First Aid&Emergency Kit

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topic: First Aid & Emergency Kit
prepared by: Athirah Adman
assignment MGT315

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First Aid&Emergency Kit

  1. 1. FIRST AID & EMERGENCY KIT
  2. 2. wHY sHOULD wE kNOWLEDGE
  3. 3. What should I learn first aid?
  4. 4. What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?
  5. 5. Who should learn first aid?What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?
  6. 6. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn?If I dont have children do I need to learn first aid?
  7. 7. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn? Is the courseIf I dont have children do I need difficult? to learn first aid?
  8. 8. Who should learn first aid? What should I learn first aid? What will I learn? Is the courseIf I dont have children do I need difficult? to learn first aid? If I learn first aid, do I have to help a stranger?
  9. 9. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN
  10. 10. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN REGARDLESS OF “TIME AND PLACES”
  11. 11. ACCIDENTS HAPPEN REGARDLESS OF “TIME AND PLACES” AT SCHOOLS AT HOME AND ANYWHERE
  12. 12. IT IS IMPORTANT TOKNOW HOW YOU SHOULD RESPOND IN EMERGENCY SITUATION ANDGET PREPARED TO MEET THOSE SITUATION
  13. 13. IT IS IMPORTANT TOKNOW HOW YOU SHOULD RESPOND IN EMERGENCY SITUATION ANDGET PREPARED TO MEET WHAT TO DO THOSE SITUATION WHAT NOT TO DO
  14. 14. You never know When you might need them WhetherIn A MINOR Something Or moreSITUATION serious
  15. 15. You never know When you might need them WhetherIn A MINOR Something Or moreSITUATION serious
  16. 16. FIRST AIDimmediate assistance given to a casualty.
  17. 17. FIRST AID immediate assistance given to a casualty. Suddenly Before taken tovictims ill or hospital for injured further treatment.
  18. 18. To save life Quick recoveryTo relief pain Prevent more injuries and infection To control bleeding
  19. 19. DO YOU KNOW..In our county, the knowledge of CPR techniques stilllow. Only 10-15% aware what are they doing. And most of them is medical staff. Percentage level of knowledge in certain aspect. Basic Treatment knowledge Treatment of electric of first burns and shock, 55.5% aid, 77.5% scald victims, 58.35% Treatment of Treatment of heart attack victims wound in and fainting the workshop, victims, 44.1% 40.95%
  20. 20. PERCENTAGE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE IN CERTAIN ASPECTS. 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% basic knowledge of first aid 40.00%Percentage,% burns and scald victims 30.00% 20.00% electric shock victims 10.00% 0.00% heart attacks and fainting victims wound in the workshop
  21. 21. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  22. 22. IMPORTANCET h i s L e a d To T h e Of Having FIRST AID KIT .
  23. 23. Incase, an Accidenth a p p e n e d BUT T H E H O S P I T A L O R C L I N I C FAR away .
  24. 24. As weknow, accidents ha ppenedunderestimate . So, beaware ..prepare your kit.
  25. 25. W “Should Ihe locatere First-aid kit” ?
  26. 26. necessary to locate in our facilities. “Each houses, no matter the age of who lives in that house” “store in your vehicle, if something happen during the journey”“Bring along your first aid kit when you go for a holiday or outstation” “For a building that are large, they should have the separate kit for each location and level “
  27. 27. easy to open.
  28. 28. Where can I get first-aid kit?Either you want to make your own kit buy from by preparing a list internet and of item, common pharmacy items that should have in the first aid kit.
  29. 29. THE CONTENT OF THE FIRST AID KIT.bandag gauzes e scissors Cotton wool plasters
  30. 30. THE CONTENT OF THE FIRST AID KIT tweeze . muscle pain rs iodine/ spirit ointmentssplints Safety pins Surgical Note bookblades glov and pen glucos es Burn cream e Pain killers
  31. 31. EXAMPLES of injuries and their treatment.
  32. 32. BLEEDING. Causes:- Signs and First aid management:-Motor accidents symptoms(general): Sit or lie the casualty down Fighting - Elevate effected part ifCuts from sharp Blood seen possible objects Pain Apply direct pressure fractures Wound Dress the wound Dizziness Reassure as you do the above unconsciousness Refer to nearest medical unit. NOSE BLEEDING Sit the casualty upright Slightly open the legs casualty Pinch soft part at the nose(between eyes and breath through the mouth) Get and place cold dump(wet)cloth or sponge the fore head. Do the above every 5min for 30min. If continue bleeding, refer to medical unit.
  33. 33. WOUNDSTypes of wound:-1. Closed wounds-damage occurs under skin tissue leaving the outer layer unbroken.2. open wounds-breakage in the continuity of skin. Causes:- Blunt force e.g. punch while fighting Sharp forces Electrical injuries Signs and symptoms:- Pain First aid management:- Wound Safety Bleeding Reassure casualty and comfortable position Unconsciousness Remove the foreign body if possible swelling Raised the injured part Dress and bandage the affected part Change dressing every day Burn all used dressing not to spread infection
  34. 34. BURNS AND SCALDS-Burns injuries caused by dry heat e.g. hotmetals, iron.-Scalds are injuries caused by vapor or hot liquids Signs and First aid management:- symptoms:- Safety Pain Pour plenty of cold Restlessness running water over part Blisters Refer or call for a help Part becomes *note warm Never break blisters Never forcefully remove clothes form burnt skin
  35. 35. FAINTING Temporary inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the brain. Causes:- First aid management:- Standing in the sun for long hours Ensure you and casualty safe from Over dosage of drugs danger Prolonged Lie casualty on his/her back hunger(fatigue) Loosen any tight fittings Diseases e.g. Elevate the legs above the level of Malaria, TuberculosisSigns and symptoms:- heart. Swollen feet Give and ensure supply of fresh air Restless Dizziness Reassure casualty as you administer first aid procedure General bogy weakness If the casualty recovers, explain Sweating what happened and what you Thirst intend to do Collapsing suddenly If casualty doesn’t show signs such as improving refer to medical unit.
  36. 36. First-aid training.SJAM LEADINGFirst Aid training in Malaysia.Provides comprehensive, complete and practical First Aid training to public
  37. 37. Helpscommunity gain access to firstaid knowledge and health care Knowledgeable in workings of the human body and able to take better care of it. Create caring society, willing to help fellowmen in times of needs
  38. 38. ORF R O M MANUAL
  39. 39. “HAVING first aid kit does not mean that you are waiting for an accident to HAPPEN” “accidents are a REALITY in life” “whether you like or not, it is always BEST TO BE READY”
  40. 40. referencesC. R. Julian. (1989). “Training People in First Aid”, Industrial and CommercialTraining, Vol.21 Iss: 3. Emerald Article: Training People in First AidM, Musalaba, ltd. (2010). First-Aid Training In Corroboration with Uganda RedCross: Standard Chartered Bank. Slide 1-41.Website St. John Ambulance of Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Retrieved fromhttp://www.sjam.org.my/services/first-aid-trainingJ. D. Molana. (2011). First Aid.Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/JharvieDwayneMolana/first-aid-6772293S, Hashim. Y, Zakiri. (2010) ;Tahap Penguasaan Pertolongan Cemas Di KalanganPelajar-Pelajar Pendidikan Kemahiran Hidup (S.P.A.C.E) FakultiPendidikan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved fromhttp://eprints.utm.my/11212/1/Tahap_Penguasaan_Pertolongan_Cemas_Di_Kalangan_Pelajar.pdf
  41. 41. PREPARED BY:-NUR ATHIRAH BINTI ADMAN 2010960867 BM111 5E

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