SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Learning to Be
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science
  say about Happiness and Well-Being
If you feel that despite an increase in material comforts you
could do with more happiness and well-being in your life, this
learning module is for you
We will explore how we can become happier and enhance our
well-being by understanding what ancient wisdom and modern
science have to say on these issues
First, lets make a distinction between pleasure,
which is momentary or lasts for a short duration...
... and happiness or well-being which is long-term,
or could even last life long
We are interested in understanding happiness and well-being
that has long-term impact and not pursuit of momentary
pleasure
Ancient Wisdom on
Happiness and Well-Being
Ancient wisdom states that
• happiness is a state of mind
• happiness is determined by how we perceive
  our life situation
• happiness is not dependent on absolute
  conditions
What we think,
  we become               Peace
                  comes from within;
                 do not seek it without




                 Buddha
Happiness belongs to the
    self-sufficient             Happiness depends
                                   upon ourselves




                           Aristotle
• Happiness comes from
  fulfillment
• Happiness is different from
  pleasure
• Happiness is determined by
  state of our mind and not by
  external events
• Happiness depends on how
  satisfied we are with what we
  have
Thus, according to
     Ancient Wisdom

Happiness is a state of mind and our
 tendency to compare influences
      our sense of well-being
... or as H.L. Mencken put it


                            A wealthy man is one who
                           earns a hundred dollars more
                          than his wife’s sister’s husband!
Modern Science on
Happiness and Well-Being
In modern science, happiness and well-being have
been the topics of research for Positive Psychology
Hmmm... and how long
I am happily married, have      have you been like that?




                                      e
a great job, lots of friends,
        no worries...



                          e




 American psychologist, Martin Seligman, felt that
 psychology needed to go beyond the ‘Diagnostic and
 Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders’ and laid the
 foundations of Positive Psychology
In late 1960s Seligman postulated the concept of
Learned Helplessness...
A condition of a human person or an animal in which it has
learned to behave helplessly, even when the opportunity is
restored for it to help itself by avoiding an unpleasant or
harmful circumstance to which it had been subjected
I say, she is half dead!
                q

                              Nah! She is half alive.




                                    q
Seligman found that not all people who face set-
backs become helpless and in 1990s he presented
the concept of Learned Optimism
Optimists who do not
become helpless are,
• People who consider set-
  backs as temporary




                                       e
• People who have the
  resilience to bounce back
• People who think set-
  backs are controllable and
  local (e.g. I am bad at math, I am
  not stupid)
Buddhism




                              Geeta




                             Qur’an


                             Bible




Seligman found that optimism is only one of the two
dozen strengths that bring about greater well-being
This insight led Seligman to lay the foundations of
Positive Psychology and in his book Authentic
Happiness he writes...




                          e
Positive Psychology takes seriously the bright
hope that if you find yourself stuck in the
parking lot of life, with few and only ephemeral
pleasures, with minimal gratifications, and
without meaning, there is a road out.
This road takes you through the countryside of
pleasure and gratification, up into the high
country of strength and virtue, and finally to the
peaks of lasting fulfillment: meaning and purpose
Milestones on this road
to Authentic Happiness
are...
Pleasant
   Life
                  ns like
  Pos itive Emotio cstasy,
              ture, e
p leasure, rap mfort
     warmth, co
G ood Life
                      engths,
 Posit ive Traits (str
                    s); deep
   virtues, abilitie nse of
                   r se
  engagement o               you
‘flow’ that   comes when
                         ths and
 deplo  y your streng
                          hat are
 talents  on pursuits t
                        ough
      challenging en
l
Meaningfu
   Life
                gs
pursuit of thin
                d
 that go beyon
               rest
your self-inte
l
                                                                  Meaningfu
                                G ood Life                           Life
        t
Pleasan
                                                                                  gs
                                                    engths,       pursuit of thin
                                     ive Traits (str                              d
                               Posit
                                                  s); deep         that go beyon
                                 virtues, abilitie nse of
   Life
                                                                                 rest
                                                 r se             your self-inte
                                engagement o               you
                              ‘flow’ that   comes when
                                                       ths and
                       like
         e Emotions asy,       deplo  y your streng
 Positiv                                                hat are
     sure, raptu
                 re, ecst      talents  on pursuits t
plea                                                  ough
     w armth, com
                    fort            challenging en




                         Milestones on the road to
                         Authentic Happiness - RECAP
In his more recent book, Flourish Seligman says
that Well-Being (measured by flourish) is a better
focus area for positive psychology than happiness


       Happiness is measured by life
       satisfaction, which is influenced
       hugely by how we are feeling at
       the very moment we are asked




                                          e
       the question and which is often
       confused with being in a
       cheerful mood
Five
elem ents of
 Well -Being


-PE RMA
e
(P ) Positiv r
              o
Em   otions : e
 plea  sant lif
            gement:
 (E) Enga oments
  o r flow m
               e
  (R ) Positiv ips:
              sh
   R elation pposite
              ,o
   a ltruism nely,
              lo
   o f being
    capac  ity to be
    loved
:
(M)  Meaning and
               to
be  longing ething
               m
 se rving so ieve is
              el
 th  at you b yourself,
 big  ger than ife
  mean   ingful l
                        t:
              p lishmen
  ( A)Accom
                r
  s  uccess o t in
   ach  ievemen rm and
    mome   ntary fo ieving
                    h
    maste   ry or ac form
                     d
    life in  extende
RECAP
   Flourish =
        P - Positive Emotions
        E - Engagement or Flow
        R - Positive Relationships
        M - Meaning
        A - Accomplishments
Let’s take a Deeper Dive into
  what Modern Science has to
say on Happiness and Well-Being
Social psychologist,
Jonathan Haidt, has put
ancient wisdom and
philosophy to the test of




                             e
modern science

In his book The Happiness
Hypothesis he looks at few
ancient ideas through the
lens of modern science
According to Haidt, Happiness (H) is a relationship
   between Individual (I) and Environment (E)

                  H = (I     E)
Let’s look at the components of the happiness
equation: H = (I E)

We start with Individual (I)
eter
                                               ine  ss M
                                         H app
                                    ic
                             Ge net




Happiness is one of the most genetically inherited
aspects of personality

The Individual (I) has a Genetic Set Point for
Happiness
Congratulations!
    You have won the Cognitive Lottery!
                                          e

                                                           M eter
                                                      ss
                                            a  p pine
                                           H
                                      etic
                                   Gen



An individual could win the cognitive lottery (brain
is pre-configured to see the good in the world) and have a
very high set-point for happiness
Ouch! It’s either Prozac
          or the couch for you :-(




                 e
                                                             M eter
                                                        ss
                                              a  p pine
                                             H
                                        etic
                                     Gen




Or, the set-point could be so low that the individual
is always depressed (sees only the dark side of life)
American psychiatrist Aaron Beck defines the
Cognitive Triad of Depression as...
Depressed people
are convinced in their
hearts of three related
beliefs,

 • I am no good
 • My world is bleak
 • My future is hopeless
Haidt suggests that wherever your happiness
set-point may be, you can raise it through...
i) Meditation (ancient wisdom), and/or
ii) Cognitive Therapy (modern science), and/or...

