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Faculté	
  des	
  arts	
  et	
  des	
  sciences	
  
École	
  de	
  bibliothéconomie	
  et	
  des	
  sciences	
  de	
  l'in...
Audrey: @AudreyLaplante1
Stefanie: @stefhaustein
Christine: @cdufour
Background
Presentation of the project
Theoretical framework
Sampling
The next steps…
Presentation Outline
#SMSociety16 La...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 4
Scholars’ use of social media
Specialized and general social media platforms
M...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 5
Known barriers:
Lack of time
Lack of recognition for promotion or funding
Info...
Background
Presentation of the project
Theoretical framework
Sampling
The next steps…
Presentation Outline
#SMSociety16 La...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 7
Objectives:
1.  provide an in-depth analysis of use practices
of social media ...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 8
Definition of social media:
Media that “afford two-way interaction with
an aud...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 9
Presentation of the project
Christine DufourAudrey Laplante
Vincent LarivièreS...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 10
Mixed-methods sequential exploratory design
(Creswell & Plano Clark 2011)
Pha...
Background
Presentation of the project
Theoretical framework
Sampling
The next steps…
Presentation Outline
#SMSociety16 La...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 12
Frameworks for understanding work team
effectiveness (McGrath 1964; Hackman 1...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 13
Individual-level factors:
Diffusion of Innovation Theory (Rogers 1983)
Techno...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 14
Team- and environment-level factors:
Constantine’s organizational reference p...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 15
Constantine’s organizational reference
paradigms (Constantine 1993)
Four orga...
“The other thing I love about social media is they way
in which they are a leveller. There is no longer a
hierarchy, where...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 17
Adaptive Structuration Theory (AST) (DeSanctis
& Poole 1994)
Factors influenc...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 18
Theory of Information Sharing (Constant, Keisler &
Sproull 1994, enriched by ...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 19
Individual-level factors
Performance expectancy
Effort expectancy
Anxiety and...
Gallivan & Srite 2005
Background
Presentation of the project
Theoretical framework
Sampling
The next steps…
Presentation Outline
#SMSociety16 La...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 22
Selection criteria:
Competition year 2013-2014
≥ 1 co-applicant
Research gran...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 23
Sampling
Background
Presentation of the project
Theoretical framework
Sampling
The next steps…
Presentation Outline
#SMSociety16 La...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 25
Get ethics approval
Prepare and test interview guide
Find participants
Conduc...
Faculté	
  des	
  arts	
  et	
  des	
  sciences	
  
École	
  de	
  bibliothéconomie	
  et	
  des	
  sciences	
  de	
  l'in...
Acord, S. K., & Harley, D. (2013). Credit, time, and personality: The human challenges
to sharing scholarly work using Web...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 28
DeSanctis, G., & Poole, M. S. (1994). Capturing the complexity in advanced
te...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 29
Gallivan, M., & Srite, M. (2005). Information technology and culture: Identif...
#SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 30
Ponte, D., & Simon, J. (2011). Scholarly communication 2.0: Exploring researc...
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Examining individual and collective factors affecting the adoption of social media by inter-institutional research teams

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Work-in-progress paper presented at the Social Media & Society Conference, London, July 11-13, 2016.

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Examining individual and collective factors affecting the adoption of social media by inter-institutional research teams

