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社群媒體與政策制定

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Translation of the "recommendations" section of prof. Michael Herz's work: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2371406

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社群媒體與政策制定

  1. 1. 爢纈㯯넓莅佟瘼ⵖ㹁 Using Social Media in Rulemaking: Possibilities and Barriers http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2371406 Michael Herz Arthur Kaplan Professor of Law Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law 55 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10003
  2. 2. Page 89-92 ˖ 劥眏⻽꧌侮⦐㜡デ涸䨾剤䒊陾倴♧贖⚛鯺僈ぐ䒊陾 ⴀ植涸갤焺ㄤ佅䴂鎣锸갤꬗ ˖ 䒊陾魨捀佟瘼ⵖ㹁麕玑涸♧鿈ⴕぐ㋲⡙䥰鑪㎲鑑 䒊用Ꟛ佞Ⱇ滞镪鑉鎣锸ㄤ⿮莅堥剚涸箁♳䎂〵罜 ꬌ〫僽䲿❜剅꬗䠑鋅䧭佟瘼ⵖ㹁⪔䘎ꏗ罜䊺 ˖ 䒊陾⢪欽莅暶㹁佟瘼ⵖ㹁湱ꡠ涸爢纈㯯넓⛓⵹ぐ ㋲⡙䥰⯓➫稣罌䣂悴㖈䧭劥ㄤ佐渤⚛暶ⴽ焷㹁⢪欽 爢纈㯯넓⛓䖕➮⦛劍劆麨䧭䙦垺涸佪卓
  3. 3. ˖ 爢纈㯯넓〳腋♶黠欽䧴搂渤倴厥❉佟瘼ⵖ㹁 ˖ 殹对㹁厥갪暶㹁涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁僽や⢪欽爢纈㯯넓儘 ぐ㋲⡙䥰鑪暖鎹⟃♴⾲⵱ ˖ ⚺銴嶍⿻岁䖒鍑ꅼ䪮遯濼陏㉏겗䧴猰㷸㼠Ꟁ涸佟瘼 ⵖ㹁〳腋♶黠欽鸒䌢歋爢纈㯯넓䨾欴欰涸⿾䥰䖎䊴 ˖ 湱⿾㖒殹湡涸僽䟝✫鍑「佟瘼䕧갠罏䧴Ⱇ滞㼩倴䨾 䲿ⴀ涸佟瘼涸溏岁䧴⿾䥰儘爢纈㯯넓僽䖎剤⭆⧩涸
  4. 4. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰⢪欽爢纈㯯넓⢵デ濼Ⱇ滞剤ꡠ㋲⡙涸崞⹛ ♧菛佟瘼ⵖ㹁麕玑ㄤⰨ넓涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁 ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰㼟♳鶤䨾䲿ⵌ涸鿈须鎝ㄤ劢⢵涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁 涮䋒荛笪畀♳⚛⚂⢪欽㢵珏倰䒭涮鷑鸒濼⟃䲿ꄁ 悴㖈涸⿮莅罏 ˖ 爢纈㯯넓䲿⣘✫刿剤佪涸倰岁⢵䒸㼩佟瘼ⵖ㹁剤莇 馱涸ꦡ䚍停纈⿮莅
