Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Broadband in the Arrowhead Region (MN)

562 views

Published on

Bill Coleman speaks to Arrowhead Regional Development Commission

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Broadband in the Arrowhead Region (MN)

  1. 1. Broadband in the Arrowhead Region What’s good enough?
  2. 2. Broadband Fun Facts • Faster broadband – Recently reaffirmed by the FCC: • anything less than 25 Mb/3 Mb is not broadband • Mobile cellular is not a substitute for a fixed connection – FCC standard increased 30-fold between 2008 and 2016 – Some ISPs increased speeds 100-fold in same period – Comcast just raised all speed tiers by 50 Mb • Households – Use more than 250 GB of data/month and rising – Have 13 connected devices; 50 devices by 2022 • Computers, phones, fitness devices, home security, medical devices, thermostats, personal assistants, watches, home appliances, cars, farm animals, sensors, tractors,
  3. 3. Digital Divide Index Describing today, driving the future! Minnesota USA Source: Purdue University, Robert Gallardo
  4. 4. Winning! Losing!
  5. 5. Broadband Upload Speed Affordability Reliability Mobility Latency Download Speed Assess Your Community’s Broadband
  6. 6. DEED OBD Border to Border Broad- band Grant Eligibility All red areas are a priority
  7. 7. Arrowhead Broadband Infrastructure
  8. 8. Cellular Data Coverage
  9. 9. New FCC Rural Broadband Subsidies CAF II • Capital subsidies to large carriers – CenturyLink – Frontier – Windstream – Consolidated Communications • 10 Mb/1 Mb minimum • FTTN DSL services ACAM • Operating subsidies to mid- size carriers – Arvig • Required minimum depending on deployment costs – 25 Mb/3Mb – 10 Mb/1 Mb – 4 Mb/1 Mb • FTTH or FTTN
  10. 10. FCC CAF II and ACAM Eligible Areas CAF II ACAM
  11. 11. DSL Speed/Distance Chart Understanding the Impact
  12. 12. FRONTIER’S LINDSTROM EXCHANGE Red circles = 3,000 foot radius = 25 Mb/3 Mb and higher Blue circles = 9,000 foot radius = between 25 Mb/3 Mb to 10 Mb/1 Mb
  13. 13. FRONTIER’S LINDSTROM EXCHANGE Those within the circles, about 10% of land area, may meet the 2022 state goal of 25 Mb/3Mb; no one would meet the 100 Mb/20 Mb2026 state goal.
  14. 14. WHAT ABOUT WIRELESS? Wireless relies on fiber!
  15. 15. Fixed Wireless • Increasingly robust with fiber-fed towers, especially on the prairie • Many combinations of technologies and spectrum – Balancing of power and bandwidth – Licensed, lightly licensed and unlicensed – Speed decreases with distance from towers – Latency/delay increases with each “hop” – Trees eat wireless – Hills hide wireless • Available/affordable Internet backhaul required
  16. 16. Cellular • 4g/3g coverage can be spotty in rural • Speeds decrease with distance from towers • Beware of ** on “unlimited” data plans • 5g requires fiber to within 1,000 feet of customer
  17. 17. Satellite • Latency/delay affects advanced use • Weather affects reliability • Same unlimited** considerations as cellular
  18. 18. Fiber Infrastructure Investment – a good choice? • FTTH cost about $4,000 - $12,000 per home • 70% of homebuyers require broadband • A fibered home is worth $3,000-$5,000 more • Connected residents save $1,500 per year • Switching from satellite/cellular to FTTH save $$
  19. 19. What else costs about $10,000? 10 year-old stuff on Craigslist!
  20. 20. Tools and Resources • DEED Office of Broadband – Grant program – Maps and data – Liaison with broadband providers • Federal Government – USDA Rural Development – US Commerce – NTIA – FCC • Blandin Foundation – Community Broadband Resources Program – Robust Network Feasibility Study – Broadband Communities Program/IRBC – Blandin on Broadband Blog & BF web site • ARDC/Counties – Data – Grant writing – GIS Mapping
  21. 21. Conclusions • Technology – Feast or famine for NE MN rural areas – • FTTH or… almost nothing • Fixed wireless is a poor choice in NE MN • Policy – Subsidies are required to spur investment – Border to Border Grant Program critical • (www.mnbroadbandcoalition.com) • Opportunities – May 31 Blandin Broadband Communities deadline – Stay tuned for more information on IRBC

×