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  1. 1. 1 INTRODUCTION India is a great country with a haven of tourism delights like wealth of sights, cultural exuberance, and diversity of terrain. It is no doubt a place of wonder, with creative burst of cultures, races, and religions, over a billion people, 15 official languages, and gifted nature's beauty. Its diversity is out of all bounds. Indians live with variety and thrive on diversity. From mud hut to mansion, there is variety. In every aspect, India is on massive exaggerated scale which can be compared to the superlative Himalayan Mountains. It is set apart from the rest of Asia by the supreme continental wall of the Himalayas. It touches the three large water bodies. This triangular peninsula defined by the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Arabian sea to the west, and the India Ocean to the south has in its store the wealth of natural resources. The abundance of vast mountain ranges, exciting national parks, enchanting rivers, roaring seas, silent valleys, thrilling waterfalls, historical monuments, holy temples, and diverse tribal culture added with the hospitality of Kasauli, Himachal, India is ruled by the Army; so to say which does not allow new constructions, and that is what has resuscitated Kasauli from becoming another concrete jungle .Only a few good hotels are available in Kasauli. For this reason it is better to pre-book a hotel room and then only visit Kasauli; even in off season & especially if going on a weekend. INTRODUCTION ON KASAULI There are some hill stations which along with their old charm, retain the cleanliness. One of them is Kasauli. Cratered in the steep slopes of Himachal Pradesh, Kasauli is a small cantonment town located in the Solan District. It is at an average altitude of 1900m (6000 feet). It is located 78 Km from Shimla, 67 Km from Chandigarh and around 325 Km from New Delhi.
  2. 2. 2 It is much better than the other exploited Hill Stations. Kasauli was built in 1842 as Raj’s Retreat away from the relentless heat and dust. Kasauli is also called as Kas by the locals. The sloping tin roofs, smoke chimneys are so typically colonial in their style and they look all the more in beautiful in the bright red, green and pink colours. What makes Kasauli so special are the things like there is a Letter box which still has a Victoria Cross which has been there since the British times and also some Water taps which are there from the Raj times. The integrity of the old buildings specially the wooden ones are a piece of true Architecture.
  3. 3. 3 Some views Ways to reach here: By Bus : If you want to come by bus , you have to fetch bus of Dharampur or any bus which is going towards Shimla .It will definitely stop at Dharampur. From that place, you can catch a bus of Kasauli. If you want to go comfortably, you can also hire a taxi from Dharampur. As far as I know, there is no direct bus to Kasauli.
  4. 4. 4 By Rail: Same is the case for Railways. You have to go to Kalka first, then catch train going towards Shimla .There are many trains like Kalka Shimla Mail, The Himalayan Queen etc. and many more. Then stop by Dharampur station and follow the same procedure. By Road: This is my favorite mode of transport .In my views, Traveling and solo driving by road is the best way to travel in hills. You will fall in love with the curves. There are two ways to go to Kasauli –Old Kasauli road and new Kasauli road. OLD KASAULI ROAD = KASAULI – JANGESHU – MASOOLKHANA – TAKSAL – PARWANOO – 28 Km – AVERAGE This is a kind of shortcut from Parwanoo. I would not refer you to go to Kasauli with your family as it is kind of difficult to drive on the narrow, steep road .It’s around 30 km from Kalka. But if you are alone, or with your group, or you want to see the flora and fauna, drive on tough roads, have some fantastic views, go by this road. It’s kind of unexplored area. I drove on this road while coming back from Kasauli. It was a very aloof road and in 1.5 hrs. drive only one tractor passed us. My family was also little afraid that if the car breakdown occurs what we will do. In reality even I did not have any answer. I was hoping that these 1.5 hr. should pass as fast as possible and we can reach Parwanoo city. DRIVING TIME – 1 HOUR AND 15 MINUTES
  5. 5. 5 NEW KASAULI ROAD (MDR-10) = DHARAMPUR – GARKHAL – KASAULI – 14 Km – VERY GOOD This is default highway which most of the people use .National Highway number is 22.Road is good, broad and comfortable. Route is – Delhi – Chandigarh – Panchkula – Kalka – Parwanoo – Dharampur. You have to take left turn from Dharampur to reach there on MDR-10. As we were coming from Shimla Side, so we turned right from Dharampur. DRIVING TIME – 1 HOUR
  6. 6. 6 KASAULI HISTORY So how did Kasauli get its name? It is believed that way back in the 17th century, when the political scene was pretty twisted and unprecedentable, some Rajput families from "Rewari", (that's what they call Haryana today) fled their homes. They flocked to the lower Himalayas, and finally settled in a village called Kasul because of a spring, which kept gushing water all year long. Today, a water reservoir sits on this spring and Kasul has grown into the modern day Kasauli. But that's not the only story; some locals believe that, Kasauli comes from Kausalya, a mountain stream flowing between Kasauli and Jabli. Wait, there's more. With the valley flowering almost all year, the name could even come from Kusmawali The calm and peaceful air of Kasauli belies any sense of history. Yet this region was in the thick of the westward Gurkha expansion stemmed with some difficulty by the joint efforts of the British and some local chieftains, in 1814. The Gurkha ceded the fort at Sabathu and this was turned into a convalescent home for British nationals. Sometime later the Governor-General, Lord Amherst, decided to develop Shimla Hills as a summer gateway for the British establishment and Col. Tapp, political agent at Sabathu, came to survey the Kasauli area. The 1857 Indian War of Independence stirred the hearts of the Kasauli Guard, numbering about eighty Indian soldiers. Receiving news that the Gurkha Regiment at nearby Jutogh has also risen in revolt, the garrison at Kasauli set out to join them. Before the two could combine and pose a serious threat, the British agent talked the Gorkha Regiment into submission, on promise of a general pardon. The Kasauli Guard found themselves completely isolated. So far from being pardoned, they were severely punished for their insurgence. Kasauli was developed as a cantonment-sanatorium over 20 years, after the British had based themselves at Shimla. Most of the old houses in Kasauli, bought by princely families of Punjab and by general sin the Indian Army around the time of Independence. On a sultry August morning in 1841 a group of mourners walked home, weighed down by deep sorrow. They had just buried an infant, Letitia Lawrence, in a quiet place below Kasauli. Her grief stricken parents.
  7. 7. 7 KASAULI TOUR GUIDE Kasauli India has a datum height (6360 ft.) which is 40 feet more than Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Fact: Shimla has been always considered to be at a more height than Kasauli, which is not correct. Kasauli, to surprise has maintained its flora and fauna, the desi deer 'Ghoral' and Jackals are still very common here in the Kasauli jungles. There is no fuel station in Kasauli, nearest one lies 12 kilometers away, so one must come to Kasauli with at least half tank full of fuel. Heavy duty vehicle like Safari, Scorpio, and Jeep etc. is recommended. If going for a trek, keep along a water bottle, a towel, a haversack, first aid and a sharp edged tool. Go for a trek only after confirming from good local sources, if the chosen trek is safe. Don't make a bonfire in jungle area unless confirmed by locals and/or permission taken from SSO office or Cantonment Board, Kasauli. Dispensaries are available, but one must carry own basic first aid. Sun-screen lotion is recommended if coming in summers, and long time is expected to be spent out in sun. Route: Delhi - Karnal - Ambala - Zirakpur - Panchkula (bypass) - Kalka - Dharampur - Kasauli. Nearest Railhead: Kalka (35 km), Dharampur (12km) Nearest Airport: Chandigarh (65 km) and Shimla (73 km). Jagson Airlines flies daily Delhi-Shimla. Indian Airlines and Jet Airways daily Delhi- Chandigarh. Taxis & Luxury Buses: Available from Delhi, Chandigarh, Kalka and Shimla.