  5. 5. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰涮㾝耢窄佟瘼鹎遤䭰糵涸㼩鑨䧴荛㼱䭰 糵鷆髠⦐➃㼩鑨⢵僈焷䭸䒸ꬌ姻䒭佟瘼ⵖ㹁涸爢纈 㯯넓銴㥶⡦⢪欽 ˖ 佟瘼ⵖ㹁堥ꡠ鸒濼䥰湬麨⦐➃ㄤ穉籽Ⰽ罏僈焷⚛Ⱘ 넓涸䲾鶤剤ꡠ亼陾涸佟瘼㼟〳腋剚㥶⡦䕧갠湡垦涸 ⿮莅罏⚛⺫䭍湱ꡠ堥ⵖㄤⰗ滞⿮莅⭆⧩涸稣眏
  6. 6. ˖ 荛㼱剤ꡠ佟瘼ⵖ㹁涸堥ꡠ鸒濼䥰秝Ⰵ窡♧盘ⵖ劍玑 6OJFE3FHVMBUPSZHFOEB窡♧盘ⵖ劍玑涸 ⟤⡦갪湡涸⸈Ⰵ䧴隶⹛䥰鍸涮爢纈㯯넓涮鷑鸒濼 ˖ 盘ⵖ劍玑䥰䭰糵刿倞䧴荛㼱嫦剢刿倞
  7. 7. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰罌䣂㖈佟瘼ⵖ㹁⵹劍䧴佟瘼涮㾝玑䎸儘⢪欽爢纈㯯넓 ˖ ✫鍑湡⵹涸朜屣 ˖ 佐꧌ⴕ侕涸濼陏 ˖ 涮植㉏겗 ˖ 捀✫䲿넞Ⱇ滞顀桐涸颶ㄤꆀぐ㋲⡙䥰捀✫鸏❉湡垦⟃Ⱖ剓㣐ꣳ 䏞鑑㕮䲀⹛Ⱇ滞⿮莅ꆂ幢㸐姻㖈㼦宠涸须鎝ꡪ僈Ⱇ滞䒊陾涸 ⡲欽⚛诔歋䲿❜焷钢䠑鋅剅鑉㉏䖕糵㉏겗䲿⣘㻜颶㔐䥰 ⚛㼩剓剤⭆⧩涸䠑鋅窍✮栁⺑莅钢〳⢵湬䱺렽⺑⿮莅罏
  8. 8. ˖ 籏⹡縭ꨶ㶩鋊畎ⵖ㹁鎙殥盘椚鳵Ⱇ㹔ㄤⰦ➮耢齦堥圓䥰 鑪罌䣂⢪欽爢纈㯯넓䒊用ㄤ涮䋒剤ꡠ佟瘼ⵖ㹁涸來肬鎙ⷔ鸏 ❉⸗⸂〳腋⺫䭍 ˖ 醢⡲堥ꡠ笪畀䕧晚ⴕ❧笪畀♳涸鐱锸麕玑涸䕧晚 ˖ 莊鳵箁♳灇鎣剚堥ꡠ➃㆞鎣锸㥶⡦虋亼㻜欽涸䠑鋅 ˖ 笞隌Ⱙ㘗涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁䠑鋅涸箁♳须俲䏨 ˖ 鹎遤箁♳铭玑湬久㻤ꠗ䠑鋅虋呪䲿ⴀ佖鹎鳵岁涸麕玑
  9. 9. ˖ 㼩倴嫦♧佟瘼ⵖ㹁ぐ㋲⡙䥰笞隌♧⦐㼠㿂鿈衆呔 荞⸂倴䲿⣘须鎝刿倞ㄤ剤ꡠ佟瘼ⵖ㹁眕㕠ㄤ鹎䏞 涸惶幢 ˖ 鑪鿈衆呔䥰⺫わ♧⦐㼭䊨Ⱘ㼟䠑鋅姻䒭䲿❜荛佟瘼 ⵖ㹁⪔䘎ꏗ⚥ ˖ 搭罜㖈♧菛䞕屣♴鑪鿈衆呔♶䥰鑪⡲捀㖈佟瘼ⵖ 㹁㉏겗♴㻜颶䚍㉏겗仍㣐鎣锸涸♧⦐䊨Ⱘ
  10. 10. ˖ 殹诔歋爢纈㯯넓䎂〵䗚宠䠑鋅儘ぐ㋲⡙䥰鑪䲿⣘㼩 倞䩛չ⿼㊥պ涸䧀➃⺫晝劥鸏⺫䭍⟃♴姿끐 ˖ 䭾⚺겗䬓侕⵹縨焺䧭鯱㼭⯋⟝ ˖ ⻽籏鸏❉⯋⟝䧭秫俒㶶 ˖ ⴕ㾵⻽籏〳㾝Ꟛ䧭㸤侮晝 ˖ 䲿⣘ꡠ꒳遯铃涸馄鸮穡㹁纏
  11. 11. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰罌䣂㖈黠殹涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁♴翵欽չ䕀⫄㆞պ ⢵侮椚诔歋爢纈㯯넓䨾鹎遤涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁鎣锸 ˖ ⢪欽爢纈㯯넓涸Ⱇ字䨾䲿⣘涸须鎝〳腋꟦䱺倴䧴瘞 倴⯋须俲NFUBEBUB ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰殹罌ꆀ荈䊹䨾꨾涸须鎝僽や♶⫦〳湬䱺䖰Ⱇ 滞彘鸒⚥㷸绢ⵌ⛳〳㖈箁♳莅堥ꡠⰗꟚ✽⹛涸剚㆞ 魨♳꟦䱺涮植
