Michel Peters, NLR


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Vision, innovation, research, sustainable business and the impact on education in 2020

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  • creating changes in processes, products etc innovation is only valid when it has reached the market. Society needs people who are able to do this in a complex context In this presentation I will show you that the Aeronautics sector does have a vision and is working on a new vision for 2050 The challenges we see in aviation and aerospace will certainly have great impact on the requirements for education
  • In this presentation I will address briefly NLR. Then the European Vision on aeronautics followed by the NL vsion recently laid down in the KIAL (KIA Luchtvaart) Finally I will address the key impact on the educational system to be able to meet the goals laid down in these vision documents
  • NLR is the key center for aerospace expertise in the Netherlands, pursuing the following objectives: To support and enhance the innovational and decision-making capabilities of government and industry To develop and apply high-grade technology
  • NLR is located in Amsterdam and Flevoland. Approx. 680 employees are working at both sites. (51 % academici, 27 % HBO)
  • NLR is market oriented. Briefly mentioning major stakeholders
  • NLR operates a variety of facilities for verification and validation, from simulation to testing.
  • I want to be clear. The aerospace market would not work without a proper vision.
  • Mention briefly the flow: from vision to implementation steps as conducted in the FP7 projects. The Strategic Research Agenda sets the topics to be covered by the workprogramme and the associated projects.
  • The vision has 2 pillars: society needs and global leadership. This can only be achieved by working together (collaboration)
  • the vision guides the needs to be worked on later
  • From Vision 2020 to SRA-1 Then SRA-2 with High Level Target Concepts
  • And Clean Sky as an example of a SUPRA project, (1.6 billion, 800 million grant and 800 million own money of industry). The ultimate research challenge with a focus on Greening the Air Transport of the future. Where are we now? NLR is active in a number of Integrated Technology Development Platforms
  • there is a clear distinction between pre-competitive Research and Technology Development and Industrial Product development. The EC funds part of the RTD. Note that this takes many years! See also the position of universities, Research Establishments and INdustry. In the projects they all work together thus creating an environment for collaboration at various levels. Possibly explain the TRL concept, was also shown on slide 6
  • NL has a tradition and a track record
  • the NL approach contains a need from the government a government policy document a co-operation of sector partners to deliver a KIAL that will have to resulat in some sort of innovation plan or programme. Note that the current government is not able to accept and implement this policy until a new gov’t has been installed. It is a unique historic event, so many organisations in NL working together.
  • discuss only sustainable, seamless and synergy Spin off means bringing the innovations to the market, using government support
  • So given all these visions and plans, how to they impact the education system?
  • Everything is connected, also in AIr Transport. As seen before in seamless, many improvements are expected by improving the interfaces between the system elements. Think of CDM. That requires understanding of each other’s systems, protocols and habits. By nature systems tend to grow more complex, and it is a real challenge to be able to create oversight, as well as insight.
  • traditionally domains were not overlapping
  • In the future people need to be able to cross domain borders to nurture the interface
  • In the past disciplines were aiming mostly at technology. 30% Math, physics and natural sciences 30% Technical/engineering basics 20% interdisciplinary qualification 20% applied engineering and its methodology In the future we will need a better understanding of the context.
  • Each type of organisation has its place in the RTD chain. Minimise overlap or competition. Some form of control or harmonisation will be needed to avoid overlap, and to make our system efficient
  • ACARE is Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE) whose aim is to develop and maintain a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for aeronautics in Europe. The new vision will also impact eduction. We need good people, with the right skills for the future. That is more than technology!
  • Analogy between EU en NL approach NL approach has to create a level playing field.