  8. 8. 8 REVIEW OF LITERATURE ABOUT HIMACHAL PRADESH As the name connotes ('Him' means snow), it is a land of snow-clad mountains, snow-fed rivers and sparkling streams, the beauty of which has lured many to this enchanting place. Himachal Pradesh is a hallowed land, a land of gods, goddesses and saints. Religion is the bed-rock on which the culture, arts and crafts of this state are founded. This is more than evident in the numerous Hindu and Buddhist Kasauli and monasteries, where the people of Himachal have surpassed in stone and woodcarvings. Nestled in the Himalayas, the world's mightiest mountain ranges, Himachal is blessed with some of the most spectacular landscapes anywhere. Truly a travelers paradise, with mighty snow peaks, deep gorges, lush green and golden valleys, flower filled meadows, misty woods, fast flowing icy rivers, glaciers and enchanting lakes. While the picturesque valleys of Kullu,
  9. 9. 9 Kinnaur and Kangra are a riot of colours, in marked contrast the barren terrain of Lahaul & Spiti have a stunning lunar landscape like beauty. For the visitor there are superb locations for relaxing and sightseeing. There are also tremendous opportunities for trekking, mountaineering, fishing, river rafting, skiing, Para-gliding, ice skating and golf. Himachal Tourism has been divided into four interesting travel circuits. The Sutlej Voyage circuit passes through the shiwalik foot hills through apple orchards, forests of pine, oak and deodar, majestic monuments of the Raj, snow covered ski slopes and the furious Sutlej River. This circuit covers Delhi - Rohru - Rampur - Sarahan - Narkanda - Naldehra - Tattapani - Shimla - Kiarighat - Delhi. This voyage also includes Renuka, Paonta Sahib and Nahan. The Beas Voyage covers the highly picturesque Beas valley - the valley of gods. Flower covered meadows, terraced fields of apple, paddy, maize and the sparkling Beas River. It covers Delhi - Shimla - Mandi - Rewalsar - KulluManali - Rohtang - Nagar Manikaran - Delhi. One can also continue to Leh across the Baraachal pass. The Dhauladhar Voyage circuit passes in the shadow of the mighty and majestic snow clad Dhauladhar ranges, which dominate the beautiful Kangra valley, dotted by flower filled meadows, temples, tea gardens and flocks of sheep. It covers: Delhi - Chintpurni - Jwalamukhi - Kangra - Dalhousie - Khajjiar - Chamba - Dharamsala - Chamunda - Palampur - Jogindernagar - Delhi. The Tribal Voyage Circuit passes through a spectacular terrain of river valleys, cold desert mountains, high passes and snowcapped peaks, icy lakes, mighty glaciers-an exotic tribal country dotted by monasteries. It covers: Delhi - Shimla - Narkanda/Hatkoti - Sarahan - Sangla - Kalpa - Pooh - Nako - Tabo - Dhankar - Kaza - Losar - Kunzam - Koksar - Sissu - Keylong - Udaipur - Trilokpur - Rohtang - Manali - Delhi.
  10. 10. 10 Area: 55673 sq. km Population 5.2 million Literacy 64% Average rain fall 1400 mm. Climate: Temperate. Clothing: Cotton in summer and woolen in winter. Season: Winter (Dec-March) Av. temp. -5C to 25C in lower hills. -5C to 15C in mid hills summer (April-June) Av. temp. 15C to 35C in lower hills. 10C to 25C in mid/higher hills Monsoon (July 15th-Sept.) Av. temp. 15C to 30C in lower hills. 10C to 25C in mid/higher hill Nearest Railway Station (Broad gauge) Chandigarh, Kalka, Pathankot and Nangal. (Narrow gauge) Shimla, Jogindernagar. Airport: Jubbarhatti (Shimla), Bhuntar (Kullu) and Gaggal (Dharamsala) Important Trek routes: Rohru - Chanshal - Dodrakwar - Rupin - Sangla; Sangla - Badrinath; Jalori pass; Chandrakhani - Pass (Kullu Manali - Chandratal Manali - Parvati valley Dharamshala - Triuns - Chamba Bharmour - Manimahesh Chamba - Kullar over Sach pass; Bharmour - Baijnath; Bharmour - Lahaul; Chandratal; Barashigri glacier; Kinner - Kailash Bhaba - Pin Valley. Skiing and Ice Skating: (January to March) Solang Nalla (Manali) Narkanda and Rohtang Pass. Ice Skating Shimla, Heli-skiing Manali. River Rafting: In Sutlej, Beas and Chenab rivers, Shamshi (Kullu), Tattapani, Rampur and Jispa. (Lahaul) Para-gliding & Hang-Gliding: Bir, Manali, Bilaspur and Rohru Lake sports: Gobindsagar (Bilaspur) Pongdam (Kangra) Fishing: Rohru, Sangla, Sainj, Katrain, And Barot for trout fishing
  11. 11. 11 Wildlife Parks and Sanctuaries: Great Himalayan National Park Parvati Valley, Kullu. High altitude Pin valley National park, Spiti. Renuka Sanctuary, Pongdam Sanctuary, Sarahan Phasentry, Kufri and Gopalpur zoo. Lakes and Rivers: Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna, Pabbar, Giri, Parvati, Baspa Lakes: Prashar, Khajjiar, Renuka, Gobindsagar, Dal, Pongdam, Pandoh, Manimahesh, Brighu, Chandratal. Temples : Jwalamukhi, Chamunda, Brajeshwari, Chintpurni, Baijnath, Laxminarayan, Chaurasi, Chhatrari, Taranadevi, Rewalsar, Raghunath, Bijlimahadev, Dhungri, Bhimakali, Hatkoti Jakhoo, Sankatmochan, Kalibari, Nainadevi and Baba balak nath, Deothsidh. Buddhist Monasteries: Dharamsala Tashizong, Rewalsar, Manali, Kardang, Sashur, Key, Dhankar, Tabo, Nako, Pooh, Kanam, Jangi, Murang, Ribba, Reckongpeo. Sikh Pilgrimage Centres: Paonta Sahib, Rewalsar and Manikaran. Churches: Christ Church Kasauli, Christ Church Shimla, St. Johns Church, Mecleodgang, St. Francis Dalhousie. Fairs: Winter Carnival Manali, (Feb.) Mandi, Shivratri (March), Ladarcha fair, Spiti, (July) Minjar fair, Chamba, Manimahesh fair, Bharmour and Tribal Festival, Keylong (August) Phulech (festival of flowers), Kinnaur (Sept.) Kullu Dushera (October), Lavi fair, Rampur (Nov.), Renuka fair, (Nov.) Ice Skating Carnival, (Dec.). Heritage Monuments : Kangra fort, Taragarh, Rampur, Nalagarh, Arki and Jubbal palaces, Bhimakali Temple, Naggar Castle, Kamru fort, Gondla fort (Lahaul Vice regal lodge, Christ Church, Chapslee, Wood villa palace, Chail Palace.
  12. 12. 12 Museums: State Museum, Shimla, Kangra art Gallery Dharamsala, Bhurisingh Museum Chamba, Roerich art gallery Naggar, Sobha Singh art gallery Andreta. Blessed with some of the most spectacular and beautiful landscapes anywhere, it is a travellers paradise -lofty snow peaks, deep gorges, lush green valleys, fast flowing rivers, enchanting mountain lakes, flower bedecked meadows, beautiful temples and monasteries steeped in time. May it be for relaxing, sightseeing, trekking, mountaineering, fishing, para-gliding, skiing, ice skating and golf, Himachal has it all...Come Explore Himachal with Span. The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan Empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East.
  13. 13. 13 METHODOLOGY In the beginning to get more familiar to the topic secondary information on the subject was collected from studies done on Project. The source of secondary data was restricted to the library of the institute of hotel Management and Different Hotels. It was decided to use a controlled opinion questionnaire and that too of alternative choice variety. This type of questionnaire was selected for two reasons.  Primary sources: Markets, Local people  Secondary sources: Internet, Books
  14. 14. 14 OBJECTIVES The main objectives of this project are:  To identify the tourist spots in Kasauli.  To identify the clientele visiting Kasauli.  To identify the problem experienced by tourist visiting Kasauli.  To give suggestions on eradicating the problems of Kasauli tourism.
