HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011

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HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011

  1. 1. Dr C. CHANDRAMOULI REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA
  2. 2. A Slum in Delhi
  3. 3. Definition of a Slum A Slum, for the purpose of Census, has been defined as residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation by reasons of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangements and design of such buildings, narrowness or faulty arrangement of street, lack of ventilation, light, or sanitation facilities or any combination of these factors which are detrimental to the safety and health.
  4. 4. Identification of Slums in Census • For the purpose of Census, slums have been categorized and defined as of the following three types: • Notified Slums • Recognized Slums • Identified Slums
  5. 5. All notified areas in a town or city notified as ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government under any Act including a ‘Slum Act’ • Notified Slums • Recognized Slums • Identified Slums Identification of Slums
  6. 6. All areas recognised as ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government, Housing and Slum Boards, which may have not been formally notified as slum under any act • Notified Slums • Recognized Slums • Identified Slums Identification of Slums
  7. 7. A compact area of at least 300 population or about 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities (Identified). • Notified Slums • Recognized Slums • Identified Slums Identification of Slums
  8. 8. Data on Slum from Census • It is for the first time in Census that datasets on Housing stock, Amenities and Assets based on the Houselisting and Housing Census are being released • In Census 2001, information on Slums were released only on demographic characteristics based on the Population Enumeration. For this purpose, Slum Blocks were identified in Statutory Towns having a population of 20,000 by the local authorities at the time of Population Enumeration phase • In Census 2011, Slum Blocks have been delineated in all statutory towns irrespective of population size.
  9. 9. Census 2011 Results
  10. 10. • Out of 4,041 Statutory Towns in Census 2011 Slums reported from 2,543 Towns (63%) • Total Slum Enumeration Blocks (SEBs) in Census 2011 is about 1.08 lakh in the country • Largest number of Slum EBs reported from Maharashtra (21,359) Towns Reporting Slums India : Census 2011
  11. 11. • Notified Slums 37,072 • Recognised Slums 30,846 • Identified Slums 40,309 Total: 1,08,227 Blocks Number of Slum Blocks by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011
  12. 12. • Notified Slums 49.65 lakh HHs • Recognised Slums 37.96 lakh HHs • Identified Slums 49.88 lakh HHs Total: 137.49 lakh HHs Households by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011
  13. 13. Slum & Non-Slum Households – India 2011 Indicator Number of households (in lakh) Total (Urban) 789 Slum 137 Non-Slum 652 Number of households (in %) Slum 17.4 Non-Slum 82.6
  14. 14. Number of Slum Households in Million Plus Cities Indicator Number Number of Slum Households (in lakh) Total (Slum) 137 Slum in Million Plus Cities 52 Slum in other Cities 85 Number of Slum Households (in %) Slum in Million Plus Cities 38.1 Slum in other Cities 61.9 38 % of the slum households are in 46 Million Plus Cities
  15. 15. Top/Bottom 5 States Reporting Slum Households State Proportion of Slum HHs to Urban HHs (%) Andhra Pradesh 35.7 Chhattisgarh 31.9 Madhya Pradesh 28.3 Odisha 23.1 West Bengal 21.9 Top 5 States Bottom 5 States State Proportion of Slum HHs to Urban HHs (%) Chandigarh# 9.7 Gujarat 6.7 Jharkhand 5.3 Assam 4.8 Kerala 1.5
  16. 16. Percentage of Slum HHs to Total Urban HHs
  17. 17. Proportion of Slum Households in Metros - 2011 Million Plus Cities Proportion of Slum HHs to Total Urban HHs (%) Greater Mumbai (M Corp.) 41.3 Kolkata (M Corp.) 29.6 Chennai (M Corp.) 28.5 Delhi Municipal Corp (U) 14.6 BBMP (M Corp.) 8.5
  18. 18. Million Plus Cities with High Proportion of Slum HHs (Top 10 only) - 2011 Million Plus Cities Proportion of Slum HHs to Total Urban HHs (%) 1. Greater Visakhapatnam M Corp. 44.1 2. Jabalpur Cantt (CB) 43.3 3. Greater Mumbai (M Corp.) 41.3 4. Vijayawada (M Corp.) 40.6 5. Meerut (M Corp.) 40.0 6. Raipur (M Corp.) 39.0 7. Nagpur (M Corp.) 34.3 8. Greater Hyderabad M Corp. (GHMC) 31.9 9. Kota (M Corp.) 31.8 10. Agra (M Corp.) 29.8
  19. 19. INDIA (Absolute numbers in lakh) Use of Census House Urban Slum Total Occupies Census Houses 990 160 Residence 761 133 Residence-cum-other use 24 3.9 Shop/Office 107 10.8 School/College, etc 4 0.5 Hotel/Lodge/Guest House 4 0.4 Hospital/ Dispensary, etc 3 0.3 Factory/ Workshop, etc 15 2 Place of worship 6 0.9 Other non-residential use 59 8 Locked Census Houses 7 1 Use of Occupied Census Houses India : 2011
