Logic of hinduism


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Logic of hinduism

  1. 1. The Logic of Hinduism
  2. 2. Lecture Outline <ul><li>1) Hindu Panentheism and Indian History </li></ul><ul><li>2) Why does God Create? </li></ul><ul><li>3) Meditation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4) Argument for Immortality </li></ul>
  3. 3. Combine Pantheism and Monotheism: Panentheism <ul><li>“ In Me are all existences contained, </li></ul><ul><li>Not I in them!” (Bhagavad Gita) </li></ul><ul><li>Pantheism: God is everything; everything is God </li></ul><ul><li>Monotheism: there is one God, separate from the world He/She creates. </li></ul><ul><li>Combine: Panentheism: 1) the world is the expression of God in time/space, 2) yet God also remains the conscious Unity in all expressions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Emanationism <ul><li>“ They comprehend not, the Unheavenly, </li></ul><ul><li>How Souls go forth from Me; nor how they come </li></ul><ul><li>Back to Me.” </li></ul><ul><li>1) Soul (Aspect, Part of Brahman) goes forth into forgetfulness (matter) </li></ul><ul><li>2) => Karmic existence in samsara (illusion of time and space) </li></ul><ul><li>3) Return to consciousness of inner divinity (moksha, Nirvana): Sat-Chit-Ananda or bliss consciousness of being) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Neo-Kinship and the unity of God and the World <ul><li>Ancient kinship > animism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>=>pantheism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinduism absorbs animistic hunter-gatherers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evolution of polytheism (=> avatars) and monotheism does not reject animism </li></ul><ul><li>>Panentheism (“Pan” = all; “hen” = one) </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity with early beliefs of kinship society </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast with monotheism of the West and Middle East: God is above and outside of nature ( separation of God and world) </li></ul>
  6. 6. God Becomes Human <ul><li>God knows Him/Herself, but does not experience what it is to be God. </li></ul><ul><li>To experience something requires first not being it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., to experience joy requires sorrow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hence, to experience Him/Herself, God must become (pretend to be) not-God: </li></ul><ul><li>> the creation of the world </li></ul>
  7. 7. Path to True Self <ul><li>Krishna is an “avatar” because Krishna realizes his true being as Brahman </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary human (Arjuna) fails to understand this </li></ul><ul><li>Hence Arjuna is caught up in cycle of birth and death ( Samsara ) and Illusion ( Maya ) </li></ul><ul><li>To find peace/joy/bliss: find your real Self </li></ul><ul><li>This is God’s experience of being God </li></ul>
  8. 8. Meditation: Path to the Inner God <ul><li>The Saint who shuts outside his placid soul </li></ul><ul><li>All touch of sense, letting no contact through; </li></ul><ul><li>Whose quiet eyes gaze straight from fixed brows, </li></ul><ul><li>Whose outward breath and inward breath are drawn </li></ul><ul><li>Equal and slow through nostrils still and close; </li></ul><ul><li>That one— with organs, heart, and mind constrained , </li></ul><ul><li>Bent on deliverance, having put away </li></ul><ul><li>Passion, and fear, and rage;--hath, even now , </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained deliverance, ever and ever freed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What does meditation do? <ul><li>We normally identify ourselves with our thinking mind, our desires => Ordinary self, ego. </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with past and future </li></ul><ul><li>Not being in the present </li></ul><ul><li>We normally don’t control our mind; it controls us. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to set aside the mind to discover our real being: the experience of being : I AM </li></ul>
  10. 10. You are not your thoughts <ul><li>= “You” are not your thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Become aware of the Self outside of the thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>That is really the You that is the expression of God: the true Self </li></ul>
  11. 11. How to meditate <ul><li>Sequestered should he sit, </li></ul><ul><li>Steadfastly meditating, solitary, </li></ul><ul><li>His thoughts controlled, his passions laid away, </li></ul><ul><li>Quit of his belongings. . . . </li></ul><ul><li>There, setting hard his mind upon The One, </li></ul><ul><li>Restraining heart and senses, silent, calm, </li></ul><ul><li>Let him accomplish Yoga [=union], and achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Pureness of soul [Atman], holding immovable </li></ul><ul><li>Body and neck and head, his gaze absorbed </li></ul><ul><li>Upon his nose-end . . . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Light Meditation <ul><li>Feel and relax your body completely </li></ul><ul><li>Focus your attention on nose-end for a while </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feel disconnected from the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore your thoughts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Close eyes and observe the darkness, shadows, inner clouds, colors, forms </li></ul><ul><li>Keep searching for the light in the center for as long as possible </li></ul>
  13. 13. Krishna’s argument for immortality <ul><li>That which is </li></ul><ul><li>Can never cease to be; that which is not </li></ul><ul><li>Will not exist. To see this truth of both </li></ul><ul><li>Is theirs who part essence from accident, </li></ul><ul><li>Substance from shadow. Indestructible, </li></ul><ul><li>Learn thou! The Life is, spreading life through all; </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot anywhere, by any means, </li></ul><ul><li>Be anywise diminished, stayed, or changed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The fleeting frames <ul><li>But for these fleeting frames which it informs </li></ul><ul><li>With spirit deathless, endless, infinite, </li></ul><ul><li>They perish. Let them perish, Prince! </li></ul><ul><li>And fight! </li></ul>
  15. 15. (1) Being <ul><li>Being cannot come out of non-being </li></ul><ul><li>If once there was nothing, now there would be nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence being is eternal </li></ul>
  16. 16. (2) Non-Being <ul><li>Things that come into existence and pass away – i.e., change – are a mixture of being and non-being: </li></ul><ul><li>Inasmuch as anything is, it cannot not-be. </li></ul><ul><li>Inasmuch as anything is not, it cannot be. </li></ul><ul><li>So changing things are illusory, “shadows” on the wall – “Maya” </li></ul>
  17. 17. (3) Being and Non-Being <ul><li>Inasmuch as I am a changing being of time (focused on past and future), I am involved in Maya (Illusion) </li></ul><ul><li>My true being is in the present moment of Now, the moment of IS/AM </li></ul><ul><li>Inasmuch as I AM, I AM Eternal, Divine </li></ul>
  18. 18. Plato’s argument for immortality <ul><li>The human soul can recognize unchangeable truths. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., The Theorem of Pythagoras. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We can recognize unchanging Beauty in itself in the changing beautiful things. </li></ul><ul><li>The soul must be like what it knows and loves. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, the soul must also be unchangeable </li></ul><ul><li>Rise to the soul level, above preoccupation with sensory objects (the shadow world) </li></ul>