  15. 15. 15 LIMITATIONS 1. Small Universe: The universe for this study is too small therefore the findings may not truly represent the conditions in the entire industry. 2. Problem of Accessibility: It was very difficult in approaching the executives or the guest as they would be busy, despite prior appointments; they were inaccessible at times being engaged elsewhere. 3. Narrow Minded: The tendency of executive not to talk openly and being lethargic in approach was an impairing factor. They were also quite apprehensive in disclosing and reveling certain internal close guarded information. 4. Constraints of Time: The respondents due to non-availability of time could not discuss many aspects of the topic in depth. 5. Lack of Interest: Many respondents were just not interested in interacting as they consider it to be a waste of time, a non-lucrative approach. This negative approach was quite impairing.
  16. 16. 16 TOURIST ATTRACTION AT HIMACHAL PARDESH Himachal Pradesh is wrapped in snow most of the time. Many parts of the Himachal state have a distinctly Austrian look with conifer-clad mountains, chalet-like huts with overhanging balconies and serene blue valleys watered by snow-fed streams. Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, is still very much a Raj township in appearance and atmosphere. Himachal Pradesh stores numerous wonderful hill stations, which are particularly, cools in summers. Shimla, Dalhousie, Kullu , Kasauli, Manali, Chail and Kufri are a few of the hill Stations in Himachal Pradesh which offer breathtaking scenery. Dharamsala, where the Dalai Lama lives, is another important Centre on the tourist map. The foremost Kasauli in Kangra town is the Brajeshwari Devi temple. 30-km from Kangra is Jwalamukhi, one of the most revered temples in northern India. The Kangra Museum has an impressive art collection. Capital of Himachal Pradesh: Built in the mid-eighteenth century, Shimla was highly popular among the British royalty after it was named the 'Summer Capital of India'. The Parliament used to move up to the hills to get a break from the hot Indian summers. The town is a picturesque place dotted with charming bungalows and shops made of stone. A perfect setting for romance or to go on an idle holiday. The best way to see Shimla is to pick up a tour book, which tells a small history of the buildings and churches.
  17. 17. 17 History of Himachal Pradesh: Aryan groups filtered into the more productive valleys during the Vedic Period. Later, the Mauryans, Guptas and the Mughals sought to exercise varying degrees of control over trade and pilgrimage routes into this area and between India and Tibet. Lahaul and Spiti were controlled by Ladakh from the decline of the Mughal Empire (about the mid-18th century) until the early 1840s, when it briefly came under Sikh rule. British domination followed the Anglo-Sikh Wars and continued, directly or indirectly, for the next 100 years. In 1948, it was constituted as an administrative unit comprising 30 princely states. The People: Himachalis lead a simple and quiet life, tending their orchards, fields and flocks. The population is composed of a variety of distinctive hill tribes: Gadis, Gujaris, Kinnauris, Lahulis, Pangwalis, and Rajputs. Hindi (the official state language) and Pahari are the principal languages. Himachal Pradesh is the least urbanized state in India; the urban population accounts for less than 10 per cent of the total. The simple people of Himachal Pradesh still hold their gods in awe. Culture in Himachal: Keeping alive their rich highland identity, they remain immersed in the annual rounds of fairs and festivals full of music, song and dance. The Shimla hills, the Kullu valley (including the town of Manali), and Dalhousie are tourist attractions. Skiing, golfing, fishing, trekking, and mountaineering are activities for which Himachal Pradesh is ideally suited. Occupation in Himachal: Most people in Himachal Pradesh earn their keep by agriculture, pastoralist, horticulture, and forestry. The state's main industrial products are agricultural implements, turpentine, and resin at Nahan, television sets, fertilizer, beer, and liquor at Solan, cement at Rajban, processed fruit at Parwanoo, and electronics near Shimla. Thousands of artisan-based, small-scale industrial units are also in operation. Handicrafts from Himachal: Exquisitely designed shawls of Kinnaur, the distinctive woolen caps of Kullu , and the embroidered handkerchiefs of Chamba are some of the very attractive examples of local weaving. Himachal Pradesh is also known for its Kangra Valley School of Paintings.
  18. 18. 18 CLIMATE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH: The State can be divided into two regions: the Southern part, which is almost as hot as the plains and the northern region having a temperate summer and a winter with extreme cold and heavy snowfall. The rainfall is around 180 cms. Best time to visit Himachal is during the months Mid-May to Mid-October. Population in Himachal Pradesh: 6 million HIDDEN HIMACHAL The main Tourism circuits in Himachal Pradesh are fairly well known and even remote districts like Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur are now coming into the tourist mainstream. Himachal has however many undiscovered spots with unspoilt charm that are worth a visit for a quiet rewarding holiday - spent amidst the splendor of nature, away from the crowds. DISTRICT CHAMBA MANIMAHESH (4170 m): Accessible from Bharmour, 35 km away. Scared to Lord Shiva and his divine consort Parvati, the lake of Manimahesh is 35 km from Bharmour. Past Gaddi villages and wide meadows that give way to bare rock and snow fields, this tarn is a three day trek from Bharmour - via Hadsar and Dhanchha. The deep blue waters of the lake, rest at the feet of the Manimahesh Kailash Peak - which is one of the mythological abodes of Lord Shiva. BHARMAUR (2195 m): Linked by road to Chamba is 65 km away. Surrounded by alpine pastures, this is the summer home of the nomadic Gaddis. At a distance of 69 km from Chamba
  19. 19. 19 town, Bharmour, once known as Brahampur, was between the 6th and 10th centuries, the capital of princely state of Chamba. It is renowned for its cluster of temples - collectively known as the 'Chaurasi'. Though of varying architectural designs, these temples are noted for their fine workmanship. From Bharmour, the Kugti and Chobia passes and trek routs they offer can be approached. Other interesting places at hand are the temples of Bani Mata and picturesque Khundel. There are Forest and PWD rest houses in Bharmour. BHANDAL VALLEY (1730 m): Linked to Salooni (22 km) in the Chamba valley by road. The beautiful Bhandal Valley with its wealth of wildlife is at the western extremity of Himachal Pradesh. Approachable from Chamba, it is the base for a trek routes that connect Chamba to the Kishtwar region of Jammu and Kashmir over the Dagni Dhar. The route begins along the right bank of the river Ravi, goes past Pukhri, down to the Siyul stream, then rises to Salooni on the Prithvi Jor ridge to finally arrive above the valley. From Bhandal via Langhera one reaches Kishtwar. The highest point on the trek is the Padri Gali at 3049 m. There are rest houses at Sundla, Bhandal and Langhera. PANGI VALLEY (2438 m): 137 km from Chamba. Locked between the greater Himalayan and Pir Panjal ranges, the wild and beautiful Pangi Valley is 137 km from Chamba. Its subdivision headquarters at Killar is located in the deep and narrow gorge of the river Chanderbhaga (Chenab). The foaming river, the high crags of the gorge and the difficult terrain are a challenge for intrepid trekkers. The Sach Pass (4428 m) opens the way to several trek routes. Thick forest the habitat of varied wild life surrounds the Pangi Valley and the numerous side valleys - Saichu, Hunam, Sural Nallah, that are also endowed with remarkable natural beauty. The temple of Mindhal Basan Devi in Pangi is an important Kasauli. Appropriately, the people of Pangi are as attractive as the tract they inhabit. There is a rest house in Pangi. DISTRICT KULLU INNER AND OUTER SERAJ: Accessible from Kullu and Shimla by road. The Jalori and Basil passes stand as markers between the Inner and Outer Seraj regions of Kullu. Outer Seraj faces Shimla district and reaches out to touch the river Sutlej and Inner Seraj turns towards Kullu. Anni near Sutlej provides the access point to Outer Seraj from Shimla. Some of the
