New Jersey Plan Virginia Plan • Wanted equal • Wanted representation representation in in Senate. Congress based • Benefitted them on population. because they • Benefitted them because they had had a smaller a larger population. population
There would be two houses of Congress – the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives would be based on population, whereas there would be equal representation for each state in
• Argued that if SouthNorth slaves don’t have • Argued that slaves rights, they were technically shouldn’t count as part of the representation in population, so they Congress. should be counted as such in the • Didn’t want the House. south to have too much power in the • Wanted more House of representation in Representatives. the House of Representatives.
Slaves would count as 3/5ths of people for population in the House of Representatives. The North and South had to compromise. The country was new and fragile, so the leaders didn’t want to risk arguments that would split the country.
• Wanted a high SouthNorth Tariff to protect • Wanted a low tariff. their goods. Since Because they the North’s didn’t manufacture economy was and mainly dependent on exported manufacturing and cotton, they relied people buying their on outside goods goods, a high tariff for their living. helped their economy.
Not really ever a solution? Tariff rates changed often and were the source of many conflicts and arguments. The low Tariff of 1857 angered Northerners, who thought it was the cause of the panic of 1857. This caused further separation between North and South.
• Northerners SouthNorth wanted California • Southerners admitted as a free wanted stricter state, even if it fugitive slave laws offset the balance to keep slaves of free vs. slave from fleeing. In states in the Union. addition, they wanted more land open to slavery by Manifest Destiny
The South got stricter fugitive slave laws, and the rest of the Mexican Cession land would be open to popular sovereignty. The North got California admitted as a free state, and the slave trade was abolished in DC. However, the stricter fugitive slave laws upset the North. The unfair punishments on slaves made moderate Northerners
1857• Bloodshed was impending. The United States were on the brink of a Civil War. In a desperate attempt to stop war, Senator John Jordan Crittenden of Kentucky proposed amendments to the Constitution.• These Crittenden amendments were proposed to please the South. Slavery was to be prohibited in territories north of the 36’ 30’ line and was to be federally protected south of the line.
Lincoln flat out rejected the Crittenden amendments. With that, hope of compromise was ended, and the nation was headed to civil war.
In Conclusion . . . American Compromises, at first, were relatively successful in pleasing bothparties. Later on, the compromises ended up creating more tension and hatredbetween the North and South, to the point where compromise could no longer do a thing.