A presentation illustrating the various forms of Autism that appear at different ages
The full version of the book can be found at http://www.amazon.com/Early-Autism-Toddlers-Infants-Babies-ebook/dp/B00I5ETPWM/
Comorbid – meaning morbid meaning “relating to disease” and the prefix “co-” meaning more than one
Spotting signs of autism
From Birth through KindergartenThis presentation is brought to you by Leslie Burby ofAutism Parenting Magazine. More Information can beFound at www.AutismParentingMagazine.com
Loses abilities that once had Can’t walk Delayed Speech Doesn’t make eye contact
The Autism and Developmental DisabilitiesMonitoring (ADDM) Network Most not diagnosed until after age 4 Asperger’s the median diagnosed age is 6 Parent’s notice a developmental delay by 6monthshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html
Your baby slept through the night?You are so lucky. Was I? Babies are supposedto wake when hungry.
I mean not being able to get a baby todrink from a bottle or having a babywith such low muscle tone that theydon’t even have enough facial musclesto suck formula without half thecontents running down their chin.
Cognition (thinking, problem-solving, etc) Motor Coordination (gross/fine) Social Interaction (initiating peer contact) Adaptive (dressing, eating, washing)Please note that having a developmental delay in one ora few categories DOES NOT make a child autistic. Thereneeds to be a combination of several delays and sensoryissues to warrant a series of tests for a diagnosis.
By age oneGross Motorsits without supportcrawlspulls self to standing positionand stands unaidedwalks with aidrolls a ball in imitation ofadultFine Motorreaches, grasps, puts object inmouthpicks things up with pincergrasp (thumb and one finger)transfers object from onehand to the otherdrops and picks up toy
Between ages one and two Gross Motor walks alone walks backwards picks up toys from floor without falling pulls toys, pushes toys seats self in child size chair walks up and down stairs with hand held moves to music Fine Motor builds tower of three small blocks puts four rings on stick places five pegs in pegboard turns pages two or three at a time scribbles turns knobs throws small ball paints with whole arm movement, shifts hands, makes strokes
Not placing feet on floor Using feet against hard surface
By Age One By Age Two Recognizes name Says 2-3 words Imitates familiarwords Understands simpleinstructions Recognizes words assymbols for objects(car: garage) Understands “NO” Uses 10-20 words Combines two words Waves good-bye Plays pat-a-cake Makes animal sounds Points to body parts Uses words like“more”
More than just 5 senses!3 Less Known Senses:1. Vestibular-feeling ofbalance, movement andposition in space2. Proprioceptive – bodyawareness and posture3. Interoceptive – internalbody and organ perception andregulation No need for a playpen – mydaughter wouldn’t leave ablanket for fear of touchingthe prickly grass.
Hypo= less sensitiveHyposensitive Vestibular Dysfunction Craves fast, spinning, and/or intense movementexperiences Loves being tossed in the air Could spin for hours and never appear to be dizzy Always spinning in a swivel chair/getting upsidedown positions Loves to swing as high as possible and for longperiods of time Is a "thrill-seeker"; dangerous at times Rocks body, shakes leg/s, or head while sitting Likes sudden or quick movements
Hyper = more sensitiveHypersensitivity to Oral Input – · Extremely picky eater (diet mainly ofmushy things) · Drinks must be a certain temp · Extremely picky about cups and feel ofnipples Never mouthed objects
As a toddler Mary… · Is constantly seeking thrill · · Loves to swing as high and fast as possible · Becomes distressed about having nails clippedor things in her hair · Likes to wear hats/hoods · Must have a hat/hood on to keep her hairfrom flapping against her head when jumpingor swinging · Hates the wind or anything that causes herhair to move · Has frequent temper tantrums that can last45 minutes · Has many mood swings · Becomes violent at times with herself (for noapparent reason will start hitting herself on thehead or head-banging things) · Needs to be wrestled down to have herdiaper changed · Likes to wear sunglasses · Does not stay asleep – very easily awaken · Is nearly impossible to get to sleep · Loves hugs...although they usually have to berequested or initiated by her · Likes to sit on different objects – will sit onbooks, boxes, cans, toys, etc. · Sucks two fingers upside-down to soothe self · Randomly throws herself onto the floor · Is extremely difficult to feed (she is a verypicky) · In constant motion – when sitting or excitedher legs and arms are constantly flailing · Bangs or hits her head –not just whenfrustrated · Purposefully sticks her fingers in the back ofher throat to initiate her gag-reflex · Seems very lazy –if anything is too heavy ortoo much work she gives up
Who to turn to National Dissemination Center for Children withDisabilities (NICHCY) at 1-800-695-0285 or visithttp://nichcy.org/ Birth to Three Program www.birth23.org Department of Developmental Services www.ct.gov/dds
National Dissemination Center forChildren with Disabilities (NICHCY) at 1-800-695-0285 or visit http://nichcy.org/Birth to Three Programwww.birth23.orgDepartment of Developmental Serviceswww.ct.gov/dds
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