Towards a Global Air Traffic Management Concept
The persistent need for cost-efficiency <ul><ul><li>&quot;Airlines have been a serial killer of capital. We have done a go...
The persistent need for cost-efficiency <ul><li>IATA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$5.5 billion forecast airline industry losses ...
Airline operating  costs
Low-Cost Carriers market share in Europe <ul><li>9% flight growth in ’04 </li></ul><ul><li>10.4% market share </li></ul><u...
The Air Transport revenue chain Return on capital invested 16% 15% 6% 14% 13% 10% >30% Aircraft Manufacturers 2 suppliers:...
<ul><li>What is needed at Global level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul>...
A long history of common concept work <ul><li>1987: EUROCONTROL ATS Concept Group report </li></ul><ul><li>1989: ICAO/EUR ...
European Contribution EURO OCD ICAO OCD ATM 2000+ European ATM Master Plan IATA
Air Traffic Management performance  <ul><li>European Air Traffic Management delivers solid performance </li></ul>Capacity ...
Traffic / Delays Delays have reached an all-time low:  En-Route Flow Management delay: 1.2 min/flight Summer   2004
Traffic / Delays Delays have reached an all-time low:  En-Route Flow Management delay: 1.2 min/flight Summer   2004
Air Traffic Management performance  <ul><li>European Air Traffic Management delivers solid performance </li></ul>Capacity ...
Safety <ul><li>A coherent way forward must be developed, addressing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Europe-wide ATM safety inform...
Capacity <ul><li>Resolute action is needed to meet the rapidly growing demand. </li></ul>
The Airports Challenge <ul><li>If demand keeps growing at 4.3% p.a. (scenario A), airports will severely constrain traffic...
European Air Traffic Management Master Plan <ul><li>A quantum jump in ATM performance </li></ul><ul><li>short-term:  DMEAN...
Air transport delays <ul><li>Improved predictability of air transport would generate  high added-value </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Cost-effectiveness Raising performance to 3 rd  best levels: Significant improvements (10%= €700 M  p.a.) Complexity is no...
Flight efficiency <ul><li>Actual routes </li></ul><ul><li>Flight-efficiency, a major contributor to ATM performance </li><...
Fragmentation Lack of ATM system coordination Constrained route & sector design Lack of ACC economies of scale Over-provis...
Functional Blocks of Airspace
Common Air Navigation Charging Scheme <ul><li>Main features of proposed Implementing Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency w...
NETWORK OPTIMISATION Cooperative Network Design, Pan-European Functions National Pan-European Regulation Service Provision...
<ul><li>&quot;The international aviation system can only become viable if airlines, service providers and regulators  join...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

