l l e v e l s o f m o d i f i c a t i o n (See f i l m p r o p e r t i e s ) . The t r e a t e d s u b s t r a t e gave s o f t e r f i l m s i n i t i a l l y compared t o b a r e m e t a l , but improved p r o p e r t i e s were observed a f t e r 24 h o u r s a g i n g . K-Flex UD-320W m o d i f i c a t i o n i n c r e a s e d f i l m hardness b u t d i d n o t improve w a t e r r e s i s t a n c e p r o p e r t i e s Formul a t i on : Rhoplex AC-1024 B e e t l e 65 K-Flex UD-320W K-Cure 129W A c r y l i c / P o l y o l / U r e a % S o l i d s F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : FC-430 S u b s t r a t e : Aluminum (Clean Bare) Cure: 60 sec./82C F i l m Thickness: 0 . 7 + - 0 . 1 m i l DFT W* 66.7 33.3 0 . 0 0 . 1 3 1 . 7 SO/-/50 6 6 . 7 A : 50,’-/50 I n i t i a l 24 Hours 0 : 45/5/50 I n i t i a l 24 Hours C : 35/10/55 I n i t i a l 24 Hours Penci 1 KHN25 HB-F 4.19 F-H 11.20 HB-F 6 . 2 5 H-2H 14.20 HB-F 5.41 H-2H 15.50 W- Wt%C 61 .8 51.4 34.3 40.4 3 . 9 8 . 2 0 . 1 3 0.13 1 . 7 1.8 45/5/50 35/10/55 6 7 . 5 72.2 Crosshatch Adhesion MEK Rubs (%Loss) 200 0 200 0 200 0 200 0 180 0 200 0 SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n UDW-10 A & B & C
  22. 22. Coatings and Topcoats 11 I n g r e d i e n t s : Resin Phase: Water Maincote PR-71 Ammonia (28) D i r e c t t o Metal A c r y l i c Latex Coating S t a r t i n a P o i n t Formulation Lbs Gals 45.9 5.510204 2.05 0.273333 481.2 55.31034 Set aside f o r l a t e r a d d i t i o n , i n t o a separate vessel add: Water Phase: Water Bentone AD Tamol 165 Drewpl us L-493 B u t y l Cel l o s o l v e D i b u t y l Phthalate Ammonia (28) Premix: Chrom. Grn. Oxide 5-5310 A c t i r o x 215 Nyad 1250 Disperse t o 5 n.s.u. Then homogenization, add, whi E t h y l Alcohol 15% NaN02 i n Water 20% QR-708 i n Water 150 1.4 11.2 1 36.6 7.3 n 47.9 89.8 116.3 l e t down w i t h r e s i n phase e mixing, t h e f o l l o w i n g : 18 3.06 12.75 18.00720 0.064641 1.222707 0.133155 4 .a73501 0.8371 55 0.4 1.078828 3.368847 4.805785 4 f t e r 2.748091 0.337375 1 .514251 General Performance Benef t s : E x c e l l e n t adhesion t o s t e e l , galvanized s t e e l and aluminum S u i t a b l e f o r s i n g l e coat s e r v i c e Excel 1ent recoatabi 1it y w i t h s o l v e n t based f i n i s h e s High r e s i s t a n c e t o s a l t spray, 3000 hours from 2 d r y m i l s on Appl icab1e under margi nal c o n d i t i o n s (40F) c o l d r o l l e d s t e e l SOURCE: Nyco Minerals, I n c . : Suggested Formulation
  23. 23. 12 Water-Based Paint Formulations Low Gloss Vinvl/ABS Topcoat Materi a1 Spensol L53 D i sperse-Ayd Surfynol 104H Fl a t t ing Agent TS100 Lodyne S107B Lbs. Gals . 808.7 92.85 6.6 0.75 6.0 0.75 25.0 1.so 1.4 0.15 Disperse a t high speed f o r 15-20 minutes, then premix and add: M i cheml ube 737 Water Anal y s i s: Percent Sol i d s , Weight : 31 .8 Percent Solids, Volume: 28.4 V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 20-25 Gloss (60/20): 7/4 VOC (excluding water): Grams/Li t e r : 288 Pounds/Gal 1on : 2.4 pH: 8.0-8.5 Formulation 2124-54C 16.4 2.0 16.7 2.0 Clear Topcoat for F l e x i b l e Substrates Materia1 : Spensol L53 Surfynol 104H C o l l o i d 679 Ucar SCT 100 M i cheml ube 737 Water Lbs. Gals. 826.5 95.00 4 . 0 0.50 1.9 0.25 2.3 0.25 16.4 2.00 16.7 2.00 Add t h e above m a t e r i a l s i n order under good a g i t a t i o n . NOTE: An o p t i o n a l a z i r i d i n e c r o s s l i n k i n g agent can be added t o t h e above formula a t a l e v e l o f 7-10 lbs./100 gallons. Analysis: Percent Sol ids, Wei ght : 29.8 Percent Solids, Volume: 28.6 V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #4 Ford, Secs.: 65+-5 Pounds/Gallon: 8.7 VOC (excluding water): Grams/Liter: 374 Pounds/Gallon: 3.1 PH: 8.5t-0.3 Formulation 2307-248 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: Formulations
  24. 24. Coatings and Topcoats 13 S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i n g Sample F o r m u l a t i o n A _____Unmodi f ied In n r e d i e n t s : Ucar Latex 447 Ucar F i l m e r IBT Foamaster VF Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : AMP-95 V i s c o s i t y , cP: 1060 Stormer V i s c o s i t y , KU: 70 pH Value: 6.6 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 59.3 Pounds 797.3 2 . 1 47.5 2.1 40.9 S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i n q Sample F o r m u l a t i o n B -Lower- Adhesion I n q r e d i e n t s : Ucar Latex 447 AMP-95 Ucar F i l m e r IBT Foamaster VF Soya L e c i t h i n Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : V i s c o s i t y , cP: 1820 Stormer V i s c o s i t y , KU: 83 pH Value: 6 . 7 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 60.3 S u b s t r a t e S t r i p p a b i 1i t y : S u b s t r a t e : Galvanized S t e e l A1 -Bonderi t e A1-A1 o d i ne Cold R o l l e d S t e e l My1a r G1ass P o l y s t y r e n e Gloss A1 kyd P o l y e s t e r X=peeled c l e a n and easi l y _ _ ~Pounds 777.0 2 . 1 46.7 2.1 20.0 41.1 G a l l o n s 88.54 0.27 6.01 0.27 4.91 G a l l o n s 86.33 0.27 5.91 0.27 2.29 4.93 Formula A X X X X X X X X X Formula B X X X X X X X X X SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Latex 447: F o r m u l a t i o n s A & B
  25. 25. 14 Water-Based Paint Formulations S t r i p p a b l e Coatina Formulations Thickened w i t h Ucar Polyphobe Rheology M o d i f i e r s Formula C Good Leveling Pounds Gal lonsI n g r e d i e n t s : Ucar Latex 447 780.9 06.77 AMP-95 4.4 0.57 Ucar Filmer IBT 46.8 5.95 Foamaster VF 2.1 0.28 Water 40.6 4.89 Ucar Polyphobe 107 13.4 1.54 ~~ Coating Properties: V i s c o s i t y , cP: 2500 Stormer V i s c o s i t y , KU: 104 pH Value: 8.1 Total Solids, % by weight: 60.1 Formula D High B u i l d I n g r e d i e n t s : Ucar Latex 447 Ucar Filmer IBT Foamaster VF Water Ucar Polyphobe 102 Coating Properties: AMP-95 V i s c o s i t y , cP: 3200 Stormer Viscosity, KU: 84 pH Value: 8.9 Total Solids, % by weight: 58.8 Substrate S t r i p p a b i 1it y : Substrate: Galvanized Steel A1-Bonderi t e A1-Alodi ne Cold Rolled Steel Mylar G1ass Polystyrene Gloss Alkyd Polyester X=peeled clean and e a s i l y NT=not ~~Pounds Gal 1ons 702.7 06.97 4.8 0.62 46.9 5.94 2.1 0.27 40.6 4.07 11.6 1.33 Formula C Formula D X X X X NT NT X X X X X X NT NT X X NT NT t e s t e d SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Latex 447: Formulations
  26. 26. Coatingsand Topcoats 15 S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i n q f o r P l a s t i c S u b s t r a t e s I n q r e d i e n t s : Premix #1 : Ucar V e h i c l e 441 Defoamer (1 ) Soya L e c i t h i n (2) Premix #2: T r i o c t y l Phosphate S t r i p p i n g A i d (3) Water Premix #3: T h i c k e n e r (4) Water Premix #4: T r i e t h y l a m i n e I s o p r o p a n o l , 91% Water Water Pounds 603.8 9.1 10.1 40.2 13.9 39.2 27.1 27.2 7.2 8.6 14.3 48.3 Gal l o n s Wt% 69.80 71.12 1 .31 1.07 1.16 1.19 5.22 4.74 1.47 1.64 4.71 4.62 3.10 3.19 3.26 3.20 1.18 0.85 1.27 1.01 1.72 1 .68 5.80 5.69 i e r s : ) Defoamer - P a t c o t e 513 ( P a t t e r s o n Chemical) o r e q u i v a l e n t . ) Soya L e c i t h i n - K e l e c i n 1081 (Spencer K e l l o g g ) o r e q u i v - a1e n t . e q u i v a l e n t . (3) S t r i p p i n g A i d - Strodex PK-90 ( D e x t e r Chemicals) o r (4) T h i c k e n e r - A c r y s o l ASE-60 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Procedure: Blend Premix #1 f i r s t , i n t h e o r d e r shown, and t h e n add t h e r e m a i n i n g Premixes i n numerical o r d e r . A l l o w f i v e t o 10 minutes o f a g i t a t i o n between a d d i t i o n s o f Premixes. The l a s t increment o f w a t e r , shown below Premix #4, can b e added i n stages t o a l l o w p r o p e r a g i t a t i o n . C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 40.1 pH: 8.6 V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , cP: 2410 V i s c o s i t y , Stormer, KU: 84 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 2 wk a t 12OF: Pass Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestion LP-1924