    Cognitive therapy is a type of
    psychotherapy developed by Aaron Beck

    It seeks to help the patient overcome
    difficulties by identifying and changing
    dysfunctional thinking, behavior, and
    emotional responses by developing skills
    for modifying beliefs, identifying distorted
    thinking, relating to others in different
    ways, and changing behaviors
iii) Prozac (modern medicine)
Let’s now look at Environment (E) in the
happiness equation: H = (I E)
Environment (E) has two components...


                 E= C+V       q
                          q

           Conditions         Voluntary or
           of your Life       Intentional
                              Activities you do
Conditions are Facts About Your Life

  •   Some you can't change
      (race, sex, age,
      disability) and some
      you can (wealth, marital
      status, where you live)

  •   Conditions are
      constant over time, or
      at least during a certain
      period of your life
Voluntary or Intentional activities are
things that you choose to do

   Like work,
   meditation,
   exercise, learning a
   new skill or taking
   a vacation
Let’s take a deeper look at Life Conditions (C)
Research shows that most Life Conditions (C)
are subject to:

   a)   Adaptation Principle
   b) Hedonic Treadmill
a) Adaptation Principle
We are bad at affective forecasting - i.e. predicting
how we will feel in the future

Lottery winners or people who become disabled after an
accident, return back to their happiness ‘set-point’ - pleasure or
disconsolation, both are ‘taken for granted’ after a while

Human mind is sensitive to changes in condition but not so
sensitive to absolute levels
if only
    k                  k
                              Lottery!
                                                    if only...
                                                k




According to the Adaptation Principle, we
become habituated to our new reality and that
becomes are new baseline (e.g. the lottery winner’s
excitement with the new house and new car subsequently
becomes the new baseline)
if only...
                                        k   a bigger lottery




When this happens we recalibrate and set new
targets - new goals, new hopes, new expectations
and then again feel pleasure and pain in relation
to the new targets
b) Hedonic Treadmill
Combining adaptation principle with the genetic set-
point for happiness, it seems in the long run it does
not matter what happens, we will always default
back to our happiness set-point
This has been called the Hedonic Treadmill of life - you can run
as fast as you want and accumulate all the riches you can, yet
you will remain stuck at your natural and usual state of
happiness, because the riches you gain will simply raise your
expectations and leave you no better off than you were before
Adversity usually gives you an opportunity to come
off the Hedonic Treadmill, because it makes you
take a pause, reflect on your life and decide if you
want to hop back on the treadmill or get off it
What I Think
                                        Never Happens

                           b         Whatever Happens
                                      I Start Thinking
                                         About That

                    Dialogue from an Indian soap -‘Yeh Jo Hai Jindagi’


Meditation offers another way for coming off the
hedonic treadmill - meditate to train your mind
to stop ‘wanting’ too much, instead start ‘liking’
what life has made available to you
Ancient Wisdom proclaims that Conditions of
your Life (C) need not determine your happiness
Through meditation you can overcome any
adverse life condition and be happy
However, for most of us who are not master meditators,
Haidt suggests that it is more practical to change certain
life situations that we don’t get habituated to because
changing them will increase our happiness
These conditions include...
Noise or air pollution
(if you live in such an area it is better to
change your location, if it is possible)

Long commute to work
Lack of control
(e.g. if you feel you have no say at work)

Shame
(things we are adversely self-conscious of)

Relationships
(you never adapt to interpersonal conflict,
like an annoying room mate)
While relationships that are mired with interpersonal
conflicts are best changed, modern science has found
that meaningful social relationships can be very
effective in facing life conditions and increasing our
happiness
Robert-Biswas Diener and
  Ed Dienerʼs research paper,
  ʻMaking the Best of a Bad
  Situation: Satisfaction in the
  Slums of Calcuttaʼ explores
  how one can be happy
  despite adverse life
  conditions

The paper concludes that, “The slum dwellers of Calcutta generally
experience a lower sense of life satisfaction than more affluent
comparison groups, but are more satisfied than one might expect. This
could be due, in part, to the strong emphasis on social relationships and
the satisfaction derived from them.”
Interpersonal relationships that are characterized by
intimacy, growth, and resilience can become a very
positive life condition
(the ‘Positive Relationships’ (R) in Seligman’s PERMA of Well-Being)
This is based on John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory, where
he showed that infants need to develop a relationship
with at least one primary caregiver (secure base) for
social and emotional development to occur normally
According to Attachment Theory,
children can have -
  Secure Attachment: children stop or reduce their play
  when their secure base leaves the room
  Avoidant Attachment: these children don’t care whether
  secure base comes or goes, they try to distress manage
  themselves (usually not very well)
  Resistant Attachment: these children become anxious,
  clingy or extremely upset when separated from their
  secure base
Hazan and Shaver’s research extends the
Attachment Theory to adult romantic relationships

They noticed that interactions between adult
romantic partners shared similarities to interactions
between children and caregivers
For example, romantic partners desire to be close to
one another
Romantic partners feel comforted when their
partners are present and anxious or lonely when
their partners are absent
Romantic relationships serve as
a secure base that help partners
face the surprises, opportunities,
and challenges life presents

Research by Pascal Vrticka shows
that avoidantly attached adults
are three times more likely to be
solitary at the age of seventy
However, early attachment does not determine a
life course
People with a resilient temperament can overcome
early disadvantages
Meaningful social
relationships are a life
                              I anyway can’t
condition that have a
                            sleep after 4 a.m.
significant impact on                 h
your happiness

If you have someone in
your life who will listen
to your woes at 4 a.m.
you will live longer!
Meaningful is the operative word in social
relationships that positively impact your happiness
Social relationship can also
have an adverse impact on
your happiness

Alain de Botton explains in
his book Status Anxiety -
a school reunion can easily
become the place that
makes you most anxious
because of the torment of
comparison with people
who were your equals!
A meaningful relationship is one which helps us
learn to be - comfortable in our own skin, saving us
from anxious comparisons and instead encouraging
us to focus on self-improvement
RECAP

  • Happiness (H) is a relationship between Individual
     (I) and Environment (E); H = (I    E)

  • Individual (I) has a genetic set-point for happiness
  • This set-point can be raised through Meditation,
     Cognitive Therapy, or Prozac

  • Environment (E) has two components, Life
     Conditions (C) and Voluntary Activities (V);
     E = C +V
•   Ancient Wisdom maintains that through meditation one
    can face any life conditions (C)

•   However, since most of us can’t become master
    meditators, it is better for us to change some life
    conditions that adversely impact our happiness like, long
    commute, polluted surroundings and lack of control

•   Some social relationships like interpersonal-conflicts or
    those which trigger unhealthy social comparisons
    reduce our well-being

•   But meaningful social relationships that help us focus on
    self-improvement can significantly increase our
    happiness and well-being
In the equation (E = C + V) let’s now look at
Voluntary or Intentional Activities (V)
Recall that Happiness (H) is a relationship between
Individual (I) and Environment (E)

                  H = (I   E)
                           q

                   E = C+V
                         q q

          Conditions            Voluntary
          of your Life          Activities you do
We now work
                      9 to 5

                  9 a.m. to 5 a.m.