  20. 20. 20 beautiful unspoilt spots in this area include Change, a wide meadow surrounded by thick forests and Takara and Pane which have fine rest houses. Within Outer Seraj is Normandy known for its exquisite wood and stone temples. The 5155 m Shrikhand Mahadev Peak is a part of Outer Seraj. Beyond the Jalori Pass the scenic splendor of the Inner Seraj area unfolds. This area has variety of trek routes. JALORI PASS (3134 m): The Jalori Pass which links Inner and Outer SERAJ is 76 km from Kullu. Its crest offers panoramic views of the area. The new pass is a man made one and was carved out of the mountain range in the early part of the Twentieth century. This is about 150 m lower than the old Jalori Pass. Surrounded by majestic forests, this area is home to the Himalayan brown bear and certain varieties of pheasant - including the Mona and Tarpon. The Shangri Rich Temple is close-by, and 5 km from the Pass is the jewel like Sloes Lake. SHOJA (2692 m): Shoja in Inner SERAJ is close to the Jalori Pass. A charming unspoilt location of exceptional beauty overlooking lush meadows and tall snow-capped ranges, Shoji is 69 km from Kullu via Aut. The Raghupur Fort and Dough Thatch, a lovely grassy meadow very close to Shoja are worth visiting. AUT: Aut on the Mandi-Manali highway is the entry point to the Kullu Valley where the road enters the Mandi - Large gorge. Aut, the entire reservoir of the Pandoh Dam and Large are excellent for angling. The rapids between Shamshi and Aut are splendid for river running. There are rest houses at Aut and Large. DISTRICT MANDI JOGINDER NAGAR (1220 m): Joginder Nagar is the last stop of the little toy train that runs from Pathankot on a narrow gauge line. Accessible by road from both Palampur and Mandi. In 1925, the enterprising Raja Joginder Sen of Mandi created an elaborate hydel power scheme near the village of Sukrahatti - which was then renamed Joginder Nagar after him. After tunneling and piping the water over several kilometers from the river Uhl to Joginder Nagar, the power house at Shanan was built by a team of engineers. Joginder Nagar's attractions include the Macchiyal
  21. 21. 21 Lake, the Bassi Power House, Gumma and the haulage trolley. The HPTDC runs Hotel Uhl at Joginder Nagar and there are rest houses too. JHANTIGRI (2130 m): 12 km from Joginder Nagar is this enchanting spot atop a hill, surrounded by a thick forest of deodar trees. The remains of the summer palace of the former rulers of Mandi are located here. The spot unfolds breathtaking visats of the valleys below. There is a PWD rest house at Jhatingri. BAROT (1830 m): Just 40 km by road from Joginder Nagar and 12 km by haulage trolley, Barot packs an enormous range of outdoor activities. The reservoir of the Joginder Nagar Hydel Power Project is located here. A trout breeding Centre makes it a wonderful place for angling. Across the river Uhl is the Nargu wildlife Sanctuary - home to the ghoral, Himalayan black bear and a variety of pheasants. A trek route through thick forests links Barot to Kullu. There are rest houses at Thaltukhod and Silbadhwani in the Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary. SHIKARI DEVI (2850 m): It is possible trek to Shikari Devi from Janjheli and Karsog. Through woods of assorted trees and shrubs - which include several medicinal herbs - two separate trek routes lead up to this ancient Kasauli which crowns the top of a hill. One approach is from Janjehli and the other from Karsog. Hunters in the area once prayed to the Goddess for success in their hunt - and here, perhaps, lies the origin of the name 'Shikari Devi'. The Goddess is worshipped in the form of a stone image. Interestingly, the temple which is said to have been in existence since the time of the Pandavas, has no roof - for local legend has it, that all attempts to build one have been unsuccessful. TATTAPANI (656 m): On the bank of the river Sutlej, Tattapani is approachable from Mandi via Karsog. It is also approachable via Shimla. Resting deep in a scenic valley and surrounded by high hills, Tattapani is famous for its hot sulpher springs- noted for their therapeutic powers. The HPTDC runs a lodge and there are rest houses at Tattapani. PRASHAR LAKE (2730 m): Linked by road to Mandi. An interesting 14 km. trek is possible along a steep track from Kataula, which is easily accessible from Mandi. The beautiful Prashar Lake is located high in the mountains, 40 km north of Mandi. It is here that sage Prashar is said to have meditated. On the lake's edge is a three-storied pagoda-like temple dedicated to the sage.
  22. 22. 22 Capped with a roof of slate tiles, the temple has a wealth of wood carving. It is said to have been built by Raja Ban Sen of Mandi in the 14th century. An entire panorama of snowy mountain ranges is visible from this location. DISTRICT KANGRA NURPUR: Once a principality of Kangra, Nurpur is 24 km from Pathankot and 66 km from Dharamsala. Nurpur was known earlier as Dhameri. It achieved its peak during the rule of Raja Basu (1580-1613). The remains of his impressive fort can still be seen. Raja Basu's son Suraj Mal rose in rebellion against the Mughal Empreror Jehangir. After the uprising was quelled, the town of Dhameri was renamed Nurpur after Jahangir's beautiful wife, Nur Jehan. Today, apart from the fort, the attractions of Nurpur include the Brijraj Temple dedicated to Lord Krishna. There are few other old temples at Nurpur. The place is renowned for its fine pashmina shawls. MASRUR (800 m): Easily accessible by road from Kangra (15 km) and Dharamsala (40 km). Fifteen richly carved, monolithic, rock temples, dating back to the 8th century, are to be found atMasrur, just 15 km south of Kangra. Located on a hillock that rises above a well-watered and fertile tract of considerable natural beauty - they are framed by the snow-clad peaks of Dhauladhar Mountains. These Kasauli similar to the rock-cut temples at Ellora and Mahabalipuram, are the only monuments of this style in northern India. With rich ornamentation executed over staggering proportions, the Masrur temples bring to mind the remark that Indian temple builders "conceived like giants and had the finish of jewelers". Images of Lord Rama, Laxmana and Sita are installed in the central Kasauli. MAHARANA PRATAP SAGAR: The Maharana Pratap Sagar can be approached from Pathankot via Jassur, from Chandigarh via Talwara and from Dharamsala via Dehra. The shimmering waters of the Pong Dam reservoir are clearly visible from the heights of Dharamsala. A man-made wetland over the River Beas, the lake, is the habitat of a variety of migratory birds from Siberia and Central Asia. Over 220 species of birds have been sighted here. It is also an excellent place to go fishing for mahaseer; there are numerous spots for the angler. BIR (2080 m) AND BILLING (2600 m): Just 16 km from Joginder Nagar and 19 km from Baijnath, Bir is located amidst verdant fields and tea gardens. There is a large a Tibetan
