Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Presentation12

376 views

Published on

Nervous System

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Presentation12

  1. 1. Nervous System Suffixes and Examples
  2. 2. Nervous System <ul><li>Responsible for coordinating all the activity of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Receives information from external and internal sensory receptors </li></ul><ul><li>Uses information to adjust the activity of muscles and glands to match the needs of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivided into the Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nervous System <ul><li>Central Nervous System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal Cord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peripheral Nervous System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranial Nerves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal Nerves </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. - phasia <ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Speech </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aphasia <ul><li>Acquired language disorder in which there is an impairment of any language modality </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest total impairment of language </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesions to language relevant areas (i.e. Broca’s area, Wernicke’s area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage can be caused by: Brain tumor, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s Traumatic Brain Injury, Epilepsy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are many different types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Global Aphasia- severe communication abilities, extremely limited in speaking and comprehending language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment: No treatment proven to be effective for all types of aphasia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Language Relevant Areas
  7. 7. Dysphasia <ul><li>Patient experiences an impairment of the power of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the Left area of the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Stroke, Head Injury, Infection, Inflammation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. - plegia <ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Paralysis </li></ul>
  9. 9. Monoplegia <ul><li>A symptom not a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis of a single limb </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain tumor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve damage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on the underlying cause </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Quadriplegia <ul><li>Also known as Tetreplegia </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis of all limbs and torso </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to Cervical Vertebrae </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of functionality of limbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of functionality of torso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss or No control in bowel and bladder, sexual function, digestion, breathing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive Rehabilitation (though patient will only gain very little movement back) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Quadriplegia <ul><li>Christopher Reeve </li></ul><ul><li>Became Quadriplegic after a horse riding accident </li></ul><ul><li>Regained slight movement are intensive therapy and rewiring nerve connections </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Medical Terminology: A Living Language </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aphasia#Causes </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ayushveda.com/healthcare/dysphasia.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monoplegia </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/symptoms/monoplegia/treatments.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadriplegia#Causes </li></ul>

×