WADI PROGRAMME BEST PRACTICES
PLOT SELECTION <ul><li>Well drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Sloppy </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid land under </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
PLOT MARKING <ul><li>Preparation of measured rope </li></ul><ul><li>Distance between two plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 x...
PIT DIGGING <ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1x1x1 meter for fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0.3 x 0.3 x0.3 for forestr...
Pit filling <ul><li>Pit filling should be completed when the pit is dry i.e. by end of May.  </li></ul><ul><li>Keep ready ...
Selection of Grafts <ul><li>Procured from genuine source </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy, sturdy graft </li></ul><ul><li>At leas...
Plantation of Grafts  <ul><li>Before plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure no water stagnation in pit. </li></ul></ul><...
Plantation of Grafts <ul><li>During plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dig out small pit and apply light irrigation (if pos...
Plantation of Grafts <ul><li>After plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ H’  type staking should be given immediately.  Irri...
Plantation of Forestry <ul><li>Time:  End of June to first week of July after monsoon settled. Planting should be done in ...
AFTERCARE:STAKING <ul><li>Why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To protect the graft from heavy rains and wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
AFTERCARE:STAKING <ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect 4 ft. long sticks  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give ‘H’ type st...
AFTERCARE: Basin Preparation <ul><li>Basin should be round </li></ul><ul><li>In month of october </li></ul><ul><li>Soil lo...
Mulching <ul><li>After monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>Use agriculture waste material  </li></ul><ul><li>Straw, leaves </li></ul...
AFTERCARE: Shade  for trees <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender leaves and shoots protected </li></ul></ul><ul><...
AFTERCARE: Shade  for trees <ul><li>Care should be taken </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height of the sticks should be more than gr...
AFTERCARE: Removal of offshoots <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With the secateur unwanted branches are removed. ...
Removal of offshoots <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One can develop spherical shape canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Live hedge Fencing <ul><li>The fencing should be done for whole WADI plots instead of individual tree. </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Fencing <ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Dry fencing should be done after pit digging in month of May  </li></ul><ul><li>Liv...
Inter cropping pattern <ul><li>Kharif (Cereals):  Dwarf varieties of finger millet, (Heavy feeder like maize should be avo...
Inter crops in horticulture plantation <ul><li>Due considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper combinations of fruit trees...
Aftercare for Forestry <ul><li>Weeding whenever weeds are they, must be removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthing up and basin p...
Watering Development stage (Growth stage) which is of 2-3 years, watering should be given as indicated below  Every time t...
Watering <ul><li>Benefits of watering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients are supplied to all part of the plants. </li></ul></...
SOIL CONSERVATION WADI  <ul><li>Presently 2 activities of soil conservation have been identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tre...
Pest Control <ul><li>Integrated Pest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Use of organic pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum use ...
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Wadi Best Practices