  1. 1. Faculté  des  arts  et  des  sciences   École  de  bibliothéconomie  et  des  sciences  de  l'information   Examining individual and collective factors affecting the adoption of social media by inter-institutional research teams Audrey Laplante, Stefanie Haustein, Christine Dufour #SMSociety16, 12 July 2016 Work-in-Progress Paper
  2. 2. Audrey: @AudreyLaplante1 Stefanie: @stefhaustein Christine: @cdufour
  3. 3. Background Presentation of the project Theoretical framework Sampling The next steps… Presentation Outline #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 3
  4. 4. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 4 Scholars’ use of social media Specialized and general social media platforms Motivations: Maintaining or creating ties with scholars Promoting and disseminating work Staying informed Communicating with scholars Sharing information (CIBER 2010; Gruzd & Goertzen 2013; Gruzd, Staves, & Wilk 2012; Nicholas et al. 2014; Pearce 2010) Background
  5. 5. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 5 Known barriers: Lack of time Lack of recognition for promotion or funding Information overload Known facilitators: Social influence Inter-institutional collaborations (Acord & Harley 2013; CIBER 2010; Gruzd, Staves, & Wilk 2012; Nicholas et al. 2011; Ponte & Simon 2011) Background
  6. 6. Background Presentation of the project Theoretical framework Sampling The next steps… Presentation Outline #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 6
  7. 7. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 7 Objectives: 1.  provide an in-depth analysis of use practices of social media at each stage of an inter- institutional collaborative research project; 2.  explore the factors of adoption of social media by teams of researchers in inter- institutional collaborative research projects. Presentation of the project
  8. 8. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 8 Definition of social media: Media that “afford two-way interaction with an audience, beyond any specific recipient.” (Hogan & Quan-Haase 2010) Presentation of the project
  9. 9. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 9 Presentation of the project Christine DufourAudrey Laplante Vincent LarivièreStefanie Haustein
  10. 10. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 10 Mixed-methods sequential exploratory design (Creswell & Plano Clark 2011) Phase 1: In-depth interviews with members of 4-8 inter- institutional research teams from various disciplines Quantitative bibliometric and altmetric data Phase 2: Canada-wide large-scale survey of researchers Methods
  11. 11. Background Presentation of the project Theoretical framework Sampling The next steps… Presentation Outline #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 11
  12. 12. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 12 Frameworks for understanding work team effectiveness (McGrath 1964; Hackman 1987) Individual-level factors Group-level factors Environment-level factors Theoretical framework
  13. 13. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 13 Individual-level factors: Diffusion of Innovation Theory (Rogers 1983) Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis 1989) Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) (Venkatesh et al. 2003) UTAUT: Performance expectancy Effort expectancy Facilitating conditions Social influence/pressure Theoretical framework Anxiety and Self-efficacy Attitude toward using technology (Gruzd, Staves, & Wilk 2012)
  14. 14. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 14 Team- and environment-level factors: Constantine’s organizational reference paradigms (Constantine 1993) Adaptive Structuration Theory (AST) (DeSanctis & Poole 1994) Theory of Information Sharing (Constant, Keisler and Sproull 1994, enriched by Jarvenpaa and Staples 2000) Theoretical framework
  15. 15. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 15 Constantine’s organizational reference paradigms (Constantine 1993) Four organizational reference paradigms: Closed (traditional hierarchy) Random (innovative individualism) Open (adaptive collaboration) Synchronous (harmonious alignment) Theoretical framework
  16. 16. “The other thing I love about social media is they way in which they are a leveller. There is no longer a hierarchy, whereas in the past somebody wouldn't have nerves, as a student for example, to maybe email me. PhD students, researchers will connect online on Facebook or Twitter, and then they'll send a little chat […]” (p. 29) Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 16#SMSociety16 Veletsianos, George. (2016). Social media in academia : networked scholars. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  17. 17. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 17 Adaptive Structuration Theory (AST) (DeSanctis & Poole 1994) Factors influencing appropriation: Styles of interacting Knowledge and experience with structures Perceptions of others’ knowledge Consensus on appropriation Theoretical framework
  18. 18. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 18 Theory of Information Sharing (Constant, Keisler & Sproull 1994, enriched by Jarvenpaa & Staples 2000) Individual factors, organizational factors, and task: Information culture Organization information ownership Propensity to share Task interdependence Computer comfort Computer-based information characteristics Theoretical framework
