DEFINITION OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION A persons emotional, romantic, and sexual attraction to individuals of a particular gender (male or female).
SEXUAL ORIENTATION Involves a persons feelings and sense of identity It may or may not present in the persons appearance or behavior People may have attractions to people of the same or opposite sex, but may choose not to act on these feelings
SEXUAL ORIENTATION’S CATEGORIES Divided into three main categories1. HETEROSEXUAL ORIENTATION2. HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION3. BISEXUAL ORIENTATION
HETEROSEXUAL ORIENTATION The romantic, sexual and emotional attraction to persons of opposite sex or gender in the gender binary. Usually, applied to human and also observed in mammals.
HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION Having emotional, romantic, or sexual attractions to members of one’s own sex. GAY- male attracted to another male LESBIAN- female attracted to another female
BISEXUAL ORIENTATION Having emotional, romantic, or sexual attractions to both men and women
WHAT CAUSES A PERSON TO HAVEPARTICULAR SEXUAL ORIENTATION? No consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual orientation. Nature and nurture both play complex roles as most people experience little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation.
HOMOSEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS Are often more flexible with regard to gender roles Mostly, face same challenges as heterosexual couples in creating satisfying relationships Additional challenge of social acceptance, antigay discrimination and prejudice
Lesbians more likely to be monogamous than gay men and value emotional intimacy more Lesbian sexual interactions tend to have more characteristics associated with greater sexual enjoyment than heterosexual women’s sexual interactions
HOMOPHOBIA Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) Homophobia is observable in critical and hostile behavior such as discrimination and violence on the basis of sexual orientation that are non heterosexual.
DISCIMINATION TOWARDS HOMOSEXUAL PEOPLE Been treated as mentally ill and subjected to conversion therapies, including electroshock treatment Been targeted by discriminatory laws, including criminal prohibition of same-sex practices Not been permitted (until recently) to participate openly in the Armed Forces Faced discrimination in employment and housing; and Been the victims of hate-motivated crimes, anti-gay and anti-lesbian violence, and verbal harassment
HOMOSEXUAL FAMILIES Children from previous heterosexual marriage, artificial insemination and through surrogate mothers. Adoption ( Research done specifically on children raised by homosexual parents shows that there are no differences that suggest any disadvantage between them and children raised by heterosexual parents )
Views Toward Homosexuality Different people have different prospective toward homosexuality Several countries allow same sex marriage ( Netherlands, US, Belgium , Spain, Canada, South Africa , Norway, Portugal, Sweden )