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How to Study
Effectively
by
Aurora Computer Studies
(auoracs.lk)
Aurora Computer Studies 1
Agenda
• Objectives of education
• What is effective studying (Strategy) ?
• How to study effectively?
Aurora Computer Stu...
Objectives of education
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 3
Who is a professional?
“A person who can professionally
practice the knowledge & skills in
legal and ethical manner for ow...
Objectives of education
• Gather necessary knowledge
• Acquire required skills
o Hard (Technical) skills
o Soft skills
• B...
Result of right education
• A self sufficient & intelligent human
o Someone not a burden to family or government
(country)...
What the winners do
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 7
What the winners do
• They have clear long term career
objective(s)
• They select/do what they have passion
• They have a ...
Productive Studying
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 9
Overview
1. Effective
• Doing the right things
2. Efficient
• Doing things right
3. Passion
• Doing what you really love
A...
Effective Studying
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 11
Right field(s) of study – How?
1. Select a profession that you really
like
o Make your objective somewhat broader
2. Selec...
Right field(s) of study – Why?
"Choose a job you love, and you
will never have to work a day in
your life."
- Confucius
Au...
Learn with a purpose
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 14
Genuine purposes
• To be knowledgeable
• To be intelligent
• To be a skilled/competent
professional
• To be a respectable ...
Invalid purposes
• Your parents pushes you
• Certificate will give me jobs
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 16
Study efficiently
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 17
Overview
• Do not just do it, but manage your
studies
o Plan->Organize->Lead->Control
• Understanding is the key
• Study i...
Manage your studies
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 19
Manage your studies
Plan Organize Lead Execute
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 20
Manage your studies - plan
• Managing your studies give you
better chance of achieving the
objectives
• Make your plan rea...
Manage your studies - organize
• Get all the resources gradually
o Syllabuses
o Notes
o Reference books
o Study notes
o Pa...
Manage your studies - lead
• You must be in control of your studies
• Teachers are there only to guide &
facilitate
• Acqu...
Manage your studies - control
• Things do not go according to plan all
the times
• There can be obstacles or challenges
th...
Understanding
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 25
Understanding – the key
“If you learn to remember,
you will ultimately forget.
If you learn to understand,
you will ultima...
Understanding – overview
• Understanding leads to remembering &
not the other way round !
• Active learning promotes under...
Understanding – how?
1. Get the big picture of the topics
right
2. Identify the connections and
relationships between conc...
Understanding – how? (cont..)
• Use mind maps freely
o Give you the big picture
o Show you the connections
o Brain friendl...
Understanding – how? (cont..)
• Relate things with other things
o Look at similarities
o Look at differences
• Look for fo...
Understanding – how? (cont..)
• Think extra yard beyond your comfort
zone
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 31
“It's n...
What, why & how?
• To understand any concept, ask your self
following three questions;
o What?
• Example: What is calculus...
Simple, clear, short
• Make sure that you can explain any concept
in following way;
o Simple
• “If you can not explain sim...
“ The more you understand,
The less to be memorized.. and
happier you are.. “
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 34
Study in brain & memory
friendly way
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 35
How your memory works?
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 36
The three parts of memory
• Sensory buffer
• Short term memory
• Long term memory
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 37
Sensory buffer
• Very small capacity
o Few sentences/words
o A part of a diagram
• Very short term
o Few seconds/minutes
•...
Short term memory
• Relatively small/medium capacity
• Relatively short term
o 1 to few days
Aurora Computer Studies (auro...
Long term memory
• Very high capacity 
• Less volatile 
o Retain for long
o Difficult to forget
Aurora Computer Studies ...
“Once you remember something, it is
almost impossible to forget….
The more you try to forget,
The more you remember….  ”
...
How you remember things?
• Human memory remember things as
visual images/symbols and relations
o Unlike computers, human m...
Memory friendly study - Tactics
• Try and understand the concepts while
its still fresh in the short term memory
o There i...
Memory friendly study - Tactics
• Use visual metaphors
• Relate concepts like a story
• Relate concepts into useful
practi...
Effective Classroom
Behaviors
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 45
Effective Classroom Behaviors
• Ask right questions and get
clarified then and there
• Help others after the class, if the...
Other Study Tips
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 47
Study Tips
• Select a convenient place
o Most of the time your home/apartment will work
o But it has some issues like vent...
Study Tips (Con.)
• Do single task at a time
o Humans are usually bad at multi-tasking
• Study in small sessions
o Take sm...
Study with passion
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 50
“You remember what you like,
what you love, or what you think
useful”
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 51
Enjoy your study
• Enjoy your study & work
o Selection of right field matters here
o Study challenging things
o Study some...
