ColombianIndependence• The independence day is one of the most important dates in the Colombian history.• It is when people from New Granada decided to set free from the Spanish domination.• Simon Bolivar and other patriots guided battles for independence.• July 20, 1810 was the date of Independence.
The War of aThousand Days• This Civil War was one the one with the most lack of military strategies, armament and professional preparation.• The governmental army and the rebel troops didnt have any military strategies.• They centred themselves geographically in Santander but also expanded to other places.• More than 80,000 people died, of a total population of 4 million.
Causes of conflict• The violence does not revolve around a single clearly defined issue.• It is instead related to various dynamics and different historical events in Colombia.• There are frequent changes in territorial control.
GovernmentConflict.• Ruling power has been shared between two political parties.• The Conservatives (Partido Conservador Colombiano, or PCC)• The Liberals (Partido Liberal Colombiano, or PL)• Throughout the twentieth century, there was intense rivalry between these parties.• This was fuelled by social and economic inequality, and often led to violence.
Conflict over Land• The origin of the armed conflict in Colombia goes back to 1920• There were huge disputes over the Sumapaz and Tequendama regions.• Peasants fought over ownership of coffee lands.• The liberals and conservative parties to take sides in the conflict, worsening it.
Greed• The Latin American country has long been the leading supplier of high quality coffee beans.• There is a lot of greed and conflict due to the amount of wealth coffee brings to Colombia.• There is conflict over land ownership and from agricultural farmers.
The FARC - Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) • A Colombian Marxist– Leninist revolutionary guerrilla organization involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict since 1964. • They are a peasant army. • They have a political platform (aims) of agrarianism and anti- imperialism inspired by Bolivarianism.Map of FARC Conflict zones
FARC • The operations of the FARC are funded by kidnap to ransom, gold mining, and the production and distribution of illegal drugs. • The strength of the FARC forces is indeterminate. • 20-30% of the recruits are• In 2012 - released the last 10 minors, most of them are soldiers and police officers forced to join the FARC. they kept as prisoners • In 1964, the FARC were established as the military• but it has kept silent about wing of the Colombian the status of hundreds of Communist Party civilians still reported as • FARC video hostages
Effects• Dozens of Colombian peasant farmers have fled to Ecuador to avoid getting caught in the middle of the armed conflict• This is giving rise to increasingly larger shantytowns along the Ecuadorian side of the San Miguel River, which divides the two countries.
Effects• Armed clashes in rural areas are putting local communities in constant danger.• violations of international humanitarian law.• murder of and attacks on people, forced disappearances, sexual violence, hostage-taking; forced recruitment, physical or psychological abuse; and forced displacement.
Health Effects• 25% of the population shows symptoms of mental disorders• Among displaced people (of whom Colombia has the highest number in the world) this rises to 75%.• Significant incidences of alcoholism, drug abuse and suicides are also noted.• Survivors in Colombia have higher rates of cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes, gastritis and ulcers, and headaches, backaches etc. because of severe stress.