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Faculté des arts et des sciences
École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information
Searching for music materials ...
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
3
4
5
6
7
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
9
SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 10
Borgman (1986) dans Journal of the American
Society for Information Science...
11
SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 12
Borgman (1996) dans Journal of the American
Society for Information Science...
SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 13
SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 14
Schneider (2006) dans ALA TechSource :
How OPACs Suck
Part 1: Relevance Ran...
SQACBM 2015 15
« After all, you can
put lipstick on a pig,
but it’s still very much
a pig. »
- Roy Tennant (2005)
16
17
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 19
Find the discovery tools best suited for
searching and exploring music
materia...
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 21
Many issues related to searching music
materials in library catalogues remain…...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 22
Ease of use:
Lack of support for dealing with foreign
languages when searching...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 23
Multiplicity of formats:
Lack of specificity in the limits for the
format (e.g...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 24
Description:
Difficulty with identifying the role of each
person or ensemble (...
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 26
Qualities of a good discovery tool
(Yang & Hofmann 2011)
Methodology
Single se...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 27
Open source discovery tools:
Blacklight
eXtensible Catalog
Fac-Back-OPAC
Frank...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 28
Proprietary discovery tools:
AquaBrowser (ProQuest)
BiblioCommons (BiblioCommo...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 29
Information sources:
Website of the vendor or the community who
develop the to...
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 31
Results
Primo
Facets and
filters
appropriate
for music
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 32
Results
Blacklight
Facets and
filters
appropriate
for music
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 33
Results
BiblioCommons
Facets and
filters
appropriate
for music
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 34
Multiplicity
of formats:
level of
specificity
Results
Example from Blacklight
...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 35
Multiplicity
of formats:
level of
specificity
Results
Example from BiblioCommo...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 36
Multiplicity of formats:
level of specificity
Results
Examples from VuFind (le...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 37
Multiplicity of
formats: display
of results
Results
VuFind
38
Example from VuFind, also seen in BiblioCommons and Infor
Iguana
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
39IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
Example from WorldCat
Also seen in Encore and Enterprise
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 40
Identification
of the role of
contributors
Results
Example from Primo
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 41
Identification
of the role of
contributors
Results
Example from Blacklight
Als...
Example from VuFind
Also seen in BiblioCommons
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 42
Title
search:
use of
preferred
...
Example from VuFind
Also seen in BiblioCommons
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 43
Results
Title
search:
use of
pr...
Example from VuFind
Also seen in WorldCat
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 44
Results
Title
search:
use of
preferr...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 45
Blacklight
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 46
Results
Title
search:
use of
preferred
titles
Blacklight
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 47
Results
48IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
49
Open source:
Blacklight
VuFind
Proprietary:
BiblioCommons
WordCat (OCLC)
But also depends on the way we implement
the s...
50IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
51
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 52
Problems not yet solved
Full use of MARC records (Belford 2014)
Ease of use
Au...
Introduction
What is a discovery tool?
Our goal
Review of user studies
Methodology
Results
Conclusion
Presentation Outline...
IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 54
No discovery tools solve all music
information retrieval issues
Several barrie...
Bibliography
Belford, R. (2014). Evaluating Library Discovery Tools through a Music Lens.
Library Resources & Technical Se...
Bibliography
Leazer, G. H. (1992). The effectiveness of keyword searching in the retrieval of
musical works on sound recor...
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Searching for music materials in libraries: Discovery tools as seen through the eyes of the users

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Paper presented at the Congress of the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres (IAML), Rome, July 3-8, 2016. Prepared by Audrey Laplante and Ariane-Legault Venne.

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Searching for music materials in libraries: Discovery tools as seen through the eyes of the users

  1. 1. Faculté des arts et des sciences École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information Searching for music materials in libraries: Discovery tools as seen through the eyes of the users IAML 2016, Rome Audrey Laplante and Ariane Legault-Venne 8 July 2016
  2. 2. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 10 Borgman (1986) dans Journal of the American Society for Information Science : Why are online catalogs hard to use?
