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  1. 1. Architecture Diagnosed<br />Alex Trumpler<br />Senior Graduation Project<br />April 21, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Thesis<br />When considering the broad topic of architecture, the two major categories (residential and commercial) share many common physical attributes, but the defining difference between them is a question of intended purpose and theoretical use.<br />
  3. 3. Inspiration for Topic<br />Always had a passion for architecture<br />Enrolled at Philadelphia University for a Bachelor of Architecture<br />
  4. 4. Why is architecture important?<br />
  5. 5. Presentation Overview<br />Introduction to Architecture<br />Residential vs. Commercial<br />Elements of Design<br />Residential Criteria<br />Commercial Requirements<br />Floor plans and examples<br />Creative Activity<br />
  6. 6. What is Architecture?<br />“The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.”<br />New Oxford American Dictionary<br />“The art or science of building.”<br />Merriam-Webster<br />So basically…<br />Architecture is the art of designing a building<br />
  7. 7. Getting the Ideas<br />The Art of Architecture<br />Ability to Exist in Current Market<br />Functionality of Design<br />The Design Process<br />Sopot, Poland<br />(Hepler, 20)<br />
  8. 8. Elements of Design<br />Form<br />General shape of building<br />Space<br />The 3-dimentional area<br />Light and shadow<br />Texture<br />feel, appearance, or<br />consistency of a surface<br />Line<br />Color<br />(Hepler, 21)<br />
  9. 9. Principles of Design<br />Unity<br />Sense of wholeness in a design<br />Repetition<br />Rhythm<br />When lines, planes, and surface treatments are repeated in a regular sequence<br />Variety<br />Use of elements within a style<br />Emphasis<br />Building upon a single point of interest<br />Balance<br />Achievement of equilibrium in design<br />(Hepler, 22)<br />
  10. 10. Architectural Divisions<br />Architecture can be divided into two main divisions<br />Residential: Architecture that is restricted for personal use<br />i.e.: houses, apartment buildings, etc<br />Commercial: Architecture for public use<br />i.e.: offices, factories, movie theaters, etc <br />Commercial does not necessarily refer to a place of commerce, but any space occupied by the general public<br />(Hornung)<br />
  11. 11. Residential<br />
  12. 12. Living Room<br />Function<br />Entertainment center<br />Recreation center<br />Library<br />Music room<br />Tv center<br />Reception room<br />Social room<br />Study<br />Dining room (occasionally)<br />Guest bedroom (if a small home)<br />(Hepler, 38)<br />
  13. 13. Living Room<br />Location<br />Centrally located<br />Adjacent to entrance<br />Away from sleeping and service areas<br />Close to dining room<br />Size<br />Wall space<br />(Hepler, 38)<br />
  14. 14. Living room<br />(Hepler, 38)<br />
  15. 15. Living room<br />(Hepler, 38)<br />
  16. 16. Dining Room<br />Function<br />Location<br />Kitchen<br />Living room<br />Size<br />(Hepler, 48)<br />
  17. 17. Kitchen<br />Function<br />Efficiency<br />Location<br />(Hepler, 92)<br />
  18. 18. Bedroom<br />Function<br />Number of bedrooms<br />Storage<br />Ventilation<br />Wall space<br />(Hornung)<br />
  19. 19. Bedrooms<br />Furniture sizes<br />King bed – 72” x 84”<br />Queen bed – 60” x 80”<br />Full bed – 54” x 75”<br />Twin bed 39” x 75”<br />Cot – 30” x 74”<br />Crib – 27” x 56”<br />Dressing table – 3’-4’ x 18”-22”<br />Chest of drawers – 3’-4’ x 18”-20”<br />Dresser – 4’-9’ x 18”-22”<br />(Hornung)<br />
  20. 20. Bedrooms<br />Noise control<br />Away from the street<br />Carpeting<br />Soft cork walls<br />Floor to ceiling drapes<br />Acoustical tile in the ceiling<br />Trees and shrubbery outside<br />Placement of closets<br />(Hornung)<br />
  21. 21. Bathrooms<br />Function<br />Bathrooms per bedroom<br />Ventilation<br />Lighting<br />Heating<br />Plumbing lines<br />(Hornung)<br />
  22. 22. Layout Planning<br />Eating areas<br />Living areas<br />Sleeping areas<br />(Hornung, 93)<br />
  23. 23. COMMERCIAL<br />