“Study & having fun should not
be mutually exclusive”
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 53
Verify
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 54
States of understanding
1. You understand & you know that
you have understood. 
o Understood & verified
o The wining situ...
States of understanding (Con.)
3. You have not understood & you
know that you have not.
o It gives you the opportunity to ...
Verify your understanding
"If you can't explain it simply, you don't
understand it well enough."
- Albert Einstein
Aurora ...
How to verify? (informally)
• Can I precisely define the concept?
• Can I explain it using an example?
• Do I know why (us...
How to verify? (Formally)
• Exams
• Assignments
• Demonstrations/Viva
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 59
Exam preparation tips
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 60
Exam preparation – why?
• Your primary objective is learning, not
mere passing exams
• But once you learn, it is equally
i...
Exam preparation – tactics
• Consider it as a challenge!
o Yes, we all love challenges
o We want to win over challenges
• ...
Exam preparation – tactics (Con.)
• Do at least three past papers before the
real exam and verify if you are up to the
cha...
Tips on answering exam
papers
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 64
Facing MCQs
• Calculate the time for each question and
manage time accordingly.
• Answer in rounds (In general in three ro...
Facing essay papers
• Check the number of questions to answer and if
there are mandatory questions
• Calculate the time fo...
Facing essay papers (Cont.)
• In general, answer simple, straight
and brief
o Too short answers show that you lack details...
Facing essay papers (Cont.)
• Play close attention to terms like
define, state, explain and discuss.
• Write your best poi...
Facing essay papers (Cont.)
• Use clear (not necessarily beautiful)
hand-writing.
• Use a pleasant language.
• Write inter...
Final thoughts
Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 70
Final thoughts
• Understanding and skills are more
important than mere certificate
• Believe in understanding more than
re...
Thank You !
Presented by
Nalaka Gamage
Aurora Computer Studies
(auoracs.lk)
72
"We are what we repeatedly do.
Excellence, then, is not an act,
but a habit."
~ Aristotle.
Aurora Computer Studies (aurora...
What courses do we offer?
• AL ICT (English & Sinhala medium)
o http://auroracs.lk/al-ict/
• BIT – UCSC Degree
o http://au...
Premier Study Center
Aurora Computer Studies,
Summerset College,
# 135, 3rd Floor,
DFCC Building,
High Level Road,
Maharag...
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How to study effectively?

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How to study effectively?

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How to study effectively?

  1. 1. How to Study Effectively by Aurora Computer Studies (auoracs.lk) Aurora Computer Studies 1
  2. 2. Agenda • Objectives of education • What is effective studying (Strategy) ? • How to study effectively? Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 2
  3. 3. Objectives of education Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 3
  4. 4. Who is a professional? “A person who can professionally practice the knowledge & skills in legal and ethical manner for own success & the progress in the business & social context.” Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 4
  5. 5. Objectives of education • Gather necessary knowledge • Acquire required skills o Hard (Technical) skills o Soft skills • Build the right attitude Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 5
  6. 6. Result of right education • A self sufficient & intelligent human o Someone not a burden to family or government (country) • A professional who can truly serve the society • A citizen who is fit for the social well- being (legal & ethical aspects) Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 6
  7. 7. What the winners do Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 7
  8. 8. What the winners do • They have clear long term career objective(s) • They select/do what they have passion • They have a strong grit o Perseverance to achieve the objectives(s) they have passion • Thy are rational/logical • They manage things rather than just doing Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 8
  9. 9. Productive Studying Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 9
  10. 10. Overview 1. Effective • Doing the right things 2. Efficient • Doing things right 3. Passion • Doing what you really love Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 10
  11. 11. Effective Studying Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 11
  12. 12. Right field(s) of study – How? 1. Select a profession that you really like o Make your objective somewhat broader 2. Select a study area(s) that help your future career 3. Pick a study path that suite your economy Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 12
  13. 13. Right field(s) of study – Why? "Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life." - Confucius Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 13
  14. 14. Learn with a purpose Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 14
  15. 15. Genuine purposes • To be knowledgeable • To be intelligent • To be a skilled/competent professional • To be a respectable citizen Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 15
  16. 16. Invalid purposes • Your parents pushes you • Certificate will give me jobs Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 16
  17. 17. Study efficiently Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 17
  18. 18. Overview • Do not just do it, but manage your studies o Plan->Organize->Lead->Control • Understanding is the key • Study in brain friendly way • Make your study pattern in accordance with natural memory propagation pattern Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 18
  19. 19. Manage your studies Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 19
  20. 20. Manage your studies Plan Organize Lead Execute Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 20
  21. 21. Manage your studies - plan • Managing your studies give you better chance of achieving the objectives • Make your plan realistic • Make your plan sufficiently agile and adjust where needed o A rigid unrealistic plan is as bad as no planning ! Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 21
  22. 22. Manage your studies - organize • Get all the resources gradually o Syllabuses o Notes o Reference books o Study notes o Past papers o Any other supplementary resources Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 22
