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Nervous System

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  1. 1. Nervous System Suffixes and Examples
  2. 2. Nervous System <ul><li>Responsible for coordinating all the activity of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Receives information from external and internal sensory receptors </li></ul><ul><li>Uses information to adjust the activity of muscles and glands to match the needs of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivided into the Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nervous System <ul><li>Central Nervous System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal Cord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peripheral Nervous System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranial Nerves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal Nerves </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. - phasia <ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Speech </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aphasia <ul><li>Acquired language disorder in which there is an impairment of any language modality </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest total impairment of language </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesions to language relevant areas (i.e. Broca’s area, Wernicke’s area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage can be caused by: Brain tumor, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s Traumatic Brain Injury, Epilepsy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are many different types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Global Aphasia- severe communication abilities, extremely limited in speaking and comprehending language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment: No treatment proven to be effective for all types of aphasia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Language Relevant Areas
  7. 7. Dysphasia <ul><li>Patient experiences an impairment of the power of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the Left area of the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Stroke, Head Injury, Infection, Inflammation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. - plegia <ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Paralysis </li></ul>
  9. 9. Monoplegia <ul><li>A symptom not a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis of a single limb </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain tumor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve damage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on the underlying cause </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Quadriplegia <ul><li>Also known as Tetreplegia </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis of all limbs and torso </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to Cervical Vertebrae </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of functionality of limbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of functionality of torso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss or No control in bowel and bladder, sexual function, digestion, breathing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive Rehabilitation (though patient will only gain very little movement back) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Quadriplegia <ul><li>Christopher Reeve </li></ul><ul><li>Became Quadriplegic after a horse riding accident </li></ul><ul><li>Regained slight movement are intensive therapy and rewiring nerve connections </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Medical Terminology: A Living Language </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>