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Creative and critical thinking


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A job aid created to help a brand new teacher teach creative and critical thinking skills.

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Creative and critical thinking

  1. 1. Kevin Averill 5/12/14 MED 560 Dr. Rich Merlo
  2. 2. Congratulations on you New Job!  The following pages are certain strategies that I like to use in my class that will help develop the students creative and critical thinking skills. Enjoy!
  3. 3. What is Creative Thinking?  The ability to create new items and modernize concepts (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, n.d.)  There is two types of creative thinking, there is the redesigning of patterns, “Big C” and the innovation of manifests itself in our daily rituals (Csikszentmihalyi, M. 1996).
  4. 4. Developing Creativity in our Students  Use Ice Breakers  Encourage taking Risks  Incorporate the use of Technology  Initiate ideas for Class Activities/Assignments  Personally identify with your Students  Encourage Questioning
  5. 5. Ice Breakers  At the beginning of class have an ice breaker that will challenge them and enforce the theory of “Thinking Outside the Box”. This will get their brains functioning at a level that will initiate learning.
  6. 6. Encourage taking Risks  Many of our students are too hesitant to going out of their comfort zone. As educators for them we need to motivate them in a way that they have confidence in taking chances.
  7. 7. Incorporate the use of Technology  There is so much technology being created that we need to take advantage of all the resources available for our students. Our students know more about the technological world than most us. Push them to use their knowledge in an appropriate and sufficient manner for school assignments.
  8. 8. Initiate Ideas for Class Activities/Assignments  Give the students some ideas you want to go over for the school year. Have them create guidelines and instructions that they would have to follow. Empowering the students will give them a sense of responsibility in which will make them more involved in the class.
  9. 9. Personally identify with Students  Identify the students preferences, interests, and goals in life. Once you know what they like, push them to become more educated in that certain domain.
  10. 10. Encourage Questioning  Inspire students to introduce different ideas and questioning, in which will spur deeper thought from the students in the classroom.
  11. 11. What is Critical Thinking?  To be critically thinking, it needs to be self- directed, disciplined, monitored, and corrective thinking. It assumes approval of precise standards of quality and thoughtful understanding of their use (Paul, R., 2008).  In other words, critically thinking, it is to have the understanding of the topic or subject at hand, to make well-educated and specified responses.
  12. 12. Development of Critical Thinking  Challenge their Thoughts  Use of Group Work  Discuss Current Events  Have the students Research  Open-ended Questions  Individual Reflection
  13. 13. Challenge their Knowledge  Create a foundation of knowledge through each chapter that is presented. Once, they show an understanding of the material, challenge them to think deeper by giving them tougher questions that initiate well-thought out answers.
  14. 14. Use of Group Work  Have students work in groups; it helps them become understanding of other’s thoughts and ideas. They will be able to help their group members comprehend the material and vice versa. The collaboration the students do will bring out ideas they would not think of, if they were to be working individually
  15. 15. Discuss Current Events  Having discussions about the current events challenges the students to be more educated about what our country or the world is doing. We can use the multiple media outlets to find topics to discuss that relate to our subject at hand.
  16. 16. Have the students Research  By making the students do research about a topic, will get them to really think about what they have learned and put it into words to show their understanding. If we limit the use of multiple choice answers, we can establish a skill of critically thinking that they will use throughout life.
  17. 17. Open End Questions  Kids today are always looking for the quickest and easiest way to get through life. With that said, they want to be able to just get away with answer with a “yes, no, maybe or I do no know”, however, will us forcing our students to go into detail, will create critical thinking.
  18. 18. Individual Reflection  The students will be required to write a summary about the assignment that was submitted, stating what they gained from completing it, what specific challenges they faced and how they overcame them, and how they would improve the assignment.
  19. 19. References Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY: Harper Collins Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (n.d.). Creativity. Retrieved from Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2008). The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts and tools. Foundation of Critical Thinking Press.