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 12 Borgman (1996) dans Journal of the American Society for Information Science : Why are online catalogs still hard to use?
  13. 13. SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 13
  14. 14. SQACBM 2015 A. Legault-Venne et A. Laplante 14 Schneider (2006) dans ALA TechSource : How OPACs Suck Part 1: Relevance Rank (Or the Lack of It) Part 2: The Checklist of Shame. Part 3: The Big Picture.
  15. 15. SQACBM 2015 15 « After all, you can put lipstick on a pig, but it’s still very much a pig. » - Roy Tennant (2005)
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 18
  19. 19. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 19 Find the discovery tools best suited for searching and exploring music materials and the best way to implement them. Our goal
  20. 20. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 20
  21. 21. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 21 Many issues related to searching music materials in library catalogues remain… Review of user studies
  22. 22. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 22 Ease of use: Lack of support for dealing with foreign languages when searching (Dougan 2012) Issues related to title searches (King 2005; Liew & Ng 2006; Snyder 2010; Thomas 2011) Facets not appropriate for music (Snyder 2010) Many prefer using YouTube, Google or IMSLP… (Dougan 2012, 2015; Lai 2013) Not intuitive (Liew & Ng 2006) / library instruction almost necessary (Dougan 2012) Review of user studies
  23. 23. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 23 Multiplicity of formats: Lack of specificity in the limits for the format (e.g., LPs vs. CDs) (Dougan 2012; Thomas 2011) Identification of format difficult when browsing results (Dougan 2012; Thomas 2011) Review of user studies
  24. 24. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 24 Description: Difficulty with identifying the role of each person or ensemble (Thomas 2011) Title searches difficult Description at the document level only… A lot of information in the contents note field (Hume 1995; Leazer 1992; Thomas 2011) Review of user studies
  25. 25. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 25
  26. 26. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 26 Qualities of a good discovery tool (Yang & Hofmann 2011) Methodology Single search box Enriched content Faceted navigation Relevancy “Did you mean?” Recommendations User generated content RSS feed State-of-the art user interface Persistent link Social network Single index
  27. 27. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 27 Open source discovery tools: Blacklight eXtensible Catalog Fac-Back-OPAC Franklin LibraryFind Methodology Omeka Rapi Scriblio SOPAC VuFind
  28. 28. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 28 Proprietary discovery tools: AquaBrowser (ProQuest) BiblioCommons (BiblioCommons) BLUEcloud PAC (SirsiDynix) Chamo (Innovative Interfaces) EBSCO Discovery Service (EBSCO) Encore (Innovative Interfaces) Methodology Enterprise (SirsiDynix) Iguana (Infor) Primo (ExLibris) Summon (ProQuest) WorldCat (OCLC)
  29. 29. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 29 Information sources: Website of the vendor or the community who develop the tool Recent implementations (at least 2) by an academic library or a library with a large music collection Methodology
  30. 30. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 30
  31. 31. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 31 Results Primo Facets and filters appropriate for music
  32. 32. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 32 Results Blacklight Facets and filters appropriate for music
  33. 33. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 33 Results BiblioCommons Facets and filters appropriate for music
  34. 34. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 34 Multiplicity of formats: level of specificity Results Example from Blacklight Also seen in InforIguana, Primo, Summon, and VuFind
  35. 35. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 35 Multiplicity of formats: level of specificity Results Example from BiblioCommons Also seen in Encore and Enterprise
  36. 36. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 36 Multiplicity of formats: level of specificity Results Examples from VuFind (left) and WorldCat (right)
  37. 37. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 37 Multiplicity of formats: display of results Results VuFind
  38. 38. 38 Example from VuFind, also seen in BiblioCommons and Infor Iguana IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