Work is perhaps the most important element of
voluntary or intentional activities for most of us,
simply because so many hours are spent at the
work place
Work - Job, Career or Calling?

 • Work is a job when the primary drive is money
 • Work is a career when it is pursued for
   advancement, promotion and prestige

 • Work is a calling when it is intrinsically fulfilling
   (think of a home maker who finds intrinsic joy and does the
   work for no other reward)
Story goes...
  A man came across three masons who were chipping
  chunks of granite from large blocks.

  The first seemed unhappy at his job, chipping away and
  frequently looking at his watch.

  When the man asked what it was that he was doing, the
  first mason responded, rather curtly, “I’m hammering this
  stupid rock, and I can’t wait till 5 when I can go home.
  Oh, what all I have to endure to make a little money”
A second mason, seemingly more interested in his work,
was hammering diligently.

When the man asked what it was that he was doing he
answered, “Well, I’m molding this block of rock so that it
can be used with others to construct a wall. It’s not bad
work, but I’ll sure be glad when it’s done.”
A third mason was hammering at his block fervently, taking
time to stand back and admire his work. He chipped off
small pieces until he was satisfied that it was the best he
could do.

When the man questioned him about his work he
stopped, gazed skyward and proudly proclaimed, “I am
building a cathedral!”
You maximize your happiness if
you pursue your calling in life
Ever since I was a kid I knew one day
                      k          I would be selling credit cards!
                      Contract
                       T&C




But pursuing a ‘calling in life’ is a tad difficult,
especially because even finding what is your calling
can be a challenge!
According to positive
psychologists, a better way is
to first find your strengths
and then create goals that
make use of these strengths

Ideal is if your work allows
you to pursue your strengths

If not, then pursue other
activities that do so
How do you find out if the activities you are
doing will increase your happiness?
If you experience the following in your work,
chances are you are deploying your strengths
and your work will lead to enhancement in
your well-being:

   a) Flow
   b) Limerence
   c) Vital Engagement
   d) Effectance
a) FLOW
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi defines flow as a state of
total immersion in a task that is challenging yet
closely matched to one’s abilities
You get into a state of flow when

 • There is a clear challenge that fully engages
   your attention,

 • You have the skills to meet the challenge
 • You get immediate feedback on each step
b) LIMERENCE
In his book ‘Social Animal’, David Brooks writes
  Often there’s tension between the inner
  models and the outer world. So we try to
  come up with concepts that will help us
  understand the world, or changes in behaviour
  that will help us live in harmony with it.
  When we grasp some situation, or master




                                                      e
  some task, there’s a surge of pleasure. Its not
  living in harmony that produces the surge. If
  that were so, we’d be happy living on the beach
  all our lives. It’s the moment some tension is
  erased.
  So a happy life has its recurring set of rhythms:
  difficulty to harmony, difficulty to harmony.
  And it is all propelled by the desire for
  limerence, the desire for the moment when the
  inner and outer patterns mesh.
c) VITAL ENGAGEMENT
According to Nakamura and Csikszentmihalyi, people
enjoy longer period of flow as their interest in the
flow activity intensifies and their relationship to
people, practices and values in that domain deepens
This they call Vital Engagement

   - a relationship to the world characterized both
   by experiences of flow (enjoyed absorption) and
   by meaning (subjective significance)
d) EFFECTANCE
Effectance Motivation
Organisms have a tendency to explore and
influence the environment and the master
reinforcer for humans is personal competence
(competence is the ability to interact effectively with the
environment)

                                   - Psychologist Robert White
Effectance helps an organism improve itself
People like a subject or a game that plays to their
strengths because it makes them feel competent
In his book ‘Drive - The Surprising
Truth about What Motivates Us’
author Daniel Pink suggests that
the new operating system for the
21st century, or Motivation 3.0,
has three components:




                                      e
 •   Autonomy: the urge to direct
     our own lives
 •   Mastery: the desire to get
     better and better on
     something that matters
 •   Purpose: a yearning to do
     something larger than our
     self-interest
Progress Principle
                         Joy ’s soul
Remember that
happiness comes          lie s in the
comes from making        doing
progress towards goals       - Shakespe
                                       are
than from achieving
them
Happiness and Well-Being in Summary

   • Happiness is a relationship between Individual
     and Environment

   • The individual has a genetic set-point for
     happiness, which can be increased through -
     meditation, cognitive therapy or prozac

   • Environment has two components, Life
     Conditions you face and Voluntary or Intentional
     Activities you choose to do

                                                  H=I   (C+V)
• To enhance happiness, some life conditions that
  you can’t get habituated to are best changed

• Meaningful social relationships can significantly
  improve your well-being

• Intentional activities, like work, where you can put
  your strengths to maximum use and experience
  ‘flow’ are the ones that most improve well-being



                                               H=I   (C+V)
More referral
resources on
‘Learning to Be’
have been
compiled here -


http://www.diigo.com/list/atulpant/Learning-to-Be
For more learning
modules on skills
relevant for flourishing
in the 21st century visit
our website -
www.TimelessLifeskills.co.uk
Or join the Learning
Conversations
on Facebook -
www.facebook.com/lifeskills
Author & Illustrator
     Atul Pant

More Related Content

What's hot

Happiness in 10 Steps
Happiness in 10 StepsHappiness in 10 Steps
Happiness in 10 Steps
Alexandra Hurley
 
Happyness Presentation
Happyness PresentationHappyness Presentation
Happyness Presentation
meghnapegu
 
Happiness
HappinessHappiness
Happiness
Rinkesh Ahir
 
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pmEmpathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
johnavedissian
 
Integral life practice
Integral life practiceIntegral life practice
Integral life practice
peteholliday
 
Finding Happiness
Finding HappinessFinding Happiness
Finding Happiness
Violette Meier
 
Power of positive thinking
Power of positive thinkingPower of positive thinking
Power of positive thinking
Deepak Khaire
 
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
allmustgo5
 
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
Makala D.
 
