Importantinformation• It has a surface of 2.5 millions of miles square coveringnine countrys of south America.• More than 20% of the oxygen of the world is made inthis region.• The diversity of birds in the amazon jungle form the1/3 of all the species in the world.• More than 5 millions species of insects, plants, andanimals are here.• There are approximately 50 tribes who live in the heartof the jungle.• Nowadays 108.000 millions areas per year aredestroyed.
BiotopeGeographic space: the amazon jungleis located in the north of southAmerica, along the entire route ofthe amazon river.The weather in the amazon jungle is tropical:hot and wet all year. The average temperatureis 27ºC. There isn’t difference between winterand summer. But for the night is more cold.The only thing more annoying is the excessivehumidity in the air. There are thunderstormsall year very dangerous.
The land in the amazon jungleis poor in nutrients.And it has a low potential ofretention.There is a river that gives thename to the jungle (theamazon river). It is located inthe middle of the jungle. It is thehome of quite species. The riverhas a lot of meanders. It has a lenght of7062km. It is the longgest and widdestriver in the world.
BiocoenosisThe amazon jungle isthe larger group ofanimals and plantsmaybe in the world.Here there are allkinds of animals:big, small, noisy, silent,lethal and peaceable:insects, arachnids, reptiles, amphibian, birdsand mammals. Andmore than 80.000species of plants andtrees. Some examplesof animals:Tamarino león doradoNutria giganteTucánJaguarÁngel del marGuacamayo azulAnacondaOso perezosoDelfín rosado
InteractionsBIOTOPE• There isn’t differencebetween winter andsummer.• During all year there isthe sametemperature, more orless 27ºC .• The precipitations areconstant but with aslight differencethroughout the year.• The storms are frequentand quite dangerous.• The humidity is high.But all this are in balance.BIOTOPE-BIOCOENOSIS• All species, animals asmuch as plants areadapted to this climate.• All the species areadapted to theenvironment that is soextreme.• There are all kinds ofanimals and plants to alltypes of environment.And this jungle has a lotof them like: aqueous,terrestrial and aerial.BIOCOENOSIS• There are so manyspecies, it is good to thesurvival of the majorityof them. Because thereare more predators, butalso more preys.• Intraspecific connection:relationships betweenmembers of the samespecie.• Interspecificconnection:relationships betweendifferent species.
HistoryThe amazon jungle was formed during the “Eoceno” era after thetemperatures were down in all the world, doing that the atlantic oceangrew up. The amazon jungle have at least 55 millions years old. After ofthe extinction of dinosaurs, the climate was more wet and the jungle grewup. The last glacial was threat for the amazonia, but it survived. Importantchanges were introduced to the jungle during this last glacial, that wenton 21000 years. The size of the jungle and the amount of rain werereduced. There are people who say the jungle was a very little andisolated region, with wet vegetation separated by pastures. The amazonjungle was discovered by the spaniard explorer called Francisco deOrellana who was the first european to was across the amazon river1542. He thought that the jungle was the greek mythology when he wasattacked by a tribe leadded by women (“las amazonas”).
Main human impacts• Deforestation.• Endangered animals.• Reduction of land.• Deterioration of the habitat.• Loss of the diversity.• Social impacts (with the tribes).• Loss of the water’s cycle.