Prison Planet: Free Labor Force


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Prison Planet: Free Labor Force

  1. 1. Prison Planet’s Free Labor Force 1
  2. 2. Primary Documents in American History13th Amendment to the U.S. ConstitutionThe 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as apunishment for crime whereof the party shall have beenduly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or anyplace subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishingslavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment waspassed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratifiedby the states on December 6, 1865.Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites |Selected BibliographyAmerican Memory Historical CollectionsAbraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress Thomas Nast.John Nicolay sent Lincoln a telegram reporting passage of Emancipation.the 13th Amendment by Congress on January 31, 1865. Philadelphia: S. Bott, 1865. Wood engraving.Search the Abraham Lincoln Papers using the phrase "13th Prints and Photographsamendment" to locate additional documents on this topic, Division.including a copy of the 13th Amendment submitted to the Reproduction Number:states that was signed by Abraham Lincoln and members of LC-USZ62-2573Congress.The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of LincolnianaThis collection documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through writings byand about Lincoln as well as a large body of publications concerning the issues of the times 2
  3. 3. including slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics.Search this collection to find a number of items related to the abolition of slavery, including acopy of the 13th Amendment.A Century of Lawmaking for a New NationThe Senate debated and passed the 13th Amendment on April 8, 1864, by a vote of 38 to 6.After initially rejecting the legislation, the House of Representatives finally passed the 13thAmendment on January 31, 1865, by a vote of 119 to 56. On February 1, 1865, PresidentAbraham Lincoln signed a Joint Resolution submitting the proposed 13th Amendment to thestates. Finally, on December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William Seward issued a statementverifying the ratification of the 13th Amendment.Search in the 38th Congress to find additional information on the 13th Amendment.From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1822-1909Includes speeches by T.B. Van Buren and Gen. Hiram Walbridge given during the ratificationprocess of the 13th Amendment in the New York House of Assembly. Also found within thiscollection is a report issued by the Union League Club of New York recommending theapproval of the 13th Amendment.The Nineteenth Century in PrintContains an article written by John Hay and John Nicolay, Lincolns private secretaries, thatdiscusses the history of the 13th Amendment. Also includes an article in the ContinentalMonthly that examines the initial rejection of the 13th Amendment by the House ofRepresentatives in 1864.Chronicling AmericaThe Chronicling America site allows you to search and view newspaper pages from 1860 to1922 from the following states: Arizona, California, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii,Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New York,Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and 3
  4. 4. Washington.Search this collection to find newspaper articles about the 13th Amendment.A selection of articles on the 13th Amendment includes:  "Freedom Triumphant," New-York Daily Tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]), February 01, 1865.  "The Constitutional Amendment," The Daily Phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.), December 14, 1865  "The Official Announcement of the Adoption of the Constitutional Amendment- -Opinions of the Leading Press," Daily National Republican. (Washington, D.C.), December 21, 1865ExhibitionsThe African-American MosaicThis exhibit marks the publication of The African-American Mosaic: A Library of CongressResource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture. This exhibit is a sampler of thekinds of materials and themes covered by this publication. Includes a section on the abolitionmovement and the end of slavery.African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full CitizenshipThis exhibition showcases the African American collections of the Library of Congress.Displays more than 240 items, including books, government documents, manuscripts, maps,musical scores, plays, films, and recordings. Includes a brochure from an exhibit at the Libraryof Congress to mark the 75th Anniversary of the 13th Amendment.American Treasures of the Library of Congress: Abolition of SlaveryAn online exhibit of the engrossed copy of the 13th Amendment as signed by Abraham Lincolnand members of Congress.External Web SitesThe Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln Association 4
  5. 5. The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation,Government Printing OfficeDocuments from Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867, University ofMarylandEnd of Slavery: The Creation of the 13th Amendment, HarpWeek“I Will Be Heard!” Abolitionism in America, Cornell University Library, Division of Rare andManuscript CollectionsMr. Lincoln and Freedom, The Lincoln InstituteOur Documents, 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, National Archives and RecordsAdministrationSelected BibliographyHoemann, George H. What God Hath Wrought: The Embodiment of Freedom in the ThirteenthAmendment. New York: Garland Pub., 1987. [Catalog Record]Holzer, Harold, and Sara Vaughn Gabbard, eds. Lincoln and Freedom: Slavery, Emancipation,and the Thirteenth Amendment. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2007. [CatalogRecord]Maltz, Earl M. Civil Rights, the Constitution, and Congress, 1863-1869. Lawrence, Kan.:University Press of Kansas, 1990. [Catalog Record]Tsesis, Alexander. The Thirteenth Amendment and American Freedom: A Legal History. NewYork : New York University Press, 2004. [Catalog Record]Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and theThirteenth Amendment. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. [CatalogRecord] 5
  6. 6. Younger Readers Schleichert, Elizabeth. The Thirteenth Amendment: Ending Slavery. Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1998. [Catalog Record] Source of this document Studies Resources:  A Brief History Of The New Afrikan Prison Struggle (Parts 1-2)  Who Are The New Afrikan Political Prisoners and Prisoners Of War  The Assata Shakur Multi-Media Guide (Intro. By Assata Shakur: We Can Win Our Liberation)  Cointel Pro Revisited: FBI Domestic Intelligence Activities and the Sabotage of Legitimate Dissent  Who is Dr. Mutulu Shakur-A Life Long Activist In The New Afrikan Independence Movement  The RBG Quest For Black Power Reader-A Luta Continua (The Struggle Continues)  FROLINAN-Front For The Liberation Of The New Afrikan Nation 6