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These slides were designed by me for my class Presentation. This is not a professional one as I have copied images and slides and information from web, but the construction (formation) of this presentation is by me. Presentation consists the Travel, culture, site seeing, Geography and Festival of Ladhak Area.

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  1. 1. Life at 11000 feet High
  2. 2. Presentation by : Vishal Chaudhary
  3. 3. About • Ladakh "land of high passes“ is a region of Jammu and Kashmir and lies between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir. • Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and culture. It is sometimes called "Little Tibet" as it has been strongly influenced by Tibetan culture. • Ladakh is the highest plateau of state of Kashmir with much of it being over 3,000 m (9,800 ft). It spans the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper Indus River valley.
  4. 4. How to get there  By Flight :  From Delhi & Srinagar - Indian Airlines & Jet airways.  By Road :  Srinagar to Leh via Kargil ( 2-3 days)  Manali to Leh (2 - 3 Days)  These are the most beautiful & breathtaking road journey’ on the worlds highest road, crossing passes as high as 15000 ft & even more..  Government run busses ply on these roads, or else you can hire taxi / jeeps or maybe ride your own way on motor-cycles.
  5. 5. Visits in Ladakh  Leh City  Pangong Lake  Tso-moriri  Zanskar  Khardungla  Nubra valley  Kargil  Gompas in Ladakh
  6. 6. Leh, was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, now the Leh District in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Leh, with an area of 45,110 km2, is the second largest district in the country (after Kutch, Gujarat) in terms of area. Leh is at an altitude of 3524 metres (11,562 ft), and connects via National Highway 1D connects it to Srinagar in the southwest and to Manali in the south via Leh-Manali Highway. Leh was an important stopover on trade routes along the Indus Valley between Tibet to the east, Kashmir to the west and also between India and China for centuries. The main goods carried were salt, grain, pashm or cashmere wool, charas or cannabis resin from the Tarim Basin, indigo, silk yarn and Banaras brocade.
  7. 7. PANGONG LAKE Pangong Tso is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m (14,270 ft). It is 134 km (83 mi) long and extends from India to Tibet. 60% of the length of the lake lies in China. The lake is 5 km (3.1 mi) wide at its broadest point. All together it covers 604 sq. km. During winter the lake freezes completely, despite being saline water. The brackish water of the lake has very low micro-vegetation. Guides report that there are no fish or other aquatic life in the lake, except for some small crustaceans.
  8. 8. Tsomoriri or Lake Moriri (official name: Tsomoriri Wetland Conservation Reserve), in the Changthang (literal meaning, northern plains) area, is a High Altitude Lake (HAL) with an altitude of 4,595 m (15,075 ft) in Ladakh, India and is the largest of the High Altitude Lakes in the Trans-Himalayan biogeographic region, entirely within India. The lake formerly had an outlet to the south, but it has contracted considerably and has become land locked; as a result; the water is now brackish to saline.
  9. 9. Zanskar is a sub district or tehsil of the Kargil district, which lies in the eastern half of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The administrative center is Padum. Zanskar, together with the neighbouring region of Ladakh, was briefly a part of the kingdom of Guge in Western Tibet. The Zanskar Range is a mountain range in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that separates Zanskar from Ladakh. Geologically, the Zanskar Range is part of the Tethys Himalaya. It also separates Kinnaur District from Spiti in Himachal Pradesh. The highest peaks of Himachal are in Zanskar range.
  10. 10. Group of Zanskari women and children.
  11. 11. A White Yak in Zanskar Range
  12. 12. Khardung La (Khardung Pass, la means pass in Tibetan) is a high mountain pass located in Ladakh region. The pass on the Ladakh Range lies north of Leh and is the gateway to the Shyok and Nubra valleys. The Siachen Glacier lies partway up the latter valley. Local summit signs claim that its elevation is 5,602 m (18,379 ft) metres high and that it is the world's highest motorable pass
  13. 13. Nubra Valley is about 150 km north of Leh, the capital town of Ladakh, India. Local scholars say that its original name was Ldumra (the valley of flowers). The Shyok River meets the Nubra or Siachan River to form a large valley that separates the Ladakh and the Karakoram Ranges. The average altitude of the valley is about 10,000 ft. above the sea level. The common way to access this valley is to travel over the Khardung La from Leh. Non-locals require an Inner Line Permit (obtainable in Leh town) to enter Nubra.
  14. 14. KARGIL • Kargil, the only town in the Suru valley, is the second most important town in Ladakh • It was an important staging post on the routes of the trade caravans before 1947, being more or less equidistant, at about 230 kilometres from Srinagar, Leh, Skardu and Padum. • Kargil was an area of conflict in the wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971 and the focal point of a potential nuclear conflict during the Kargil War in 1999. • The Ladakh region was bifurcated into the Kargil and Leh districts in 1979. In 1989, there were violent riots between Buddhists and Muslims. • Kargil has an average elevation of 2,676 metres (8,780 feet), and is situated along the banks of the Suru River (Indus).