  20. 20. INDIA (in %) Use of Census House Urban Slum Total Occupies Census Houses 100.0 100.0 Residence 76.9 82.5 Residence-cum-other use 2.4 2.4 Shop/Office 10.8 6.7 School/College, etc 0.4 0.3 Hotel/Lodge/Guest House 0.4 0.2 Hospital/ Dispensary, etc 0.3 0.2 Factory/ Workshop, etc 1.5 1.2 Place of worship 0.6 0.6 Other non-residential use 6.0 5.1 Locked Census House 0.7 0.6 Use of Occupied Census Houses India : 2011
  21. 21. A Lane in a Slum
  22. 22. Households by Type of Census Houses – India Type Urban Slum Permanent 84.3 77.7 Semi-permanent 11.6 16.0 Temporary 3.2 5.3 Any other 0.9 1.0 HHs (in %)
  23. 23. Slum Households by Structure of Census Houses (Permanent)
  24. 24. View of a Slum in Delhi
  25. 25. Households by Number of Room – India Number of Room Urban Slum No exclusive room 3.1 4.4 One room 32.1 44.8 Two room 30.6 29.5 Three room 18.4 12.3 Four room 9.3 5.4 Five rooms and above 6.5 3.5 HHs (in %)
  26. 26. Households by Household Size– India Household Size Urban Slum 1 member 3.6 3.7 2 members 9.5 9.5 3 members 15.9 14.9 4 members 26.4 25.1 5 members 18.5 19.4 6 to 8 members 20.6 22.2 9 and above members 5.4 5.2 HHs (in %)
  27. 27. Households by Number of Married Couples – India Number of married couples Urban Slum None 12.7 13.6 1 71.1 72.1 2 12.6 11.3 3 2.8 2.4 4 0.6 0.5 5 and above 0.2 0.1 HHs (in %)
  28. 28. Households by Ownership Status – India Ownership Status of Census House Urban Slum Owned 69.2 70.2 Rented 27.5 26.3 Others 3.3 3.5 HHs (in %)
  29. 29. Source of Drinking Water – India Source of drinking water Urban Slum 1. Tap 70.6 74.0 From treated source 62.0 65.3 From untreated source 8.6 8.7 2. Well 6.2 3.0 3. Hand pump 11.9 12.7 4. Tube well / Borehole 8.9 7.6 5. Other sources 2.5 2.8 HHs (in %)
  30. 30. Waiting for Water Supply
  31. 31. Location of Drinking Water Source– India Location Urban Slum 1. Within premises 71.2 56.7 2. Outside premises 28.8 43.3 HHs (in %)
  32. 32. Slum HHs by Location Drinking Water Source (Within premises)
  33. 33. Source of Lighting– India Source of lighting Urban Slum 1. Electricity 92.7 90.5 2. Kerosene 6.5 8.2 3. Solar 0.2 0.3 4. Other oil 0.1 0.2 5. Any other 0.2 0.2 6. No lighting 0.3 0.5 HHs (in %)
  34. 34. Slum HHs by Fuel Used for Cooking (LPG/PNG)
  35. 35. Availability of Bathing Facility within Premises - India Bathing Facility Urban Slum 1. Have facility 87.0 81.0 (a) Bathroom 77.5 66.6 (b) Enclosure without roof 9.5 14.5 2. Does not have facility 13.0 19.0 HHs (in %)
  36. 36. Drainage Connectivity for Waste Water Outlet– India Drainage connectivity Urban Slum 1. Closed drainage 44.5 36.9 2. Open drainage 37.3 44.3 3. No drainage 18.2 18.8 HHs (in %)
  37. 37. Type of Latrine Facility– India Type of latrine Urban Slum 1. Latrine within the premises 81.4 66.0 (a) Water closet 72.6 57.7 (b) Pit latrine 7.1 6.2 © Other latrine 1.7 2.2 2. No latrine within premises 18.6 34.0 (a) Public latrine 6.0 15.1 (b) Open 12.6 18.9 HHs (in %)
  38. 38. Availability of Kitchen– India Availability of kitchen Urban Slum Total 100.0 100.0 1. Cooking inside house: 95.8 94.1 (a) Has kitchen 77.8 65.3 (b) Does not have kitchen 18.0 28.8 2. Cooking outside house 3.7 5.4 (a) Has kitchen 1.6 2.0 (b) Does not have kitchen 2.0 3.4 3. No cooking 0.5 0.5 HHs (in %)
  39. 39. Fuel used for Cooking– India Fuel used for cooking Urban Slum 1. Fire-wood 20.1 25.8 2. Crop residue 1.4 1.6 3. Cow dung cake 1.7 2.1 4. Coal, Lignite, Charcoal 2.9 3.9 5. Kerosene 7.5 14.0 6. LPG/ PNG 65.0 51.3 7. Electricity 0.1 0.1 8. Biogas 0.4 0.5 9. Any other 0.2 0.3 10. No cooking 0.5 0.5 HHs (in %)
  40. 40. Households Availing Banking Services– India Availing Banking Services Urban Slum 1. Availing 67.8 53.2 2. Not availing 32.2 46.8 HHs (in %)
  41. 41. Household Possessing Various Assets – India Asset Urban Slum 1. Radio/Transistor 25.3 18.7 2. Television 76.7 69.6 3. Computer 18.7 10.4 With Internet 8.3 3.3 Without Internet 10.4 7.1 HHs (in %)
  42. 42. Household Possessing Various Assets– India Asset Urban Slum 5. Telephone 82.0 72.7 Landline only 5.9 4.4 Mobile only 64.3 63.5 Both 11.7 4.8 6. Bicycle 41.9 40.2 7. Scooter/Motor Cycle/Moped 35.2 22.0 8. Car/Jeep/Van 9.7 3.6 9. None of the specified assets 7.0 10.7 HHs (in %)
  43. 43. 63.5% HHs in Slums in India has Mobile
  44. 44. Slum HHs Having None of the Specified Assets
  45. 45. Life in a Slum
  46. 46. Life in a Slum
  47. 47. THANK YOUTHANK YOU For more details visit: censusindia.gov.in

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