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Wadi Best Practices

  1. 1. WADI PROGRAMME BEST PRACTICES
  2. 2. PLOT SELECTION <ul><li>Well drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Sloppy </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid land under </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High tension electric supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proper distance should kept when plot is near to highways, big roads </li></ul><ul><li>Plot should belong to Family </li></ul>
  3. 3. PLOT MARKING <ul><li>Preparation of measured rope </li></ul><ul><li>Distance between two plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 x 10 meter for mango </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 x 7 meter for cashew, Awala, Cusraed apple, lemon etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distance from Fencing </li></ul><ul><li>Staggered layout for high slope </li></ul>
  4. 4. PIT DIGGING <ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1x1x1 meter for fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0.3 x 0.3 x0.3 for forestry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marked area </li></ul><ul><li>Keep soil separately </li></ul><ul><li>On sloppy land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>keep uppermost layer soil on top </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pit should be 1 meter from down stream side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Size should maintained from top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>No pits should be under canopy /electric / telephone lines </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pit filling <ul><li>Pit filling should be completed when the pit is dry i.e. by end of May. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep ready the fertilizer, pesticides ready </li></ul><ul><li>Dust pesticides before filling </li></ul><ul><li>Fill pit layer by layer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At bottom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15 cm of dry leaves + layer of top soil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 cm layer of green leaves and small twigs + layer of top soil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>second layer of 25 cm consisting of mixture of soil (excavated from the upper layers of the pit) and FYM or dried dung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>followed by a layer of 45 cm consisting of mixture of soil. Bone Meal and Neem Cake. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A small heap of 30 cm should be made on the top </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insert one wooden peg at center </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Selection of Grafts <ul><li>Procured from genuine source </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy, sturdy graft </li></ul><ul><li>At least one year old </li></ul><ul><li>Height 2 to 2.5 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Care should be taken during transportation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plantation of Grafts <ul><li>Before plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure no water stagnation in pit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pit should be filled above ground level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graft should be healthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grafts should be planted same day when it received </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Plantation of Grafts <ul><li>During plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dig out small pit and apply light irrigation (if possible / if needed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove plastic bag carefully by using sharp blade and without disturbing soil ball. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep graft in pit and add soil and press it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that no air in pit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep grafted portion one inch above ground level </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Plantation of Grafts <ul><li>After plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ H’ type staking should be given immediately. Irrigate the plant if no rains occurred (for more than 3 days) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Plantation of Forestry <ul><li>Time: End of June to first week of July after monsoon settled. Planting should be done in late afternoon or evening. Planting in morning period should be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>While planting teak stump / cutting care should be taken to plant it at slanting position and not vertical. </li></ul>
  11. 11. AFTERCARE:STAKING <ul><li>Why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To protect the graft from heavy rains and wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To ensure proper growth of grafts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. AFTERCARE:STAKING <ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect 4 ft. long sticks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give ‘H’ type staking to each graft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use only cotton thread or local material for tying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use nylon rope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use ‘8’ type knot during tying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance between two sticks should be maintained properly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strips should be straight and sound. It should not be inclined and thin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As far as possible use dry sticks (avoid fresh cuttings). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The staking should be done in the proper direction (East-West) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As the graft grows taller, height of the staking should be increased . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Technically staking should be done immediately after plantation.. </li></ul>
  13. 13. AFTERCARE: Basin Preparation <ul><li>Basin should be round </li></ul><ul><li>In month of october </li></ul><ul><li>Soil loosening every 15 days </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding regularly </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mulching <ul><li>After monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>Use agriculture waste material </li></ul><ul><li>Straw, leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Other material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastic sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stir material regularly </li></ul>
  15. 15. AFTERCARE: Shade for trees <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender leaves and shoots protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scorching avoided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects soil moisture by preventing heavy evaporation loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent cracking in soil, which in helps to reduce evaporation water loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cracks near the stock are not developed which reduces evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps soil cool/soil temperature is maintained. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. AFTERCARE: Shade for trees <ul><li>Care should be taken </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height of the sticks should be more than grafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>top is thatched with Grasses or leaves or Gunny sheet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom of the sticks are to be painted with tar paint before fixing it into the soil. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. AFTERCARE: Removal of offshoots <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With the secateur unwanted branches are removed. Spray of Disinfectant lie Bavistin, copper oxichlosile is to be sprayed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In first year below the joint and from second year upto 1 mt. from the ground level to develop spherical shape or umbrella shape of the tree. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Removal of offshoots <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One can develop spherical shape canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong branches can be developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More flowering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More fruit setting and yield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy fruits can be obtained </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Live hedge Fencing <ul><li>The fencing should be done for whole WADI plots instead of individual tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Material used for dry fencing: Dry branches of Karvand, Ber, sadada, bamboo, nirgudi, karvi and other thorny material available in the area </li></ul>
  20. 20. Fencing <ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Dry fencing should be done after pit digging in month of May </li></ul><ul><li>Live hedge fencing should be done in June to July (onset of monsoon). Species belong to cactus family and Sagargota should be planted in May. </li></ul><ul><li>The live hedge could be planted in two or three strips and it should be in zigzag pattern. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Inter cropping pattern <ul><li>Kharif (Cereals): Dwarf varieties of finger millet, (Heavy feeder like maize should be avoided) </li></ul><ul><li>Legumes kharif: Green gram, Black gram, Matki, Kulthi </li></ul><ul><li>Rabi: Chickpea, Peas, Masur, Bitter beans </li></ul><ul><li>Oil seeds kharif: Soybean, Groundnut </li></ul><ul><li>Rabi: Safflower </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable kharif: Tomato, Brinjal, Chilies, Onion, Spinach </li></ul><ul><li>Rabi: Fenugreek, Spinach, tomato, Brinjal, Chilies, Onion </li></ul><ul><li>shade loving plants (carrot, turmeric, sweet potato, medicinal plants) should be planted after 7 to 8 years </li></ul>
  22. 22. Inter crops in horticulture plantation <ul><li>Due considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper combinations of fruit trees and improved dwarf varieties of cereals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper combination of fruit trees and improved varieties of Legumes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper combination of fruit trees and imp-varieties of vegetables. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of diversity (more species) and complexity (multiple functions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage cropping patterns diversified in root structure, which will explore different soil strata. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It should fulfill nutritional needs of the family throughout the year and manage crops accordingly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High yielding improved varieties should be used. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cropping pattern should be useful to protect soil from erosion (by wind or water), heat and toxic substances and supply of organic matter to soil life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination should have symbiotic activity. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Aftercare for Forestry <ul><li>Weeding whenever weeds are they, must be removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthing up and basin preparation is essential. </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation on trench-cum-bunds will have fast growth. </li></ul><ul><li>15 to 20 Gram DAP applications in the month of August. </li></ul><ul><li>In second year weeding in August and October is essential due to which maximum nutrition supply will be provided to the forest plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning of unwanted branches is beneficial, so that plant nutrients will be diverted to plants, will receive sunlight and growth will be fast . </li></ul><ul><li>Watering at early stage is equally important to enhance the Growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from trace passers and animals. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Watering Development stage (Growth stage) which is of 2-3 years, watering should be given as indicated below Every time two buckets of water (30 liters) should be given, proper size of basin is essential for this. It should be in proportion with canopy of the plant Two times in a month One time in a month If required Third year Two times fortnightly One time fortnightly If required Second year Two times in a week One time in a week If required First year Summer Season Winter Season Rainy Season Year
  25. 25. Watering <ul><li>Benefits of watering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients are supplied to all part of the plants. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced fruit drops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruit in size and weight increases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits become healthy and weight of fruits increased. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. SOIL CONSERVATION WADI <ul><li>Presently 2 activities of soil conservation have been identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trench cum bund for slopes less than 10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trench and platform for slopes more tan 10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other conservation activities may be done area specific. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Pest Control <ul><li>Integrated Pest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Use of organic pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum use of chemicals </li></ul>

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