  15. 15. THE LAND OF GOMPAS As you drive into Leh and after the odyssey of a long drive, comes a fairy-tale ending. A fort, a palace and a monastery stand out against the sky, amidst an avenue of poplars. This is Leh. The journey has just begun. As the Buddhists say:`When you are ready, the teacher will appear
  16. 16. The Gompas ‘Monasteries’  Like many other religious establishments all over the world, the gompas too have been gifted lands, by the ex-rulers of Ladakh. It is from these lands and public donations that the gompas derive their income. Cultivation on gompa land is done by the labourers and not by the lamas, for ploughing by lamas is considered inauspicious. It is believed that in the olden days the gompas stood on the trading route to Tibet and offered sanctuary to travelers and traders. All the thirteen important gompas of Ladakh celebrate their annual festivals in winter, except the Hemis Gompa which celebrates it in June or July, lasting three days. Ladakhis gather enthusiastically for these gay festivals and witness folk and religious masked dances.
  17. 17. HEMIS GOMPA The Hemis Gompa was built in 1620 by the king-architect Singe Namgyal who was a great patron of Buddhism, This is the biggest gompa of Ladakh. It is situated 44 kms from Leh on the Leh-Manali road. For a visit to this place one has to travel 8 kms via Karu, after crossing the river Indus. Hemis Gompa is not visible from the road. There are several temples here, which contain stupas and precious images made of gold. The art pieces glitter with precious stones. There is a valuable store of thankas in this gompa including the biggest in Ladakh. It is displayed once in eleven years and the next display will be in 1992. However, they were soon to be in a pitiable plight for Zorawar Singh had reached the Hemis Gompa after plundering and destroying the other gompas on his route. The manager of the Hemis Gompa skillfully saved his monastery by surrendering before any more damage could be done. In 1956, the chief lama of the gompa disappeared never to be seen again. His absence led to the deterioration of the condition of the Hemis Gompa. A twelve-year-old lama was enthroned in 1976. The lamas of Ladakh respect other religions also. In this gompa important posts like that of the motbir (manager) were given to Kadir Sheikh and Akhon Abdul Hussain who were Muslims. The kitchen of this gompa is unique. There is a huge vessel of copper whose diameter is 12 m, capable of cooking rice or thuppa for 500 people at a time. Buddhist visitors donate money to the kitchen. There is is a courtyard in front of the gompa which is 60 m long and 18 m wide. In this courtyard four long poles are stuck in the ground at equal distances and four different banners fly atop these poles. A big worn-out thanka is hung in front of the temple, on which the picture of Chapgon Gyalshas, the founder of the Hemis Gompa, is painted. Three-fourths of the area of the courtyard is left for religious dances. The rest of the place is normally full of spectators on such occasions.
  18. 18. Thikse Gompa This gompa is situated about 19 kms away from from Leh on Leh-Manali road. It stands on a hilltop in the desert and is visible from a distance. The houses of the lamas are situated on the slopes of the hill. The gompa is especially interesting from the point of view of its architectural beauty. There are several temples in this gompa containing images, stupas and wall paintings. The wall paintings of the main temple are exquisite.
  19. 19. Shankar Gompa  Sankar Gompa is a subsidiary of Spitok gompa, having the same head lama. Sankar is easily visited on foot from Leh, lying as it does in Leh's suburbs. About 25 lamas of the yellow-hat sect are attached to Sankar but only a few live here permanently. Thus, it is only open to the public from 7 to 10 am and from 5 to 7 pm. Sankar gompa is about 90 years old but is located on the site of a small temple that was built about 500 years ago.  From the street one enters the gompa's front yard. To the right are a few steps climbing up to the double doors that open onto the Dukhang or main assembly hall. The entrance porch has paintings of the Guardians of the Four Directions on either side of the entry door. On the left wall of the veranda is a "Wheel of Life" held by Yama, the deity that determines a person's future fate after death. The wall on the right depicts the Old Man of Long Life.
  20. 20. Spituk Gompa About 7km from Leh on the right bank of the river Indus, this gompa is visible from afar, standing quite prominently on the top of a mountain. A new temple has been built here and the old one renovated. There are some fine "thankas" in this gompa. The main temple contains many icons of the Buddha. There is temple of Mahakal that is about 900 years old. This temple was built by King Takspa Bung . It has a images of Ma hakal (yamantak) & others. The awe-inspiring image of Mahakal has 35 arms on each side. It has 8 legs on one side. The face of the Mahakal is covered throughout the year & is shown to spectators only at the annual function in the month of January. The walls of the temple are decorated with beautiful paintings. One of the wall paintings has human skeletons on it. In this temple there is a collection of 16 ancient masks of different animals, gods & goddesses. The temple also has a collection of antique arms. In a room adjacent to Mahakal's chamber, a big curtain is stretched between two long poles. People attach their photographs & currency to the cloth for the fulfillment of their wishes.
  21. 21. Festivals  Most festivals in Ladakh are religious and take place at the gompas. Unfortunately for the tourist, most of these festivals occur in the winter months. Ladakhi winter is extremely harsh and most social activities like weddings, visiting friends and family, indoor handicraft work and participating in religious festivals is postponed till the summers.  Traditionally, only Hemis gompa held a big summer festival but in 1983, Thiksey gompa held its festival in the summer for the first time. In addition to the religious festivals, there are small harvest thanksgiving festivals in the autumn. In 1983, Leh held its first Tourist Festival, in the first week of August.