Positive thinking: key to success
Positive thinking: key to successPositive thinking: key to success
Positive thinking: key to success
neerjasachi1
 
Power of Positive Thinking.
Power of Positive Thinking.Power of Positive Thinking.
Power of Positive Thinking.
Sajna Samad, CSCP
 
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talkPositive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Queen's University
 
NEGATIVE THINKING
NEGATIVE THINKINGNEGATIVE THINKING
NEGATIVE THINKING
mohamed Shihata
 
Positive thinking
Positive thinkingPositive thinking
Positive thinking
VedangiBrahmbhatt
 
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
Monika Hasler
 
Positive attitude
Positive attitudePositive attitude
Positive attitude
Steven E. Hudson
 
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
Brandi Hoffman
 
The Art of Empathy
The Art of Empathy The Art of Empathy
The Art of Empathy
Lynn Johnson
 
Smile please !!!
Smile please !!!Smile please !!!
Smile please !!!
Purnendu Biswas
 
What is Happiness?
What is Happiness?What is Happiness?
What is Happiness?
Vahid Saffarian
 

What's hot (20)

Happiness in 10 Steps
Happiness in 10 StepsHappiness in 10 Steps
Happiness in 10 Steps
 
Happyness Presentation
Happyness PresentationHappyness Presentation
Happyness Presentation
 
Happiness
HappinessHappiness
Happiness
 
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pmEmpathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
Empathy.ppt 09 dec 5pm
 
Integral life practice
Integral life practiceIntegral life practice
Integral life practice
 
Finding Happiness
Finding HappinessFinding Happiness
Finding Happiness
 
Power of positive thinking
Power of positive thinkingPower of positive thinking
Power of positive thinking
 
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
How to Change Yourself with Positive/ Negative Attitude?
 
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
Positive Thinking (Steps to Follow)
 
Positive thinking: key to success
Positive thinking: key to successPositive thinking: key to success
Positive thinking: key to success
 
Power of Positive Thinking.
Power of Positive Thinking.Power of Positive Thinking.
Power of Positive Thinking.
 
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talkPositive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
 
NEGATIVE THINKING
NEGATIVE THINKINGNEGATIVE THINKING
NEGATIVE THINKING
 
Positive thinking
Positive thinkingPositive thinking
Positive thinking
 
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
12 lebenslektionen, die ich von eckhardt tolle gelernt habe
 
Positive attitude
Positive attitudePositive attitude
Positive attitude
 
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
Emotional Wellbeing. HED 44025-001
 
The Art of Empathy
The Art of Empathy The Art of Empathy
The Art of Empathy
 
Smile please !!!
Smile please !!!Smile please !!!
Smile please !!!
 
What is Happiness?
What is Happiness?What is Happiness?
What is Happiness?
 

Viewers also liked

Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
Gillian Sandstrom
 
7-day Happiness Challenge
7-day Happiness Challenge7-day Happiness Challenge
7-day Happiness Challenge
Action for Happiness
 
Happiness & Well-being
Happiness & Well-beingHappiness & Well-being
Happiness & Well-being
Wim Vanhooff
 
Happiness
HappinessHappiness
Happiness
Bea Tosta
 
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be HappyThink Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
Huyen Tran
 
The Power of Happiness
The Power of HappinessThe Power of Happiness
The Power of Happiness
Andy Smith
 
Happiness Presentation
Happiness PresentationHappiness Presentation
Happiness Presentation
rgonzalezjr
 
Good vibes: Emotion and Happiness
Good vibes: Emotion and HappinessGood vibes: Emotion and Happiness
Good vibes: Emotion and Happiness
Miko Losantas
 
Hedonic Adaptation & Happiness
Hedonic Adaptation & HappinessHedonic Adaptation & Happiness
Hedonic Adaptation & Happiness
Russell James
 
Happiness Thought
Happiness ThoughtHappiness Thought
Happiness Thought
Vasantkumar Parakhiya
 
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
La Trobe University
 
Concepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well beingConcepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well being
Siva Nanda Reddy
 
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
Pamela Pavliscak
 
Bee happy! ppt
Bee happy! pptBee happy! ppt
Bee happy! ppt
Nikita James
 
Total Well being
Total Well beingTotal Well being
Total Well being
Deepak Chopra MD (official)
 
Happiness presentation ppt
Happiness presentation pptHappiness presentation ppt
Happiness presentation ppt
Sergei Shteingart
 
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - HappinessWorld Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
Menno Deen
 
A study of mental health and subjective well being
A study of mental health and subjective well beingA study of mental health and subjective well being
A study of mental health and subjective well being
Dr. Anis Ahmad
 
How YOU can be HAPPIER!
How YOU can be HAPPIER!How YOU can be HAPPIER!
How YOU can be HAPPIER!
happyshirts
 
Optimizing for developer happiness
Optimizing for developer happinessOptimizing for developer happiness
Optimizing for developer happiness
Chad Dickerson
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
Hedonic adaptation: Can we be happier?
 
7-day Happiness Challenge
7-day Happiness Challenge7-day Happiness Challenge
7-day Happiness Challenge
 
Happiness & Well-being
Happiness & Well-beingHappiness & Well-being
Happiness & Well-being
 
Happiness
HappinessHappiness
Happiness
 
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be HappyThink Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
Think Happy, Talk Happy, Feel Happy, Be Happy
 
The Power of Happiness
The Power of HappinessThe Power of Happiness
The Power of Happiness
 
Happiness Presentation
Happiness PresentationHappiness Presentation
Happiness Presentation
 
Good vibes: Emotion and Happiness
Good vibes: Emotion and HappinessGood vibes: Emotion and Happiness
Good vibes: Emotion and Happiness
 
Hedonic Adaptation & Happiness
Hedonic Adaptation & HappinessHedonic Adaptation & Happiness
Hedonic Adaptation & Happiness
 
Happiness Thought
Happiness ThoughtHappiness Thought
Happiness Thought
 
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
Concepts of wellbeing slideshare 2015
 
Concepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well beingConcepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well being
 
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
Designing for Happiness: A Positive Future for Technology—SXSW 2016
 
Bee happy! ppt
Bee happy! pptBee happy! ppt
Bee happy! ppt
 
Total Well being
Total Well beingTotal Well being
Total Well being
 
Happiness presentation ppt
Happiness presentation pptHappiness presentation ppt
Happiness presentation ppt
 
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - HappinessWorld Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
World Information Architecture Day 2015 - Happiness
 
A study of mental health and subjective well being
A study of mental health and subjective well beingA study of mental health and subjective well being
A study of mental health and subjective well being
 
How YOU can be HAPPIER!
How YOU can be HAPPIER!How YOU can be HAPPIER!
How YOU can be HAPPIER!
 
