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A Simple Guide to Higher Education

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A simple guide to higher education

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A Simple Guide to Higher Education

  1. 1. A Simple Guide to Higher Education Compiled By Nalaka Gamage Aurora Computer Studies (auoracs.lk) Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 1
  2. 2. Agenda • What is education ? • Levels of education • Types of education • What is higher education ? • Modes of higher education • Challenges in higher education • The new trends Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 2
  3. 3. What is education? • Education is the process of facilitating learning. • Knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits transferred to people, through storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, or research. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 3
  4. 4. Types of education • Formal education • Informal education o Informal modes o Life experience Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 4
  5. 5. Levels of formal education 1. Preschool 2. Primary 3. Secondary 4. Tertiary (higher) 5. Special Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 5
  6. 6. Preschool • Typically at ages 3-7 years • Also known as nursery schools or kindergarten (except in USA) • Child centered • Aaim at unfolding the child's physical, intellectual, and moral nature with balanced emphasis on each of them. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 6
  7. 7. Primary education • Consists of the first 5 to 7 years of formal, structured education • Emphasis on basic o Language skills o Arithmetic skills o Environment & cultural awareness o Etc.. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 7
  8. 8. Secondary education • The formal education that occurs during adolescence (teenage years). • Typically from grade 8 to 12. • Provide both life skills and job oriented knowledge and skills Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 8
  9. 9. Higher (Tertiary ) education • Normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 9
  10. 10. Special education • Education for children/people with special needs o e.g.: with disabilities Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 10
  11. 11. Criticisms on secondary education system Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 11
  12. 12. • It is still catering for the need of industrial era (18th and 19th century) • Modern Schools still produce workers for factory model o Produce students in batches resembling product batches o Separate sections resembling factory line o Strict time regulations to prepare office discipline o Not enough room for question & discuss ideas Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 12 Criticisms on current secondary education (cont.)
  13. 13. How higher education differ from secondary education • You are now adult & not a teenage o Can make decisions on your own o More financial freedom if you earn your own • Facilitate you to study than formal teaching • Broader objectives o Understanding o Professionalism o Responsibilities o Application of skills & knowledge Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 13
  14. 14. Objectives of higher education Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 14
  15. 15. Types of higher education • Knowledge/academic oriented o General degrees • Art • Science • Professional oriented o Professional degrees • Engineering/IT • Medicine • Business Management Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 15
  16. 16. Characteristics of a learned • In-depth Knowledge on specific areas Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 16
  17. 17. Characteristics of an intelligent • Logical / Critical thinking • Ability to abstract concepts • Imagination • Creativity • Problem solving • Self-awareness • Adaptivity • etc.. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 17
  18. 18. Characteristics of a professional • Competency o You are knowledgeable & Skilled in your professional area • Accountability o You take responsibility of your professional conduct • Respect o Duly respect your co-workers, customers, etc.. and their differences • Lawful & Ethical • Integrity o Honest and respect legal & ethical aspects even in difficult conditions Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 18
  19. 19. Modes of higher education • Formal fulltime higher education o More applicable to in depth disciplines like medicine & traditional engineering fields • Formal part-time higher education o Study either in a university or affiliated college at part time o Can study while work o Popular study areas • Management/Business studies • Law • IT/Computing • Etc.. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 19
  20. 20. Trends in higher education • More emphasis on practical skills than tons of theory • More emphasis on understanding than memorizing o Less emphasis on exams and more on assignments/project work. o Change of context in exam questions from theory to practical questions Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 20
  21. 21. Trends in higher education (cont.) • More emphasis on self study o Use of internet help this o Formal virtual learning environments (VLE) with organized study resources • T-shaped skills o In depth knowledge in specialization o Breadth of knowledge an supplementary areas Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 21
  22. 22. Trends in higher education (cont.) • Make higher education more affordable (economical) • Make education more reachable o Part time study options o More emphasis on internet based e-learning • Use of social media for community based collaborative learning Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 22
  23. 23. Useful Resources • http://auroracs.lk/careers-and- professionalism • http://auroracs.lk/science-and- art-of-learning Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 23
  24. 24. "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit." ~ Aristotle. Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 24
  25. 25. Thank You ! Presented by Nalaka Gamage Aurora Computer Studies (auoracs.lk) Aurora Computer Studies (www.auroracs.lk) 25

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