  27. 27. 16 Water-Based Paint Formulations S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i nq F o r m u l a t i o n s Inqr e dient-s : Ucar V e h i c l e 441 Thickener ( 1 ) (11% N . V ) B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 Sol v e n t Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8 . 6 p H 8 . 0 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 43.8 Formul a t ion LP-3760 I n g r e d i entg: Ucar V e h i c l e 441 Thickener ( 1 ) (11% N.V.) B u t y l Carbi t o 1 S o l v e n t Soya L e c i t h i n W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8.6 p H : 8 . 0 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 44.4 F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3761 I n g r e d i e n t s : i c a r V e h i c l e 441 Thickener ( 1 ) (11% N.V.) B u t y l C a r b i t o l S o l v e n t Soya L e c i t h i n W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8 . 6 pH: 8 . 0 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 44.6 F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3762 I n g r e d i e n t s : Ucar V e h i c l e 441 Thickener ( 1 ) (11% N.V.) B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 S o l v e n t Soya L e c i t h i n W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) Water C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8.6 pH: 8 . 0 T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 45.0 F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3763 ~-Pounds 840.0 5 . 4 8 . 4 10.0 -~Gal 1ons 9 7 . 1 0.7 1 . o 1 . 2 Pounds Gal 1ons 830.0 9 5 . 9 5.4 0 . 7 8 . 4 1 . o 6 . 6 0 . 8 3.3 0 . 4 10.0 1 . 2 Pounds G a l l o n s 827.0 9 5 . 6 5.4 0 . 7 8 . 4 1 . o 10.0 1 . I 3 . 3 0 . 4 1 0 . 0 I . 2 Pounds Gal 1ons 820.0 94.8 5 . 2 0 . 6 8 . 2 1 .o 16.4 1 . 9 3.3 0 . 4 1 0 . 7 1 . 3 Suppl ie r s : ( 1 ) Thickener - A c r y s o l G-110 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t . ( 2 ) W e t t i n g Agent - I n t e r w e t #33 ( I n t e r s t a b ) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Note: I n c l u d e a s u i t a b l e p r e s e r v a t i v e i n each f o r m u l a s u g g e s t i o n . SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: F o r m u l a t i o n s
  28. 28. Coatingsand Topcoats 17 Topcoat f o r Prefin ished Hardboard S i d i n g Inqredients: PiQment Or4 nd: Water T e r g i t o l Nonionic Surfactant Tamol 731 Foamaster VF T i -Pure R-960 Nytal 400 S i l c r o n G-601 Nuocide 960 Letdown : Ucar Vehicle 462 Cyme1 325 Arcosol ve PP Sol vent Cycat 4040 Foamaster VF CAO-1 Anti-Oxidant Tinuvin 328 UV Absorber NP-10 Pounds 134.8 4.7 9.3 1.o 174.4 46.5 46.5 4.5 Gal lons 16.2 0.6 1 .o 0.2 5.2 2.7 2.0 0.6 535.4 60.8 45.2 4.4 36.1 4.9 2.8 0.3 1.1 0.1 3.0 0.3 6.5 0.7 Paint Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 28 Crosslinker, phr: 15 Cosolvent, phr: 15 Volume Solids, %: 41 Weight per Gallon, l b : 10.6 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Vehicle 462: Formulation Suggestion
  29. 29. 18 Water-Based Paint Formulations Water-Borne A1 kvd/Mel ami ne Kood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n K-Flex XM-2304 i s an e x p e r i m e n t a l p r i m a r y h y d r o x y l c o n t a i n i n g a l i p h a t i c , s a t u r a t e d u r e t h a n e r e s i n m o d i f i e r . T h i s water-borne alkyd/melamine wood c l e a r c o a t f o r m u l a t i o n demonstrates improved s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e and f l o w / l e v e l i n g u s i n g t h i s p r o d u c t . %K-Flex XM-2304 Component: 0% 5% 10% C a r g i l l 7412 Resimene 747 I s o p r o p a n o l Water K-Flex XM-2304 Nacure 155 K-F1 ex XM-2304: % S o l i d s ( C a l c u l a t e d ) W e t t i n g Alkyd/XM-Z304/HMMM 31 . 5 2 8 . 3 25.1 31 . 5 31.5 31.5 14.8 1 4 . 8 14.8 1 5 . 7 15.6 1 5 . 6 0 . 0 3 . 5 6 . 5 6 . 5 6.5 6 . 5 0% 5% 10% 66.6 6 6 . 5 66.4 5 0 / 0 / 5 0 45/5/50 40/10/50 Poor Good Best S u b s t r a t e : Sanded and Sealed B i r c h Faced Plywood S e a l e r : Commerci a1 V i n y l Sander/Sealer Topcoat, WFT: 20-25u ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l ) Topcoat Bake: 10 min./71C (160F) 4 Hour Spot T e s t S t a i n Test Mustard Ketchup C o f f e e Homog. M i l k Lemon J u i c e L i q u i d C1eaner N a i l P o l i s h Remover 0% XM-2304 M i l d A t t a c k S t a i n Severe S t a i n Severe A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k Severe A t t a c k Severe Atack 5% XM-2304 10% XM-2304 M i l d A t t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t No E f f e c t M i l d S t a i n M i l d S t a i n M i l d A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k No E f f e c t Severe A t t a c k / M i l d A t t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t W h i l e a l l 3 f o r m u l a s were u n a f f e c t e d i n t h e 4 hour s p o t t e s t by b l e a c h and m i n e r a l o i l , t h e y a l l e x h i b i t e d a m i l d a t t a c k by Peps1 Cola; s t a i n i n g f r o m water; and a severe a t t a c k f r o m i s o p r o p a n o l . W i t h t h e above c u r e c o n d i t i o n a l l t h r e e f o r m u l a s gave an H-2H p e n c i l hardness and 100+ MEK d o u b l e r u b s a t 23 u ( 0 . 9 m i 1) on A1umi num. SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-24
  30. 30. Coatings and Topcoats 19 Water-Borne Alkyd/Melamine Wood Clearcoat Modification K-Flex UD-320W i s an a l i p h a t i c , s a t u r a t e d , water s o l u b l e r e s i n m o d i f i e r . T h i s u r e t h a n e d i o l m o d i f y i n g r e s i n i m p a r t s s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e t o t h e f o r c e d d r y ( t h e r m o s e t ) alkyd/melamine wood c l e a r c o a t f o r m u l a t i o n below. What makes t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n unique i s t h e absence o f n e u t r a l - i z i n g amines. As a r e s u l t , a f r e e a c i d c a t a l y s t may be used (Nacure 155) and lower t e m p e r a t u r e c u r e s may be achieved. The b i n d e r r e s i n ( a l k y d ) i s water d i l u t a b l e w i t h t h e a d d i t i o n o f a c o s o l v e n t such as i s o p r o p a n o l . A p o t l i f e o f 8-10 hours i s p o s s i b l e . WB Wood C 1e a r c o a t -Modi f ic a t i o n Component: C a r g i l l 7412 Resimene 747 I s o p r o p a n o l Water K-F1 ex UD-320W Nacure 155 K-Flex UD-320W: % Sol i d s ( C a l c u l a t e d ) A1 kyd/K-F1 ex UD-32OW/HMMM % K-Flex UD-320W 0% 5% 10% 31 . 5 28.3 25.1 31 . 5 31.5 3 1 . 5 14.8 14.8 14.8 15.7 15.4 15.0 0 . 0 3 . 5 7 . 1 6.5 6.5 6 . 5 0% 5% 10% 6 6 . 6 66.5 66.4 50/0/50 45/5/50 40/10/50 S u b s t r a t e : Sanded and Sealed B i r c h Faced Plywood S e a l e r : Commerci a1 V i n y l Sander/Seal e r Topcoat, WFT: 20-25u ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l ) Topcoat, Bake: 10 min./71C (160F) S t a i n T e s t Mustard Ketchup C o f f e e Homog. M i l k Lemon J u i c e Pepsi Cola N a i l P o l i s h Remover 4 Hour Spot Test 0% UD-320W 5% UD-320W M i l d A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k Severe S t a i n Severe S t a i n S t a i n No E f f e c t Severe A t t a c k No E f f e c t M i l d A t t a c k Severe A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k M i l d A t t a c k Severe A t t a c k No E f f e c t 10% UD-320W No E f f e c t No E f f e c t M i l d S t a i n No E f f e c t Severe A t t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t W h i l e a l l 3 f o r m u l a s were u n a f f e c t e d i n t h e 4 hour s p o t t e s t by b l e a c h and m i n e r a l o i l , t h e y a l l e x h i b i t e d s t a i n i n g from water and a severe a t t a c k f r o m i s o p r o p a n o l and l i q u i d c l e a n e r W i t h t h e above c u r e c o n d i t i o n a l l t h r e e f o r m u l a s gave an H-2H p e n c i l hardness and 100+ MEK double r u b s a t 23u ( 0 . 9 m i l ) on A1umi num. SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-25