  12. 12. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙♶䥰鑪䲿⣘䊨Ⱘ雊⢪欽罏㼩䊺䲿ⴀ涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁 鸒濼涸㔐䥰䠑鋅⸈⟃䱖そ䧴䫏牱 ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰✫鍑⚛ꬌ䨾剤涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁㼟⟃纈滞㢫⺫涸倰 䒭⢵⸈䓽搭罜殹Ⱇ滞䧴⢪欽罏⿾䥰䧭捀꨾鄄ꆂ幢 涸㉏겗湬䱺䲿❜窍䑞㣐䋑字〳⟃䲿⣘剤欽涸须鎝 ˖ 姽㢫ぐ㋲⡙䥰鏤岁렽⺑⚛䱺「乩剤荈魨溫㻜⚆歲竤 뀿⛓㢫䞕㞯濼陏涸噠㢫➃㡦ⵄ渤湱ꡠ罏涸䠑鋅
  13. 13. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙♶䥰⢪欽Ⱇ滞⼿⡲笪畀⢵湬䱺欴欰鋊眕䎸鎊 俒劥䧴䠑鋅 ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰⢪欽Ⰹ鿈⼿⡲Ⱏ瘘䎂〵鹎遤鑑뀿⟃欴欰鋊 眕俒⟝ ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰罌䣂⢪欽爢纈㯯넓佅䭰植剤佟瘼涸㔐곃䚍 竸鶤暶ⴽ僽〳㷸绢ⵌ湱ꡠ佟瘼♴涸㻜ꥹ竤뀿
  14. 14. ˖ ぐ㋲⡙䥰罌䣂⢪欽爢纈㯯넓湬䱺莅剓穅ⵖ㹁⛓佟瘼 鸮䱺⟃䘰鸠ⴼ倬곏衽剤䠑纏涸⿾㼩䠑鋅僽や㼿劢 곏植 ˖ /13.涮䋒⵹⿻剓穅佟瘼갼䋒䖕1♶䥰ꣳⵖ㋲⡙ ➃㆞⢪欽爢纈㯯넓
  15. 15. ˖ 殹厥㋲⡙⢪欽爢纈㯯넓莅鸒濼ㄤ䠑鋅涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁鸮䱺㸐剤Ⰽ⦐鼇 갪〳对㹁㖈1♴鎣锸㼟㥶⡦鄄鹎遤 ˖ 鑪㋲⡙〳对㹁⺫わ佟瘼ⵖ㹁私ꏗ⚥䨾剤诔歋爢纈㯯넓䨾䲿❜涸 䠑鋅鑪㋲⡙䥰罌䣂⢪欽䥰欽玑䒭➝꬗1*瘞䪮遯䊨Ⱘ⢵ 剤佪㖒㼟Ⰹ㺂䖰爢纈㯯넓⫄鷑ⵌ佟瘼ⵖ㹁私ꏗ⚥ ˖ 鑪㋲⡙〳对㹁爢纈㯯넓鎣锸涸⟤⡦鿈ⴕ涼♶鄄侮ざ鹎佟瘼ⵖ㹁 私ꏗ⚥㖈佟瘼Ꟛ涮儘⸈⟃罌䣂䧴䗳갭㖈剓穅佟瘼㔐䥰鼇 乵鸏⦐鼇갪涸㋲⡙䥰鑪幢嘽㖒ぢⰗ滞⫄麨鸏❉ꣳⵖぢⰗ滞䲿 ⣘剤ꡠ㥶⡦䲿❜姻䒭涸䠑鋅涸铞僈⚛䲿⣘佟瘼ⵖ㹁⪔䘎ꏗ涸 鸮穡XXXSFHVMBUJPOTHPW䧴Ⱖ➮㋲⡙涸佟瘼ⵖ㹁Ⰵ〡笪畀
  16. 16. ˖ 搂锸ぐ㋲⡙呏亙⟃䖃涸䒊陾⫙ぢ⢪欽ㆭ♧珏倰䒭鿪 䥰鑪幢嘽㖒ぢⰗ滞彘鸒铞僈➊랃垺涸爢纈㯯넓鎣锸㼟 欽㖈佟瘼ⵖ㹁⚥ ˖ 捀✫僈焷䲿⣘剤ꡠ俒剅䊨⡲⵵幾岁呪13涸䥰欽 玑䒭窍⢪欽爢纈㯯넓涸㋲⡙须鎝莅岁鋊鳵Ⱇ㹔 0*3䥰鑪⥜佖Ⱖչ♧菛䬸⹬պ涸㹁纏⟃嶋ꤑ 䧴仍㣐չ耢齦Ⱇ㜡䧴Ⱖ➮ⴀ晝暟պ涸⿮罌
  17. 17. ˖ ⤛鹎䧴鎷盘爢纈㯯넓鎣锸儘ぐ㋲⡙䥰「ⵌ䥃岁鎊锸 荈歋涸秉勲 ˖ ぐ㋲⡙〳⟃㹁纏䧴ꣳⵖ鎣锸涸鑨겗倷⟃ざ椚涸ꣳⵖ ⟃⥃䭰狲頗狲⭑湱✽㼤ꅾ䧴对㹁穅姺爢纈㯯넓 涸鎣锸 ˖ 搭罜ぐ㋲⡙♶䥰䬩穪㛇倴邍麨荈魨錚럊ㄤ鎝䜂涸⿮ 莅罏涸⿮莅

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