Sustaining Our Future


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Sustaining Our Future

  1. 1. Genetically Modified Foods Savior or Time Bomb?
  2. 2. Biotechnology <ul><li>“Biotechnology is the modification of living organisms and their products.” </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically Modified Foods and Crops are a branch of biotechnology as the genes of the plant are modified so that specific trains are displayed or exhibited. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Genetically Modified Foods <ul><li>Genetically modified foods offer a range of advantages to both the economic well-being of a country as well as its agricultural industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling a range of characteristics to be displayed in foods, Genetic modification assists in sustaining our futures through its desirable traits. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Process
  5. 5. Advantages <ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases the strain put on the agricultural industry via droughts and lowers production costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boost Economy through Export </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nutritional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide added nutritional value to food products </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Agricultural Advantages <ul><li>Wider environmental diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt, drought, pollution and wind resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pest and disease resistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticides and other chemicals are not required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Higher yields </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger income for farmer and intern the economy </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Economic Advantages <ul><li>Increased Production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases the export revenue and decreases the import costs of a country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Higher Land Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less land is wasted due to lack of water, salt saturation or pollution </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Nutritional Advantages <ul><li>Higher Nutritional Value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific characteristics can be implemented into foods such as higher calcium content or other nutrients. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Allergy Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergic components of foods can be removed. This could mean that people who are lactose intolerant may be able to consume dairy products. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Disadvantages <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown affects on health in future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeling, packaging and testing legislations are still being created </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes the biodiversity of enviroments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The current population is the test as genetically modified foods have only just been released onto the market. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Health Issues <ul><li>Unknown Future Health Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The current population are the test generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altering genes may produce new allergic reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future effects are unknown as the technology is only 20 years old </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Legal Requirements <ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeling Laws for GM Foods State: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any Food that has ingredients or processing that contain novel DNA or a DNA protein and has altered characteristics of the food must be labeled as GM Food. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A food must indicated it is GM when: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It falls outside the typical nutritional value </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a ‘new factor’ that may cause allergic reactions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naturally occurring toxins are different from similar non-GM foods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A food is not required to be labeled as GM when: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a refined food and this refining removed the novel DNA or DNA protein </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If flavors from GM foods do not make up more than 1 gram per kilogram </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The GM product is present in a value less than 1% per ingredient and there unintentionally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food that is consumed at the point of sale (Restaurants and Take Away) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>There are 5 organizations responsible for GM foods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Standards Australia and New Zealand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decides whether the food is safe or not </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Office of the Gene Technology Regulator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approves GM trials and commercial release of GM crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determines all chemicals aloud to be used in the agricultural industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian Quarantine Inspection Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulates the movement of product around Australia and internationally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapeutic Goods Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carries out long term testing and assessments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Environmental <ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetically Modified crops may alter the natural balance between life forms and the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contamination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross pollination may occur between the altered and unaltered crops, which leads to contamination of natural crops. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New diseases or pests may develop if previous forms no longer affect the modified plant. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Testing <ul><li>When testing GM crops, a number of precautions have been put in place, these include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A ‘no-grow’ zone up to 2km wide around the GM crop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant checks of surrounding crops to ensure no contamination has occurred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of all parts of the crop once the test has been completed so that cattle do not graze on them. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Ethics <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are genetically modified foods safe? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it ethical to test on a population? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should we be testing on animals? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modifying Nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it right to modify nature to suit ourselves? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Sustainability <ul><li>Genetically modified foods allow us to sustain our futures through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher yields which leads to better economic situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater use of land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better nutritional value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger supplies to meet demand on agricultural industries. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Genetically modified foods provide both advantages and disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>With further research could provide a valuable tool in sustaining our lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>May revolutionize the way we live, improving our health and lifestyles. </li></ul>