  31. 31. 20 Water-Based Paint Formulations Waterborne Clear Hiqh Gloss Topcoat Edaplan LA-402 was used i n a Waterborne High Gloss Wood Topcoat t o improve w e t t i n g and l e v e l i n g . I n combination w i t h Agitan 315 foam c o n t r o l agent, superior f i l m p r o p e r t i e s are ach ieved . Materi a1 : & Rhoplex E-3188 (Rohm & Haas) 608.00 71 .77 Water 101.33 11.96 Adjust pH t o 8.5-9.0 Ammonia (28%) 5.27 0.62 Premix and add slowly: Water Dowanol PnB (DOW Chemical) Arcosolve DPM (Arco Chemical) Arcosolve DPt8 (Arco Chemical) Tributoxyethyl phosphate Add f o l l o w i n g w h i l e mixing: FCA (Foam Control Agent) Wetting Agent Michem 392-25 (Michelman) Adjust v i scosit y Acrysol RM-825 (Rohm & Haas) Water Properties: % N o n v o l a t i l e (by weight): 31.2 % N o n v o l a t i l e (by volume): 29.4 Weight per Gallon (pounds): 8.48 Theoretical VOC ( g r a m s / l i t e r ) : 106 V i s c o s i t y (cPs): 150+-10% 14.79 1.75 14.79 1.75 14.79 1.75 9.93 1.17 9.93 1.17 0.49 0.06 2.47 0.29 14.11 1.67 0.51 0.06 50.67 5.98 SOURCE: King I n d u s t r i e s : WR-31: A d d i t i v e s f o r Waterborne Wood Formulations
  32. 32. Coatings and Topcoats 21 White Gloss Maintenance Topcoat I n q r e d i e n t s : Pigment G r i nd: Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent Water Bentone LT Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n Tamol 681 T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 Nuosept 95 DeeFo HG-12 Acrysol RM-2020 Acrysol SCT-275 Tronox CR-828 Letdown : Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent )Premix Acrysol SCT-275 1 Ucar Vehicle 435 Ucar F i l m e r IBT Troysan Polyphase AF-1 DeeFo HG-12 Sodium N i t r i t e , 15% Aqueous S o l u t i o n Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n Adjust t o minimum pH 8.7 Pounds 59.6 18.4 1.o 1.8 18.2 2.2 2.3 1.9 17.2 8.6 225.0 8.5 8 . 6 626.9 15.8 4.9 1.9 9.0 1.8 Pai n t P r o p e r t i es : Pigment Volume Concentration (PVC), %: 18.3 T o t a l Solids, %: pH Value, i n i t i a l : 8.7 V i s c o s i t y : Stormer, KU: 78 I C I , poise: 1.1 by volume: 36.1 Weight per Gallon, l b : 10.3 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 cycles: Pass Heat S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 140F: Pass F i l m Properties: Contrast Ratio, 6-mil wet drawdown: 0.958 Gloss, 60: 70 Gloss, 20: 25 Gal 1ons 7.00 2.21 0.06 0.25 2.00 0.25 0.25 0.25 2.00 1 .oo 6.59 1.oo 1.oo 72.06 2.00 0.50 0.25 1.08 0.25 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Vehicle 435: Formulation Suggestion M-2453
  33. 33. 22 Water-Based Paint Formulations White Gloss Topcoat ____M a t e r i a1 : A r o l o n 580-W-42 Tamol SG-1 T r i t o n CF-10 C o l l o i d 694 E t h y l e n e G l y c o l B u t y l Carbi t o 1 D o w i c i l 75 Water Mix a t low speed: T i t a n o x 2101 G r i n d under h i g h shear 15-20 m i n u t e s . Under low shear, add letdown. Water Col l o i d 694 A r o l o n 820-W-49 Propylene G l y c o l B u t y l Carbi t o 1 A c e t a t e C o b a l t Hydrocure I1 Hydroxyethyl C e l l u l o s e QP-300 (10% S o l n ) Ammonia *lo% QP-300 i n E t h y l e n e G l y c o l A n a l y s i s : Pigment Volume Concentration, Percent: 20.0 Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0.94/1 Percent S o l i d s , Weight: 57.4 Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 44.0 V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, KU: 72-76 Pounds/Gallon: 11.08 VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) : Grams/Li t e r : 144 Pounds/Gallon: 1.2 pH: 8.8-9.0 Lbs. Gals. 65.0 7.30 5.0 0.52 3.0 0.34 2.5 0.35 23.0 2.48 10.0 1.26 1 .o 0.08 18.0 2.16 300.0 8.57 20.0 2.40 2.5 0.35 598.0 67.95 18.0 2.08 8 . 0 0.98 0 . 4 0.05 5.0 0.53 1 .o 0.13 SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chrmicals, I n c . : A r o l o n 820: Formula 194-2
  34. 34. Coatings and Topcoats 23 Wood Topcoat Model Formulations Rohm and Haas: Wt% Rhoplex WL-96 (42%) 73.9 Patcote 519 0 . 2 B u t y l Carbi t o 1 ) 6.2 Dowanol PNB ) Premix 3.1 Michem Lube 110 (25% S o l i d s ) 2.9 Ammonia (14%) Adjust t o pH 8.0 0.1 Water 13.6 S.C. Johnson: Wt% Joncryl 554 90.9 Ektasolve EB 3.6 Jonwax 26 4.5 Water 1.o Goodyear : Wt% Ektasolve EP 8 . 5 S a n t i c i z e r 160 2.7 D i e t h y l ami ne 1.1 Drew L-475 0.2 Water 9 . 1 P l i o l i t e 7104 (44%) 58.5 W i tcobond 234 19.9 Sanncor : Wt% Water 16.1 Dowanol DPM 4.9 Rhoplex WL-96 (42%) 35.3 Sancure 815 42.3 Dehydran 1293 0.5 BYK 306 0.5 Acrysol RM-825 0.3 Ammonia ( 14%) Approx. 0.1 Evaluation i n Clear Topcoats: Surfynol 104 s u r f a c t a n t was evaluated i n waterborne c l e a r topcoats t o c o n f i r m i t s m u l t i p l e b e n e f i t s i n actual wood c o a t i n g formulas. Since t h e most s t r i n g e n t performance require- ments are r e l a t e d t o high-end wood coatings. Model topcoat formulations o f t h i s type were selected f o r study. Surfynol 104 s u r f a c t a n t was added a t 1% t o t h e model topcoat formulations. I n order t o evaluate a p p l i c a t i o n and f i l m property b e n e f i t s , Surfynol 104 s u r f a c t a n t ' s b e n e f i t s include: *Improved f 1ow and 1eve1 ing *Superior substrate w e t t i n g *Low foam, and o f t e n defoaming performance *Rapid d i spl acement o f a i r bubbles *Mi n imal r e s o l ubi 1izat ion in water SOURCE: A i r Products 8 Chemicals, I n c . : Surfynol Surfactants: Suggested Formulations
  35. 35. Coil Coatings 25 Chromate Coi 1-Coati na Primer I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: Deio n i zed Water Ethylene G1ycol N,N-Dimethylethanolamine Foamaster VF T e r g i t o l Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 Polywet ND-2 L-203-D Strontium Chromate 233 Basic Zinc Chromate T i -Pure R-900 Letdown : N, N-Di methyl ethanol ami ne Ucar Vehicle 462 Carbi t o 1 Solvent Arcosolve PP Solvent Cyme1 303 Foamaster VF Deionized Water ~ _ _ _Pounds Gallons 46.0 5.54 3.8 0.41 0.6 0.09 0.3 0.03 3.8 0.45 15.3 1.63 25.6 0.83 25.6 0.81 204.5 5.96 5.9 0.79 629.5 71.85 16.1 1.88 16.1 2.15 35.5 3.55 1.8 0.22 31.7 3.81 Wei sht% 4.33 0.35 0.06 0.03 0.35 1.44 2.41 2.41 19.25 0.56 59.26 1.52 1.52 3.42 0.17 2.92 Procedure: order l i s t e d . Thoroughly mix l i q u i d components b e f o r e adding pigments. Add pigments s l o w l y and s t i r u n t i l uniform. Grind a t h i g h speed f o r 10 minutes o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches about 50C. For t h e letdown, add t h e i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order shown, making sure t h e mix i s uniform a f t e r each a d d i t i o n . For a l e s s c r i t i c a l procedure, premix f i l m i n g a i d s w i t h c r o s s l i n k e r and water. Mix p a i n t a t l e a s t 10 minutes a f t e r t h e f i n a l a d d i t i o n . P a i n t P r o p e r t i 8s: Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles mixer i n Pigment:Binder Ratio: 0 . 8 : l .O T o t a l N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by weight: 54.3 Resin:Me1ami ne: 89; 11 Organic i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 10 V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , cP: 300 pH Value: 9 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Veh Suggestion LP-3821 9 c l e 462: Formulation
  36. 36. 26 Water-Based Paint Formulations Low-Sheen Coil-Coatinq Topcoat I n q r e d ie n t s : Pigment G r i nd: Ethylene Glycol Polywet ND-2 T e r g i t o l Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 Foamaster VF N, N-Di methyl ethanol ami ne Dei o n i zed Water S i l c r o n G-601 T i -Pure R-960 o r Zopaque RCL-6 Letdown : Foamaster VF Deionized Water N,N-Dimethylethanolamine Ucar V e h i c l e 462 Pigment G r i nd Arcosolve PP Solvent Cyme1 303 Procedure: _ _ _ ~Pounds Gallons 2.42 0.26 9.69 1.03 2.39 0.27 1.17 0.15 0.30 0.04 95.87 11.53 48.46 2.77 193.80 5.82 2.11 0.27 22.10 2.65 3.26 0.44 585.18 66.80 354.10 21.87 30.20 4.02 39.50 3.95 Weight% 0.23 0.93 0.23 0.11 0.03 9.25 4.68 18.70 0.20 2.13 0.32 56.47 34.16 2.91 3.81 Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles mixer tank i n t h e order l i s t e d . Mix a t low speed f o r 5 minutes. Slowly add t h e pigments and s t i r u n t i l uniform. Grind a t h i g h speed f o r 10 minutes o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches 50C. blend i n t o Ucar Vehicle 462 w i t h slow a g i t a t i o n . Reduce t h e pigment g r i n d w i t h t h e n e u t r a l i z e d l a t e x and s t i r a t low speed f o r 10 minutes. Add t h e melamine r e s i n and s o l v e n t . S t i r a t moderate speed f o r 10 minutes. P a i n t P r o p e r t i e s : For t h e letdown, combine t h e antifoam, water, and t h e amine; Pigment:Binder R a t i o : 0 . 8 : l .O Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 19.7 T o t a l N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by weight: 53.6 Organic i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 10.5 Resi n:Mel ami ne: 87: 13 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 462: Formulation Suggestion LP-3794
