Air Traffic Control Organization Lesson


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Air Traffic Control Organization Lesson

  1. 1. Air Traffic Control Organization Lesson # 3 ATC System Command Center 6:24
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Basic ATC organization </li></ul><ul><li>Who is responsible for separation of air traffic? </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of ATC coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Description of each type of ATC facility </li></ul><ul><li>Special ATC procedures </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic ATC Organization <ul><li>Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCT) </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Service Stations (FSS) </li></ul><ul><li>Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) </li></ul>
  4. 4. FAA Air Traffic Services ARTCC • 22 centers ATCT • 352 towers • 185 TRACONs • 2 RAPCONs FSS • 29 FSS • 61 AFSS ATCSCC • 1 command center Air Traffic Facilities Air Traffic System Requirements Airway Facilities System Capacity Operational Test & Evaluation
  5. 5. Who is Responsible for Separation of Air Traffic in the U.S.A? <ul><li>Federal Aviation Administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By Act of Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Air route traffic control centers (ARTCC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The controllers in each Center are ultimately responsible for separation of all IFR traffic </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ARTCCs Are Responsible for Separating Air Traffic in the U.S.
  7. 7. ARTCCs can Delegate Separation Responsibilities to Local ATC Facilities <ul><li>Letter of Agreement (LOA) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Space Assigned to ATC Facilities CENTER “A” CENTER “C” CENTER “B” TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower
  9. 9. Overview of ATC Coordination <ul><li>“ Pre-established” coordination: Letters of Agreement (LOA) and Facility Directives (FD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delegation of separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airspace boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of air traffic across boundaries </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ On-the-fly” coordination between controllers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special pilot requests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather deviations, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) <ul><li>Locations and boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Controller positions </li></ul>
  12. 12. ARTCC Locations and Boundaries
  13. 13. Low Altitude ARTCC Sectors
  14. 14. ARTCC Responsibilities <ul><li>Process IFR flight plans </li></ul><ul><li>Issue IFR clearances </li></ul><ul><li>Separate all IFR traffic in controlled airspace </li></ul><ul><li>Delegate IFR separation around busy airports </li></ul>
  15. 15. ARTCC Coordination <ul><li>Facility directives and LOAs </li></ul><ul><li>Sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Handoff procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential route system (preferred IFR routes) </li></ul><ul><li>Approval requests and coordination (APPREQ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fort Worth ARTCC Sectors
  17. 17. Handoff
  18. 18. Preferential Route System
  19. 19. Fig 5-8, p. 212 Airport Facilities Directory (A/FD)
  20. 20. ARTCC Controller Positions <ul><li>Flight data </li></ul><ul><li>Radar </li></ul><ul><li>Radar associate (non-radar) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Flight data <ul><li>1 st job at center </li></ul><ul><li>Assist other controllers </li></ul><ul><li>Effect comm and passes info to other sectors </li></ul>
  22. 22. Radar <ul><li>Issue altitude,heading, and airspeed changes to provide seperation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Radar associate (non-radar) <ul><li>Assist radar controller with aircraft that do not show up on scope. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Air Traffic Control Towers <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Types of ATC towers </li></ul><ul><li>Controller positions </li></ul>
  25. 25. ATCT Responsibilities <ul><li>Separate all traffic using runways for takeoff and landing </li></ul><ul><li>Relay IFR clearances </li></ul><ul><li>If delegated by ARTCC, separate IFR traffic within a given area around airport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 40-mile radius of airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From surface to 5,000-17,000 feet </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Types of ATC Towers <ul><li>VFR control tower (e.g. PKB) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most class D airports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFR approach and separation provided by another facility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-radar approach control tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few class D airports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-radar IFR separation within delegated airspace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radar approach control tower (e.g. CMH) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All class B & C airports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar IFR separation within delegated airspace </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. ATCT Positions <ul><li>Flight data </li></ul><ul><li>Clearance delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Ground control </li></ul><ul><li>Local control (tower) </li></ul><ul><li>Approach/departure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tower cab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRACON facility next to tower </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Location of ATC Facilities Airport Middle of nowhere <ul><li>Flight data </li></ul><ul><li>Clearance delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Ground </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul><ul><li>Flight data </li></ul><ul><li>Radar </li></ul><ul><li>Associate </li></ul>Control Tower Radar room TRACON Tower cab ARTCC “Center”
  29. 29. Flight Service Stations <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist positions </li></ul>
  30. 30. FSS Responsibilities <ul><li>Weather observations </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot weather briefings </li></ul><ul><li>Filing IFR/VFR flight plans </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminating NOTAMs </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting weather information </li></ul><ul><li>Relay ATC clearances </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency assistance </li></ul>
  31. 31. FSS Positions <ul><li>Preflight briefing </li></ul><ul><li>In-flight </li></ul><ul><li>Flight watch (122.0) - EFAS </li></ul><ul><li>Flight data </li></ul><ul><li>NOTAM </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast </li></ul>
  32. 32. Air Traffic Control System Command Center <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Offices </li></ul>Herndon, Virginia
  33. 33. ATCSCC Responsibilities <ul><li>Modify air traffic flow when weather or other conditions place stress on the NAS </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperate with airline personnel and other ATC facilities </li></ul><ul><li>ATCSCC does not directly control any air traffic </li></ul>
  34. 34. ATCSCC Offices <ul><li>Airport reservation </li></ul><ul><li>Central altitude reservation </li></ul><ul><li>Flight inspection liaison </li></ul><ul><li>International operations and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>National operations control center </li></ul><ul><li>NOTAM </li></ul><ul><li>Severe weather unit </li></ul>
  35. 35. Special ATC Procedures <ul><li>Coordination with DOD at air traffic control facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Military use of civilian airspace (MARSA) </li></ul><ul><li>Air defense identification zones (ADIZ) </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign ATC services </li></ul><ul><li>Non-federal control towers (NFCT) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Summary of ATC Facilities traffic separation Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCT) Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC) “ CENTER ” Flight Service Station ( FSS ) Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) COMMAND CENTER no separation Control Tower TOWER Terminal Radar Control TRACON
  37. 37. Topics for Remainder of Course ARTCC “Center” Radar room TRACON Tower cab Control Tower Chapter 6 Control tower procedures Chapter 8 How radar works Chapter 9 Radar separation procedures
  38. 38. Next <ul><li>Chapter 6: Control Tower Procedures </li></ul>