What do Solar PV systems provide?<br />Solar Home Lighting System,West Bengal, India<br /><ul><li>Electricity (AC/DC)</li>...
Simplicity
Modularity
Image
Silence</li></li></ul><li>Components of Solar PV Systems<br /><ul><li>PV Modules
Storage: batteries, tank
Power conditioner
Inverter
Charge controller
Rectifier
DC-DC converter
Other generators: diesel/gasoline, wind turbine
Pump</li></li></ul><li>On-Grid Systems<br /><ul><li>PV Integration
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Solar systems

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Solar systems

  1. 1. What do Solar PV systems provide?<br />Solar Home Lighting System,West Bengal, India<br /><ul><li>Electricity (AC/DC)</li></ul>…but also…<br /><ul><li>Reliability
  2. 2. Simplicity
  3. 3. Modularity
  4. 4. Image
  5. 5. Silence</li></li></ul><li>Components of Solar PV Systems<br /><ul><li>PV Modules
  6. 6. Storage: batteries, tank
  7. 7. Power conditioner
  8. 8. Inverter
  9. 9. Charge controller
  10. 10. Rectifier
  11. 11. DC-DC converter
  12. 12. Other generators: diesel/gasoline, wind turbine
  13. 13. Pump</li></li></ul><li>On-Grid Systems<br /><ul><li>PV Integration
  14. 14. Distributed
  15. 15. Centralised
  16. 16. Grid-Type
  17. 17. Central
  18. 18. Isolated
  19. 19. Not usuallycost-effective </li></ul> without subsidies<br />
  20. 20. Off-Grid Systems<br /><ul><li>Configuration
  21. 21. Stand-alone
  22. 22. Hybrid
  23. 23. Often very cost-effective
  24. 24. Small loads best (< 10 kWp)
  25. 25. Lower capital costs than grid extension
  26. 26. Lower O&M costs than gensets and primary batteries</li></li></ul><li>Water Pumping Systems<br /><ul><li>Special class of off-grid system
  27. 27. Often cost-effective
  28. 28. Livestock watering
  29. 29. Village water supply
  30. 30. Domestic water supply</li></li></ul><li>Examples: Tibet, Botswana, Swaziland and KenyaSolar Light and Home PV Systems<br /><ul><li>Cost of grid extension prohibitive
  31. 31. Small loads
  32. 32. Maintained locally
  33. 33. Simple
  34. 34. Reliable</li></ul>Batik for Educational Purposes<br />Solar Home System<br />Solar Home System<br />Medical Clinic Staff Housing<br />
  35. 35. Examples: Finland and CanadaRemote Cottages and Homes<br /><ul><li>Modular
  36. 36. Simple
  37. 37. Reduced noise
  38. 38. No power lines
  39. 39. Cottage: seasonal load correlation
  40. 40. Year-round: hybrid systems</li></ul>Cottage<br />Home<br />Hybrid System<br />
  41. 41. Examples: Morocco and BrazilHybrid Village Power Systems<br /><ul><li>Cost of grid extension prohibitive
  42. 42. Cost of diesel fuel and genset maintenance high
  43. 43. Human Aspects
  44. 44. Expectations
  45. 45. Managing demand
  46. 46. Social impacts</li></ul>Village<br />Rural College<br />
  47. 47. Examples: Antarctica and CanadaIndustrial System: Telecom & Monitoring<br /><ul><li>Very remote sites…
  48. 48. Cost of O&M
  49. 49. Genset and PV complementary
  50. 50. …and even sitesneargrid…
  51. 51. Transformer cost
  52. 52. Can be relocated
  53. 53. More reliable than grid</li></ul>Seismic Monitoring System<br />Gas Well-head Monitoring System<br />
  54. 54. Examples: Switzerland and JapanOn-Grid Buildings with PV<br /><ul><li>Not usuallycost-effectivewithout subsidies
  55. 55. Justified by:
  56. 56. Image
  57. 57. Environmental benefits
  58. 58. Market stimulus
  59. 59. Long-term commitments by manufacturers, governments andutilities have reduced costs</li></ul>Solar Roofing System<br />PV Integrated in Office Glazing<br />
  60. 60. Examples: India and USAWater Pumping PV Systems<br /><ul><li>Cost-effective when off-grid
  61. 61. Load correlation
  62. 62. Storage in water tank
  63. 63. Seasonal load correlation
  64. 64. Improved water quality
  65. 65. Convenient
  66. 66. Reliable
  67. 67. Simple</li></ul>Domestic Water<br />Cattle Watering System<br />
  68. 68. Photovoltaic Project Considerations<br /><ul><li>Distance to grid
  69. 69. Cost of site visits
  70. 70. O&M costs
  71. 71. Reliability vs. cost
  72. 72. Managing expectations
  73. 73. Social aspects
  74. 74. Value of intangibles
  75. 75. Image
  76. 76. Environmental benefits
  77. 77. Reduced noise and visual pollution
  78. 78. Modularity & simplicity</li></ul>NorthwesTel Mountaintop Repeater Station, Northern British Columbia, Canada<br />
  79. 79. Questions?<br />About Photovoltaic Project<br />

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