Optimizing for developer happiness
Optimizing for developer happinessOptimizing for developer happiness
Optimizing for developer happiness
 

Similar to A Guide to Happiness and Well-Being

Patrick Mahony - Learning to Be
Patrick Mahony - Learning to BePatrick Mahony - Learning to Be
Patrick Mahony - Learning to Be
Patrick Mahony
 
Doc 20181117-wa0029
Doc 20181117-wa0029Doc 20181117-wa0029
Doc 20181117-wa0029
Priya Sagar
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
Anubha Walia
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
Anubha Walia
 
Presentation
PresentationPresentation
Presentation
ps251010
 
WS5 TA
WS5 TAWS5 TA
WS5 TA
medisex
 
The meaning of life
The meaning of lifeThe meaning of life
The meaning of life
Christophe LECOCQ
 
Personal branding
Personal brandingPersonal branding
Personal branding
Triple Notion
 
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
Amy Oestreicher
 
The Good Life.doc
The Good Life.docThe Good Life.doc
The Good Life.doc
kervin casuga
 
Way of the Teacher
Way of the TeacherWay of the Teacher
Way of the Teacher
Janet Ver Ph.D.
 
Spirituality is art or science?
Spirituality is art or science?Spirituality is art or science?
Spirituality is art or science?
IlianMate
 
Life quotient for individuals presentation
Life quotient for individuals presentationLife quotient for individuals presentation
Life quotient for individuals presentation
Lex McKee The Institute of Accelerated Trainng
 
Spirituality and work
Spirituality and work Spirituality and work
Spirituality and work
Muhammad Saud PhD
 
Positive psychology
Positive psychologyPositive psychology
Positive psychology
Tehzeeb Fatima
 
1.2 Doing Philosophy
1.2 Doing Philosophy1.2 Doing Philosophy
1.2 Doing Philosophy
Department of Education
 
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakening
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakeningUltimate guide to subconscious awakening
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakening
secretsifu
 
What is Spirituality?
What is Spirituality?What is Spirituality?
What is Spirituality?
Asad Zaman
 
Authentic Joy
Authentic JoyAuthentic Joy
Authentic Joy
markstipanovsky
 
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
JimmyEspina2
 

Similar to A Guide to Happiness and Well-Being (20)

Patrick Mahony - Learning to Be
Patrick Mahony - Learning to BePatrick Mahony - Learning to Be
Patrick Mahony - Learning to Be
 
Doc 20181117-wa0029
Doc 20181117-wa0029Doc 20181117-wa0029
Doc 20181117-wa0029
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Presentation
PresentationPresentation
Presentation
 
WS5 TA
WS5 TAWS5 TA
WS5 TA
 
The meaning of life
The meaning of lifeThe meaning of life
The meaning of life
 
Personal branding
Personal brandingPersonal branding
Personal branding
 
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
AATH 2018 Keynote Conference San Diego - Highlights from #AATH18! Association...
 
The Good Life.doc
The Good Life.docThe Good Life.doc
The Good Life.doc
 
Way of the Teacher
Way of the TeacherWay of the Teacher
Way of the Teacher
 
Spirituality is art or science?
Spirituality is art or science?Spirituality is art or science?
Spirituality is art or science?
 
Life quotient for individuals presentation
Life quotient for individuals presentationLife quotient for individuals presentation
Life quotient for individuals presentation
 
Spirituality and work
Spirituality and work Spirituality and work
Spirituality and work
 
Positive psychology
Positive psychologyPositive psychology
Positive psychology
 
1.2 Doing Philosophy
1.2 Doing Philosophy1.2 Doing Philosophy
1.2 Doing Philosophy
 
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakening
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakeningUltimate guide to subconscious awakening
Ultimate guide to subconscious awakening
 
What is Spirituality?
What is Spirituality?What is Spirituality?
What is Spirituality?
 
Authentic Joy
Authentic JoyAuthentic Joy
Authentic Joy
 
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
Lesson-15-Human-Persons-as-Oriented-Towards-Their-Impending-Death-Hand-outs (...
 

More from Atul Pant

The Next Phase Change
The Next Phase ChangeThe Next Phase Change
The Next Phase Change
Atul Pant
 
Evolving Story of Educational Outcomes
Evolving Story of Educational OutcomesEvolving Story of Educational Outcomes
Evolving Story of Educational Outcomes
Atul Pant
 
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st CenturySkills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
Atul Pant
 
Learner, Know Thyself!
Learner, Know Thyself!Learner, Know Thyself!
Learner, Know Thyself!
Atul Pant
 
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying LearningHow Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
Atul Pant
 
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to BooksSelf-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
Atul Pant
 
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
Atul Pant
 
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in EducationKnowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
Atul Pant
 
Learn to Earn
Learn to EarnLearn to Earn
Learn to Earn
Atul Pant
 
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
Atul Pant
 
Enlightened Parenting
Enlightened ParentingEnlightened Parenting
Enlightened Parenting
Atul Pant
 
Framework for Online Learning
Framework for Online LearningFramework for Online Learning
Framework for Online Learning
Atul Pant
 
Creating Learning Moments
Creating Learning MomentsCreating Learning Moments
Creating Learning Moments
Atul Pant
 
Learning and the Art of Storytelling
Learning and the Art of StorytellingLearning and the Art of Storytelling
Learning and the Art of Storytelling
Atul Pant
 
Learning Leadership in Web-based Education
Learning Leadership in Web-based EducationLearning Leadership in Web-based Education
Learning Leadership in Web-based Education
Atul Pant
 
A Learning Framework for the Digital Age
A Learning Framework for the Digital AgeA Learning Framework for the Digital Age
A Learning Framework for the Digital Age
Atul Pant
 
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
Atul Pant
 
Connective Learning (#CCK11)
Connective Learning (#CCK11)Connective Learning (#CCK11)
Connective Learning (#CCK11)
Atul Pant
 
Spirit of Learning
Spirit of LearningSpirit of Learning
Spirit of Learning
Atul Pant
 
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal LearningFrom ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
Atul Pant
 

More from Atul Pant (20)

The Next Phase Change
The Next Phase ChangeThe Next Phase Change
The Next Phase Change
 
Evolving Story of Educational Outcomes
Evolving Story of Educational OutcomesEvolving Story of Educational Outcomes
Evolving Story of Educational Outcomes
 
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st CenturySkills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
Skills for Success and Well-being in the 21st Century
 
Learner, Know Thyself!
Learner, Know Thyself!Learner, Know Thyself!
Learner, Know Thyself!
 
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying LearningHow Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
How Homo fabers and Homo Ludens Learn - Gamifying Learning
 
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to BooksSelf-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
Self-Publishing - From Blogs to Books
 
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
Building a Hybrid Learning Environment - Augmenting the Classroom with Conver...
 
