Politics and elections_of_the_civil_war (1)


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Politics and elections_of_the_civil_war (1)

  1. 1. Politics and Elections Of the Civil War
  2. 2. Election of 1848 <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis Cass </li></ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>Zachary Taylor </li></ul>
  3. 3. Election of 1848 <ul><li>Slavery was a touchy topic - the Democrats were silent about it except for Lewis Cass. He developed the idea of popular sovereignty, or the idea that the people in a territory should themselves determine if slavery is legal or not there. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, the Whigs avoided the troublesome issue of slavery, instead focusing their campaign on Zachary Taylor's personal qualities.  Taylor, partly due to his wartime popularity, won the presidential election in both popular and electoral votes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. However . . . <ul><li>The election of 1848 did give birth to one political party, the Free Soil Party in the the North. They would not be silent about their issue of slavery -- they were completely against slavery in the new territories, some even condemning all slavery on moral levels. They nominated former president Martin Van Buren for the 1848 election, and managed to get nearly 300,000 popular votes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leaders of their Parties <ul><li>By 1850, the Union was becoming more split. Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Daniel Webster were all powerful speakers for compromise and preserving the Union. Henry Clay and Daniel Webster were Whigs, and John C. Calhoun was a Democrat. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The &quot;Great Compromiser.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke for compromise in response to Southern threats of secession. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Leaders of their Parties <ul><li>John C. Calhoun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrat, the &quot;Great Nullifier.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to restore the previous North/South balance, and wanted to leave slavery alone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Died in 1850. Wanted to preserve the Union. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daniel Webster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also argued for compromise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the South, stricter fugitive slave laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the North, he thought God had already passed the Wilmot Proviso, because a plantation economy wouldn't be profitable int he arid regions of the Mexican Cession. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Republican Party <ul><li>In the 1850s, events like the stricter Fugitive Slave Law and release of Uncle Tom's Cabin turned many moderate Northerners into fierce abolitionists.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Republican Party sprang up in the Midwest as a moral outcry against slavery. It was a hodgepodge of parties, including disgruntled Whigs, Know-Nothings, and Free Soilers. The most important thing -- it was a purely sectional party, and wasn't allowed south of the Mason-Dixon line. The Union was more divided than ever. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Election of 1864 <ul><li>Fast forward 8 years -- Lincoln, a Republican, was already elected President, and America was in the midst of a civil war.  </li></ul><ul><li>However, not all Americans supported Lincoln. Peace Democrats didn't support him, as well as more extreme Copperheads, who were against the draft, Lincoln, and Emancipation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Election of 1864 <ul><li>In response, the Republican Party joined the War Democrats that supported Lincoln and formed the Union party. </li></ul><ul><li>At first, things were bad for   Lincoln, but recent Union victories before the election pushed things in his favor. Plus, he sent Northern soldiers back to vote and pulled a solid victory, 212 electoral votes to 21. </li></ul>