  23. 23. 23 community and beautiful monastery here. Facing Bir is the fort of Ahju to which a trek can be made. Surrounded by an amphitheater of low hills Bir is an ideal landing ground for hang/Para gliders. The road to Billing goes past Bir and climbs through thick woods. Billing, 14 km from Bir with its arena of 200 km or more for high altitude and cross country flying is an exceptional site for aero sports. An annual hang gliding festival is held at Billing. DISTRICT BILASPUR BAHADURPUR (1980 m): Close to the town of Bilaspur (40 km), Bahadurpur range towers over lesser hills of the area. A small forest of deodar and Himalayan oak that spreads over it considerably enhances its beauty. The crest offers panoramic view and the Ratanpur Fort, Swarghat, the Fatehpur Fort, Naina Devi, the plains near Ropar and even the Shimla hills can be seen from here. The Bahadurpur Hill is crowned by the remains of a circular fort which was built by Raja Keshab Chand in the 17th century. SWARAGHAT (1220 m): Swarghat is 40 km from Bilaspur on Chandigarh- Bilaspur road and 22 km from Nalagarh. It is surrounded by low rolling hills that are draped by forests of pine. An attractive picnic spot, it forms an interesting excursion. The kasauli of Naina Devi and the Bhakra Dam are approachable from here. The link road for Nalagarh and Pinjor turns off from the National Highway at Swarghat. KOT KEHLUR: The square structure of the fortress of Kot Kehlur is 3 km from Ganguwal, close to boundary with Punjab this impressive fort, over 30 m high, has effectively withstood the ravages of time, it is said to have been built by Raja Bir Chand. Legend has it that at the site of the fort, a goat staved off an attack by a lion to protect its new-born kid. This was taken as an auspicious sign and the fort was constructed at the site of the struggle. GOBIND SAGAR (520 m): In 1963, the world's highest gravity dam, the Bhakra, was dedicated to the nation. Its huge reservoir, the Gobind Sagar Lake, on the River Sutlej, extending for 90 km up to the town of Bilaspur covers an area of some 170 sq. km. Its clear waters hold a variety of fish and its banks are a draw for hopeful anglers. A large range of avian life can be seen in the lake. The Gobind Sagar Lake is also emerging as a major site for boating and water
  24. 24. 24 sports and a wide range of facilities and training courses are available. Every winter, the Mountaineering Institute holds a festival of water sports here. DISTRICT SIRMAUR RAJGARH (2169 m): Just 30 km from Solan Rajgarh blessed with considerable natural beauty is an unspoilt retreat set amidst apple orchards. Its entry into the tourist circuit is relatively recent. A rest house and eating places made it convenient for a holiday. SHILLAI: Approachable by road from Paonta Sahib and Sataun and surrounded by woods, Shillai lies close to the River Tons. It is closely allied with the worship of local deities Shirgul and Gugga and is an important Centre of folk culture. A trek to the 3647 m peak of Choor Chandni also called the Churdhar, loosely translated as the 'mountain of the silver bangle', can be made from here via Haripur Dhar. A trek to Chakrata in Uttar Pradesh is also possible from Shillai. DISTRICT SOLAN ARKI: Just 52 km from Shimla, once the capital of the princely state of Baghal. The elegant palace at Arki, picturesquely located against a wooded hillside, is famous for its Ast Bayaka frescoes, executed in the Arki Kalam style. Refurbished now, the palace is a Heritage Hotel. The Jakholi Temple, at Arki, is a remarkable architectural specimen- a triple kasauli of the 'shikhara' style. Other temples include those dedicated to Lutuur Mahadev, the Shakni Mahadev, Bhairon and Durga Mata. NALAGARH: 45 km from Pinjore in Haryana, and at the half-way point on the road to Swarghat, Nalagarh was the capital of princely state having the same name. The Nalagarh Valley is a long strip bounded by the heavily eroded range of the Shiwalik in the south and west and the spurs of the outer Himalayas to the north-east. Around the valley are the ruins of the Surajupur, Malaon, and Ramgarh and Chamba forts. Nalagarh is best known for its fortified palace and its
  25. 25. 25 fine wall paintings. This palace, recently refurbished is now a Heritage Hotel and promises an unusual royal experience to visitors. DISTRICT SHIMLA SARAHAN (2125 m): 184 km from Shimla, Sarahan is well connected with bus service. Taxis are also available at Shimla and Rampur. The gorgeous spectacle of the Himalayan ranges with the unspoilt pastoral loveliness of an unpretentious village, Sarahan is truly a haven tucked away in the foothills of the Himalayas. Situated in the Sutlej Valley, on way to district of Kinnaur, Sarahan was the old capital of Rampur Bushair, one of the biggest princely states in Shimla hills. The major attraction in Sarahan is centuries-old Bhimkali Temple and Raja Bushair Palace. Steeped in legend, the temple complex is a resplendent example of hill architecture. Sarahan is also the gateway to Kinnaur. CHANSHI (4220 m): This high pass that closes in October to reopen only in April, hides the fascinating tract of Dodra-Kwar, where time seems to have stood still for several centuries. From here one can descend to the Rupin River. One can also trek on via Natwar and Panog to Haripur Dhar, include the Churdhar and loop around to Chaupal. CHOPAL (2328 m): The little town of Chopal, 100 km from Shimla, has an authentic flavor of the Himachal hills, with wood and slate houses surrounded by forest of deodar tress, with high snow covered peaks in sight, Chopal has a perfect picturesque setting.
  26. 26. 26 ECO TOURISM Himachal Pradesh A State with unlimited eco-tourism options The majestic coniferous trees from an enchanting backdrop to the mountains with broad-leafed species like the Oaks, Maples, Bird cherry, Hazelnut, Walnut, Horse chestnut and Rhododendrons adding grandeur to the landscape. Whereas the ivies clinging to the trunks of stately Cedars appear to veil secrets of Nature, the vines flowing from atop the trees seem to invite the visitors with open arms. The violas popping up from under the forest floor and the riot of colors provided by the anemones, primulas, buttercups and many other herbs in the alpine meadows lay a colorful feast before eyes of the beholder. Besides plants. The State also provides a very congenial habitat to a wide variety of Himalayan fauna. The Himalayan Tahar and the Ibex can be spotted as silhouettes on the high ridges in the trans-Himalayas. The Brown Bear and Musk Deer roam happily in the temperate forests, in the company of colorful pheasants including the Monal, the Western Hornes Tragopan, the Koklas and the Kalij. The lucky ones can even be treated to rare sight of critically endangered species like the Snow Leopard and Snow Cock. Also known as the 'Abode of Gods', the State conjures up visions of ancient temples, with exquisitely carved wooden panels, occupying almost every hilltop and the festivities associated with these religious places. Even a casual glimpse at the traditionally attired local deities being carried in meticulously decorated palanquins, devotees dancing to the rhythmic play of traditional drums and clarions, leaves a lasting imprint on one's mind.
  27. 27. 27 This natural and cultural richness of the State coupled with its simple peace loving people and traditional hospitality makes the State a most favored tourist destination. Anybody with a zest for life, a spirit of adventure and a love for nature will find all that his heart desires amongst the pristine environs of Himachal Pradesh. Traditional Tourism Missed Opportunities The State's wild frontiers have hitherto remained out of reach for tourists mainly due to lack of infrastructural availability. Most of the tourism, till now, has been limited to the towns, with occasional stories to the nearby forests and other attractions. Unaware of what they are missing, the tourists wander amongst the shops and restaurants not much different from their native places. Many a tourist not finding the opportunities to their taste beat a hasty retreat from the State. The State not only loses the clientele and goodwill of the tourists but also loses an opportunity to spread its message of conservation of nature for and wide. Eco-Tourism A new era of nature enjoyment and learning The State, live to the need for providing better opportunities to the visitors to enjoy its natural beauty and cultural heritage, now aims to allow the use of its infrastructure for the benefit of the tourists. The State Forest Department alone manages more than 400 forest bungalows located at vantage- points across the length and breadth of the State. It also manages a 5000 kilometers long network of bridle paths and inspection trails crises-crossing through the most beautiful forests of the State. This gives visitors myriad opportunities to trek across mountain passes, to remote temples, crystal clear lakes and traditional villages. These facilities beckon the young and the old alike to come and enjoy the best of Himachal Pradesh in its entire splendor. To assist the tourists, the State Forest Department is actively engaged in identification and development of eco-treks along these bridle paths. 'Nature Parks' are also being developed to provide tourists a nature education experience. These 'eco-tourism' - a tourism that is ecologically sustainable.