  37. 37. Coil Coatings 27 Medium-Gloss Coil-Coating Topcoat I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: Ethylene Glycol T e r g i t o l Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t NP- Foamaster VF Polywet ND-2 N,N-Dimethylethanolamine Deionized Water Ti-Pure R-960 o r Zopaque RCL-6 Letdown : Foamaster VF Deionized Water N,N-Dimethylethanol ami ne Ucar Vehicle 462 Pigment G r i nd Arcosolve PP Solvent Cyme1 303 Deionized Water Pounds 2.48 10 2.53 0.47 10.06 0.35 52.89 253.28 4.29 4.61 2.97 630.31 322.06 31.57 35.22 26.02 Gal 1ons 0.27 0.29 0.06 1.07 0.05 6.36 7.61 Wei qht% 0.23 0.24 0.04 0.95 0.03 5.00 23.96 0.55 0.41 0.55 0.44 0.40 0.28 71.96 59.64 15.69 30.45 4.20 2.99 3.52 3.33 3.13 2.46 Procedure: Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles mixer tank i n t h e order l i s t e d . Mix a t low speed f o r 5 minutes. Slowly add t h e t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e and s t i r u n t i l uniform. Grind a t h i g h speed f o r 10 minutes o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches 50C. For t h e letdown, combine t h e f i r s t increment o f water, t h e antifoam, and t h e amine; blend i n t o t h e Ucar Vehicle 462 w i t h slow a g i t a t i o n . Reduce t h e pigment g r i n d w i t h t h e n e u t r a l i z e d l a t e x and s t i r a t low speed f o r 10 minutes. Add t h e remaining water, melamine r e s i n , and s o l v e n t . S t i r a t moderate speed f o r 10 minutes. P a i n t P r o p e r t i e s : Pigment:Binder R a t i o : 0.8:l .O Pigment Volume Concentration (PVC): 18.9 T o t a l Nonvolatiles, % by weight: 53.1 Organic i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 10.5 Resin:Melami ne: 89: 11 pH Value: 9 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Vehicle 462: Formulation Suggestion LP-3793
  38. 38. 28 Water-Based Paint Formulations I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment G r i nd: D i spersant (1 ) Soya L e c i t h i n (2) Ethylene Glycol Water Defoamer (3) Calcium Carbonate (4) Titanium D i o x i d e (5) Let Down: Ucar V e h i c l e 441 Dispersant ( 1 ) Soya L e c i t h i n Defoamer (3) Melamine ( 6 ) B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent Thickener (7) Blue T i n t Paste ( 8 ) S u o ~ lie r s : Pounds 3.3 3.1 4.7 74.3 0.7 263.0 25.6 630.2 3 . 1 4 . 9 1.6 5.6 14.4 6.3 2.6 Gallons 0.33 0.33 0.50 8.93 0.09 11.69 0.73 72.86 0.31 0.53 0.20 0.56 1.92 0.73 0.29 Wei qht% 0.32 0.30 0.45 7.12 0.07 25.21 2.46 60.38 0.30 0.47 0.15 0.54 1.38 0.60 0.25 Dispersant - Strodex PK-90 (Dexter Chemical) o r e q u i v a l e n t Dispersant - Ross and Rowe 551 (Ross and Rowe Chemicals) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Defoamer - Foamaster VF (Diamond Shamrock) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Calcium Carbonate - Atomite (Thompson, Weinman) o r equiv- a l e n t . Titanium Dioxide - Ti-Pure R-900 (duPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Me1ami ne - Cyme1 350 (American Cyanamid) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Thickener - Acrysol G-110, 22% (Rohm and Haas) o r equiv- a1e n t . Aqueous Dispersion - Thalo Blue (Tenneco) o r e q u i v a l e n t . Procedure: order l i s t e d . Mix a t low speed f o r one minute. Slowly add p i g - ments and s t i r u n t i l uniform. Grind a t h i g h speed u n t i l d e s i r e d g r i n d f ineness has been accompl ished. For t h e letdown, pre-blend Ucar V e h i c l e 441, Strodex PK-90, soya l e c i t h i n , and defoamer. With slow a g i t a t i o n , add t o t h e pigment g r i n d . S t i r a t low speed f o r 5 t o 10 minutes. Pre-blend B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent and melamine and add t o l e t down. S t i r f o r f i v e minutes. Add b l u e t i n t paste and t h i c k e n e r and s t i r f o r 5 t o 10 minutes. If done s l o w l y and c a r e f u l l l y , l e t down Charge t h e f i r s t f i v e components t o a Cowles mixer tank i n t h e components may be added s e q u e n t i a l l y . Coating P r o p e r t i e s : N o n v o l a t i l e s , %: 54 t o 55 pH: 8 . 0 Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 1 . O V i s c o s i t y a t 25C ( B r o o k f i e l d LVT, 60 r p m ) , cP: 200 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: Formu Suggestion LP-3024 o 300 a t i on
  39. 39. 30 Water-Based Paint Formulations A c r y l ic Emu1s i o n Enamel -B&C K-F1 ex UD-320W M o d i f i e d K-F1 ex UD-320W modi f i c a t 1on o f t h i s w h i t e a c r y l ic/melami ne emulsion f o r g e n e r a l i n d u s t r i a l a p p l i c a t i o n s demonstrated s e v e r a l advantages in c l u d i ng: improved f l o w / l e v e l ing, h i g h e r g l o s s , improved g l o s s r e t e n t i o n on QUV exposure-higher s o l i d s ( l o w e r VOC) and lower c o s t p e r pound on a s o l i d s b a s i s . G r i n d Composition: J o n c r y l 540 S u r f y n o l 104 T i - P u r e R-960 Water ( G r i n d t o 6+ Hegman on t h e B a l l M i l l ) Letdown Composition: G r ind J o n c r y l 540 HMMM K-Flex UD-320W Nacorr 1552 Water Enamel C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : AMP-95 V i s c o s i t y , cps (25C): 200-205 Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 7 6 : l . O pH: 8.70-8.75 Q 41.8 1. o 1 .o 4 8 . 6 7 . 6 Wt%-B Wt04-& 100.0 100.0 50.9 39.1 1 9 . 9 2 9 . 1 3 . 6 7.2 1 . 3 1 . 3 23.0 25.0 A p p l i c a t i o n and Cure: S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 ( i r o n phosphated CRS) Cure Schedule: 15'/300F (150C) DFT ( m i l s ) : 0.9+-0.01 ( 2 2 . 5 ~ ) F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : A c r y l ic/K-Flex/HMMM: Penci 1 Hardness Knoop Hardness (259) MEK R e s i s t a n c e (2X) Crosshatch Adhesion Impact R e s i s t a n c e : D i r e c t ( i n l b s ) : Reverse ( i n l b s ) : C1eve1 and H u m i d i t y (55C) 0 C 65/5/30 57/16/33 4H-5H 4H-5H 17.0 1 8 . 4 100 100 100% 100% 100-110 100-110 20- 30 20 -30 9/M 9/MD SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n UDW-12 B & C
  40. 40. Enamels 31 S y n e r g i s t i c E f f e c t s o f Combinina Nacorr w i t h A n t i - C o r r o s i v e Pinment i n an A i r Dry Water R e d u c i b l e A1kyd M o d i f i e d A c r y l i c Enamel Improvements i n t h e c o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e o f a w a t e r r e d u c i b l e a i r d r y a c r y l i c enamel a r e p o s s i b l e u s i n g Nacorr r u s t and c o r r - o s i o n i n h i b i t o r s , When used i n c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h a c a l c i u m s t r o n t - ium p h o s p h o s i l i c a t e c o r r o s i o n i n h i b i t i n g pigment (Halox SW-1111, a d e f in i t e improvement in c o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e was o b t a i ned. S a l t spray t e s t i n g was c a r r i e d o u t o v e r i r o n phosphated p a n e l s ( B o n d e r i t e 1000). G r i n d : Aquamac 1090 Nacorr 2-Butoxyethanol N y t a l 400 Halox SW-111 Raven B l a c k 16 Hal ox C o n t r o l SW-111 3 . 7 9 3.79 2.79 2.79 11.61 9 . 