Conditional sentences

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Conditional sentences

  1. 1. Read these sentences...
  2. 2. <ul><li>Water turns to ice if it freezes . </li></ul><ul><li>If people don’t get enough sleep, </li></ul><ul><li>they are dangerous drivers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>to describe what always happens in some situations </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about scientific facts </li></ul>When do you use these sentences ? These are TYPE 0 Conditional Sentences
  4. 4. at how we FORM these sentences. or Present Simple IF + Present Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + Present Simple Present Simple If-clause Main clause
  5. 5. Now look at these examples.
  6. 6. <ul><li>If James studies hard, </li></ul><ul><li>he will be prepared for the quiz. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be sorry if you buy that car. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>to talk about things that probably will happen in the future, considering certain circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>to describe possible situations and their possible results </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about “real situations” – when we are certain that something will happen when someone does something </li></ul>When do you use them ? These are TYPE 1 Conditional Sentences
  8. 8. This is how we FORM the 1st Conditional . or WILL / WON’T + infinitive IF + Present Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + Present Simple WILL / WON’T + infinitive If-clause Main clause
  9. 9. And what about these ?
  10. 10. <ul><li>If I had enough money, I would take a trip to Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t do that if I were you. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>to describe possible situations and their possible results </li></ul><ul><li>to talk about “imaginary situations” – we imagine something that we are (almost) certain that won’t come true </li></ul><ul><li>to give someone advice , using the expression </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I were you…” </li></ul>When can you use this type of sentences ? These are TYPE 2 Conditional Sentences
  12. 12. Here is how we FORM the 2nd Conditional . or WOULD / WOULDN’T + infinitive IF +Past Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + PAST Simple WOULD / WOULDN’T + infinitive If-clause Main clause
  13. 13. <ul><li>Conditional sentences have two clauses : </li></ul><ul><li>an IF clause and a MAIN clause . </li></ul><ul><li>the IF clause presents the condition </li></ul><ul><li>the other clause presents the results </li></ul>Don't forget...
  14. 14. Now let's do some exercises . . .

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