  28. 28. 28 GOVERNMENT POLICY AT HIMACHAL PRADESH ADVENTURE TOURISM 1. The Government of Himachal Pradesh is fully aware of the need to create a congenial industrial climate conducive for speedy industrial growth, as also to further consolidate and strengthen the advantages that the state offers for rapid industrialization. 2. Through the successive industrial policies and other investor friendly measures, the state has been striving to accelerate the flow of investment into industrial sector. It has also been extremely conscious about attracting more investment into the backward areas with the aim of achieving equitable development of the state. The policies pursued by the state have resulted in promoting investment in general, diversification of industries and generation of employment opportunities. The state has capability now to sustain long term growth of industrial development. There is a need for structural change in the economy, with diversification of the primary agricultural sector and the contribution of the industrial sector growing substantially, to take a comparatively significant place in the state’s overall economy. 3. At this juncture, the state has to respond to the new challenges, and adequately deal with factors which would be relevant in the next millennium. The two issues, which will play an increasingly dominant role in future industrial policy planning are the globalization of commerce and the new regime brought about through patents and WTO. The second is the qualitatively different role which governments have to play in bringing about transformation through a judicious mix of market driven and socially relevant economic policies. Keeping these broad aspects in mind, it is important to identify strategic areas and the constraints experienced in the past, and take corrective measures. Briefly these are as under: 3.1 Due to geographical factors the industrialization is concentrated in the border areas & gateways of Himachal Pradesh; Paonta Sahib- Kala Amb- Parwanoo-Barotiwala-Baddi- Nalagarh. In spite of the best efforts, other areas of the state have been relatively unaffected by the process of industrial development. 3.2 The existing infrastructure facilities are inadequate to meet the requirement of new investment. Therefore, it requires significant effort to improve the infrastructure. Further lack of
  29. 29. 29 social infrastructure has led to the concept of absenteeism of proprietors as many of the promoters of units in the border areas are living in the adjoining states, or even Delhi. 3.3 In the era of liberalization and globalization the flow of investment will depend upon the friendly attitude and approach towards the investors. The regulatory and control regime must give way to one, which is promotional and facilitative. The statutory provisions, rules, regulations and procedures relating to grant of approvals at the state level for setting up of industrial units, permission for purchase of land for industrial use need to be comprehensively reviewed. 3.4 Likewise, non-government organizations, which are engaged in the promotion of industries, will have to play a more significant role in the industrialization of the state keeping in mind the socio-economic policies of the government. Their objectives and functioning will need to be re- oriented in this direction. The industrial units will have to play an increasing role in proper maintenance of the surroundings in which they work, establishing common services and looking after the social needs of the industrial workers. 3.5 Despite their being no specific comparative advantage the state has emerged as an important Centre of textile spinning in the northern region and now there is a need to further expand & consolidate this sector by forward and backward linkages. 3.6 Human resource development facilities particularly in vocational & technical education for Himachalis are not adequate. In this regard both the State Government and the industries will need to join hands for structuring training programmes. These will have to be in relevant areas such as textile industry, as an example. If need be, one could also consider setting up specialized institutions in these areas if these will help in further employment and industrialization of the state. 3.7 One of the main objectives of the Government of India is to make Indian industry globally competitive.
  30. 30. 30 KASAULI Kasauli is a cantonment and town, located in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The cantonment was established by the British Rajin 1842 as a Colonial hill station, 77 kilometers (48 mi) from Shimla, 65 kilometers (40 mi) from Chandigarh, and 50 kilometers (31 mi) from Panchkula, and lies at a height of 1,800 meters (5,900 ft.).[1]
  31. 31. 31 Demographics According to the 2001 India census, Kasauli had a population of 4994. Males constituted 56% of the population, and females 44%. Kasauli had an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the then national average of 75.5%; male literacy was 84%, and female 76%. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age. Overview & Best Season of Kasauli Kasauli has a pleasant climate all through the year. Summers (March to June) have cool nights and warm days with maximum temperature of 28°C and a minimum of 14°C. Winters (November to February) are cold with snow falls occurring very rarely and temperature range is in between 5°C to 14°C. Monsoons are pleasant with low rainfalls. Important festivals in Kasauli are winter carnival show in February, Mandi Shivratri in March and Manimahesh fair in August. These are the festivals celebrated with great gaiety and fervor. The town of Kasauli can be visited all through the year. Attractions in Kasauli Monkey Point (Famous as: Monkey Point) : The most popular tourist spot in Kasauli, Monkey point is at a distance of 4 km from the city bus stand. Besides offering panoramic views of the plains of Chandigarh and river Sutlej, the point is also famous for a small temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman. The peculiar shape of the rock has also earned it the name ‘Tapp’s Nose’. A trip to the monkey point on a clear night enables to enjoy a mesmerizing view of Chandigarh. This is the highest point in Kasauli and one should beware of the herds of monkeys that keep
  32. 32. 32 raiding the place. Also note that this area is under the authority of Indian Air Force hence a prior permission is required The point is easily accessible by conveyance such as taxi/car or on foot. It takes nearly 2 hours to walk to reach the point from the Mall Road. Visitors can enjoy exploring the destination within 2 to 3 hours. Anglican Church/Christ Church: Built in the shape of a cross. A grove of chestnut and fir trees surround this 159-year-old structure. The church was built by the British families who also laid the foundation of Kasauli town in 1842. The town was established by the Britishers during their “hey day” and to signify that era, Anglican Church stands high in Kasauli. The church was constructed in 1884 and represents the classical Gothic style of architecture. Anglican Church is one of the prominent tourist attractions of Kasauli and an inevitable place for the visitors. The church is situated on Lower Mall, very close to local Bus stand. This gothic church is a masterpiece with amazing architecture and has been built in the shape of a cross. Cited amidst the flock of pine and chestnut trees, the church offers quiet and tranquil atmosphere.
  33. 33. 33 Lower Mall: The Lower Mall starts just after the bus stand and Christ Church that lies above it. Facing the town with your back towards the bus stand, this is the fork on the left. After a little rise and then a dip, the road is more or less level right up to Monkey Point, which marks its end. Snatches of colonial architecture come up right in the beginning. There is the Hotel Morris with its fretwork and just past this is one of old Kasauli landmarks, the Alasia Hotel. Outside this, there is still the large thermometer advertising Stephen’s Inks alongside the tumbling sedum and ivy. Till a few years back, the late Mrs. Smolin would step out of her room for elevenses on the terrace of the hotel and share her memories with those who cared to listen. Mrs. Smolin was the last of the line, in India, of the formidable entrepreneur, Mrs. Hotz who in the early twentieth century ran five hotels (two in Agra, one in Delhi, the Alasia at Kasauli and The Gables and Wildflower Hall near Shimla; she sold Shimla’s Cecil), was the mother of ten children and the wife of an excellent photographer.
  34. 34. 34 Past the Alasia, a little further down, is Himachal Tourism’s Hotel Ros Common. Along the hillside, almost opposite the hotel, is a sharp ‘short cut’ that climbs straight up, goes past the Circuit House and arrives near the Kasauli Club on the Upper Mall. Throughout the Lower Mall are large, colonial bungalows with little gardens and stone retaining walls covered with mosses and lichens. All along are pines, grassy slopes and occasional cedars and elms. During the monsoon months, this is all lush and packed with wild dahlias and morning glory. Some three kilometers from the bus stand, the Lower Mall comes to an end at Monkey Point where the end of the spur rises dramatically out of relatively level space. This hill is crowned with a temple dedicated to Hanuman Ji; not unexpectedly, the place is swarming with rhesus monkeys – and hence the name ‘Monkey Point’. The views from here are absolutely spectacular. On a clear day, you can see the plains below, the peak of Choor Chandni which is the highest in the Lower Himalayas; if the time of year and day is right, the wide spread of the distant snow- peaks runs across the horizon. Special Attributes Narrow road with considerable charm and fine views. Nuisance Occasionally, the traffic can be a bother - especially on weekends. Dressing restrictions Comfortable but conservative. Connectivity Taxis and walking Enjoyed by Walkers, nature lovers, religious and general interest Exposure Some level of UV and rain in the monsoons and in winter
  35. 35. 35 Avoidable Season Open through the year Facilities Restaurants en route Things Not Allowed Cameras have to be deposited at the entrance of Monkey Point Tip Monkey Point is a part of the Air Force Base and restrictions apply Type of site Road and then, temple at the end. Upper Mall: The Upper Mall veers sharply off behind the shops that lie just above the bus stand or takes a gentler incline past the shops, near the Tibetan stalls. Unlike the Lower Mall, which is more of less level, the Upper Mall is almost entirely uphill. And while the Lower Mall has shops, banks and other commercial establishments, the Upper Mall has almost none – barring the odd small vendor. This is also where the grand old man of letters, Khushwant Singh has his home and where he spends a fair bit of time (the other famous name connected with Kasauli is that of Ruskin Bond, who was born in Kasauli). Another well-known resident on this stretch is the artist Vivan Sundaram. Sundaram is the nephew of the celebrated artist, Amrita Shergil; his own work, in varied media, has received considerable international acclaim. Sundaram and some associates have also been instrumental in bringing a fair amount of cultural and art activity to Kasauli. The vegetation along the Upper Mall comes closer to what one would find in the mid-Himalayas and pines give way to stately cedars. The landmark Kasauli Club, which is about a hundred and twenty-five years old, is along the Upper Mall. The old structure, built largely of wood burnt down a few years ago and this has
  36. 36. 36 been rebuilt retaining the character of the original façade. The interior has been modified and the place is far brighter and airy now. Across the road, and a part of the club premises, is the row of accommodation available to members and the club’s affiliates. These are interesting old- fashioned rooms with high ceilings and ventilators. Practically at the end of the Upper Mall is Gilbert House, believed to be the first house of the Brigadier posted at Kasauli. this is still the Appointment House. A well-defined walk trail goes off from here – and is one of the dozen odd fairly well-marked paths that make good walks in and around Kasauli. Special Attributes Narrow shady road with houses alongside and good views Nuisance The site is very peaceful and free of irritants. Dressing restrictions Conservative for the Club; comfortable otherwise. Connectivity Taxis and walking Enjoyed by Walkers, nature lovers and general interest Exposure Some level of UV and rain in the monsoons and in winter Avoidable Season Open through the year Facilities Restaurants en route
  37. 37. 37 Things Not Allowed No such restriction. Tip The Club is controlled by the army though it has civilian members too. This is not open to the general public but is only for members, affiliate members, temporary members and guests. Type of site A walk through the town Kasauli Club: Established in 1880, this is one famous club in Himachal. Only members and the military officers serving in Kasauli are entertained in the same. No civilians and (or) tourists can enter the same without being sponsored by a current member of the club. Not to Miss: The Famous "BANDSAMOSA" of Kasauli, The Poor Man's Burger, but strangely so fulfilling and satisfying. It only comes in for Rs.8, and after eating a single BANDSAMOSA, one might just skip the next meal. Must eat the same at Mohan's Sweet Shop in Main market, Kasauli. [b] Famous wines, viz: plum wine, apple wine, peach wine, sherry wine, black grape wine etc. all can be bought from Gupta Provisional Store, Bus Stand, Kasauli. [c] For non-vegetarians, an unusual and conventional way with which the lip smackering Salami and Ham are made by The Daily Needs Store, adjoining State Bank of Patiala, Kasauli Sunrise Point: Situated on lower mall, Kasauli 350 mts ahead of Ros Common. Sunrise can be viewed at it’s full with no obstructions from this place. This point was formerly called as Hawa Ghar, since the point witnesses an all year round air currents through it.