  19. 19. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 19 Individual-level factors Performance expectancy Effort expectancy Anxiety and Self-efficacy Attitude toward using technology Information culture Group-level factors Group’s ‘personality’ Closed Random Open Synchronous Group’s internal system Styles of interacting Knowledge and experience with structures Perceptions of others’ knowledge Consensus on appropriation Task interdependence Information culture Information ownership Environment-level factors Facilitating conditions Social influence/pressure Information culture Information ownership
  20. 20. Gallivan & Srite 2005
  21. 21. Background Presentation of the project Theoretical framework Sampling The next steps… Presentation Outline #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 21
  22. 22. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 22 Selection criteria: Competition year 2013-2014 ≥ 1 co-applicant Research grants SSHRC: Insight - Individual, Team and Partnerships Research Grants NSERC: Discovery Grants CIHR: Team and Operating Grants Sampling
  23. 23. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 23 Sampling
  24. 24. Background Presentation of the project Theoretical framework Sampling The next steps… Presentation Outline #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 24
  25. 25. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 25 Get ethics approval Prepare and test interview guide Find participants Conduct interviews Collect altmetrics data Canada-wide survey of funded researchers The next steps…
  26. 26. Faculté  des  arts  et  des  sciences   École  de  bibliothéconomie  et  des  sciences  de  l'information   This is a work in progress… all comments are welcome!
  27. 27. Acord, S. K., & Harley, D. (2013). Credit, time, and personality: The human challenges to sharing scholarly work using Web 2.0. New media & society, 15(3), 379-397. doi: 10.1177/1461444812465140 CIBER. (2010). Social media and research workflow. London: London’s Global University. Retrieved from http://ciber-research.eu/download/20101111-social-media-report.pdf Constant, D., Kiesler, S., & Sproull, L. (1994). What’s mine is ours, or is it? A study of attitudes about information sharing. Information Systems Research, 5(4), 400-421. doi: 10.1287/isre.5.4.400 Constantine, L. L. (1993). Work organization: Paradigms for project management and organization. Communications of the ACM, 36(10), 35-43. Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications. Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-340. doi: 10.2307/249008 Bibliography
  28. 28. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 28 DeSanctis, G., & Poole, M. S. (1994). Capturing the complexity in advanced technology use: Adaptive structuration theory. Organization Science, 5(2), 121-147. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2635011 Gallivan, M., & Srite, M. (2005). Information technology and culture: Identifying fragmentary and holistic perspectives of culture. Information and Organization, 15(4), 295-338. doi: 10.1016/j.infoandorg.2005.02.005 Gruzd, A., & Goertzen, M. (2013). Wired academia: Why social science scholars are using social media. In Proceedings of the 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) (pp. 3332-3341). doi: 10.1109/HICSS.2013.614 Gruzd, A., Staves, K., & Wilk, A. (2011). Tenure and promotion in the age of online social media. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 48(1), 1-9. Gruzd, A., Staves, K., & Wilk, A. (2012). Connected scholars: Examining the role of social media in research practices of faculty using the UTAUT model. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(6), 2340-2350. doi: j.chb.2012.07.004 Bibliography
  29. 29. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 29 Gallivan, M., & Srite, M. (2005). Information technology and culture: Identifying fragmentary and holistic perspectives of culture. Information and Organization, 15(4), 295-338. doi :10.1016/j.infoandorg.2005.02.005 Holmberg, K., & Thelwall, M. (2014). Disciplinary differences in Twitter scholarly communication. Scientometrics, 1-16. doi: 10.1007/s11192-014-1229-3 Jarvenpaa, S. L. et Staples, D. S. (2000). The use of collaborative electronic media for information sharing: An exploratory study of determinants. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 9, 129-154. Larivière, V., Gingras, Y., Sugimoto, C. R., & Tsou, A. (2015). Team size matters: Collaboration and scientific impact since 1900. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(7), 1323-1332. doi: 10.1002/asi.23266 Nicholas, D., Watkinson, A., Rowlands, I., & Jubb, M. (2011). Social media, academic research and the role of university libraries. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(5), 373-375. Pearce, N. (2010). A study of technology adoption by researchers. Information, Communication & Society, 13(8), 1191-1206. doi: 10.1080/1369118100366360 Bibliography
  30. 30. #SMSociety16 Laplante, Haustein, & Dufour 30 Ponte, D., & Simon, J. (2011). Scholarly communication 2.0: Exploring researchers’ opinions on Web 2.0 for scientific knowledge creation, evaluation and dissemination. Serials Review, 37(3), 149-156. Procter, R., Williams, R., Stewart, J., Poschen, M., Snee, H., Voss, A., & Asgari-Targhi, M. (2010). Adoption and use of Web 2.0 in scholarly communications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368(1926), 4039-4056. Rogers, E. M. (1983). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press. Sonnenwald, D. H. (2007). Scientific collaboration. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 41(1), 643-681. doi : 10.1002/aris.2007.1440410121 Van Noorden, R. (2014). Online collaboration: Scientists and the social network. Nature, 512(7513), 126-129. Venkatesh, V., Morris, M. G., Davis, G. B., & Davis, F. D. (2003). User acceptance of information technology: toward a unified view. MIS Quarterly, 27(3), 425-478. Bibliography

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