A common definition of terrorism is the systematic use or threatened use
of violence to intimidate a population or government and thereby effect
political, religious, or ideological change.
Terrorism in India are basically of two types external and internal,
external terrorism emerge from neighboring countries and internal
terrorism emulates from religious or communal violence and NaxaliteMaoist insurgency. Terror activities involve either Indian or foreign
The regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and
Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India(Naxalism) and the Seven sister
states(independence and autonomy movements).
Terrorism in India has often been alleged to be sponsored by Pakistan.
At least 232 of the country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing
intensities, by terrorism.
Over a period of time terrorism has severely affected Indian economy.
A look at the very elementary picture of terrorism reveals certain things:
1. A handful of immensely wealthy, influential and powerful people provide the
leadership. In many instances they lead a justifiable movement. In an equal number
of instances they have a personal axe to grind in the garb of mass movement. Some
of them are prepared to come out and discuss their grievances. Others prefer to
remain away from the public eye.
2. The foot soldiers are almost invariably youth of impressionable minds. It is also
commonly seen that they come from ordinary or poor families.
Favourable conditions for rise of terrorism:
Lack of Education for moral/social values
Poverty and Unemployment
Religious fanaticism propagated for political gains.
A feeling among a certain class of people, resulted due to
constant political alienation, that they are not a part of the
The Naxalites has been identified as the biggest
internal security threat to India by Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh. The terms Naxalites or Maoists are
used to refer to militant far-left radical Communist
groups operating in India. The movement started in
West Bengal in the early seventies but has since spread
to the rural areas in central and eastern India.
Social inequality - Caste, creed, tribe, sub-region, etc.
Economic instability, inequality and
Forceful land acquisition, and eviction of tribal population from their ancestral lands.
Lack of education
Lack of basic amenities.
Inequality in Justice - There are so many Jassica Lal - Manu Sharma cases which we
don't even know about. Their family, friends are easily attracted to naxalism for
Terrorist attacks has left its footprints especially on three industriestourism, hospitality and medical.
It has also increased the cost of security especially on land and sea
borders. Big and reputed Companies of India has also demanded
for "Z" security.
There is a Direct Human and Military loss.
People are losing faith in the system and the government, which
may escalate into a fertile ground for civil war.
Share Markets and GDP gradually are going the way down
The social effects are to leave people poor, starving, homeless,
without family members and often without jobs.
Foreign direct investment in India has been considerably affected.
Attack on foreigners has created an image of an insecure country,
full of violence, about India.
Attack on religious places and attacks in name of ethnic races, break
our social fabric and create a divide among the citizens.
Even the aviation industry has suffered, due to low tourism
Modern, counter terrorism equipment and technology should be provided
to our security personals.
Modernise state Police and Para Military Forces in training and ethos.
Modernise and enlarge intelligence networks
Arrested culprits should be immediately brought to justice through
special courts and investigation agency.
Bring in very strict anti terror laws.
Anti terror cases should be dealt with efficiency and utmost
Hate speeches should be banned.
Any sort of Politics over terrorism should be banned and adequate
legislation should be brought in for it.
Should do away with any sort of political appeasement.
Adopt proactive policies to confront the terrorists militarily, and
at the roots of terrorist ideology – fundamentalists, social evils and
sources of terrorism e.g. narcotics / drug trade.
Freeze accounts of all groups and organization which support terrorism
directly or by indirect involvement to choke them out of finances.
Look out for strategies which involves overall development of the country
and special emphasis should be given to backward regions.
Locate some of the Public Sector Units in the remote areas even if they are
Reduce Poverty & Unemployment.
International terrorism cannot effectively be fought alone, as has been
our experience so far
Should make treaties with other countries for information exchange
Pakistan sponsored ‘proxy’ war must be exposed and international
pressure applied. We must highlight more aggressively, the justness of
our cause and the support to terrorism by Pakistan, both through state
and non-state players, as well as strive to isolate Pakistan in the
Promote moderate and secular polity by media, intelligentsia and
We should thrive for all round integrated development.
Reduce demographic displacement resulting in social / ethnic tension
such as in Assam and Tripura, through the joint development of sensitive
border belts along Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Policies which aim to increase national integration and bringing in of the
marginalized sections into the main stream should be undertaken with
There should be realistic psychological and information warfare so that
the will of the anti-national elements is suffocated and the hearts of the
populace are won.
Improve Education on moral/social values.
We have to keep in mind, that until we cure the reason behind the
fever, which is just a symptom, the condition might only be
controlled for a short while and it might escalate again. A longterm strategy is required to counter terrorism. We have to
understand the reasons behind the terrorism, and cure it from its
roots. Because terrorism cannot be generally won over by
violence, and if it is done there will be unprecedented bloodshed.
We will never want that to happen, because after all, most of the
terrorists in India are our own citizens who have taken arms
because of brain washing and fanatic propagandas.
Ultimately, the roots of terrorism have to be removed through
good governance. Political corruption and lack of good
governance is a basic contributor to frustration setting in into a
society, which is then exploited by unfriendly nations. Needless to
say, this has to be addressed immediately by striving to achieve
economic well-being, social justice and political aspirations of the
Solution to naxalism
The government has proposed a three-pronged strategy to combat Naxalism:
Gain confidence of local people by taking up more welfare related activities.
Build up infrastructure in naxal-affected areas and generate employment.
Launch joint security operations with neighboring states to eliminate left
First of all we should have the political will to eradicate it from its
One obvious but less discussed reason for ever increasing impact of
naxals, is that the people sitting in power lack political will to act
against them for their opportunist political gains.
Political dialogue should be initiated with the naxals.
Government must treat this problem as National Problem.
Planning and monitoring should be made at central level but
implementation should be made at state level. Of course, in some
cases, it should be handed over to Border Road Organisation and
other paramilitary forces.
Provide good health facilities for the tribal living in these area.
Improve education facility for children belonging to the naxal
Improve land reforms in these areas.
Government should give more financial support to these areas.
Ensure the safety of the civilians by stopping
campaigns like the Salwa Judum campaign and
ensuring that no counter insurgency measures are
taken by risking the lives of the civilians.
Checking instances of human rights violation by the
security forces and the Salwa Judum.
Registering the crimes perpetrated by the security
forces, Salwa Judum and the Maoists and bringing
them to justice.
Banning of Bal Mandal (The child division of
Naxalites) with immediate effect.
Ensuring safety of those who surrendered and those
who lived in camps or were related with Salwa Judum
Employment and Self-employment : Keeping in mind the
local tradition and culture, small scale industries should be
developed. Active naxalite leaders may be encouraged to
Huge gap between the rich and the poor should be dealt with
in an efficient manner. This is a strong subject they use in
their training to compare the lives of the rich and the poor.
Responsible Media: Media can play big role in creating
awareness regarding schemes and good work done by local
public and honest officials
Using force against the tribal to deter them from joining
the Naxals has and will backfire against the
government. The government should ensure peace in
these areas so that these people don't suffer more than
they already have and this can be done only if the
government takes proactive measures so as to ensure
social justice and inclusive growth for the benefit of the
War against terrorism cannot be won by armed resistance only.
We have to understand it’s root cause and try to solve the problems.
Dialogues should be initiated and correct political approach is must.
However, whatever comes our way, we should never undermine and
compromise our national pride, integrity and territory.