  38. 38. 38 Sunset point: Situated on upper mall, Kasauli 100 meters ahead of Kasauli Club. Sunset view from this place is a moment to treasure. Scandal Point & Lover's Lane: A few meters ahead of the Sunset point lays this bliss from honeymooners. Must visit to find out what is it actually! Gilbert Trail: Approx. 700 meters ahead of lovers lane is Gilbert trail which offer a long walk in perfect nature bestowed small kuchha path. One must walk carefully to avoid slipping on the same. Not recommended when it’s raining. C.R.I: Central Research Institute was established in 1905 and it is a premier National Institute engaged in many R& D activities. The anti-rabies inoculation was invented and is still being made here. Also many anti snake bite inoculations are being made here. Christ Church Christ Church was previously an Anglican church built in the 19th century. Since 1970 it has been under the auspices of CNI (Church of North India) in the diocese of Amritsar. The Parsonage was built in 1850 for priests of the Anglican Church . ATTRRACTIONS NEAR KASAULI Kunihar: 28 Kms from Kasauli, Kunihar is the Development block headquarters of Kunihar Block. A beautiful place to live and watch Kuthar Palace: 19 Kms from Kasauli, Its oldest sections are 800 years old while the most recent structures are barely eight decades old. This is spread over a large area and fresh-water springs flow within its confines. Kutar Nadi is also nearby, a not to miss picnic spot. Arki: 24 Kms from Kasauli can well be described as neat, clean and tranquil. If its unapproachable caves and cave-temples inspire awe and its floral bounty makes one ecstatic, its
  39. 39. 39 palace commands attention for the sheer beauty of its simple architecture. Arki Palace Arki was once the capital of Baghal kingdom and the town itself suggests that it has been well looked after by its various rulers. Kandaghat: It is situated at an altitude of 1,425 meters on Kalka- Shimla highway, 34 Kms from Kasauli. When late Maharaja Bhupinder Singh, the ruler of Patiala State was expelled from Shimla. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh built his first palace at Kandaghat known as "Chail View Palace", which is presently housing the Government Polytechnic College for Women. Jatoil Shiv Temple: This very old temple and every year an annual fair is organized here on the occasion of Mahashivratri, which makes it a must see place, 42 from Kasauli. Giri Ganga: Solan - Rajgarh border, 48 Kms from Kasauli, enjoy your picnic amongst the cool waters of Giri, 20-kms from Solan Fort of Gurkha (Solan): Situated on the 7000 ft. high Dhar Mountain, this 300-year old fort was built by the attacking Gorkhas of Nepal. The view from here of Shimla, Kasauli, Chail and Karol is breathtaking. Barog : Once just a brief stopover on the Kalka-Shimla highway, 53 Kms from Kasauli, Barog town has grown to be destination in itself. Surrounded by pine trees and oak trees, Barog is located in an idyllic setting. The magnificent Choor Chandni or Choordhar peak are clearly visible from Barog.The pines of Barog are full of cavort and pleasantries. Barog's railway station, on the Kalka-Shimla, is one of the most picturesque stations, modeled in the Scottish- style.
  40. 40. 40 Solan Brewery: This Brewery is 11 km from Solan. It is in existence since 1855. This is one of the most famous breweries in India with one of its famous products known as Old Monk Rum & Solan Number 1 Malt Whiskey. Gold Mines: Makdoa village situated 45 Km from Solan town on Solan - Oachghat – Bagthan Road. 30 years ago this village was famous for its gold mining. The mines are Situated along the banks of Kewal River. The mines were closed down years back. Mohan heritage Centre: Prime Minister, India had laid the foundation stone of an Rs 100- croreHeritage Park on being set up under the aegis of Mohan Meakin Breweries at Harat village, 52km from Kasauli. It would become an important tourist attraction Centre of this region in years to come. It will be an important world-level Centre of naturopathy, religion, Ayurveda and yoga, would be well-connected by a network of roads, which would also facilitate the locals in transporting their agriculture produce to markets. Jabli: 18 Kms from Kasauli, this small place is famous for its small and many waterfalls spreaded widely across the area. One can stop on its way to Kasauli at McDonalds Jabli here to grab a snack. Sanawar: Lies 5 Kms from Kasauli, and is primarily famous for The Sanawar School, and Baba Balak Nath Temple. Dharampur: Lies 12 Kms from Kasauli is the nearest railhead from where the toy trains ploys to Shimla and to Kalka. If one wishes to stop and eat Dharampur holds a variety of joints to choose from, viz: McDonalds, Golfer's Inn, Gianni Dhaba, Modern Dhaba, Hot Millions, and Colonels Joint. Dharampur has one of the best hospitals in India for the cure of tuberculosis. Sabathu: 29 Kms from Kasauli, Sabathu is a Gurkha Regiment Training Centre of the Western Command. The little cantonment town has a Gurkha fort built in the early years of the 19th
  41. 41. 41 Century is situated at an altitude of 1437 meters. A cantonment town which quartered British Soldiers in the time of British Empire. A diversion road from Dharampur 15 km away leads to the Sabathu town. Places to visit are: [A] Gambhar pull: A bridge made over fresh flowing stream; an ideal place for picnic. [b] Old Brijeshwar Mahadev Temple: A temple maintains its old heritage looks stands still which is worth visiting once. Dashiki : 18 Kms from Kasauli, Located ideally between Chandigarh and Shimla, Dagshai is one of the oldest cantonments set up by the British in India. Built at a height of 6,000 ft. above the sea level. Dagshai boasts of a big play field, rarely to be seen in hilly terrain, where Durand Cup football matches used to be played once. Timber Trail: 20 Kms from Kasauli, Nestling cozily on the lap of the Shiwalik range, atop two adjacent hills and joined together with a cable car, Timber Trail is an idyllic holiday destination. Bon Monastery (Yung Drung Ling): 53 Kms from Kasauli, this monastery is the second oldest monastery in the world after the one present in Tibet. Chail: The former 'summer capital' of Patiala, Chail is 42 Kms from Kasauli, at an altitude of 2,250 mts, dwelling in the midst of a lush green setting. Place to visit are: [A] Cricket Ground: Built in 1893, after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch at 2444 m is the world's highest cricket and polo ground. [b] Hotel Chail Palace: The palace of maharaja of Chail, which has now been taken over by Himachal Tourism and has been converted into a royale hotel.