  23. 23. Manage your studies - lead • You must be in control of your studies • Teachers are there only to guide & facilitate • Acquiring require knowledge, skills and attitude as well as demonstrate those in examinations and other evaluations is your task Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 23
  24. 24. Manage your studies - control • Things do not go according to plan all the times • There can be obstacles or challenges that deviate you • Its your task to periodically check the progress and take control measures where necessary Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 24
  25. 25. Understanding Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 25
  26. 26. Understanding – the key “If you learn to remember, you will ultimately forget. If you learn to understand, you will ultimately remember.” -Unknown Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 26
  27. 27. Understanding – overview • Understanding leads to remembering & not the other way round ! • Active learning promotes understanding • You understand best when you are relaxed o A common myth is believing that you are efficient under pressure • Sorry, it does not work that way Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 27
  28. 28. Understanding – how? 1. Get the big picture of the topics right 2. Identify the connections and relationships between concepts 3. Think of real world usages 4. Apply the concepts and solve problems Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 28
  29. 29. Understanding – how? (cont..) • Use mind maps freely o Give you the big picture o Show you the connections o Brain friendly (graphical) Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 29
  30. 30. Understanding – how? (cont..) • Relate things with other things o Look at similarities o Look at differences • Look for following aspects of a concept/theory o Positive things (advantages) o Negative things (disadvantages) o Interesting/unique points Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 30
  31. 31. Understanding – how? (cont..) • Think extra yard beyond your comfort zone Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 31 “It's not that I'm so smart, it's just that I stay with problems longer.“ - Albert Einstein
  32. 32. What, why & how? • To understand any concept, ask your self following three questions; o What? • Example: What is calculus? o Why? • Example: Why do we need (purpose of) calculus? o How? • Example: How to do calculus related problem solving ? Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 32
  33. 33. Simple, clear, short • Make sure that you can explain any concept in following way; o Simple • “If you can not explain simply, you have not understood it well enough” - Einstein o Clear • If your explanation is not clear (ambiguous), that means you are not sure enough o Short • If your explanation is lengthy, probably you are not exact to the point Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 33
  34. 34. “ The more you understand, The less to be memorized.. and happier you are.. “ Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 34
  35. 35. Study in brain & memory friendly way Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 35
  36. 36. How your memory works? Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 36
  37. 37. The three parts of memory • Sensory buffer • Short term memory • Long term memory Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 37
  38. 38. Sensory buffer • Very small capacity o Few sentences/words o A part of a diagram • Very short term o Few seconds/minutes • Example usage o You write down something explained or written in the board Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 38
  39. 39. Short term memory • Relatively small/medium capacity • Relatively short term o 1 to few days Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 39 “Only a small percentage of short term memory data goes to long term memory !!!”
  40. 40. Long term memory • Very high capacity  • Less volatile  o Retain for long o Difficult to forget Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 40
  41. 41. “Once you remember something, it is almost impossible to forget…. The more you try to forget, The more you remember….  ” Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 41
  42. 42. How you remember things? • Human memory remember things as visual images/symbols and relations o Unlike computers, human memory is not good at storing texts !!! o That is why when you see traditional text books/notes, you get sleepy Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 42
  43. 43. Memory friendly study - Tactics • Try and understand the concepts while its still fresh in the short term memory o There is higher chance of you understanding o There is higher chance of getting those into long term memory • Study day to day stuffs then & there without waiting till exams or assignments are near Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 43
  44. 44. Memory friendly study - Tactics • Use visual metaphors • Relate concepts like a story • Relate concepts into useful practical usages Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 44
  45. 45. Effective Classroom Behaviors Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 45
  46. 46. Effective Classroom Behaviors • Ask right questions and get clarified then and there • Help others after the class, if they request you to clarify something or missed lesson oExplaining some one else is beneficial to both him/her and you Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 46
  47. 47. Other Study Tips Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 47
  48. 48. Study Tips • Select a convenient place o Most of the time your home/apartment will work o But it has some issues like ventilation/humidity or disturbances, pick alternative place • Select convenient time for you o Remember that sleepless studying will add stress and counter productive • Have a informal plan o No plan will get you nowhere o Too much plan stresses you Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 48
  49. 49. Study Tips (Con.) • Do single task at a time o Humans are usually bad at multi-tasking • Study in small sessions o Take small breaks between • Drink enough water o Increase concentration • Do more active studying than passive studying o Prepare mind map o Do some exercises/quizzes Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 49
  50. 50. Study with passion Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 50
  51. 51. “You remember what you like, what you love, or what you think useful” Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 51
