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ENGLISH
POINTERS
Lesson no.4

Word
formatio
n
Example:
Blending:
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advertisement + entertainment → advertainment
biographical + picture → biopic
breakfast +...
Clipping:
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Clipping is the word formation process in which a
word is reduced or shortened without changing the
meanin...
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advertisement – ad
alligator – gator
examination – exam
gasoline – gas
gymnasium – gym
influe...
Compounding
compound: note + book → notebook
 adjective-noun compound: blue + berry →
blueberry
 verb-noun compound: work + room → w...
Word formation
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Word formation

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The word formation processes of compounding, clipping, and blending are important concepts when creating words. Also included for download are vocabulary lists of common English compounds, clipped words, and blends.

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Word formation

  1. 1. ENGLISH POINTERS
  2. 2. Lesson no.4 Word formatio n
  3. 3. Example:
  4. 4. Blending:
  5. 5.                advertisement + entertainment → advertainment biographical + picture → biopic breakfast + lunch → brunch chuckle + snort → chortle cybernetic + organism → cyborg guess + estimate → guesstimate hazardous + material → hazmat motor + hotel → motel prim + sissy → prissy simultaneous + broadcast → simulcast smoke + fog → smog Spanish + English → Spanglish spoon + fork → spork telephone + marathon → telethon web + seminar → webinar
  6. 6. Clipping:   Clipping is the word formation process in which a word is reduced or shortened without changing the meaning of the word. Clipping differs from backformation in that the new word retains the meaning of the original word. The four types of clipping are back clipping, foreclipping, middle clipping, and complex clipping. Back clipping is removing the end of a word as in gas from gasoline. Fore-clipping is removing the beginning of a word as in gator from alligator. Middle clipping is retaining only the middle of a word as in flu from influenza. Complex clipping is removing multiple parts from multiple words as in sitcom from situation comedy.
  7. 7.               advertisement – ad alligator – gator examination – exam gasoline – gas gymnasium – gym influenza – flu laboratory – lab mathematics – math memorandum – memo photograph – photo public house – pub raccoon – coon reputation – rep situation comedy – sitcom
  8. 8. Compounding
  9. 9. compound: note + book → notebook  adjective-noun compound: blue + berry → blueberry  verb-noun compound: work + room → workroom  noun-verb compound: breast + feed → breastfeed  verb-verb compound: stir + fry → stir-fry  adjective-verb compound: high + light → highlight  verb-preposition compound: break + up → breakup  preposition-verb compound: out + run → outrun  adjective-adjective compound: bitter + sweet → bittersweet  preposition-preposition compound: in + to → into  noun-noun

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