  42. 42. 42 PROBLEMS OF KASAULI TOURISM 1. MONKEY MENACE In our country India monkey are referred to as the incarnation of lord HANUMAN but they create lot of nuisance among the tourist as well as local people they create lot of problems like biting the people, making mess all around and snatching the personal belongings. Monkeys destroy the farms which cause suffering for the local people. Hill Station of kasauli is badly affected by monkeys causing problems to the tourist who badly affects the revenue of the government as well as the local people. 2. LACK OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES: Kasauli is a very small hill station. Proper transport facilities are not available for the tourist the road which connects kasauli is also very small and not properly maintained. Limited Government transport facilities are available which cause trouble for tourist as well as local people for the day to day works. 3. PARKING FACILITIES AT TOURIST SPOTS: There is no proper space for parking the vehicles at tourist spots people are facing lot of problems like small traffic jams, buses and trucks create much problems etc. tourist have to park their vehicles somewhere besides the road or at insecure places which causes thefts as well as damages to the vehicles.
  43. 43. 43 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA Duration of Stay Duration of Stay Respondents Percentage (%) Less than one day 18 60 1-3 days 8 25 1 week 3 10 More than one week 1 5 Total 30 Interpretation : Regarding the duration of stay of the respondents at the destination, 60% of them stayed less than one day while 25% of them stayed more than one day and 10% stayed for a week and 5% more than a week FIG 1.1 60%25% 10% 5% Less than one day 1-3 days 1 week More than one week
  44. 44. 44 Purpose of Visit to Kasauli Purpose of Visit Respondents Percentage (%) Part of tour group 15 50 Excursion 7 24 Honeymoon 8 26 Others - Total 30 - Interpretation: Regarding the purpose of visiting kasauli by tour groups was 50% while 24% came to do excursion and offerings with 26% of honeymoon couples. FIG 1.2 50% 24% 26% 0%0% Part of tour group Excursion Honeymoon Others
  45. 45. 45 Mode of Travel Mode of travel Respondents Percentage (%) Car 15 50 Bus 6 20 Two wheeler 7 20 Others 2 10 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation: 50% of the respondents visited Kasauli through cars operated by the private sector and personal vehicles, 20% of the travelers used two wheelers, and also equal percentage of them came by bus, hired on contract basis and 10% came by other means.
  46. 46. 46 FIG 1.3 Transportation Facilities. Transportation facilities (availability of seats, timings etc.) Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 3 10 Good 6 20 Satisfied 6 20 Poor 15 50 Total 30 100 Interpretation : Regarding to satisfactory conditions of schedule buses in terms of availability of seats, timing, punctuality, stoppages etc. only 0% termed it as excellent, 20% termed it was 50% 20% 10% 20% Car Bus Two wheeler Others
  47. 47. 47 good, 22% termed it as satisfactory and 30% attributed to the facilities as poor, much of this regard was pointed to private bur operators. Restaurants facilities Restaurant Facilities Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 4 10 Good 13 50 Satisfied 11 40 Poor 2 6 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation: Regarding to satisfactory level of restaurant and food facilities around the vicinity of the temple only 10% of them termed it as excellent with 4% terming it as good with a 50% 20% 10% 20% POOR GOOD SATISFIED EXCELLENT
  48. 48. 48 40% just satisfactory and 6% poor. FIG 1.5 Accommodation Facilities Accommodation Facilities Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 4 10 Good 18 64 Satisfied 6 20 Poor 2 6 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation: Regarding the accommodation facilities available around the kasauli 10% of 10% 44% 6% 40% Excellent Good Satisfied Poor
  49. 49. 49 them as excellent with 44% terming it as good and 40% just satisfied and 6% of them terming it as poor. Most of the respondents complaint about exorbitant rents being charged by hoteliers and lodging establishments without proper rent structures monitored by local authorities. Fig 1.6 Queuing System for Darshana (Visiting the monkey point) Queuing System Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 10 32 Good 15 50 Satisfied 3 10 Poor 2 8 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation : Regarding queuing system for entering the monkey point or viewing the deity 32, of the respondents termed the system as excellent, while 50% of them termed as good, with 10% satisfied and poor 8%. 10% 64% 20% 6% Excellent Good Satisfied Poor
  50. 50. 50 FIG 1.7 50% 10% 8% 32% Excellent Good Satisfied Poor
  51. 51. 51 Hospitality by local people for tourist in kasauli. Hospitality by local people Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 12 40 Good 10 30 Satisfied 6 20 Poor 2 10 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation: Regarding the delivery hospitality by local people for tourist 40% termed it as excellent with 30% terming it as good and 20% satisfied and 10% poor FIG 1.8. 40% 30% 20% 10% Excellent Good Satisfied Poor
  52. 52. 52 Parking Facilities at Kasauli Behavior of temple staff Respondents Percentage (%) Excellent 3 10 Good 4 13 Satisfied 7 22 Poor 16 55 Total 30 100 Source: Primary Data Interpretation: Regarding the parking facilities at kasauli premises 10% of them termed as excellent with 13% of them terming as good with 22% just satisfied and 55% poor. Fig 1.9 10% 55% 22% 13% Excellent Good Satisfied Poor
  53. 53. 53 FINDINGS The major findings shows that most of the people visiting kasauli are on the age group of 26 to 45 which means that considerably people of all age group visit kasauli who can be termed as educated and considerably economically well. It has also been seen that higher percentage of respondents are employed and there has been tremendous word of mouth publicity indicating these factors kasauli is known to people from their relatives and friends we can also see that 60% of the respondents were just visitors who came for a visit to kasauli for less than one day. Majority of the respondent came with their families constituting 4 – 5 members for visiting the Kasauli. 1 Regarding the utilization of various services in terms of accessibility and accommodation we can see that 50% of the respondents were interviewed depended on scheduled bus operators which left from specified stops to Kasauli at specified time intervals and specified routes, people were also coming through other means of transport. 2 People faced difficulties especially from limited private bus operators who were mainly concerned in delaying scheduled timing for their benefit. Unnecessary and illegal stops also make passengers irritate during journeys. The availability of seats was also another problem pointed out by the passengers who were planning to visit Kasauli. 3 Intricacies were also found in the queuing system which led to sudden rush at monkey point during rush hours. Locker facilities also had problems in management which led to slight dissatisfaction to devotees. 4 Regarding behavior of temple staff posted around temple premises, their behaviors did effect to a small extend to devotees in terms seeking help during emergencies, it was also noticed most of them lacked in skills like first aid, firefighting medical evacuation etc.
  54. 54. 54 SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1 The authorities should consider providing special facilities like rest rooms for aged tourist visiting the kasauli. 2 For solving accessibility problem the authorities should form a committee comprising of officials from the motor transport department along with representatives among the people who can monitor and submit the performance of scheduled bus operators in operating regular services to the spot. The authorities can also have a feasibility study in introducing bus system to the kasauli... 3 The local authorities should also seek the help of department of Tourism in classifying and registering accommodation facilities and enforce tariff system accordingly. They should also see that special squads are formed to monitor these systems during peak season to prevent excessive charging of rent by the Hotels. 4 Queuing system can be improved to control pilgrim rush through effective Barricading system, preferably in a zig zag model and also restricted entry on the number of persons to monkey point at specified time intervals. 5 The forest authorities should regularly inspect the place. The problems created by monkeys should be eradicated by catching the monkeys at regular intervals.
  55. 55. 55 BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Kasauli India Page. 2. Kasauli churches annual Magazine 3. Himachal Pradesh website. 4. Devbhoomi Magazine. 5. wikipedia.org/wiki/Kasauli 6. www.hptdc.nic.in/ 7. www.himachaltourism.net/kasauli.html