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{
Broadband
Essential for Rural Living
Bill Coleman
Community Technology Advisors
What you may hear from residents now…
{
Broadband discussions can be a
mile wide and a mile deep!
Broadband
Speed
Affordability
Reliability
Mobility
Evaluating Broadband
{ {Government Standards
and Goals
 Minnesota Broadband Goals
 2010 goal
 10-20 Mb/5-10 Mb
 New in 2016
 25 Mb / 3 Mb ...
{Wired and Wireless
Comparing Technologies
… It’s Complicated!
 Fiber has almost unlimited capacity
 Fiber has a very long life
 Only fiber can meet the growing bandwidth curve
 50 ...
 Generally…
 Copper wires exist and are paid for
 Fiber to the Node allows higher speeds
 Broadband over copper is dis...
Comparing Wireless –
It’s Really Complicated!
 Bandwidth limited
 High price per GB
 Fiber dependent
 Low data caps
Wireless Commonalities
 2G, 3 G, 4G networks are in place
 Inconsistent coverage in rural areas
 Speed
 4G - 12 – 20 Mb
 3G - 3 – 4 Mb
 Dat...
 Licensed vs unlicensed spectrum
 Terrain and trees inhibit Line of Sight technologies
 Bandwidth to towers can be limi...
 Short range
 High speed depends on network connection
 Office, home or visitor environment
 Muni Wi-Fi networks have ...
 Up to 15/2 Mb
 High latency/delay limits interactive applications
 Expensive
 Data caps
 Weather impacts
 Available...
 Average family uses 50 – 100 GB
 Comcast – 1 TB
 Satellite 40 – 60 GB
 Fixed wireless speeds limit need for caps
 Ce...
{Nationally and By County
How is Minnesota Doing?
MN’s US standing
Source: Akamai, 2016 Q1
Category Rank Measure
Average Speed 18th 15.8 Mbps
Average Peak 25th 66.7 Mbps
4 ...
MNExchange
Map
What is fast enough?
{ {Today –
13 devices/household
 Phones
 Tablets
 PCs
 TVs
 Gaming consoles
 Home security
The Future –
Predictions
...
 $500 million to CenturyLink, Frontier,
Consolidated Communications & Windstream
 Required to:
 complete construction i...
CAF2Accepted
Funding
CAF2 Funding Accepted
 What will providers actually deploy?
 When will they build it?
 What percentage of an area will they serve?
 What per...
A quick fix
or…
modern
infrastructure?
{Work on many fronts!
What should we do?
 Community Broadband Resources
 Webinars
 Robust Network Feasibility Fund
 Blandin Blog and Website
 Technical assist...
{ {Demand Side
 Residents
 Home businesses
 Farmers
 Loggers
 Tele-workers
 People of all ages
Supply Side
 Provide...
 Neighboring townships
 County officials
 RDC’s
 Providers
 Electric cooperatives
 Others who have solved their prob...
 Support MAT’s role in rural broadband
coalitions
 Review and comment on the Governor’s
Broadband Task Force recommendat...
A better discussion!
{Bill Coleman
Bill@communitytechnologyadvisors.com
651-491-2551
www.communitytechnologyadvisors.com
Discussion
SW Minneosta Broadband
SW Minneosta Broadband
SW Minneosta Broadband
SW Minneosta Broadband
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SW Minneosta Broadband