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in EducationKnowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
Knowledge Sommelier 101 - The Art of Curation in Education
 
Learn to Earn
Learn to EarnLearn to Earn
Learn to Earn
 
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Meditation
 
Enlightened Parenting
Enlightened ParentingEnlightened Parenting
Enlightened Parenting
 
Framework for Online Learning
Framework for Online LearningFramework for Online Learning
Framework for Online Learning
 
Creating Learning Moments
Creating Learning MomentsCreating Learning Moments
Creating Learning Moments
 
Learning and the Art of Storytelling
Learning and the Art of StorytellingLearning and the Art of Storytelling
Learning and the Art of Storytelling
 
Learning Leadership in Web-based Education
Learning Leadership in Web-based EducationLearning Leadership in Web-based Education
Learning Leadership in Web-based Education
 
A Learning Framework for the Digital Age
A Learning Framework for the Digital AgeA Learning Framework for the Digital Age
A Learning Framework for the Digital Age
 
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
Next Generation Educated Person (#MSLFM11)
 
Connective Learning (#CCK11)
Connective Learning (#CCK11)Connective Learning (#CCK11)
Connective Learning (#CCK11)
 
Spirit of Learning
Spirit of LearningSpirit of Learning
Spirit of Learning
 
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal LearningFrom ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
From ‘I Learn’ to ‘We Learn’ – Social Media for Informal Learning
 

Recently uploaded

Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxSimple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
RandolphRadicy
 
Information and Communication Technology in Education
Information and Communication Technology in EducationInformation and Communication Technology in Education
Information and Communication Technology in Education
MJDuyan
 
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
Mohammad Al-Dhahabi
 
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT KanpurDiversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
Quiz Club IIT Kanpur
 
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
ShwetaGawande8
 
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
Kalna College
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
Kalna College
 
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammaradjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
7DFarhanaMohammed
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
Celine George
 
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
khabri85
 
220711130100 udita Chakraborty Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
220711130100 udita Chakraborty  Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...220711130100 udita Chakraborty  Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
220711130100 udita Chakraborty Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
Kalna College
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
danielkiash986
 
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGHKHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
shreyassri1208
 
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptxContiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
Kalna College
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
indexPub
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxSimple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
 
Information and Communication Technology in Education
Information and Communication Technology in EducationInformation and Communication Technology in Education
Information and Communication Technology in Education
 
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
 
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
 
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT KanpurDiversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
Diversity Quiz Prelims by Quiz Club, IIT Kanpur
 
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
 
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
Creation or Update of a Mandatory Field is Not Set in Odoo 17
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
 
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
 
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammaradjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
 
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
Brand Guideline of Bashundhara A4 Paper - 2024
 
220711130100 udita Chakraborty Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
220711130100 udita Chakraborty  Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...220711130100 udita Chakraborty  Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
220711130100 udita Chakraborty Aims and objectives of national policy on inf...
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
 
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGHKHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
 
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptxContiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
Contiguity Of Various Message Forms - Rupam Chandra.pptx
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
 

