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First Aid & Emergency Kit

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FIRST AID & EMERGENCY KIT
Prepared By: Athirah Adman
Assignment MGT315

Published in: Education
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First Aid & Emergency Kit

  1. 1. FIRST AID & EMERGENCY KIT
  2. 2. WHY SHOULD WE KNOWLEDGE
  3. 3. What should I learn first aid?
  4. 4. What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?
  5. 5. Who should learn first aid?What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?
  6. 6. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?If I dont have children do I need to learn first aid?
  7. 7. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn? Is the courseIf I dont have children do I need difficult? to learn first aid?
  8. 8. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn? Is the courseIf I dont have children do I need difficult? to learn first aid? If I learn first aid, do I have to help a stranger?
  9. 9. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN
  10. 10. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN REGARDLESS OF “TIME AND PLACES”
  11. 11. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN REGARDLESS OF “TIME AND PLACES” AT SCHOOLS AT HOME AND ANYWHERE
  12. 12. IT IS IMPORTANT TOKNOW HOW YOU SHOULD RESPOND IN EMERGENCY SITUATION ANDGET PREPARED TO MEET THOSE SITUATION
  13. 13. WHAT TO DOWHAT NOT TO DO
  14. 14. YOU NEVERKNOW WHEN YOU MIGHTNEED THEM
  15. 15. WHETHER IN A SOMETHINGMINOR OR MORESITUATION SERIOUS
  16. 16. FIRST AID KNOWLEDGE WILL GIVE YOUCONFIDENCE TO ACT
  17. 17. FIRST AIDimmediate assistance given to a casualty.
  18. 18. FIRST AID immediate assistance given to a casualty. Suddenly Before taken to hospital forvictims ill or injured further treatment.
  19. 19. To save life Quick recoveryTo relief pain Prevent more injuries and infection To control bleeding
  20. 20. DO YOU KNOW.. In ourcounty, the knowledge of CPR techniques still low.
  21. 21. Only 10-15% aware what are they doing. And most of them is medical staff. Percentage level of knowledge in certain aspect. Basic Treatment knowledge Treatment of electric of first burns andshock, 55.5% aid, 77.5% scald victims, 58.35% Treatment of Treatment of heart attack victims wound in and fainting the workshop, victims, 44.1% 40.95%
  22. 22. PERCENTAGE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE IN CERTAIN ASPECTS. 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% basic knowledge of first 50.00% aidPercentage,% 40.00% burns and scald victims 30.00% electric shock victims 20.00% 10.00% heart attacks and 0.00% fainting victims wound in the workshop
  23. 23. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  24. 24. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  25. 25. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  26. 26. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  27. 27. Incase, an Accidenth a p p e n e d BUT T H E H O S P I T A L O R C L I N I C FAR away .
  28. 28. As weknow, accidents ha ppenedunderestimate . So, beaware ..prepare your kit.
  29. 29. WHERE SHOULD I locate First-aid ? kit”
  30. 30. “EACH HOUSES, NO MATTER THE AGE OF WHO LIVES IN THAT HOUSE”
  31. 31. “STORE IN YOUR VEHICLE, IFSOMETHING HAPPEN DURING THE JOURNEY”
  32. 32. “BRING ALONG YOUR FIRST AIDKIT WHEN YOU GOFOR A HOLIDAY OROUTSTATION”
  33. 33. “FOR A BUILDING THAT ARE LARGE, THEY SHOULD HAVETHE SEPARATEKIT FOR EACH LOCATIONAND LEVEL “
  34. 34. easy to open.
  35. 35. WHERE CAN I GET FIRST-AID KIT?
  36. 36. Either you want tobuy from internet
  37. 37. frompharmacy
  38. 38. ORmake your own kit bypreparing a list ofitem, common items that should have inthe first aid kit.
  39. 39. THE CONTENT OF THE FIRST AID KIT. bandages gauze Cotton woolplasters scissors
  40. 40. THE CONTENT OF THE FIRST AID KIT. tweezer iodine/ spirit muscle pain s ointmentssplints Safety pins Surgical blades Note book and pen Burn cream glucos Pain killers gloves e
