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Agriculture & indian economy

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This presentation gives you a hint about how important was agriculture for indian economy and the current scenario as in 2009!

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  • Your slide 11 gives clear picture of current status of this sector.Government must setup special committee to monitor the infrastructure developments in all states.and we have to encourage the farmers and educate them to remain in same sectorby providing adequate coaching in handling the advanced farm equipments in order to get better results in cultivation .thanks
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Agriculture & indian economy

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE & INDIAN ECONOMY By:- Atul Sharma (ITTM –WS:09/10) Jul 3, 2010
  2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURE IN INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>MILESTONE- THE GREEN REVOLUTION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA IN WORLD OF AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>POPULATION SHARED </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURE’S SHARE IN GDP </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN AGRICULTURE SCENARIO </li></ul><ul><li>IT IN AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>SUMMARY </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due to liberalization and globalization. </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  4. 4. AGRICULTURE IN INDIA <ul><ul><li>Total Geographical Area - 328 million hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net Area sown - 142 million hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gross Cropped Area – 190.8 million hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net Irrigated Area – 56.9 million hectares </li></ul></ul>Jul 3, 2010 http://www.indiastat.com/agriculture/2/agriculturalarealanduse/152/stats.aspx
  5. 5. AGRICULTURE IN INDIA <ul><li>Provides food to more than 1 billion people </li></ul><ul><li>Produces 51 major crops </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to 1/6 th of the Export Earnings </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  6. 6. MILESTONE -THE GREEN REVOLUTION <ul><li>Acquiring more land area for </li></ul><ul><li>cultivation purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding irrigation facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Use of improved and advanced variety </li></ul><ul><li>of seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Water management </li></ul><ul><li>Protection activities </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of better tools and techniques as a result of research. </li></ul><ul><li>Production increased 50% from 1967 to 1971 in jus four years. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  7. 7. INDIA IN WORLD OF AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Largest Producer of Milk, Cashew nuts, Coconuts, Tea, Ginger, Turmeric & Black Pepper. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Cattle population-281 million </li></ul><ul><li>Second largest producer of Wheat, Rice, Sugar and Groundnut and Pulses. </li></ul><ul><li>Third largest producer of Tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Third largest in implementation of Mechanization </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_India/Agriculture
  8. 8. POPULATION SHARED Jul 3, 2010 Agriculture Manufacturing Services <ul><li>Despite the decline in its share in population it still plays a major role in the socio-economic development of country. </li></ul>IN THE YEAR 1978 IN THE YEAR 2008
  9. 9. AGRICULTRE’S SHARE IN GDP Jul 3, 2010
  10. 10. TOP 10 AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS & IMPORTS-2008 <ul><li>EXPORTED TO </li></ul><ul><li>ASEAN </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>S.ARABIA </li></ul><ul><li>UAE </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010 EXPORTS IMPORTS <ul><li>IMPORTED FROM </li></ul><ul><li>ASEAN </li></ul><ul><li>ARGENTINA </li></ul><ul><li>BRAZIL </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul>
  11. 11. INDIAN AGRICULTURE SCENARIO <ul><li>STRENGTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Rich Bio Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Arable Land </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>OPPORTUNITES </li></ul><ul><li>Exports </li></ul><ul><li>Agro-based Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Horticulture </li></ul><ul><li>WEAKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmented Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Technological Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>THREATS </li></ul><ul><li>Unsustainable resource use </li></ul><ul><li>Unsustainable regional development </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  12. 12. STRENGTHS <ul><li>Rich Bio Diversity- 46,000 plant species and 86,000 species of animals recorded. </li></ul><ul><li>Arable Land - 428 million acres cultivable land. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate- Favorable all year around (Unlike USA, Europe and China where farming is possible only 5 to 6 months a year). </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  13. 13. WEAKNESS <ul><li>Fragmentation of lands- Division of lands through generations lowers profit margins for farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy- Impotent seeds, approach to moneylenders than to banks for loans. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Technological Inputs- Bullock farming still prevailing. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Infrastructure-Unavailability of modern facilities to some farmers. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  14. 14. OPPORTUNITIES <ul><li>Exports- Developing of Free trade agreements between India and other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Agro Based Industries- Machineries for Agriculture, Pesticides and Insecticides manufacturing Industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Horticulture- Research and development for hybrid plants with more productivity and nutritional elements. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  15. 15. THREATS <ul><li>Unsustainable resource use- Lands gifted with fertility not utilized amply due to Zamindari system. </li></ul><ul><li>Unsustainable regional development- Regions close to developed cities are only focused for development. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  16. 16. IT IN AGRICULTURE Assisting with farm inputs and weather patterns to market information and global prices, computers are becoming powerful tools. Jul 3, 2010
  17. 17. SUMMARY <ul><li>THE LITERACY LEVEL IN FARMERS HAS TO BE INCREASED. </li></ul><ul><li>WE HAVE THE INFRASTRUCTURE ONLY LINKS ARE MISSING. </li></ul><ul><li>SUSTAINABLE USE OF RESOURCES. </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENTS ROLE AS A FACILITATOR HAS TO BE INCREASED FOR BETTER PRODUCTION. </li></ul>Jul 3, 2010
  18. 18. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Jul 3, 2010

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