A Guide to Happiness and Well-Being

  • 1. Learning to Be What Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science say about Happiness and Well-Being
  • 2. If you feel that despite an increase in material comforts you could do with more happiness and well-being in your life, this learning module is for you
  • 3. We will explore how we can become happier and enhance our well-being by understanding what ancient wisdom and modern science have to say on these issues
  • 4. First, lets make a distinction between pleasure, which is momentary or lasts for a short duration...
  • 5. ... and happiness or well-being which is long-term, or could even last life long
  • 6. We are interested in understanding happiness and well-being that has long-term impact and not pursuit of momentary pleasure
  • 8. Ancient wisdom states that • happiness is a state of mind • happiness is determined by how we perceive our life situation • happiness is not dependent on absolute conditions
  • 9. What we think, we become Peace comes from within; do not seek it without Buddha
  • 10. Happiness belongs to the self-sufficient Happiness depends upon ourselves Aristotle
  • 11. • Happiness comes from fulfillment • Happiness is different from pleasure • Happiness is determined by state of our mind and not by external events • Happiness depends on how satisfied we are with what we have
  • 12. Thus, according to Ancient Wisdom Happiness is a state of mind and our tendency to compare influences our sense of well-being
  • 13. ... or as H.L. Mencken put it A wealthy man is one who earns a hundred dollars more than his wife’s sister’s husband!
  • 14. Modern Science on Happiness and Well-Being
  • 15. In modern science, happiness and well-being have been the topics of research for Positive Psychology
  • 16. Hmmm... and how long I am happily married, have have you been like that? e a great job, lots of friends, no worries... e American psychologist, Martin Seligman, felt that psychology needed to go beyond the ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders’ and laid the foundations of Positive Psychology
  • 17. In late 1960s Seligman postulated the concept of Learned Helplessness...
  • 18. A condition of a human person or an animal in which it has learned to behave helplessly, even when the opportunity is restored for it to help itself by avoiding an unpleasant or harmful circumstance to which it had been subjected
  • 19. I say, she is half dead! q Nah! She is half alive. q Seligman found that not all people who face set- backs become helpless and in 1990s he presented the concept of Learned Optimism
  • 20. Optimists who do not become helpless are, • People who consider set- backs as temporary e • People who have the resilience to bounce back • People who think set- backs are controllable and local (e.g. I am bad at math, I am not stupid)
  • 21. Buddhism Geeta Qur’an Bible Seligman found that optimism is only one of the two dozen strengths that bring about greater well-being
  • 22. This insight led Seligman to lay the foundations of Positive Psychology and in his book Authentic Happiness he writes... e
  • 23. Positive Psychology takes seriously the bright hope that if you find yourself stuck in the parking lot of life, with few and only ephemeral pleasures, with minimal gratifications, and without meaning, there is a road out. This road takes you through the countryside of pleasure and gratification, up into the high country of strength and virtue, and finally to the peaks of lasting fulfillment: meaning and purpose
  • 24. Milestones on this road to Authentic Happiness are...
  • 25. Pleasant Life ns like Pos itive Emotio cstasy, ture, e p leasure, rap mfort warmth, co
  • 26. G ood Life engths, Posit ive Traits (str s); deep virtues, abilitie nse of r se engagement o you ‘flow’ that comes when ths and deplo y your streng hat are talents on pursuits t ough challenging en
  • 27. l Meaningfu Life gs pursuit of thin d that go beyon rest your self-inte
  • 28. l Meaningfu G ood Life Life t Pleasan gs engths, pursuit of thin ive Traits (str d Posit s); deep that go beyon virtues, abilitie nse of Life rest r se your self-inte engagement o you ‘flow’ that comes when ths and like e Emotions asy, deplo y your streng Positiv hat are sure, raptu re, ecst talents on pursuits t plea ough w armth, com fort challenging en Milestones on the road to Authentic Happiness - RECAP
  • 29. In his more recent book, Flourish Seligman says that Well-Being (measured by flourish) is a better focus area for positive psychology than happiness Happiness is measured by life satisfaction, which is influenced hugely by how we are feeling at the very moment we are asked e the question and which is often confused with being in a cheerful mood
  • 30. Five elem ents of Well -Being -PE RMA
  • 31. e (P ) Positiv r o Em otions : e plea sant lif gement: (E) Enga oments o r flow m e (R ) Positiv ips: sh R elation pposite ,o a ltruism nely, lo o f being capac ity to be loved
  • 32. : (M) Meaning and to be longing ething m se rving so ieve is el th at you b yourself, big ger than ife mean ingful l t: p lishmen ( A)Accom r s uccess o t in ach ievemen rm and mome ntary fo ieving h maste ry or ac form d life in extende
  • 33. RECAP Flourish = P - Positive Emotions E - Engagement or Flow R - Positive Relationships M - Meaning A - Accomplishments
  • 34. Let’s take a Deeper Dive into what Modern Science has to say on Happiness and Well-Being
  • 35. Social psychologist, Jonathan Haidt, has put ancient wisdom and philosophy to the test of e modern science In his book The Happiness Hypothesis he looks at few ancient ideas through the lens of modern science
  • 36. According to Haidt, Happiness (H) is a relationship between Individual (I) and Environment (E) H = (I E)
  • 37. Let’s look at the components of the happiness equation: H = (I E) We start with Individual (I)
  • 38. eter ine ss M H app ic Ge net Happiness is one of the most genetically inherited aspects of personality The Individual (I) has a Genetic Set Point for Happiness
  • 39. Congratulations! You have won the Cognitive Lottery! e M eter ss a p pine H etic Gen An individual could win the cognitive lottery (brain is pre-configured to see the good in the world) and have a very high set-point for happiness
  • 40. Ouch! It’s either Prozac or the couch for you :-( e M eter ss a p pine H etic Gen Or, the set-point could be so low that the individual is always depressed (sees only the dark side of life)
  • 41. American psychiatrist Aaron Beck defines the Cognitive Triad of Depression as...
  • 42. Depressed people are convinced in their hearts of three related beliefs, • I am no good • My world is bleak • My future is hopeless
  • 43. Haidt suggests that wherever your happiness set-point may be, you can raise it through...
  • 44. i) Meditation (ancient wisdom), and/or
  • 45. ii) Cognitive Therapy (modern science), and/or... Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy developed by Aaron Beck It seeks to help the patient overcome difficulties by identifying and changing dysfunctional thinking, behavior, and emotional responses by developing skills for modifying beliefs, identifying distorted thinking, relating to others in different ways, and changing behaviors
  • 46. iii) Prozac (modern medicine)
  • 47. Let’s now look at Environment (E) in the happiness equation: H = (I E)
  • 48. Environment (E) has two components... E= C+V q q Conditions Voluntary or of your Life Intentional Activities you do
  • 49. Conditions are Facts About Your Life • Some you can't change (race, sex, age, disability) and some you can (wealth, marital status, where you live) • Conditions are constant over time, or at least during a certain period of your life
  • 50. Voluntary or Intentional activities are things that you choose to do Like work, meditation, exercise, learning a new skill or taking a vacation
  • 51. Let’s take a deeper look at Life Conditions (C)
  • 52. Research shows that most Life Conditions (C) are subject to: a) Adaptation Principle b) Hedonic Treadmill
  • 54. We are bad at affective forecasting - i.e. predicting how we will feel in the future Lottery winners or people who become disabled after an accident, return back to their happiness ‘set-point’ - pleasure or disconsolation, both are ‘taken for granted’ after a while Human mind is sensitive to changes in condition but not so sensitive to absolute levels
  • 55. if only k k Lottery! if only... k According to the Adaptation Principle, we become habituated to our new reality and that becomes are new baseline (e.g. the lottery winner’s excitement with the new house and new car subsequently becomes the new baseline)
  • 56. if only... k a bigger lottery When this happens we recalibrate and set new targets - new goals, new hopes, new expectations and then again feel pleasure and pain in relation to the new targets
  • 58. Combining adaptation principle with the genetic set- point for happiness, it seems in the long run it does not matter what happens, we will always default back to our happiness set-point
  • 59. This has been called the Hedonic Treadmill of life - you can run as fast as you want and accumulate all the riches you can, yet you will remain stuck at your natural and usual state of happiness, because the riches you gain will simply raise your expectations and leave you no better off than you were before
  • 60. Adversity usually gives you an opportunity to come off the Hedonic Treadmill, because it makes you take a pause, reflect on your life and decide if you want to hop back on the treadmill or get off it
  • 61. What I Think Never Happens b Whatever Happens I Start Thinking About That Dialogue from an Indian soap -‘Yeh Jo Hai Jindagi’ Meditation offers another way for coming off the hedonic treadmill - meditate to train your mind to stop ‘wanting’ too much, instead start ‘liking’ what life has made available to you
  • 62. Ancient Wisdom proclaims that Conditions of your Life (C) need not determine your happiness
  • 63. Through meditation you can overcome any adverse life condition and be happy
  • 64. However, for most of us who are not master meditators, Haidt suggests that it is more practical to change certain life situations that we don’t get habituated to because changing them will increase our happiness These conditions include...