  52. 52. Enjoy your study • Enjoy your study & work o Selection of right field matters here o Study challenging things o Study something practically useful to you and others o Share your knowledge with others o Use your knowledge & skills and start helping/serving others Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 52
  53. 53. “Study & having fun should not be mutually exclusive” Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 53
  54. 54. Verify Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 54
  55. 55. States of understanding 1. You understand & you know that you have understood.  o Understood & verified o The wining situation 2. You understand, but you do not know that you have understood o Have not verified o Resulting lack of confidence and undue worries Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 55
  56. 56. States of understanding (Con.) 3. You have not understood & you know that you have not. o It gives you the opportunity to work harder and look for understanding 4. You have not understood (or misunderstood) & you think you have understood.  o Worst & dangerous scenario o You will be in trouble sooner or later Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 56
  57. 57. Verify your understanding "If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough." - Albert Einstein Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 57 • Discuss and/or explain it to someone else • Write in a blog or social media, publish article on studied topics
  58. 58. How to verify? (informally) • Can I precisely define the concept? • Can I explain it using an example? • Do I know why (usages) we learn it? Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 58
  59. 59. How to verify? (Formally) • Exams • Assignments • Demonstrations/Viva Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 59
  60. 60. Exam preparation tips Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 60
  61. 61. Exam preparation – why? • Your primary objective is learning, not mere passing exams • But once you learn, it is equally important to prove the world and yourself that you have done it in great fashion! Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 61
  62. 62. Exam preparation – tactics • Consider it as a challenge! o Yes, we all love challenges o We want to win over challenges • Plan and organize before hand o Otherwise you will loose the challenge • At least rush through some past papers before exam targeted final preparation o Then you know which areas are more important for the exam and which areas are less important o It will increase your productivity of studying Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 62
  63. 63. Exam preparation – tactics (Con.) • Do at least three past papers before the real exam and verify if you are up to the challenge o You do not go for exams to practice, rather practice beforehand and go for the challenge • You cover required contents, understand relevant concepts before the exam o Remember that you do not go for a challenge without required weapons Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 63
  64. 64. Tips on answering exam papers Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 64
  65. 65. Facing MCQs • Calculate the time for each question and manage time accordingly. • Answer in rounds (In general in three rounds) o 1 st round – Answer simple and less time consuming questions o 2 nd round – Answer intermediary questions o 3 rd round – Answer complex and time consuming questions as time permit • Answer all questions • But do not answer any of the questions mere believe in luck. o Use elimination method to increase probability of correct answer(s) o Pay extra attention if negative marking is applicable Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 65
  66. 66. Facing essay papers • Check the number of questions to answer and if there are mandatory questions • Calculate the time for each question and manage time accordingly. • Answer in rounds (In general in three rounds) o 1 st round – Answer simple and less time consuming questions o 2 nd round – Answer intermediary questions o 3 rd round – Review answered questions and attempt more difficult questions if time permit • Answer the essay and structured essay papers accordingly. Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 66
  67. 67. Facing essay papers (Cont.) • In general, answer simple, straight and brief o Too short answers show that you lack details o Too long and indirect or irrelevant answers show that you lack confidence on the subject. • Do not write too general points, rather present specific points. o .Do not answer like throwing at a tree without real aim, hoping one or two will be hit. o Examiners know this  Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 67
  68. 68. Facing essay papers (Cont.) • Play close attention to terms like define, state, explain and discuss. • Write your best points first. • Sketch diagrams where necessary • Provide examples where useful. Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 68
  69. 69. Facing essay papers (Cont.) • Use clear (not necessarily beautiful) hand-writing. • Use a pleasant language. • Write interesting and unique points when relevant. o Especially, in answering discuss type questions. Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 69
  70. 70. Final thoughts Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 70
  71. 71. Final thoughts • Understanding and skills are more important than mere certificate • Believe in understanding more than reciting • Study with purpose, not because of others • Take exams as a challenge • Believe only in yourself, not in myths & external powers Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 71
  72. 72. Thank You ! Presented by Nalaka Gamage Aurora Computer Studies (auoracs.lk) 72
  73. 73. "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit." ~ Aristotle. Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 73
  74. 74. What courses do we offer? • AL ICT (English & Sinhala medium) o http://auroracs.lk/al-ict/ • BIT – UCSC Degree o http://auroracs.lk/bit/ • BCS o http://auroracs.lk/bcs/ Aurora Computer Studies (auroracs.lk) 74
  75. 75. Premier Study Center Aurora Computer Studies, Summerset College, # 135, 3rd Floor, DFCC Building, High Level Road, Maharagama. City Study Center Aurora Computer Studies, Summerset College, # 88/2, 2nd Floor, BOC Building, High Level Road, Kirulapone, Colombo 06 Details and enquiries : Call - 0719 842030 E-mail – info@auroracs.lk Web - www.auroracs.lk Aurora Computer Studies www.auroracs.lk

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