2 9 2.38 0.71 0.71 ____ ---- ____ Letdown: (Add g r a d u a l l y w h i l e on m i l l a t low rpm): C o b a l t Hydrocure 0.06 0.06 Manganese Hydrocure 0.08 0.08 Water 15.85 15.85 Ammonium Hydroxide, 30% 0.28 0.27 Aquamac 640 (post-add 8 shake) 64.83 64.80 Hal ox C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : C o n t r o l SW-111 P i gment/Bi nder R a t i o 0.4 0.4 T o t a l Resin S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t 32.0 32.0 Halox, % based on t o t a l p a i n t w e i g h t -- 2 . 4 F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : N o n - V o l a t i l e , % by w e i g h t 44.3 4 4 . 4 Nacorr, % based on t o t a l p a i n t w e i g h t -- __ S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 I r o n Phosphated CRS Cure: 7 days a t room temperature (22-23C) A p p l i c a t i o n : Spray F i l m Thickness: 20-25 m i c r o n s Hal ox F o r m u l a t i o n T e s t Procedure: C o n t r o l SW-111 Penci 1 Hardness Tukon Hardness, KHN25 2B-B 28-8 1.2 2 . 2 H a l o x t Nacorr 3 . 7 6 0.78 2.77 9 . 2 1 2.36 0 . 7 0 0 . 0 6 0 . 0 8 15.72 0.27 64.29 H a l o x t Nacorr 0.4 44.0 31.8 0 . 8 2 . 4 Halox+ Nacorr 1151 28-8 2 . 2 Crosshatch Adhesion, % removed 0 0 0 S a l t Spray, 100 h o u r s Light-med Very l i g h t No r u s t S a l t Spray, 310 h o u r s Very Very Medi u m r u s t r u s t dense r u s t dense r u s t r u s t The use o f N a c o r r s w i t h t h e a n t i - c o r r o s i v e pigment o f f e r e d t h e b e s t c o r r o s i o n r e s u l t s i n t h i s s t u d y . They had l i t t l e o r no d e l e t e r i o u s e f f e c t on o t h e r p a i n t p r o p e r t i e s . SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : Nacorr WR-14
  41. 41. 32 Water-Based Paint Formulations Ancamide 2353 Fast Drvina White Gloss Enamel Part A: Grind Base: DER 660x80 (Dow) Nuosperse 657 ( H u l s America) Beetle 216-8 (American Cyanamid) Dowanol PM (Dow) TiPure R-960 (DuPont) Let Down: High Flash Naphtha (Ashland) Methyl Propyl Ketone (Eastman) Part 8: Ancamide 2353 ( A i r Products) n-Butanol (Ashland) Properties : Part A V i s c o s i t y : 86KU Part B V i s c o s i t y : 64KU M i xed V i s c o s i t y : 80KU PVC: 15.2% Vo 1ume SOURCE S o l i d s : 62.2% -Lb 472.55 3.54 2.84 47.26 307.16 73.72 14.18 131.44 34.78 VOC, @ 80KU: 2.8 l b / g a l Mix Ratio: 4:l by Volume I n d u c t i o n Time: 0 Pot L i f e , h r : 3 Dry Times: Set t o Touch, min: 50 Dust Free, min: 75 Hard Dry: Overnight 60 Gloss: 104 Gal 51.47 0.42 0.34 6.20 9.44 10.03 2.10 14.86 5.14 A i r Products and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent: Table 12 Formulation
  42. 42. Enamels 33 Ancamide 2353 Low VOC White Gloss Enamel P a r t A: Grind Base: L i q u i d DGEBA Epoxy Nuosperse 657 (Huls America) Surfynol 740 ( A i r Products) Dowanol PM (Dow) TiPure R-960 (DuPont) Let Down: High Flash Naphtha (Ashland) Methyl Propyl Ketone (Eastman) Part 8 : Ancamide 2353 ( A i r Products) n-Butanol (Ashland) Propert ies : Part A V i s c o s i t y : 73 KU Part B V i s c o s i t y : 64 KU Mixed V i s c o s i t y : 70 KU PVC: 17% Volume S o l i d s : 70% 352.76 36.43 3.88 0.46 1.76 0.25 48.68 6.32 388.04 11.92 67.73 9.22 14.11 2.09 212.03 23.46 63.14 9.34 VOC, @ 70 KU: 2.2 l b / g a l Mix Ratio: 2:l by Volume I n d u c t i o n Time: 0 Pot L i f e , h r : 2 Dry Times: Set t o Touch, h r : 5 Dust Free, h r : 7 Hard Dry: Overnight 60 Gloss: 102 SOURCE: A i r Products and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent: Tab1e 11 Formulation
  43. 43. 34 Water-Based Paint Formulations Carv Gloss White Enamel I n a r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent Water Tamol 731 T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 Byk 023 T i -Pure R-900 Natrosol Plus 330 Water Nuosept 145 Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 Water B u t y l Carbi t o 1 Sol vent Solvent 142HT LE-410 Emulsion Surfynol 104E P a i n t P r o p e r t i e s : Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 17.8 Volume S o l i d s , %: 40.6 Weight S o l i d s , %: 51.9 Stormer, KU: 85 I C I , Poise: 2.0 pH Value: 9-9.6 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 0.1 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 196 Pounds 39.0 20.0 9 . 6 2.4 2.5 240.0 1.1 5.0 1 . 4 620.0 19.6 12.8 32.8 15.0 2.0 Gal 1ons 5.20 2.40 1.05 0.27 0.35 7.02 0.10 0.60 0.16 71.84 2.35 1.60 5.00 1.82 0.24 T y p i c a l T i t a n i u m Dioxide Pigment Performance T i t a n i u m D i o i x d e Stormer I C 1 Gloss Values KU Poise 60 20 T i -Pure R-900 85 2.0 85 52 T i -Pure R-902 83 2.1 79 41 T i -Pure R-960 86 2.0 79 41 T i -Pure R-706 82 1.7 90 60 Tronox CR-828 Tiona RCL-535 Kronos 2310 T i o x i d e TR 90 T i o x i d e TR 93 T i o x i d e TR 80 86 2.0 87 59 83 1.7 87 59 84 1.8 84 53 83 86 85 1.7 88 54 1 . 8 86 57 2.0 90 68 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-2218C
  44. 44. Enamek 35 C a w Gloss White Enamel I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: B u t y l C e l l os01ve Solvent Water Tamol 731 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant CF-10 Byk 023 T i -Pure R-900 Water Nuosept 145 Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent Sol vent 142HT LE-410 Emulsion Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. Ucar Polyphobe 106HE Rheo. Mod. Water Surfynol 104E P a i n t Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 17.8 Volume Solids, %: 40.7 Weight Solids, %: 52.1 Stormer, KU: 86 ICI, Poise: 2.5 pH Value: 9-9.6 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , cycles passed: 0-1 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 196 F i 1m Properties : Gloss, 60: 88 Gloss, 20: 47 Flow and Leveling: Excellent Dry-to-Touch, hour: 1 Recoat, hours: 2-4 Water/Bl is t e r Resistance: Excel l e n t Pounds 39.0 20.0 9.6 2.4 2 . 5 240.0 5.8 1.4 2.0 620.0 12.8 32.8 15.0 5.0 2.7 10.0 2.0 Gal 1ons 5.20 2.40 1.05 0.27 0.35 7.02 0.70 0.16 0.27 71.84 1.60 5.00 1.82 0.57 0.31 1.20 0.24 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-221 6G
  45. 45. 36 Water-Based Paint Formulations C l e a r Enamel (For Maximum S o l v e n t and A b r a s i o n Resistance) _ _ _ _ _ _Pounds Gal l o n sM a t e r i a1.L P a r t A: Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 490.6 54.82 Michem Lube 743 Mar and S l i p Agent 41 . O 5.00 C y c l o Sol 63 32.3 4.37 E k t a s o l v e EP, 2-Propoxyethanol 33.2 4.37 Water 53.6 6.44 P a r t 0 : Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent DeeFo P I - 4 Concentrate Defoamer Water Composite Blend: V i s c o s i t y P a r t A 58 K.U. P a r t B 68 K.U. P a r t s A and 0 85 K.U. 145.8 16.51 4.0 0.49 66.6 8.00 650.7 75.00 216.4 25.00 T y p i c a l C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 41.8 T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 37.6 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gallon: 2.74 G r a m s / L i t e r : 329 I n d u c t i o n Time, minutes: 30 Resi n Composi ti on : Epoxy Resin, %: 75.0 C u r i n g Agent, %: 25.0 T o t a l , %: 100.0 SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1802: €pi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
  46. 46. Enamels 37 Gloss Safety Red Enamel I n g r e d i e n t s : P i gment G r i nd : Ucar Latex 481 T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 T o l u i d i n e Red 10-6C-41-L100 Aquatrend I 1 Red I r o n Oxide Disp. 878-1046 Colanyl Carmine Disp. 13-3148 (Azo Red) Foamaster 333 Natrosol Plus 330 Water Nuosept 145 Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent Solvent 140 LE-410 Emulsion Aquatrend I 1 Red I r o n Oxide Disp. 878-1046 Colanyl Carmine Disp. 13-3148 (Azo Red) Surfynol 104E P a i n t P r o p e r t i e s : Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 11 .O Volume S o l i d s , %: 39.5 Weight Solids, %: 43.4 Stormer, KU: 88 ICI, Poise: 1.5 pH Value: 8.5-9.5 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 210 F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : Gloss, 60: 81 Gloss, 20: 40 Flow and Leveling: E x c e l l e n t Dry-to-Touch, hour: I Recoat, hours: 2-4 Water/Bl is t e r Resistance: Excel l e n t Pounds 173.4 10.0 110.0 9.4 7.8 15.0 1 .o 8.3 1.2 416.9 38.3 12.4 32.8 15.0 5.0 3.0 2.0 Gal l o n s 20.09 1.14 11.58 0.59 0.76 2.00 0.09 1.oo 0.13 48.31 5.10 1.55 5.00 1.82 0.31 0.29 0.24 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-2222C