  24. 24. Kitchen<br />Function<br />15 square feet per person<br />Refrigeration<br />dry storage<br />Dishwashing<br />prep area<br />Cooking<br />serving<br />(Wixson)<br />
  25. 25. Dinning Area<br />Function<br />Size<br />Fine dinning<br />16-20 sq ft for a 28-36 sq ft restaurant <br />Casual dinning<br />14-16 sq ft for a 24-32 sq ft restaurant<br />(Cannon)<br />
  26. 26. Bathrooms<br />Counter<br />Stalls<br />Americans with disabilities act (ADA)<br />(answers.com)<br />
  27. 27. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)<br />Wheelchair Passage Width<br />Counters and Bars<br />Dining Areas<br />(ADAAG)<br />
  28. 28. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)<br />(ADAAG)<br />
  29. 29. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)<br />(ADAAG)<br />
  30. 30. Layout<br />Considerations for layout options:<br />Size of Room<br />Size of Furniture<br />Traffic Flow<br />(allfoodbusiness.com)<br />
  31. 31. ZONING<br />
  32. 32. What is Zoning?<br />Definition<br />“Divide a town or stretch of land into areas subject to particular planning restrictions.”<br />New Oxford American Dictionary<br />
  33. 33. Zoning Basics<br />Residential Zoning<br />Front yard<br />Side yard<br />Rear yard<br />Building coverage<br />Commercial Zoning<br />Front yard<br />Side yards<br />Rear yard<br />Maximum height<br />Building coverage<br />(Upper Merion Township, Chapter 165 Article VI / XVIII)<br />
  34. 34. Plot Plans<br />
  35. 35. Plot Plans<br />Drawing that represents everything outside of the structure<br />Basics:<br />Property ownership<br />Builder Company<br />Landscaping<br />Land survey / scale<br />Shrubbery<br />Construction<br />Existing and expansion/new construction<br />(Ching)<br />
  36. 36. (Ching)<br />
  37. 37. (Ching)<br />
  38. 38. Moving Past the Slides<br />
  39. 39. Residential<br />
  40. 40. Commercial<br />
  41. 41. So let’s try it<br />
  42. 42. Class Activity<br />Design a one story residential house to the following specifications<br />Master bedroom<br />Guest bedroom<br />2 bathrooms<br />Living room<br />Dining room<br />kitchen<br />
  43. 43. Approximate Room Sizes <br />Living room – 15’ x 15’<br />Kitchen – 10’ x 10’<br />Dining room – 13’ x 13’<br />Master bedroom – 12’ x 12’<br />Bedroom – 9’ x 12’<br />Hall – 3’<br />Door – 2.5’<br />Entrance door – 3’<br />Closet – 2’ x 2’<br />Bathroom – 5’ x 8’<br />(Patton)<br />
  44. 44. So what does it all mean?<br />The difference between Residential and Commercial Architecture is the intended purpose and theoretical use.<br />While abiding by the standards and laws, an Architect can design whatever they please, but the designation of architectural type depends on the application.<br />
  45. 45. What I learned:<br />The basics<br />My own style<br />Importance of artistic expression<br />
  46. 46. Creative designs with unexpected uses<br />
  47. 47. Kansas City, Missouri<br />
  48. 48. Dubai, United Arab Emirates<br />
  49. 49. Madrid, Spain<br />
  50. 50. Pittsburg, Pennsylvania<br />
  51. 51. Quebec, Canada<br />
  52. 52. Rotterdam, Netherlands<br />
  53. 53. Works Cited<br />"4_1t." Dimensions of people and equipment. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.accesscode.info/general/4_1t.htm>.<br />"architecture cartoon." Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman Cartoons. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://members.pioneer.net/~mchumor/history_Roman_toons.html>.<br />"cubic-houses." Gallery. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.shirleyphoto.btinternet.co.uk/gallery.htm>.<br />"dining_room." interior designer - enlarging small dining room. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.interiordesigner.in/dining-rooms/enlarging-small-dining-room.html>.<br />"f0036_plot_plan." www.alaskarim.com. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.alaskarim.com/alaskarim/page.html?page_id=146>.<br />"falling water fall house." Fallingwater pictures. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.wright-house.com/frank-lloyd-wright/fallingwater-pictures/falling-water-fall-house.html>.<br />"Light and Shadow." Light and Shadow. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.maufoto.com/page_1196708300936.html>.<br />
