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S4A

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experiència a l'aula de com programar plaques Arduino amb una modificació de l'Scratch (S4A)

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S4A

  1. 1. S4A Scratch for Arduino electrònica, programació i robòtica a l'aula
  2. 2. Arduino al INS Lluís de Peguera (Manresa) Matèries optatives departament Tecnologia INS: <ul><li>Control per ordinador BATX (Plaques BSP + WinLOGO + Fischertechnik)
  3. 3. Electrònica BATX
  4. 4. Tecnologia 4t ESO
  5. 5. Electrònica, programació i robòtica BATX </li></ul>Matèria comuna: <ul><li>Treball de recerca de BATX </li></ul>
  6. 6. Arduino http://arduino.cc
  7. 7. Alternatives <ul><li>Picaxe </li><ul><li>més barat
  8. 8. no lliure
  9. 9. actualment multiplataforma
  10. 10. llenguatge BASIC </li></ul><li>Sensorboard </li><ul><li>pocs distribuïdors (PicoBoard, PicoCAT)
  11. 11. més car </li></ul><li>Lego WeDo </li><ul><li>poc compatible </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Avantatges / Inconvenients Arduino <ul><li>Avantatges </li><ul><li>Lliure
  13. 13. Àmplia comunitat
  14. 14. Barat
  15. 15. Fàcil connexionat </li></ul><li>Inconvenients </li><ul><li>IDE llenguatge &quot;estil C&quot; (anglès)
  16. 16. Placa poc robusta </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Scratch http://scratch.mit.edu Imagina Programa Comparteix
  18. 18. S4A http://seaside.citilab.eu/scratch/arduino
  19. 19. S4A Blocs placa Arduino: <ul><li>Sensors analògics
  20. 20. Sensors digitals
  21. 21. Sortides analògiques
  22. 22. Sortides digitals
  23. 23. Motors (servos) </li></ul>
  24. 24. S4A Plafó sensors <ul><li>6 sensors analògics
  25. 25. 2 sensors digitals </li></ul>
  26. 26. S4A Hola món (modificat)
  27. 27. Arduino i S4A <ul><li>Problemàtica Arduino </li><ul><li>IDE llenguatge &quot;estil C&quot; (anglès)
  28. 28. Placa poc robusta </li></ul><li>Limitacions S4A: </li><ul><li>nombre E/S reduït
  29. 29. connexió amb l'ordinador necessària </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. OP Electrònica, programació i robòtica OP Batx dissenyada pel centre 2 hores/setmana x 3 trimestres Distribució trimestral <ul><li>1r: electrònica analògica
  31. 31. 2n: electrònica digital i programació
  32. 32. 3r: automatització / robòtica </li></ul>OP “multi-modalitat” <ul><li>mínima teoria
  33. 33. moltes pràctiques </li></ul>
  34. 34. Electrònica analògica <ul><li>Conceptes de circuits </li><ul><li>Tensió i Intensitat. Lleis de Kirchhoff
  35. 35. Resistors. Llei d'Ohm
  36. 36. (Corrent altern) </li></ul><li>Muntatge i mesures: aparells de l'aula-taller </li><ul><li>Connexions amb cocodrils
  37. 37. Font d'alimentació
  38. 38. Polímetre (oscil·loscopi) </li></ul><li>Components </li><ul><li>Bombetes
  39. 39. Resistors i LEDs
  40. 40. SENSORS
  41. 41. Díodes (C.C. i C.A.)
  42. 42. (Transistors) </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Electrònica digital <ul><li>Simulador lliure multiplataforma (java): Logisim
  44. 44. Placa breadboard, Circuits integrats TTL/CMOS
  45. 45. LEDs i Visualitzadors de 7 segments
  46. 46. Codis binari i BCD, nivells lògics
  47. 47. Portes, Codificadors / descodificadors </li></ul>
  48. 48. Programació <ul><li>IDE lliure i visual -> Scratch
  49. 49. Usuaris registrats web Scratch (emmagatzematge, avaluació)
  50. 50. Pràctiques </li><ul><li>Moviments amb tecles de fletxa
  51. 51. Dibuixar polígons amb nombre de costats variable
  52. 52. Variables (velocitat, comptadors...)
  53. 53. Simulació 7 segments (vestits, inc/decrem)
  54. 54. Bomba (rellotge, sensors color...)
  55. 55. Scrolling vertical </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Automatització i robòtica <ul><li>Plaques Arduino (Duemilanove)
  57. 57. S4A </li></ul><ul><li>IDE Arduino (firmware)
  58. 58. Scratch com a &quot;simulador&quot; </li></ul>
  59. 59. Organització a l'aula / casa <ul><li>Aula-taller / Aula d'informàtica / Aula estàndard
  60. 60. Equipament laboratori (generadors, multímetres, connexions...)
  61. 61. Emmagatzematge material
  62. 62. Ordinadors: sobretaula / portàtils
  63. 63. Programari (lliure i multiplataforma): </li><ul><li>Scratch
  64. 64. IDE Arduino
  65. 65. S4A
  66. 66. Fritzing </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. Seguiment / Control Moodle <ul><li>Informació de referència
  68. 68. Magatzem o enllaç de programari i altres fitxers
  69. 69. Enunciats pràctiques
  70. 70. Emmagatzematge informes pràctiques i fitxers alumnat
  71. 71. Registre de tasques i avaluació </li></ul>
  72. 72. Projectes amb S4A <ul><li>semàfor
  73. 73. pong amb joystick (potenciòmetre)
  74. 74. alarma per sensor òptic
  75. 75. visualitzador 7 segments </li><ul><li>llistes
  76. 76. envia missatge (broadcast) </li></ul><li>comptador aforament local: </li><ul><li>comptador ascendent tecla Scratch
  77. 77. comptador ascendent sensor òptic S4A
  78. 78. comptador ascendent-descendent 2 tecles Scratch
  79. 79. comptador ascendent-descendent òptic S4A
  80. 80. 1 visualitzador 7 segments S4A
  81. 81. 2 visualitzadors 7 seg. multiplexats S4A </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. Semàfor S4A LEDs: Vermell Groc Verd
  83. 83. Semàfor S4A
  84. 84. Semàfor S4A
  85. 85. Alarma amb S4A Sensor LDR Pantalla So
  86. 86. Alarma amb S4A
  87. 87. Alarma amb S4A
  88. 88. Alarma amb S4A
  89. 89. Visualitzador 7 segments amb S4A 7 sortides!! <ul><li>imatge modificada
  90. 90. firmware modificat </li></ul>
  91. 91. Continuitat - Evolució TdRs amb Arduino IDE sense S4A: <ul><ul><li>robots
  92. 92. automatismes </li></ul><li>moviment: </li><ul><li>servos
  93. 93. motoreductors </li></ul><li>sensors </li><ul><li>fototransistors
  94. 94. ultrasons / infraroigs </li></ul></ul>
  95. 95. S4A Scratch for Arduino electrònica, programació i robòtica a l'aula Disponible en línia a: http://www.slideshare.net/aubieto/s4a Imatges pròpies: Antoni Ubieto CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Presentació: Antoni Ubieto CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 antoni.ubieto@gmail.com INS Lluís de Peguera Manresa

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