  47. 47. 38 Water-Based Paint Formulations Gloss Safety Yellow Enamel I n p r e dient s : Pi ament G r i nd: Pounds BuTyl Cellosolve Solvent Water Tamol 731 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant CF-10 Foamaster 333 T i -Pure R-900 Natrosol Plus 330 Water Nuosept 145 B u t y l Cellosolve Solvent Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 Water Byk 026 B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent Sol vent 142HT LE-410 Emulsion Aquis Dalamar Yellow Disp. YW-811D Aquatrend I 1 Yellow I r o n Oxide Disp. 878-0012 Aquatrend I1 Lamp Black Disp. 878-9908 Surfynol 104E Paint Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 11.4 Volume Solids, %: 37.4 Weight Solids, %: 43.9 Stormer, KU: 89 ICI, Poise: 1.7 pH Value: 8.5-9.5 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 218 F i 1m P r o p e r t i es : Gloss, 60: 86 Gloss, 20: 46 F1ow and Level ing : Excel 1e n t Dry-to-Touch, hour: 1 Recoat, hours: 2-4 Water/Blister Resistance: E x c e l l e n t 12.8 10.0 5 . 0 10.0 15.0 66.3 2.8 5.0 1.2 24.8 572.9 24.0 2.0 12.8 32.8 15.0 76.2 12.1 0.1 2.0 Gallons 1.70 1.20 0.54 1.14 2.00 1.94 0.25 0.60 0.13 3.30 66.39 2.88 0.25 1.60 5.00 1.82 8.28 0.73 0.01 0.24 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-2225C
  48. 48. Enameh 39 Gloss White Enamel M a t e r ia1 : P a r t A: Epi -rez 3520-WY-55 Resin Michemlube 182 Mar and S l i p Agent Water P a r t 0: Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 Curing Agent Ektasolve DB Acetate T r i e t h y l a m i n e Patcote 519 Defoamer Kronos 2020 o r Tronox CR-800 Pounds 411.6 27.8 13.7 160.0 8.2 3 . 7 4.0 250.0 Gal 1ons 45.03 3.33 1.64 17.70 1.oo 0.61 0.57 7.33 High Speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P.C.S., then add: Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 Curing Agent Water 42.4 4.69 150.0 18.10 Composi t e 81end : P a r t A P a r t B P a r t s A and B V i scosi t y 85 KU 453.1 50.00 110 KU 619.1 50.00 99 KU T y p i c a l Coating P r o p e r t i e s : T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 55.8 T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 42.3 PVC, %: 17.3 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gal 1on : 1.61 Grams/Li t e r : 187 Resin Composition (based on s o l i d s ) : Epoxy Resin, %: 65.0 Curing Agent, %: 35.0 T o t a l , %: 100.0 Reduction f o r Conventional Spray (by volume): P a r t s A and B: 17 P a r t s Water: 1 Part SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g Formulation No. 1606: Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 Curing Agent
  49. 49. 40 Water-Based Paint Formulations Gloss W h i t e~ . . ~Enamel M a tcr i_a 1-1 P a r t A : Epi -Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin Michemlube 182 Mar and S l i p Agent Water P a r t B : Epi-Cure 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent Deefo P I - 4 Concentrate Defoamer R u t i l e T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e , Kronos 2020 o r Tronox CR-800 High speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P . C . S Epi-Cure 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent Water T y p i c a l C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 5 T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 6 PVC, % : 19.5 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gal l o n s : 1 .89 Grams/Li t e r : 227 Resin Composition (based on s o l i d s ) : Epoxy Resin, %: 62.2 C u r i n g Agent, %: 37.8 ~~Pounds 329.4 8 8 . 6 27.8 160.0 4 . 0 250.0 G a l l o n s 36.04 3 . 3 3 10.63 19.28 0 . 4 9 7.33 t h e n add: 2 2 . 5 2.71 168.2 20.19 Reduction f o r Conventional Spray (by volume): None r e q u i r e d SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1805: Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent
  50. 50. Enamels 41 G l o s s W h i t e Enamel (Maximum S o l v e n t and A b r a s i o n Resistance) M a t e r i a1 : P a r t A: €pi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin C y c l o Sol 63 E k t a s o l v e EP, 2-Propoxyethanol Water P a r t 8: Epi -Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent Deefo P I - 4 C o n c e n t r a t e Defoamer T i - P u r e R-960 o r Kronos 2160 Water H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P . S . C Water G l a c i a l A c e t i c A c i d Composite Blend: V i s c o s i t y P a r t A 61 K . U . P a r t B 103 K . U . P a r t s A and B 83 K . U . T y p i c a l C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i e s : T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , Oh: 54.0 T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 40.4 PVC, %: 1 9 . 2 V o l a t i l e Organic Compounds (VOC): Pounds/Gallon: 2 . 3 4 G r a m s / L i t e r : 280 I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30 Resin Composition (based on s o l i d s ) : Epoxy Resin, %: 74.5 C u r i n g Agent, %: 2 5 . 5 ~ _ _ _Pounds Gal 1ons 442.2 49.41 2 2 . 2 3 . 0 0 22.7 3.00 9 3 . 8 11 .26 135.1 15.30 4.0 0.49 250.0 7 . 7 4 1 2 . 5 1 .so 6 6 . 1 7.93 3 . 2 0.37 580.9 66.67 470.9 33.33 Reduction f o r Conventional Spray (by volume): P a r t s A and B: 25 p a r t s Water: 1 p a r t SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1803: Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
  51. 51. 42 Water-Based Paint Formulations Green A i r Dry Enamel f o r Flexible Substrates Materi a1 : Spensol L53 Amrnoni um Hydroxi de D i sperse-Ayd W28 C o l l o i d 679 Ucar SCT 100 Sunbrite Yellow 272-0558 Sunbri t e Green 264-8142 Titanox 2101 Mapico 1075 Lbs. 261.6 1.9 4.4 1.9 2.3 50.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 Gals. 30.00 0.25 0.50 0.25 0.25 4.69 1.43 0.75 1.48 Add the above i n order under good a g i t a t i o n , then pebble o r sandmill g r i n d t o 7 Hegman. Letdown: Spensol L53 526.7 60.40 Analysis: Pigment Volume Concentration, Percent: 24.7 Pigrnent/Binder Ratio: 0.6/l.O Percent Solids, Weight: 41.2 Percent Sol ids, Vol ume: 33.8 V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 50-60 Pounds/Gallon: 9.5 VOC (excluding water): Grams/Liter: 289 Pounds/Gallon: 2.4 pH: 8.5+-0.3 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: Formula 2316-62A
  52. 52. Enamels 43 H iqh-Hidinq Esashe11 Enamel PoundsI n s r e d ie n t s : Pigment Grind: Water 226.7 Cel l o s i ze Hydroxyethyl C e l l u l ose ER-4400 2.0 Nuosept 145 2 . 3 Tamol 731 9.2 T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.3 AMP-95 1.o Propylene Glycol 51.8 Col l o i d 643 1.9 Tronox CR-800 225.0 Optiwhi t e 100.0 Burgess No. 98 25.0 Letdown : Ucar F i l m e r I B T B u t y l Carbi t o 1 Solvent Acrysol SCT-275 Ucar Latex 379G Col l o i d 643 Pai n t P r o p e r t i e s PVC, %: 35.6 Volume Sol ids Weight Sol i d s Weight per Ga Stormer. KU: I C I . n o i s e : 1 %: 37.6 %: 53.4 l o n , l b : 04 . 4 11.9 11.9 17.2 418.2 2 . 8 1 . 0 9 G a l 1ons 27.21 0.18 0.25 1.oo 0.25 0.13 6.00 0.25 6.54 5.46 1.15 1.50 1.50 2.00 46.21 0.37 I . pH, i n i t i a l : 8.2 Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass F i 1m P r o p e r t i e s : Ref 1ectance, %: 91.9 Gloss, 60: 8 Sheen, 85: 22 Contrast R a t i o , 3-mil f i l m * : 0.968 Flow and l e v e l i n g , brushed: Good *Opacity increased w i t h t o n i n g . SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Formulation Suggestion I-1998A
  53. 53. 44 Water-Based Paint Formulations MacGregor Gloss B1ack Enamel I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: Ucar Latex 481 Byk 023 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant CF-10 Aurasperse Carbon B1ack W-7012 Water Nuosept 145 Ammoni urn Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 Dee Fo 102OF Butyl C e l l osolve Sol vent B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent Sol vent 142HT LE-410 Emu1s i on Water Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. Ucar Polyphobe 106HE Rheo. Mod. Surfynol 104E Pounds 88.0 2.5 10.0 45.0 8.3 1 . 2 2 . 4 556.0 5.0 39.0 12.4 32.8 15.0 15.0 8.3 4.5 2 . 0 Gallons 10.20 0.35 1.14 4.69 1.oo 0.13 0.29 64.43 0.68 5.21 1.57 5.00 1.80 1.80 0.95 0.52 0.24 Paint Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 2.3 Volume Solids, %: 37.9 Weight Solids, %: 40.6 Stormer, KU: 90 I C I , Poise: 2.6 pH Value: 8.5-9 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , cycles passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 204 F i l m Properties: Gloss, 60: 91 Gloss, 20: 65 Flow and Leveling: Excel l e n t Dry-to-Touch, hour: 1 Recoat, hours: 2 Water/Bl is t e r Resistance: Excel l e n t SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggest ion E-2221 E