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SW Minneosta Broadband

  1. 1. { Broadband Essential for Rural Living Bill Coleman Community Technology Advisors
  2. 2. What you may hear from residents now…
  3. 3. { Broadband discussions can be a mile wide and a mile deep!
  4. 4. Broadband Speed Affordability Reliability Mobility Evaluating Broadband
  5. 5. { {Government Standards and Goals  Minnesota Broadband Goals  2010 goal  10-20 Mb/5-10 Mb  New in 2016  25 Mb / 3 Mb by 2022  100 Mb/20 Mb by 2026  Federal Broadband Definition  768 kb (2008)  4 Mb/1 Mb (2010)  10 Mb/1 Mb CAF2 (2014)  25 Mb/3 Mb (2015) The Marketplace  Comcast  2005 – 4 Mb  2010 – 12 Mb  2015 – 150 Mb  2015 - 2 Gb  Gigabit Residential Service  At least 12 Minnesota providers Government goals & standards lag the marketplace!
  6. 6. {Wired and Wireless Comparing Technologies … It’s Complicated!
  7. 7.  Fiber has almost unlimited capacity  Fiber has a very long life  Only fiber can meet the growing bandwidth curve  50 GB – 100 GB per family per month  1 TB soon in the future  Fiber supports wireless  Rural fiber might cost $10,000 per house  Fiber increases the value of homes by up to $7,500  All providers are pushing fiber closer to the home! Wired via Fiber
  8. 8.  Generally…  Copper wires exist and are paid for  Fiber to the Node allows higher speeds  Broadband over copper is distance sensitive  Telephone Twisted Pair  Within 3,000 feet, broadband in excess of 25/3; more with bonding and vectoring technologies  At 10,000 feet, only 10/1  Coaxial Cable  Primarily an urban technology  Significantly higher capacity than twisted pair Wired via Copper
  9. 9. Comparing Wireless – It’s Really Complicated!
  10. 10.  Bandwidth limited  High price per GB  Fiber dependent  Low data caps Wireless Commonalities
  11. 11.  2G, 3 G, 4G networks are in place  Inconsistent coverage in rural areas  Speed  4G - 12 – 20 Mb  3G - 3 – 4 Mb  Data is sold by the GB  Mobility is key competitive edge  5G is in development, but…. Cellular
  12. 12.  Licensed vs unlicensed spectrum  Terrain and trees inhibit Line of Sight technologies  Bandwidth to towers can be limiting factor  Communities own tower assets  Game Changer…  RS Fiber delivering 25/25 service as interim service Fixed Wireless
  13. 13.  Short range  High speed depends on network connection  Office, home or visitor environment  Muni Wi-Fi networks have struggled Wi-Fi
  14. 14.  Up to 15/2 Mb  High latency/delay limits interactive applications  Expensive  Data caps  Weather impacts  Available everywhere Satellite
  15. 15.  Average family uses 50 – 100 GB  Comcast – 1 TB  Satellite 40 – 60 GB  Fixed wireless speeds limit need for caps  Cellular plans vary with price  Unlimited, but… Monthly Data Caps
  16. 16. {Nationally and By County How is Minnesota Doing?
  17. 17. MN’s US standing Source: Akamai, 2016 Q1 Category Rank Measure Average Speed 18th 15.8 Mbps Average Peak 25th 66.7 Mbps 4 Mbps Broadband 28th 85% adoption 10 Mbps Broadband 30th 54% adoption 15 Mbps Broadband 22nd 35% adoption 25 Mbps Broadband 18th 14% adoption
  18. 18. MNExchange Map
  19. 19. What is fast enough?
  20. 20. { {Today – 13 devices/household  Phones  Tablets  PCs  TVs  Gaming consoles  Home security The Future – Predictions  Gartner Group predicts globally…  2016 – 4 billion devices  2020 - 13.5 billion devices  OECD  By 2022, 50 devices per household Survive or Thrive?
  21. 21.  $500 million to CenturyLink, Frontier, Consolidated Communications & Windstream  Required to:  complete construction in 2020  build to a 10 Mb/1 Mb minimum standard  Using DSL technology  Locations within 2500 feet of fiber-fed DSLAMs could have services approaching 50 Mb  Locations 8,000 feet away might only have access to 10 Mb  Engineering and construction strategy of provider will determine service delivery and upgrade possibilities CAF2 Funding
  22. 22. CAF2Accepted Funding
  23. 23. CAF2 Funding Accepted
  24. 24.  What will providers actually deploy?  When will they build it?  What percentage of an area will they serve?  What percentage of residents will get 25/3?  How do we get from a CAF2 network to 100/20 and beyond?  How do we get service to those not reached with CAF2? The CAF2 Dilemma… ----What we don’t know…
  25. 25. A quick fix or… modern infrastructure?
  26. 26. {Work on many fronts! What should we do?
  27. 27.  Community Broadband Resources  Webinars  Robust Network Feasibility Fund  Blandin Blog and Website  Technical assistance  Maps and data  Finance Get Help!
  28. 28. { {Demand Side  Residents  Home businesses  Farmers  Loggers  Tele-workers  People of all ages Supply Side  Providers  Existing  Prospective  Wired and wireless  Electric co-op leaders  Identify public assets  DEED OBD maps  GIS mapping  Public fiber and conduit  ROW  Towers  Community connections Learn and Assess
  29. 29.  Neighboring townships  County officials  RDC’s  Providers  Electric cooperatives  Others who have solved their problem! Partner
  30. 30.  Support MAT’s role in rural broadband coalitions  Review and comment on the Governor’s Broadband Task Force recommendations  Advocate with your legislators and county commissioners Public Policy
  31. 31. A better discussion!
  32. 32. {Bill Coleman Bill@communitytechnologyadvisors.com 651-491-2551 www.communitytechnologyadvisors.com Discussion

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