  • 65. Noise or air pollution (if you live in such an area it is better to change your location, if it is possible) Long commute to work Lack of control (e.g. if you feel you have no say at work) Shame (things we are adversely self-conscious of) Relationships (you never adapt to interpersonal conflict, like an annoying room mate)
  • 66. While relationships that are mired with interpersonal conflicts are best changed, modern science has found that meaningful social relationships can be very effective in facing life conditions and increasing our happiness
  • 67. Robert-Biswas Diener and Ed Dienerʼs research paper, ʻMaking the Best of a Bad Situation: Satisfaction in the Slums of Calcuttaʼ explores how one can be happy despite adverse life conditions The paper concludes that, “The slum dwellers of Calcutta generally experience a lower sense of life satisfaction than more affluent comparison groups, but are more satisfied than one might expect. This could be due, in part, to the strong emphasis on social relationships and the satisfaction derived from them.”
  • 68. Interpersonal relationships that are characterized by intimacy, growth, and resilience can become a very positive life condition (the ‘Positive Relationships’ (R) in Seligman’s PERMA of Well-Being)
  • 69. This is based on John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory, where he showed that infants need to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver (secure base) for social and emotional development to occur normally
  • 70. According to Attachment Theory, children can have - Secure Attachment: children stop or reduce their play when their secure base leaves the room Avoidant Attachment: these children don’t care whether secure base comes or goes, they try to distress manage themselves (usually not very well) Resistant Attachment: these children become anxious, clingy or extremely upset when separated from their secure base
  • 71. Hazan and Shaver’s research extends the Attachment Theory to adult romantic relationships They noticed that interactions between adult romantic partners shared similarities to interactions between children and caregivers
  • 72. For example, romantic partners desire to be close to one another Romantic partners feel comforted when their partners are present and anxious or lonely when their partners are absent
  • 73. Romantic relationships serve as a secure base that help partners face the surprises, opportunities, and challenges life presents Research by Pascal Vrticka shows that avoidantly attached adults are three times more likely to be solitary at the age of seventy
  • 74. However, early attachment does not determine a life course People with a resilient temperament can overcome early disadvantages
  • 75. Meaningful social relationships are a life I anyway can’t condition that have a sleep after 4 a.m. significant impact on h your happiness If you have someone in your life who will listen to your woes at 4 a.m. you will live longer!
  • 76. Meaningful is the operative word in social relationships that positively impact your happiness
  • 77. Social relationship can also have an adverse impact on your happiness Alain de Botton explains in his book Status Anxiety - a school reunion can easily become the place that makes you most anxious because of the torment of comparison with people who were your equals!
  • 78. A meaningful relationship is one which helps us learn to be - comfortable in our own skin, saving us from anxious comparisons and instead encouraging us to focus on self-improvement
  • 79. RECAP • Happiness (H) is a relationship between Individual (I) and Environment (E); H = (I E) • Individual (I) has a genetic set-point for happiness • This set-point can be raised through Meditation, Cognitive Therapy, or Prozac • Environment (E) has two components, Life Conditions (C) and Voluntary Activities (V); E = C +V
  • 80. Ancient Wisdom maintains that through meditation one can face any life conditions (C) • However, since most of us can’t become master meditators, it is better for us to change some life conditions that adversely impact our happiness like, long commute, polluted surroundings and lack of control • Some social relationships like interpersonal-conflicts or those which trigger unhealthy social comparisons reduce our well-being • But meaningful social relationships that help us focus on self-improvement can significantly increase our happiness and well-being
  • 81. In the equation (E = C + V) let’s now look at Voluntary or Intentional Activities (V)
  • 82. Recall that Happiness (H) is a relationship between Individual (I) and Environment (E) H = (I E) q E = C+V q q Conditions Voluntary of your Life Activities you do
  • 83. We now work 9 to 5 9 a.m. to 5 a.m. Work is perhaps the most important element of voluntary or intentional activities for most of us, simply because so many hours are spent at the work place
  • 84. Work - Job, Career or Calling? • Work is a job when the primary drive is money • Work is a career when it is pursued for advancement, promotion and prestige • Work is a calling when it is intrinsically fulfilling (think of a home maker who finds intrinsic joy and does the work for no other reward)
  • 85. Story goes... A man came across three masons who were chipping chunks of granite from large blocks. The first seemed unhappy at his job, chipping away and frequently looking at his watch. When the man asked what it was that he was doing, the first mason responded, rather curtly, “I’m hammering this stupid rock, and I can’t wait till 5 when I can go home. Oh, what all I have to endure to make a little money”
  • 86. A second mason, seemingly more interested in his work, was hammering diligently. When the man asked what it was that he was doing he answered, “Well, I’m molding this block of rock so that it can be used with others to construct a wall. It’s not bad work, but I’ll sure be glad when it’s done.”
  • 87. A third mason was hammering at his block fervently, taking time to stand back and admire his work. He chipped off small pieces until he was satisfied that it was the best he could do. When the man questioned him about his work he stopped, gazed skyward and proudly proclaimed, “I am building a cathedral!”
  • 88. You maximize your happiness if you pursue your calling in life
  • 89. Ever since I was a kid I knew one day k I would be selling credit cards! Contract T&C But pursuing a ‘calling in life’ is a tad difficult, especially because even finding what is your calling can be a challenge!
  • 90. According to positive psychologists, a better way is to first find your strengths and then create goals that make use of these strengths Ideal is if your work allows you to pursue your strengths If not, then pursue other activities that do so
  • 91. How do you find out if the activities you are doing will increase your happiness?
  • 92. If you experience the following in your work, chances are you are deploying your strengths and your work will lead to enhancement in your well-being: a) Flow b) Limerence c) Vital Engagement d) Effectance
  • 94. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi defines flow as a state of total immersion in a task that is challenging yet closely matched to one’s abilities
  • 95. You get into a state of flow when • There is a clear challenge that fully engages your attention, • You have the skills to meet the challenge • You get immediate feedback on each step
  • 97. In his book ‘Social Animal’, David Brooks writes Often there’s tension between the inner models and the outer world. So we try to come up with concepts that will help us understand the world, or changes in behaviour that will help us live in harmony with it. When we grasp some situation, or master e some task, there’s a surge of pleasure. Its not living in harmony that produces the surge. If that were so, we’d be happy living on the beach all our lives. It’s the moment some tension is erased. So a happy life has its recurring set of rhythms: difficulty to harmony, difficulty to harmony. And it is all propelled by the desire for limerence, the desire for the moment when the inner and outer patterns mesh.
  • 99. According to Nakamura and Csikszentmihalyi, people enjoy longer period of flow as their interest in the flow activity intensifies and their relationship to people, practices and values in that domain deepens
  • 100. This they call Vital Engagement - a relationship to the world characterized both by experiences of flow (enjoyed absorption) and by meaning (subjective significance)
  • 102. Effectance Motivation Organisms have a tendency to explore and influence the environment and the master reinforcer for humans is personal competence (competence is the ability to interact effectively with the environment) - Psychologist Robert White
  • 103. Effectance helps an organism improve itself People like a subject or a game that plays to their strengths because it makes them feel competent
  • 104. In his book ‘Drive - The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us’ author Daniel Pink suggests that the new operating system for the 21st century, or Motivation 3.0, has three components: e • Autonomy: the urge to direct our own lives • Mastery: the desire to get better and better on something that matters • Purpose: a yearning to do something larger than our self-interest
  • 105. Progress Principle Joy ’s soul Remember that happiness comes lie s in the comes from making doing progress towards goals - Shakespe are than from achieving them
  • 106. Happiness and Well-Being in Summary • Happiness is a relationship between Individual and Environment • The individual has a genetic set-point for happiness, which can be increased through - meditation, cognitive therapy or prozac • Environment has two components, Life Conditions you face and Voluntary or Intentional Activities you choose to do H=I (C+V)
  • 107. • To enhance happiness, some life conditions that you can’t get habituated to are best changed • Meaningful social relationships can significantly improve your well-being • Intentional activities, like work, where you can put your strengths to maximum use and experience ‘flow’ are the ones that most improve well-being H=I (C+V)
  • 108. More referral resources on ‘Learning to Be’ have been compiled here - http://www.diigo.com/list/atulpant/Learning-to-Be
  • 109. For more learning modules on skills relevant for flourishing in the 21st century visit our website - www.TimelessLifeskills.co.uk
  • 110. Or join the Learning Conversations on Facebook - www.facebook.com/lifeskills
  • 111. Author & Illustrator Atul Pant