  • Michel Peters, NLR

    1. 1. “ Aerospace education 2020” Vision, innovation, research, sustainable business and the impact o n education in 2020 ir. Michel Peters General Director NLR
    2. 2. Innovation and Education Questions to be answered <ul><li>What is innovation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creating changes.... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... commercialisation of inventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... impact on society and/or business </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>preparing the people that have to do this... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are Visions that show why innovations are needed in Aviation and Aerospace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the challenges we face.... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the changes to be undertaken... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Research Agendas recommend solutions... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now how can we make it happen? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which knowledge and skills do students need to develop? </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Content <ul><li>Introduction National Aerospace Laboratory NLR </li></ul><ul><li>Aeronautics in Europe : no business without vision </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands Aviation and Aerospace </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and Innovation Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Education </li></ul>
    4. 4. Introduction National Aerospace Laboratory NLR
    5. 5. Mission <ul><li>As the innovation center for aerospace expertise in the Netherlands, NLR pursues the following objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To support and enhance the innovational and decision-making capabilities of government and industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To develop and apply high-grade technology </li></ul></ul>Research Centres Universities R&TD Projects Perimeter and Interaction TRL 1 TRL 2 TRL 3 TRL 4 TRL 5 TRL 6 TRL 7 TRL 8 TRL 9 Research and technology acquisition Fundamental knowledge Demonstrators Technology feasibility Technology validation Industry Industry Industry Product development
    6. 6. Where is NLR? The Netherlands <ul><li>Not for profit foundation </li></ul><ul><li>approx. 700 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Turnover M€79 (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 9001:2008, 14001 </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 50% academic degree </li></ul>N L R - A m s t e r d a m N L R - F l e v o l a n d
    7. 7. Market orientation NLR stakeholders including clients Civil Aviation (20%) <ul><li>NL Ministry of Transport </li></ul><ul><li>ANSPs (LVNL) </li></ul><ul><li>Airports & Airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Eurocontrol </li></ul><ul><li>Air Transport related Industry </li></ul>Aeronautics Industry (37%) <ul><li>Ministry of Economic Affairs & Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Aeronautics Industry </li></ul><ul><li>MRO & Logistics Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Training & ICT Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Small/Medium Enterprises (SMEs) </li></ul>Defence – Government (36%) <ul><li>Ministry of Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Operational Commands </li></ul><ul><li>Military Aviation Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Defence Materiel Organisation </li></ul>Space (7%) <ul><li>Ministry of Economic Affairs / Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Science & Education </li></ul><ul><li>(Inter-) National Space Industry </li></ul><ul><li>ESA/ESTEC </li></ul>
    8. 8. Some NLR Research facilities Laboratory aircraft Testing facilities Simulators Wind tunnels
    9. 9. Aeronautics and Air Transport in Europe “There’s no (sustainable) business without a vision”
    10. 10. From Vision through R&TD to products The European way Vision 2020 Strategic Research Agenda SRA-2 Workprogramme R&TD projects
    11. 11. “ European Aeronautics: A Vision for 2020” <ul><li>Air Transport and Aeronautics - Key Assets for the Future of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>A Vision for European Aeronautics in 2020 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responding to society’s needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Securing global leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing supportive public policy and regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying the research agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward: Creating Partnership for Research and Innovation </li></ul>Contents
    12. 12. Goals for the European Aeronautics Industry <ul><li>Meeting Society’s Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality and affordability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety (5 fold reduction in accident rate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment (50% reduction in CO 2 per PassKm and 50% reduction of Perceived Noise) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Air Transport System Capacity (3 fold increase in airspace and airport capacity in all-weather conditions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Winning Global Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Industrial Cooperation Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved national/civil/military research cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved analytical, design, manufacturing and maintenance tools methods and processes to halve “Time to Market” </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. European Aeronautical Strategic Research Agenda ACARE October 2002 : The Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) 5 Challenges <ul><li>Vision 2020 (January 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>To meet Society’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve global leadership for Europe </li></ul>October 2004 : The SRA 2 High level Target Concepts Highly Customer oriented ATS 22 nd Century <ul><li>80% cut in NOx emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Halving perceived aircraft noise </li></ul><ul><li>50% cut in CO 2 emissions per pass-Km by drastic fuel consumption reduction </li></ul><ul><li>A green design, manufacturing, maintenance and disposal product life cycle </li></ul>Quality and Affordability Environment Safety Air Transport System Efficiency Security Very Low Cost ATS Ultra Green ATS Highly time-efficient ATS Ultra Secure ATS
    15. 15. SESAR: Comparison Europe and US Study : EUROCONTROL 2003 900 movements per controller $380 ATM cost / flight 480 movements per controller $667 ATM cost / flight Europe ATM airspace: 10,5 mio. km² 47 ATC-organisations (civil + mil.) 58 en-route centre 22 operating systems ATM airspace: 9,8 mio. km² USA 1 ATC-organisations (civil + mil.) 21 en-route centre 1 operating systems
    16. 16. EU Joint Technology Initiative Clean Sky Green Rotorcraft Green Engines SMART Wing Aircraft Systems for Green Operation Eco-Design Regional Air Transport Technology Evaluator Simulator Platform AC, ATM, AP (flight segment)
    17. 17. Research / Technology and Product Development in Aeronautics Research Centres Universities Product development Research and Technology Acquisition EU Framework Programme Product definition Technology Validation Demonstrators Prototypes Product design and development Fundamental knowledge Technology Development Production years -10 -5 0 +5 Product demonstration Level 1 (max 4 M€ EU funding) Level 2 (6-40 M€ EU funding) L3 Joint Technology Initiative 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 6 Technology Readiness Levels Industry