  54. 54. Enamels 45 Pinehurst Gloss Green Enamel I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment Grind: B u t y l Cellosolve Solvent Water Tamol 731 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant CF-10 Byk 023 Chromium Oxide Green W-6017 Aurasperse Carbon Black W-7012 Aurasperse Phthalo Green W-6013 Yellow I r o n Oxide 878-1812 Natrosol Plus 330 Water Nuosept 145 Letdown : Ucar Latex 481 Water B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent Solvent 142HT B u t y l Cellosolve Solvent Water LE-410 Emulsion Surfynol 104E Pounds 7.5 5.8 5.0 10.0 2.5 53.3 3.2 25.4 7.0 2.0 4.2 1.2 640.0 8.3 12.4 32.8 31 . 5 8 . 8 15.0 2.0 Gal 1ons 1.oo 0.70 0.54 1.14 0.31 3.08 0.34 2.54 0.42 0.18 0.59 0.13 74.16 1 .oo 1.55 5.00 4.20 1.06 1.82 0.24 P a i n t Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 4.6 Volume Solids, %: 37.1 Weight Solids, %: 42.0 Stormer, KU: 88 I C I , Poise: 2.3 pH Value: 8.5-9.5 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 221 F i l m Properties: Gloss, 60: 88 Gloss, 20: 64 Flow and Level ing: Excel 1ent Dry-to-Touch, hour: 1 Recoat. hours: 2-4 Water/Blister Resistance: E x c e l l e n t SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-22429
  55. 55. 46 Water-Based Paint Formulations S e l f - P r i m i n a I n t e r i o r Semi-Gloss Enamel Pigment G r i n d : Water Busperse 203 I g e p a l CTA-639 Bubreak 448 Water* C e l l o s i z e QP 15,000* Atomi t e T i - P u r e R-900 Disperse 10-15 minutes on a high-speed m i l l Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w i t h slow a g i t a t i o n . L e t Down: Rhopl ex R-AC-507 E t h y l e n e g l y c o l Texanol Water *These i n g r e d i e n t s a r e premixed. Lbs. 100.0 14.0 3 . 0 3.0 25.0 2.0 73.0 200.0 550.0 40.0 25.0 32.0 E x t e r i o r Maintenance-Type C o a t i n g Pigment G r i n d : Water Tam01 -681 8ubreak 448 I g e p a l CTA-639 E-845 Ti-Pure R-900 Atomi t e Mica Kadox 911 Disperse 10-15 minutes on a high-speed m i 11. Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w i t h slow a g i t a t i o n . L e t Down: Rhopl ex MV-23 Texanol E t h y l e n e g l y c o l Water Lbs. 100.0 14.0 3.0 3.0 40.0 150.0 191.o 25.0 12.0 527.0 5.0 30.0 30.0 && 9 . 3 7 1 .31 0.28 0.28 2 . 3 4 0.19 6.84 18.74 51.55 3.75 2.34 3.01 Wt% 8.85 1.24 0.27 0.27 3.54 13.27 16.90 2.21 1.06 46.64 0.44 2.65 2.66 SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : B u t r o l 35: F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestions
  56. 56. Enamels 47 Semigloss Enamel Inqredients: Piament Grind: WaIer C e l l o s i z e Hydroxyethyl Cellulose ER-15,000 Nuosept 145 Tamol 731 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant N-57 Propylene G1ycol Byk 035 Tronox CR-800 Letdown : Thickener; premix* Ucar Latex 3796 Ucar Filmer IBT Byk 035 T r i t o n Anionic Surfactant GR-7M AMP-95 Pounds 268.2 2.0 2.4 9.2 2.1 1 .o 43.2 1.o 250.0 29.9 428.4 20.0 1.9 0.5 Gal 1ons 32.20 0.18 0.25 1 .oo 0.25 0.13 5.00 0.13 7.27 3.48 2.52 0.25 0.06 47.28 Pa *Premix consists o f 1 : l : l blend o f Propylene Glycol; Rohm and Haas' Acrysol SCT-275 thickener:water, respectively. n t Properties: PVC, %: 23.0 Volume Solids, %: 31.8 Weight Solids, %: 46.0 Weight per Gallon, l b : 10.60 Stormer, KU: 82 I C I , poise: 0 . 4 pH, i n i t i a l : 8.5 Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 cycles: Pass Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass F i 1m Properti es : Reflectance, %: 89.5 Gloss, 60: 59 Contrast Ratio, 3-mil f i l m : 0.967 Flow and Leveling: brushed: Very Good drawdown, NYPC Blade: 8 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Formulation Suggestion I-1989A
  57. 57. 48 Water-Eased Paint Formulations Semiq loss Enamel Ingredient s : Pigment Grind: Water Propylene Glycol Tamol 1124 Proxel GXL Col 1o i d 640 T i -Pure R-900 T r i t o n Nonionic Surfactant N-101 ASP-1 70 Water Letdown : Water C o l l o i d 640 NeoCar Latex 6040 Water Ucar Filmer IBT Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r Water Paint Properties: PVC, %: 24.9 Volume Solids, %: 30.5 Weight Solids, %: 44.5 Weight per Gallon, l b : 10.47 Stormer, KU: 88-93 I C I , poise: 1.1 pH Value: 8.75-9.25 Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass F i l m Properties: Gloss, 20: 20 Gloss, 60: 65 Contrast Ratio, 3-mil f i l m : 0.980 ASTM Scrub Cycles, w i t h shim: 1600 Block Resistance, 1 day: Exc Wet Adhesion, 4 hours: Exc Flow and Leveling: Exc S t a i n Removal : Exc Pounds 15.0 55.0 5.0 1. o 2.0 230.0 4.0 15.0 50.0 39.9 1 .o 425.0 100.0 30.0 4.0 20.0 50.0 Gal 1ons 1.80 6.35 0.51 0.11 0.26 6.90 0.46 0.70 6.00 4.79 0.13 47.39 12.00 3.79 0.52 2.30 6.00 Source: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: Formulation Suggestion E-2481
  58. 58. Enamels 49 Southern P i n e s Gloss W h i t e Enamel I n g r e d i e n t s : Pigment G r i n d : Propylene G l y c o l Water Tamol 731 T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 Byk 023 T i -Pure R-900 Nuosept 145 Water Ammoni um Hydroxi de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on Letdown : Ucar L a t e x 481 B u t y l C a r b i t o l S o l v e n t Sol v e n t 142HT T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-5M Byk 026 LE-410 Emu1s i on Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. Water S u r f y n o l 104E Pai n t P r o p e r t i e s : Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 7 . 6 Volume S o l i d s , %: 41.1 Weight S o l i d s , %: 53.1 Stormer, KU: 90 I C I , P o i s e : 1 . 9 pH Value: 8 . 5 - 9 . 5 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 174 F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : Gloss, 60: 88 Gloss, 20: 52 F1ow and Level ing : Excel 1e n t Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 2 Recoat, h o u r s : 4 Water/Bl is t e r Resistance: Excel 1e n t ___Pounds 40.0 2 0 . 0 9 . 6 2 . 4 2.5 240.0 1 . 4 1 1 . 1 2 . 0 620.0 1 2 . 8 2 0 . 0 1 . o 1 . o 1 5 . 0 20.0 1 1 . 9 2 . 0 G a l l o n s 4.62 2.40 1 . 0 5 0 . 2 7 0 . 3 5 7 . 0 2 0 . 1 6 1 . 3 3 0 . 2 4 71.84 1 . 6 2 3 . 0 5 0 . 1 2 0.14 1 . 8 2 2 . 3 0 1.43 0 . 2 4 SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s Latexes: F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestion E-2251 C
  59. 59. 50 Water-Based Paint Formulations Spensol L54 Oranqe Enamel Materi a1 : Water Ammoni um Hydroxi de Bentone EW Lbs. Gals. 30.0 3.60 1.1 0.15 3.0 0.14 Premix the above three materials and Cowles grind 15-20 minutes to fully disperse Bentone EW. Then add the following materials under good agitation: Spensol L54 Surfynol GA Aerosol OT-75 Nalco 2300 Molybdate Orange Water Pebble or sand mill grind to 7 N . S . Letdown : _____Materi a1 : Spensol L54 Surfynol 104H 15% Solution FC430 in Water Ucar SCT-100 Analysis: Pigment Volume Concentration, Pigment/Binder Ratio: 0.5/1 .O Percent Solids, Weight: 39.1 Percent Solids, Volume: 30.0 Viscosity, #4 Ford, Secs.: 80- Pounds/Gallon: 9.7 VOC (excluding water): Grams/Li ter : 303 Pounds/Gallon: 2.5 Gloss (60): 50-60 pH: 8.5+-0.3 Percent: 9.0 .90 87.3 10.00 4.4 0.50 2.3 0.25 0.5 0.06 125.0 2.70 41.7 5.00 Lbs. 670.9 2.0 2.1 2.3 Gals. 76.85 0.25 0.25 0.25 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Spensol L: Formula 2154-59A
