Beliefs about language learning acquisition

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Beliefs about language learning acquisition, BY: ADRIANA CAROLINA LARA VELARDE

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Beliefs about language learning acquisition

  1. 1. Language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication and a language is any specific example of such a system.
  2. 2. There are three main trends in language theory frame the different methods and approaches discussed in this subject: There are three main trends in language theory frame the different methods and approaches discussed in this subject: STRUCTURAL VIEW STRUCTURAL VIEW STRUCTURAL VIEW
  3. 3. Lexical Items Lexical Items STRUCTURAL VIEW Language system of elements for coding and decoding. Language system of elements for coding and decoding. Phonological units Phonological units Grammatical units Grammatical units Grammatical Operations Grammatical Operations This particular view of language, has some contemporary methods such as: Audiolingual Method; Total Physical Response and Silent Way.
  4. 4. FUNCTIONAL OR COMMUNICATIVE VIEW FUNCTIONAL OR COMMUNICATIVE VIEW LanguageLanguage VehicleVehicle Functional meaningFunctional meaning SyntaxSyntax Study of :Study of : Linguistic forms Linguistic forms SemanticsSemantics Study of :Study of : Linguistic forms Linguistic forms Entities in the world Entities in the world Study of :Study of : PragmaticPragmatic Linguistic forms Linguistic forms The users of (…) The users of (…)
  5. 5. LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Process by which humans acquire Process by which humans acquire Capacity to perceive Capacity to perceive Comprehend language Comprehend language There are some theories about language acquisition, the most important are: •Behaviourist Theory •Cognitive Theory There are some theories about language acquisition, the most important are: •Behaviourist Theory •Cognitive Theory
  6. 6. RewardReward BEHAVIOURISTBEHAVIOURIST ChildrenChildren Blank slatesBlank slates ProcessProcess StimulusStimulus ResponseResponse ReinforcementReinforcement
  7. 7. create COGNITIVECOGNITIVE ChomskyChomsky TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE GRAMMAR TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE GRAMMAR Learners understand Learners understand rulesrules Limited vocabularyLimited vocabulary SentencesSentences
  8. 8. LANGUAGE LEARNING LANGUAGE LEARNING Learning is a consicious knowledge Learning is a consicious knowledge THEORIESTHEORIES Deductive - Inductive Deductive - Inductive Analytic - ExperentialAnalytic - Experential Habit formation – Naturalistic acquisition Habit formation – Naturalistic acquisition Change of directionsChange of directions Common strategyCommon strategy Repetion and memorization Repetion and memorization

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