  54. 54. Works Cited<br />"Restaurant Layout and Design." N.p., 2008. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.allfoodbusiness.com/restaurant_layout.php>.<br />"Retro Half Circle: L Shape Booths, Corner Booths." BarsandBooths.com Inc, 2005. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.barsandbooths.com/bandbhalfcircleandL.htm>.<br />"Revive-DiningRoom." Modern Dining Room | Dining Room | Interier Dining Room | Dining Room Furniture. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://moderndiningroomfurnitures.blogspot.com/2010/01/interier-dining-room.html>.<br />"Rhythm." knorr architecture blog. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://knorrarchitecture.blogspot.com/2009_10_07_archive.html>.<br />"US_Mattress_Sizes." US Mattress Sizes. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_Mattress_Sizes.jpg>.<br />"Wokcano_Floor_Plan." L.A. Muse Co.. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://lamuseinterior.com/services>.<br />Ching, Francis D.K. Building Construction Illustrated. 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ, U.S.A.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008. Print.<br />
  55. 55. Works Cited<br />EdificioMirador. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.strangebuildings.com/edificio-mirador-madrid-spain/>.<br />Garen, . "Your Restaurant's Layout." Hubpages Inc., 2010. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://hubpages.com/hub/restaurant_layout>.<br />Goldston, Eli, and James H. Scheuer. "Zoning of Planned Residential Developments." Harvard Law Review Association 73.2 (1959): 241-67. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1338249>.<br />Hepler, Donald E., and Paul I. Wallach. Architecture: Drafting and Design. 3rd ed. U.S.A.: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1977. Print.<br />Hornung, William J. Architectural Drafting. 5th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, U.S.A.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1971. Print.<br />kansas city public library parking garage. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.strangebuildings.com/kansas-city-public-library-parking-garage-kansas-city-usa/>.<br />Kittens, Sylvia. "Planning Your Restaurant Layout." Ezine Articles, 02 Sep 2008. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://ezinearticles.com/?Planning-Your-Restaurant-Layout&id=1461950>.<br />
  56. 56. Works Cited<br />Longstreth, Richard. "Compositional Types in American Commercial Architecture." Vernacular Architecture Forum 2. (1986): 12-23. Web. 22 Nov 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/3514312>.<br />Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010. Merriam-Webster Online. 5 April 2010
<http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/architecture><br />Nelson, Michael E. "House Plans Online, House Floor Plans, House Design Plans." Nelson Design Group. Web. 2 Dec 2009. <http://www.nelsondesigngroup.com/>.<br />Petersen, Kurt. "Tables: What Size Do You Need?." Petersen Furniture, Inc., 2010. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.kpetersen.com/tableswhatsize.htm>.<br />Petersen, Kurt. "Upholstered Restaurant Booths FAQ's." Petersen Furniture, Inc., 2010. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.kpetersen.com/uphboothsfaqs.htm>.<br />Rotating Tower. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.strangebuildings.com/rotating-tower-dubai-uae/>.<br />United States of America. ADA Accessibility Guidelines. , 2002. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://www.access-board.gov/adaag/>.<br />
  57. 57. Works Cited<br />Upper Merion Area Township. Upper Merion Township Code Book. E-Code, 2008. Web. 1 Dec 2009. <http://www.umtownship.org/>.<br />Wixson, Jim. "Food Service Equipment & Supplies." All Experts, 31 Mar 2006. Web. 17 Apr 2010. <http://en.allexperts.com/q/Food-Service-Equipment-2480/kitchen-size-layout.htm>.<br />

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