1 Towardsa Global Atm Conceptthe European Contribution Victor Aguado Eurocontrol

1,208 views

Published on

http://havatrafik.blogspot.com

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

1 Towardsa Global Atm Conceptthe European Contribution Victor Aguado Eurocontrol

  1. 1. Towards a Global Air Traffic Management Concept
  2. 2. The persistent need for cost-efficiency <ul><ul><li>&quot;Airlines have been a serial killer of capital. We have done a good job for consumers of selling our product at less than cost. In our view the industry is a giant charity&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Owen, Finance Director of Jet Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Is there light at the end of the tunnel ? No. None of us make money at those energy prices&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gary Kelly, Chief Executive of SouthWest </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The persistent need for cost-efficiency <ul><li>IATA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$5.5 billion forecast airline industry losses for 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High price of fuel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System-wide break-even load factors rise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$40 billion losses for the period 2001-2005 </li></ul></ul>Source: IATA
  4. 4. Airline operating costs
  5. 5. Low-Cost Carriers market share in Europe <ul><li>9% flight growth in ’04 </li></ul><ul><li>10.4% market share </li></ul><ul><li>Slower market share growth than 2003 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Air Transport revenue chain Return on capital invested 16% 15% 6% 14% 13% 10% >30% Aircraft Manufacturers 2 suppliers: 100% of market Aircraft Leasing Companies 2 suppliers: 45% of market Airlines > 1500 airlines, over capacity, strong competition Airport Handling Services Mostly monopolies at state-run airports, less than 3 suppliers privately owned airports Catering 2 suppliers: 40% of market, 7 suppliers service 70% Airports monopoly Glogal Distribution Systems 4 suppliers worldwide, some dominate specific regions ANSPs Source: McKinsey, TEATS Ltd 2.8 to 10% Aircraft Manufacturers Aircraft Leasing Companies Airlines Aircraft Handling Services Catering Airport Aircraft Leasing Companies ANSPs
  7. 7. <ul><li>What is needed at Global level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>=> Performance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Towards a Global Air Traffic Management Concept
  8. 8. A long history of common concept work <ul><li>1987: EUROCONTROL ATS Concept Group report </li></ul><ul><li>1989: ICAO/EUR FEATS concept, GARTEUR concept paper </li></ul><ul><li>1990: PHARE & CATMAC (BFS) concepts </li></ul><ul><li>1991: FEATS input to FANS work endorsed by ICAO ANC/10 </li></ul><ul><li>1993: EATMS initial operational concept </li></ul><ul><li>1995: User Requirements Document </li></ul><ul><li>1997: OCD V1 </li></ul><ul><li>1997: ATM 2000+ Strategy development launched </li></ul><ul><li>1999: OCD V1.1 </li></ul><ul><li>1999: ICAO ATMCP work starts </li></ul><ul><li>2000: ATM 2000+ Strategy approved </li></ul><ul><li>2003: ATM 2000+ Strategy revised </li></ul><ul><li>2003: ICAO ANC/11 endorses OCD </li></ul><ul><li>2004: EUROCONTROL OCD V2 </li></ul><ul><li>2004: Industry road map (presented by IATA) </li></ul><ul><li>EC: several concept studies since 1991 (AEGIS, ATLAS, TORCH, Gate-2-Gate, C-ATM) have been exploited </li></ul><ul><li>2005: EURO OCD/ConOps integrated with C-ATM </li></ul>
  9. 9. European Contribution EURO OCD ICAO OCD ATM 2000+ European ATM Master Plan IATA
  10. 10. Air Traffic Management performance <ul><li>European Air Traffic Management delivers solid performance </li></ul>Capacity Safety Total Costs vs Traffic Unit Costs
  11. 11. Traffic / Delays Delays have reached an all-time low: En-Route Flow Management delay: 1.2 min/flight Summer 2004
  12. 12. Traffic / Delays Delays have reached an all-time low: En-Route Flow Management delay: 1.2 min/flight Summer 2004
  13. 13. Air Traffic Management performance <ul><li>European Air Traffic Management delivers solid performance </li></ul>Capacity Safety Total Costs vs Traffic Unit Costs
  14. 14. Safety <ul><li>A coherent way forward must be developed, addressing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Europe-wide ATM safety information flow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Europe-wide review system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway Incursion Prevention Plan </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Capacity <ul><li>Resolute action is needed to meet the rapidly growing demand. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Airports Challenge <ul><li>If demand keeps growing at 4.3% p.a. (scenario A), airports will severely constrain traffic growth in 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>3.7 million unaccommodated flights/yr will cause pressure to change traffic pattern </li></ul>2.5 growth factor if sufficient airport capacity 2.0 growth factor with max achievable airport capacity
  17. 17. European Air Traffic Management Master Plan <ul><li>A quantum jump in ATM performance </li></ul><ul><li>short-term: DMEAN & management of bottlenecks </li></ul><ul><li>medium-term: Sector productivity / Controller tools </li></ul><ul><li>long-term: SESAME </li></ul>
  18. 18. Air transport delays <ul><li>Improved predictability of air transport would generate high added-value </li></ul><ul><li>Compressing half of flight schedules by 5 minutes is worth some €1,000M p.a. </li></ul>Schedule Early arrival OUT OFF ON IN Buffer Late arrival Airborne Taxi Out Taxi In Behind schedule Ahead of schedule Delay Schedule ON Time Distribution of arrival time and on-time performance Predictability Buffer
  19. 19. Cost-effectiveness Raising performance to 3 rd best levels: Significant improvements (10%= €700 M p.a.) Complexity is not an obstacle to high productivity (Maastricht, CH, NL, UK) Support costs: 23% Productivity: +56%
  20. 20. Flight efficiency <ul><li>Actual routes </li></ul><ul><li>Flight-efficiency, a major contributor to ATM performance </li></ul><ul><li>€ 1,000M - €1,500M p.a. </li></ul><ul><li>Airspace design and strategic use is the most critical element Further work is needed, involving civil and military concerned parties </li></ul>Filed route (F) Actual route (A) Shortest route (S) Great Circle (G) ATC routing Route selection En-route design 476 NM 480 NM 475 NM 448 NM -1.0 % 1.0 % Direct route (D) TMA interface + 28 NM Er: 6.2% 457 NM 4.2 % 2.0 % Strategic Tactical
  21. 21. Fragmentation Lack of ATM system coordination Constrained route & sector design Lack of ACC economies of scale Over-provision of secondary radar Communications/navigation duplication Sub-optimal maintenance/development Piecemeal procurement Fragmented planning Causes of fragmentation costs
  22. 22. Functional Blocks of Airspace
  23. 23. Common Air Navigation Charging Scheme <ul><li>Main features of proposed Implementing Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency with EUROCONTROL system </li></ul><ul><li>Distinction between En-route and Terminal charges </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of « charging volumes of airspace » in consistency with ATC operations </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for air navigation service providers and airspace users </li></ul>
  24. 24. NETWORK OPTIMISATION Cooperative Network Design, Pan-European Functions National Pan-European Regulation Service Provision Air Traffic Management Success Factors Regulation Service Provision Regulation Service Provision Regulation Service Provision Regulation Service Provision Regulation Service Provision Functional Blocks GLOBAL PLANNING - GLOBAL CONCEPT Global
  25. 25. <ul><li>&quot;The international aviation system can only become viable if airlines, service providers and regulators jointly address and resolve the fundamental issues.“ (source AEA) </li></ul>Conclusion

×