Energy Efficiency - An Overview


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Presentation from the 2013 Atlantic Council Energy & Economic Summit expanded ministerial meeting. Presented by Giovanni F. De Santi, director, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport (IET)

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Energy Efficiency - An Overview

  1. 1. DG Joint Research Centre Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) Energy Efficiency – An Overview Giovanni F. De Santi Director Serving society Stimulating innovation Supporting legislation
  2. 2. Overview The JRC inside the European Commission The potential for Energy Efficiency The EU Energy Policy Context Energy Efficiency in the European Union Collaboration with Third Countries Conclusions
  3. 3. The JRC inside the European Commission 27 Commission Members President José Manuel Barroso Commissioner Mairé Geoghegan-Quinn Research, Innovation & Science Director-General Dominique Ristori, Joint Research Centre DG Research & Innovation (RTD) 7 JRC Institutes Director Giovanni F. De Santi JRC Institute for Energy & Transport
  4. 4. ENERGY EFFICIENCY: a huge opportunity going unrealised Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2012
  5. 5. THE BENEFITS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY Reduce EU’s energy bill by about € 200 bn annualy in 2020 Create up to 2 million new jobs by 2020 Boost R&D & markets for EU global leadership Competitiveness Security of supply Reduce EU’s energy dependence Reduce investments in energy infrastructures Improve the energy trade balance Sustainability Reduce CO2 emissions Limit environmental degradation
  6. 6. EU Energy Policy Context Europe 2020 strategy - Seven Flagship Initiatives for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Energy Roadmap 2050 – towards a secure, competitive and decarbonised energy system in 2050 Green Paper 2030 - A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies EU Emissions Trading System - a level-playing field between carbon-intensive and low carbon technologies. SET-Plan – the technology pillar of the EU energy and climate policy
  7. 7. Energy Efficiency in the EU Some key existing policies: Buildings • Energy Performance in Buildings Directive Products • Eco-design Directive • Energy Labelling Directive Cities (Covenant of Mayors) CHP Directive Energy Services Directive Transport EC Strategy to reduce CO2 emissions (PLDVs and LCVs)
  8. 8. The EU 20-20-20 policy: Where are we today? Greenhouse gas levels Renewables in energy mix Energy consumption 100% -20% -20% ca. -16.3% achieved Max Mto . 1474 e prim ene ary r 202 gy in 0 +20% ca. +12.7% achieved ? ?
  9. 9. REMAINING ECONOMIC ENERGY SAVING POTENTIALS FOR 2020 THROUGHOUT THE SECTORS Savings expected to be achieved with already existing measures Remaining saving potential to be addressed with new measures 11% 16% 2% 5% 29%
  10. 10. ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE Services Indicative national EE targets Sectoral measures New EED Based on EU 2020 energy consumption targets: Primary: 1 474 Mtoe Final: 1 078 Mtoe EC to assess progress in 2014 Monitoring & Reporting Households Public sector Energy supply General measures promoting EE Industry
  11. 11. The Covenant of Mayors European initiative launched by the EC in 2009 to endorse and support local and regional authorities in the sustainable energy development and the fight against climate change Mayors voluntarily commit to go beyond Europe’s energy objectives for 2020, by reducing the CO2 emissions in their territories by at least 20% compared to a baseline year through the implementation of Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPs)
  12. 12. Fast growing and successful initiative! As of October 2013: 5005 signatories (166 mln inhabitants)
  13. 13. Covenant of Mayors EAST The European Commission since 2011 supports the Covenant of Mayors in 6 Eastern Partnership countries (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine) and 5 Central Asian countries (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan). 6 cities in Kazakhstan 5 cities in Georgia 3 cities in Armenia 1 city in Azerbaijan 6 cities in Turkey 2 cities in Kyrgyzstan 1 city Tajikistan The inclusion in the Covenant of Mayors will help to reduce their dependency on fossil fuels, improve security of their energy supply, and increase their contribution to climate mitigation.
  14. 14. Covenant of Mayors SOUTH Cleaner energy-saving Mediterranean cities •It supports the efforts of local authorities in the ENPI South Mediterranean Partner Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, occupied Palestinian Territories, Syria and Tunisia) to respond more actively to sustainable policy challenges. •The project aims to develop the capacities of local authorities in the region to formulate and implement sustainable local policies, such as those implied by joining the Covenant of Mayors. •The project will also contribute to making national authorities more aware of and responsive to the need for and advantages of a strong involvement of cities in local sustainable policy issues. 14
  15. 15. EE in Transport  Transport is responsible for around a quarter of EU greenhouse gas emissions making it the second biggest greenhouse gas emitting sector after energy.  Road transport alone contributes about one-fifth of the EU's total emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2).  While emissions from other sectors are generally falling, those from transport have increased 36% since 1990.  The EU has policies in place to reduce emissions from a range of modes of transport
  16. 16. WHITE PAPER Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a Competitive and Resource-Efficient Transport System 3 main strategies for a competitive and resource-efficient transport system and for achieving the 60% GHG emission reduction target Developing and deploying new sustainable fuels and propulsion systems Optimising the performance of multimodal logistic chains, including by making greater use of more energy-efficient modes Increasing the efficiency of transport and of infrastructure use with information systems and marketbased incentives
  17. 17. A wide range of EU policies have been developed to lower emissions from transport: aviation has been included in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS); a strategy is in place to reduce emissions from cars and vans, including emissions targets for new vehicles; a target is in place to reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of fuels (fuel quality directive); rolling resistance limits and tyre labelling requirements have been introduced and tyre pressure monitors made mandatory on new vehicles; public authorities are required to take account of life time energy use and CO2 emissions when procuring vehicles.
  18. 18. Interoperability A Letter of Intent (LoI) signed in 2012 with DoE : Common Activities in EV/SG Interoperability Labs at Argonne National Laboratories and JRC • Goals: • Support standardization, promoting a EU/US common approach • Address the interoperability issues between e-vehicles & smart grids (including ICT) • Provide testing facilities for electric vehicles and the related equipment • Ensure a permanent link with car industry operative on EU and US markets
  19. 19. IN FOCUS Cooperation with Turkey on EE  The adoption of EE policy package similar to the EU based on efficiency standards and labels for equipment (Eco-design), energy performance of buildings requirements (EPBD), and the promotion of investments in energy efficiency (Energy Efficiency Directive) is key to improve EE.  Buildings should be the priority area of action. The priority should be the refurbishment of existing buildings. For new building the focus should be towards Net Zero Energy buildings with the adoption of renewable energy sources.  Adoption of efficiency requirements similar to the EU could help Turkish industry (appliances, lighting, consumer electronics) in exporting and would increase EE domestically.  Financing energy efficiency including the development of ESCOs and EPC is important for deployment of EE solutions as well as energy management.
  20. 20. Conclusions •Implementation of the EED in the EU Member States is key •New and innovative financing instruments are needed to trigger investments in energy efficiency. •The new energy management standard ISO 50001 and the implementation of CHP are key instruments to improve energy efficiency in the industrial sector. •Commitment of cities to Covenant of Mayors is key •Development and deployment of new technologies is an important aspect for an efficient transport and competitive industry 20
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention! Giovanni F. De Santi DG JRC European Commission Institute for Energy and Transport Director