  39. 39. 39IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne Example from WorldCat Also seen in Encore and Enterprise
  40. 40. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 40 Identification of the role of contributors Results Example from Primo
  41. 41. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 41 Identification of the role of contributors Results Example from Blacklight Also seen in VuFind
  42. 42. Example from VuFind Also seen in BiblioCommons IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 42 Title search: use of preferred titles Results
  43. 43. Example from VuFind Also seen in BiblioCommons IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 43 Results Title search: use of preferred titles
  44. 44. Example from VuFind Also seen in WorldCat IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 44 Results Title search: use of preferred titles
  45. 45. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 45
  46. 46. Blacklight IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 46 Results Title search: use of preferred titles
  47. 47. Blacklight IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 47 Results
  48. 48. 48IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
  49. 49. 49 Open source: Blacklight VuFind Proprietary: BiblioCommons WordCat (OCLC) But also depends on the way we implement the system… Results of the evaluation
  50. 50. 50IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 52 Problems not yet solved Full use of MARC records (Belford 2014) Ease of use Autosuggest with authority notices? Results
  53. 53. Introduction What is a discovery tool? Our goal Review of user studies Methodology Results Conclusion Presentation Outline IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 53
  54. 54. IAML 2016 A. Laplante & A. Legault-Venne 54 No discovery tools solve all music information retrieval issues Several barriers to user engagement (O’brien & Toms 2008) Having a single interface for such a wide variety of documents might not be the optimal solution… Limit of the study: most user studies are small-scale Conclusion
  55. 55. Bibliography Belford, R. (2014). Evaluating Library Discovery Tools through a Music Lens. Library Resources & Technical Services, 58(1), 49-72. Dougan, K. (2012). Information seeking behaviors of music students. Reference Services Review, 40(4), 558-573. Dougan, K. (2015). Finding the Right Notes: An Observational Study of Score and Recording Seeking Behaviors of Music Students. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 41(1), 61-67. Hunter, B. (2006). A New Breed of Musicians: The Information-Seeking Needs and Behaviors of Composers of Electroacoustic Music. Music Reference Services Quarterly, 10(1), 1-15. Itoh, M. (2000). Subject Search for Music: Quantitative Analysis of Access Point Selection. Proceedings of ISMIR 2000. King, D. M. (2005). Catalog user search strategies in finding music materials. Music Reference Services Quarterly, 9(4), 1-24. Lai, K. (2013). How Are Our Undergraduates Using YouTube? A Survey on Music Students’ Use of YouTube and the Library's Multimedia Collection. Music Reference Services Quarterly, 16(4), 199-217. 55
  56. 56. Bibliography Leazer, G. H. (1992). The effectiveness of keyword searching in the retrieval of musical works on sound recordings. Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, 15(3), 15-55. Liew, C. L., & Ng, S. N. (2006). Beyond the Notes: A Qualitative Study of the Information-Seeking Behavior of Ethnomusicologists. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 32(1), 60-68. Newcomer, N. L. (2011). The Detail Behind Web-Scale: Selecting and Configuring Web-Scale Discovery Tools to Meet Music Information Retrieval Needs. Music Reference Services Quarterly, 14(3), 131-145. Snyder, T. (2010). Music Materials in a Faceted Catalog: Interviews with Faculty and Graduate Students. Music Reference Services Quarterly, 13(3-4), 66-95. Thomas, B. (2011). Creating a specialized music search interface in a traditional OPAC environment. OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, 27(3), 248-256. Yang, S. Q., & Hofmann, M. A. (2011). Next generation or current generation?: A study of the OPACs of 260 academic libraries in the USA and Canada. Library Hi Tech, 29(2), 266–300. Yang, S. Q., & Wagner, K. (2010). Evaluating and comparing discovery tools: how close are we towards next generation catalog? Library Hi Tech, 28(4), 690-709. Yang, S. (2013). From integrated library systems to library management services: time for change? Library Hi Tech News, 30(2), 1-8. 56

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