Indian Cattle Breeds
1. MILCH BREEDS
2. MILCH AND DRAUGHT BREEDS
3. DRAUGHT BREEDS
Mainly found in Punjab, Haryana, U.P, Delhi, Bihar and M.P.
Milk yield – Under village condition :1350 kgs
– Under commercial farms: 2100 kgs
Age at first calving -32-36 months
Calving interval – 15 month
2. Gir xhj
Mainly found in Gir forest areas of South Kathiawar
Milk yield – Under village condition : 900 kgs
– Under commercial farms: 1600 kgs
Mainly found in Jodhpur, Kutch and Jaisalmer
Milk yield – Under village condition :1660 kgs
– Under commercial farms: 2500 kgs
4.Red Sindhi yky fla/kh
Mainly available in Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Orissa.
Milk yield – Under village condition :1100 kgs
– Under commercial farms: 1900 kgs
Milch and Draught breeds nq/k o ‘ksrhdke
Mainly found in Nellore, Krishna, Godavari and Guntur district of A.P.
Milk yield –1500 kgs
Bullocks are powerful for cart work and heavy ploughing.
Mainly found in Karnal, Hisar and Gurgaon district of Haryana, Delhi and western M.P
Milk yield –1140 -4500 kgs
Bullocks are powerful for road transport and rapid ploughing
Mainly found in Guajrat
Milk yield – Under village condition :1300 kgs
– Under commercial farms : 3600 kgs
Age at first calving -36 to 42 months
Calving interval – 15 to 16 months
Bullocks are fast, active and strong. Good for plough and cart purpose
Mainly found in North western and western parts of A.P.
Cows are good milk producers and bullocks are good for work
Draught Breeds ‘ksrhdkeklkBh
Mainly found in Karnataka.
Best suitable for ploughing and transport
Mainly found in Tumkur, Hassan and Mysore districts of Karnataka
Mainly found in Coimbatore, Erode, Namakkal, Karur and Dindigul districts of Tamil Nadu.
Best suited for ploughing and transport. Withstands hardy conditions.
Exotic dairy breeds
Age at first calving : 26-30 months
Intercalving – 13-14 months
Milk yield – 5000-8000 kgs
Dairy milk yield is found to be 20 lts whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per day.
In India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas
Holstein Friesian gksYLVhu Qzsth;u
This breed is from Holland
Milk yield - 7200-9000 kgs
This is by far the best diary breed among exotic cattle regarding milk yield. On an average it
gives 25 litres of milk per day, whereas a cross breed H.F. cow gives 10 - 15 lts per day.
It can perform well in coastal and delta areas
BREEDS OF BUFFALO
Mainly found in Haryana, Delhi and Punjab
Milk yield – 1560 kgs
On an average the daily milk yield is found to be 8-10 lts, whereas a cross breed murrah
buffalo gives 6-8 lts per day.
It performs well in coastal and slightly cold climatic areas.
The name Pandharpuri is from the town Pandharpur in Solapur district which is the home range of
these buffalo. They are found in Solapur, Kolhapur and Sangli districts of Maharashtra state of India.
Most of the region is highly draught prone, but some parts of the Sangli and Kolhapur districts do
have good irrigation facilities.
The majority of the breed are black with white markings found on the forehead , legs and switch of
tail. The Pandharpuri are medium sized with average body weight of 450-470 kg.
The long horns usually turned upwards or lateral. The udder is compact, trough shaped with
cylindrical teats. The head is long, narrow with prominent nasal bone and the horizontal ears.
The breed is famous for its high reproductive ability, producing a calf every 12 months. Under
average management conditions and hot -dry climate these buffaloes yield 6-7 liters of milk per day;
however under good management they are reported to yield up to 15 lit of milk per day.