  60. 60. Enamels 51 Waterborne Black Enamel Based on Eootuf 37-143/37-680 XForrula No. 3019-28A1 Component A: Arcosolv PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n order under a g i t a t i o n : Wollastokup 10 ES Raven 410 High speed disperse t o 5 N.S. Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 & Gals 78.91 8.91 24.41 3.34 3.68 0.49 7.37 0.04 48.40 20.02 2.00 1.38 Epotuf 37-680 2-Butoxy Ethanol 432.06 48.77 9.54 1.27 Component 0: Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-1 43 91.85 10.32 Epotuf 37-058 7.95 1.07 2-Butoxy Ethanol 73.09 9.84 Tap Water 98.04 11.77 Wei ght/Gal l o n (Lbs. ) : 8.96 Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC ( Lbs. /Gal 1on) : 2.80 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula 3019-28A
  61. 61. 52 Water-Based Paint Formulations Waterborne Blue Enamel Based On Epotuf 37-143/37-600 LFormula No. 3019-31Gl Component A : Epotuf 37-680 Arcosolv PTB 2-8utoxy Ethanol Oowanol PPH Add following in order under agitation: Wollastokup 10 ES Sunfast 81ue 248-3750 Tioxide TR92 High speed disperse to 5 N . S . Add following under agitation: j&S Gals 133.28 15.04 24.31 3.33 3.63 0.48 7.38 0 .84 64.54 34.37 22.02 Epotuf 37-600 368. 1 2.67 2.29 0.66 1.58 Component B: Mix following under high-speed agitation until uniform: EDotUf 37-143 88.91 Epotuf 37-058 2-Butoxy Ethanol Tap Water Weight/Gallon (Lbs.): 9.29 Percent Solids (Wt.) : 57.50 Percent Solids (Vol.): 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC (Lbs./Gallon): 2.83 9.99 7.62 1.03 91 .15 12.14 82.89 9.95 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3019-31G
  62. 62. Enamels 53 Waterborne Dark Blue Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-600 (Formula No. 3019-31Dl Component A: Arcosolv PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n order under a g i t a t i o n : Wollastokup 10 ES Sunfast Blue 248-3750 High speed disperse t o 5 N.S. Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 !& Gals 134.16 15.14 24.47 3.35 3.65 0.49 7.43 0.84 64.97 34.60 Epotuf 37-680 370.85 Component 0 : Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-1 43 Epotuf 37-050 2-Butoxy Ethanol Tap Water 89.50 7.67 91.75 83.44 Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 9.12 Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC (Lbs/Gallon): 2.83 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-31D 2.68 2.31 41 .86 10.06 1.04 12.22 10.02
  63. 63. 54 Water-Based Paint Formulations Waterborne Green Enamel XFormula No. 3019-31F) Based on E D O t U f 37-143/37-680 Component A: Arcosolv PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n order under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 Wollastokup 10 ES S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 75 Sunfast Blue 248-3750 T i o x i d e TR92 High speed disperse t o 5 N.S. Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 2-Butoxy Ethanol ~ Lbs 165.99 23.12 3.47 8.05 78.51 23.71 9.68 9.21 295.72 29.74 Component B: Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-058 6.97 Tap Water 123.78 Epotuf 37-143 82.10 2-Butoxy Ethanol 59.85 Wei ght/Gal 1on (Lbs .) : 9.20 Percent Sol i d s (Wt .) : 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC (Lbs./Gallon): 2.80 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-31F 18.73 3.17 0.46 0.91 3.24 2.22 0.65 0.28 33.38 3.96 9.22 0.94 7.97 14.86
  64. 64. Enamels 55 Waterborne Oranqe Enamel Based on E p o t u f 37-143/37-600 (Formula 3019-3111 Component A: A r c o s o l v PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n : Wollastokup 10 ES Sunbri t e Ye1 low 74 Novoperm Red F3RK-70 High speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S . Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 EpOtuf 37-680 2-Butoxy Ethanol Lbs 179.20 20.23 22.73 3.11 3.41 0.45 8.36 0.95 78 * 45 26.52 8.20 282.39 30.04 Component B: M i x f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m : EpOtuf 37-143 82.02 Epotuf 37-058 7.80 2-Butoxy Ethanol 60.60 Tap Water 122.11 Wei ght/Gal 1on ( Lbs . ) : 9 . 1 2 Percent S o l i d s ( W t . ) : 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.80 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-311 3.24 2.49 0 . 7 6 31.87 4 . 0 0 9 . 2 2 1.oo 8.07 14.66
  65. 65. 56 Water-Based Paint Formulations Waterborne Red Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-6%0 (Formula No. 3019-3181 Component A : Arcosolv PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n order under a g i t a t i o n : Wollastokup 10 ES Novoperm Red F3RK-70 High speed disperse t o 5 N . S . Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : 2-Butoxy Ethanol Tap Water Epotuf 37-680 Epotuf 37-680 !& 97.48 11.oo 25.04 3.43 3.73 0.50 9.29 1 .06 60.09 2.48 20.69 1.92 377.11 18.73 12.91 Component 8 : Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-1 43 80.34 Epotuf 37-058 7.88 2-Butoxy Ethanol 65.27 Tap Water 118.45 Wei ght/Gal 1on ( Lbs .) : 8.97 Percent Sol i d s (Wt .) : 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC (Lbs./Gallon): 2.84 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-318 42.56 2.49 1.55 9.03 1.06 14.22 8.69
  66. 66. Enamels 57 Waterborne Red Orange Enamel Based on EDOtUf 37-143/37-600 I f o r m u l a No. 3019-31El Component A: Arcosolv PTB 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 Wol l a s t o k u p 10 ES S u n b r i t e Yellow 74 Novoperm Red F3RK-70 T i o x i d e TR 92 High speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S. Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 2-Butoxy Ethanol Arcosolv PTB Lbs Gals 157.10 17.73 23.40 3.21 3.49 0.46 8.57 0.97 73.31 19.47 8.20 7.56 307.00 25.51 5.40 Component 8: Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-143 84.28 Epotuf 37-058 7.36 2-Butoxy Ethanol 57.28 Tap Water 124.03 Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 9.12 Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%I: 46.30 VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.80 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-31E 3.03 1.83 0.76 0.23 34.65 3.40 0.75 9.47 1.00 7.63 14.89
  67. 67. 58 Water-Based Paint Formulations Waterborne Y e l l o w EDOXY Enamel Based on EDOtuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No. 3019-31Cl Component A: Arcosolv PT8 2-Butoxy Ethanol Dowanol PPH Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n : Wollastokup 10 ES S u n b r i t e Yellow 74 T i o x i d e TR-92 High speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S. Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n : Epotuf 37-680 Epotuf 37-680 2-8utoxy Ethanol Lbs Gal 198.55 22.41 22.56 3.09 3.36 0.45 8.21 0.93 83.03 32.49 12.63 3.43 3.05 0.38 263.53 29.74 26.43 3.52 Component 8 : Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform: Epotuf 37-143 80.25 9.02 Epotuf 37-058 6.91 0.93 2-Butoxy Ethanol 65.03 8.66 Tap Water 119.86 14.39 Wei g h t / G a l l on (Lbs. ) : 9.23 Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50 Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30 PVC (%): 46.30 VOC (Lbs./Gallon): 2.40 SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Formula 3019-31C
  68. 68. EnameLF 59 Whisoering Pines Semigloss White Enamel Inqredients: Pigment Grind: Propylene Glycol Water 6yk 023 Tamol 731 T i -Pure R-902 Path 9 Nuosept 145 Water Ammoni um Hydroxi de, Pounds 30.0 53.3 2.5 10.0 230.0 40.0 1.5 16.7 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 2.0 Letdown : Ucar Latex 461 Ucar Filmer I6T Sol vent 142HT LE-410 Emulsion Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod Water Surfynol 104E 556.0 12.4 31.5 15.0 16.9 19.7 2.0 Gal 1ons 3.47 6.40 0.35 1.09 6.92 1.98 0.17 2.00 0.94 64.66 1.57 4.80 1.BO 1.94 2.37 0.24 P a i n t Properties: Pigment Volume Concentration, %: 23.3 Volume Solids, %: 39.2 Weight Solids, %: 51.5 Stormer, KU: 93 I C I , Poise: 2.1 pH Value: 8.5-9.5 Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5 Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F. weeks passed: 4 VOC, grams per l i t e r : 181 F i l m Properties: Gloss, 60: 54 Gloss, 20: 14 Flow and Leveling: Excellent Dry-to-Touch, hour: 2 Recoat, hours: 4 Water/61 is t e r Resistance: Excel l e n t SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation Suggestion E-2245C

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