  41. 41. EXAMPLES of injuries and their treatment.
  42. 42. BLEEDING Causes:-Motor accidents FightingCuts from sharp objects fractures
  43. 43. Signs and symptoms (general):- Blood seen Pain Wound Dizzinessunconsciousness
  44. 44. First aid management:- Sit or lie the casualty downElevate effected part if possible Apply direct pressure Dress the wound Reassure as you do the above Refer to nearest medical unit.
  45. 45. NOSE BLEEDING Sit the casualty upright Slightly open the legs casualty Pinch soft part at the nose(between eyes and breath through the mouth) Get and place cold dump(wet)cloth or sponge the fore head. Do the above every 5min for 30min.If continue bleeding, refer to medical unit.
  46. 46. WOUNDS Types of wound:- 1. Closed wounds-damage occurs under skin tissue leaving the outer layer unbroken. 2. Open wounds- breakage in the continuity of skin.
  47. 47. Causes:- Blunt force e.g. punch while fighting Sharp forcesElectrical injuries
  48. 48. Signs and symptoms:- Pain Wound Bleeding Unconsciousness swelling
  49. 49. First aid management:- Safety Reassure casualty and comfortable positionRemove the foreign body if possible Raised the injured partDress and bandage the affected part Change dressing every dayBurn all used dressing not to spread infection
  50. 50. BURNS AND SCALDS -Burns injuries caused by dry heat e.g. hot metals, iron.-Scalds are injuries caused by vapor or hot liquids
  51. 51. Signs and symptoms:- PainRestlessness BlistersPart becomes warm
  52. 52. First aid management:- Safety Pour plenty of cold running water over partRefer or call for a help *note Never break blisters Never forcefully remove clothes form burnt skin
  53. 53. FAINTINGTemporary inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the brain.
  54. 54. Causes:- Standing in the sun for long hoursOver dosage of drugs Prolonged hunger(fatigue) Diseases e.g.Malaria, Tuberculosis
  55. 55. Signs and symptoms:- Swollen feet Restless Dizziness General body weakness Sweating ThirstCollapsing suddenly
  56. 56. First aid management:- Ensure you and casualty safe from danger Lie casualty on his/her back Loosen any tight fittings Elevate the legs above the level of heart. Give and ensure supply of fresh airReassure casualty as you administer first aid procedure If the casualty recovers, explain what happened and what you intend to doIf casualty doesn’t show signs such as improving refer to medical unit. Give a cold sweet drink after recovering
  57. 57. First-aid training. SJAM LEADING First Aid training in Malaysia. Providescomprehensive, complete and practical First Aid training to public
  58. 58. First-aid training. Helpscommunity gain access to first aid knowledge and health care Knowledgeable in workings of the human body and able to take better care of it. Create caring society, willing to help fellowmen in times of needs
  59. 59. ORF R O M MANUAL
  60. 60. “HAVING first aid kit does not mean that you are waiting for an accident to HAPPEN” “accidents are a REALITY in life” “whether you like or not, it is always BEST TO BE READY”
  61. 61. referencesC. R. Julian. (1989). “Training People in First Aid”, Industrial andCommercial Training, Vol.21 Iss: 3. Emerald Article: TrainingPeople in First AidM, Musalaba, ltd. (2010). First-Aid Training In Corroboration withUganda Red Cross: Standard Chartered Bank. Page 1-41.Hashim,Shahrin. Yusof, Zakiri. (2010) ;Tahap PenguasaanPertolongan Cemas Di Kalangan Pelajar-Pelajar PendidikanKemahiran Hidup (S.P.A.C.E) Fakulti Pendidikan, UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia. Retrieved fromhttp://eprints.utm.my/11212/1/Tahap_Penguasaan_Pertolongan_Cemas_Di_Kalangan_Pelajar.pdfSt. John Ambulance of Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan.Retrieved from http://www.sjam.org.my/services/first-aid-training
  62. 62. PREPARED BY:-NUR ATHIRAH BINTI ADMAN 2010960867 BM111 5E

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