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The west in the industrial age


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Industrialization chaged lives.

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The west in the industrial age

  1. 1. 1. Labor Supply 2. Natural resources 3. Investment capital 4. Entrepreneurs 5. Transportation 6. Markets
  2. 2. Jethro Tull • Mechanical drill -that made holes in the soil & dropped seeds • Horse-drawn hoe -broke up & loosened the soil so that plants could grew better
  3. 3. • Scientific breeding programs • - to produce cattle w/ more meat, sheep w/ finer wool, & cows w/ better milk
  4. 4. • English statesman • Experimented w/ crop rotation - a practice of alternating cops in a field from year to year. • He also discovered the use of “Clover” in restoring the fertility the soil
  5. 5. • He also taught the farmers to grow “Turnips” which could be stored to feed livestock during winter.
  6. 6. Domestic System or cottage industry - a manufacturing system whereby workers make products in their own homes with materials supplied by entrepreneurs.
  7. 7. •Invented flying shuttle (1733) -used in speed up weaving cloth
  8. 8. • In 1760 he invented the “Spinning Jenny” contained a series of spindles to speed up
  9. 9. • In 1769 he invented “water frame” used water to run a spinning machine
  10. 10. •He also invented a machine in 1785 run by water called “Loom”
  11. 11. •In 1793 he invented “Cotton Gin” -a machine can remove seeds from the fibers
  12. 12. Henry Cort -devised the puddling process -the of used coal, which was cheaper & more plentiful than charcoal & it can produced iron 15x faster than the older
  13. 13. In 1769 James Watt a Scottish engineer develop a steam engine to grain speed in production.
  14. 14. Alessandro Volta -invented the1st electric battery. -Italian Physicist
  15. 15. -English Physicist & chemist -produced electricity by moving a magnet through coil of copper
  16. 16. -English Physicist -Predicted the existence of invisible electromagnetic waves.
  17. 17. -from Germany -discovered a way to send, receive, & measure the electromagnetic waves.
  18. 18. - An American invented “Telegraph” - -messages spelled in a code of “dots” & “dashes” sent by electricity carried through wires
  19. 19. -invented “Telephone”
  20. 20. -an Italian inventor -sent the 1st wireless message his instrument used the electromagnetic or radio waves
  21. 21. - Invented “light bulb” & “phonograph”
  22. 22. The pioneered in the development of the internal- combustion engine. They produced engines small enough to use in early automobiles.
  23. 23. 1. Workers • Wages are low • Unsecure employment • Sick & elderly workers received no pay & fired • They replace men w/ woman & children, who were paid lower wages 2. Factory owners did not consider safety: • Poor lighting • Dirt • Noise from machine • Smoke & fumes
  24. 24. 3. Child Labor • Age of 10 children work at the factory • Sometimes the child workers beat by the supervisors to keep them awake & alert
  25. 25. 1. A rapidly expanding population. 2. Factory-made goods were plentiful & priced within the reach of most people. 3. The growing cities offered many varied opportunities for advancement, and 4. Workers who acquired special skills & education had hopes of entering the middle class