    18. 18. Knowledge and Innovation Agenda (KIAL) of the Dutch Aviation and Aeronautics sector
    19. 19. Key Aviation and Aeronautics assets in the Netherlands <ul><ul><li>Air France KLM largest European Airline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>leads Dow Jones sustainability index airline sector for fifth consecutive year in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schiphol strong in connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd main hub Air France - KLM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch innovations on the Airbus A380 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GLARE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thermoplastic wing elements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wiring Systems </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Government asks for Knowledge and Innovation Agenda Luchtvaart ( KIAL ) <ul><li>Conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Netherlands should be easy accessible by air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive to governmental policy goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better use of innovation potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good dialog between government, companies and research establishments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster time-to-market of knowledge and innovation </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. From Vision through R&TD to products The Netherlands way Objectives Themes Projects Knowledge and Innovation Agenda Aviation and Aeronautics Proposed NL policy on Air Transport A historic step
    22. 22. Ambitions in Four Lines of Action Strengthen sustainable technology position Ensure seamless connections Create value by marketing innovations Stronger by cooperation <ul><li>Ambitions 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>- Higher contribution to GNP </li></ul><ul><li>- New export value </li></ul><ul><li>- Optimal accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>More economic spin-off </li></ul><ul><li>Less environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>and noise </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions to peace, </li></ul><ul><li>security and rescue missions </li></ul><ul><li>Ambitions 2040 </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands aviation climate neutral </li></ul>
    23. 23. (Some) KIA themes Innovative gates Flying demonstrator More Electric Aircraft Duurzaam onderhoud composiet reparaties Alternate fuels Civil-military airspace integration
    24. 24. Impact on education
    25. 25. Aviation and Aeronautics in a complex system with multi-modal interfaces Ticketing System Airport System MRO System Aircraft System Air Transport System, including Regulation, Certification and Inspection Military Aircraft System Fuel distribution System ATC System Command and Control System Airbase System Air Vehicle System MRO System Aircraft Development System Defence system Transport system Supply Chain System, including Regulation, Certification and Inspection Airport System Operations Industry Road System Rail System Water System Education and training of Human Resources
    26. 26. Traditional profesional Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge
    27. 27. T-shaped profesional, systems of systems System Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge
    28. 28. The complex Air Transport System as the context for the innovation challenges for the Engineer of the future <ul><li>“ Past” Profile </li></ul><ul><li>(Mono) disciplines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerodynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials and Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments and Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aero-Elastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aircraft Design </li></ul><ul><li>Future Profile </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Physics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propulsion Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATM, Avionics, Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Factors, Training, Psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airworthiness, Regulation, Certification, Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil and Military Aircraft Ops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society and Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total Air Transport System Design </li></ul>
    29. 29. But there is more than technology only! Become synergetic <ul><li>Become a highly synergetic thinker to create Sustainable and Seamless aviation! </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-national and multi-cultural co-operation capability </li></ul><ul><li>become highly communicative </li></ul><ul><li>to become a sustainable and seamless actor! </li></ul>
    30. 30. Life-long learning requires co-operation between Unis, REs, Industry, Operators and Authorities Unis Airport Regulation, Certification and Inspection M R O Aircraft Engine Industry Systems M R O ATM Systems Industry Aircraft Operators ANSPs REs Universities and REs should complement
    31. 31. Vision in Europe ACARE Vision 2020 >> 2050 <ul><li>SRA-1 already stated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Europe needs an e ducational system capable of delivering the required diverse and multi-cultural skilled research workforce”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACARE starts preparing an update of its vision 2020 > 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeronautics and Air Transport represented 1.9% of the jobs in Europe in 2000, which is expected to grow by up to 3.8 million jobs in 2020. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact on people and eduction? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeronautics has always been inspirational and has attracted engineers and technicians with the creativity and innovation needed for technological progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ job as a mission” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People recognise aerospace as one of the major drivers of the high-skill levels in society </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Concluding remarks From Vision through R&TD to products Proposed NL policy on Air Transport Vision 2020 Strategic Research Agenda SRA-2 Workprogramme R&TD projects Objectives Programme Projects Knowledge and Innovation Agenda Aviation and Aeronautics
    33. 33. Concluding remarks <ul><li>EU and NL have a clear vision on the future of aviation and aeronautics </li></ul><ul><li>Major challenges are in making it sustainable “green” and seamless “efficient” </li></ul><ul><li>National and international co-operation are key to achieve the goals </li></ul><ul><li>Education is essential to achieve these challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>understand the Air Transport System as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combine it with deep disciplinary or design knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop excellent communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stimulate “job as a mission” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>long-life learning, self-directed or autonomous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in close co-operation with partners </li></ul></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Questions ???? Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 2050