Olympic games


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Olympic games

  1. 1. The History of…
  2. 2. The Olympic Games <ul><li>The  Olympic Games are an international multi - sport events, occurring every four years, , organized by the International Olympic Committe. In these games we can observe thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Origin of the Olympic Games <ul><li>Once every four years, men from all over  Greece  came to compete in a great athletic festival in Elis, in western Greece (Women were not allowed to compete). This was called the Olympic games because the place was called Olympia. It was a religious festival to honor the Greek gods  Zeus  and  Hera .  </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He is considered the father of the modern Olympic Games and the creator of the International Olympic Committe. </li></ul><ul><li>The design of the flag had been received by the French educator Pierre, Baron de Coubertin , who developed the modern Olympic Games. </li></ul><ul><li>The five rings represent the five continents. They are interlaced to show the universality of Olympism and the meeting of the athletes of the world during the Olympic Games. </li></ul><ul><li>On the Olympic flag, the rings appear on a white background. Combined in this way, the six colours of the flag (blue, yellow, black, green, red and white) represent all nations. </li></ul><ul><li>These five rings represent the five (inhabited) continents of the world:  Africa, Europa , Asia , America y Oceanía  (including Australia) </li></ul>Pierre de Coubertin and the Olympic Flag.
  5. 5. Some Olympic Symbols <ul><li>Winer´s Medals : </li></ul><ul><li>Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that started in 1904. </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic Flame: </li></ul><ul><li>Months before each Games, the Olympic flame is lit in Olympia in a ceremony that reflects ancient Greek rituals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Olympic sports <ul><li>The Olympic Games program consists of 26 sports, 30 disciplines and nearly 300 events </li></ul><ul><li>The Summer Olympics program includes 26 sports, while the Winter Olympics program features 15 sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Athletics, swimming,  and artistic gymnastics are the only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program.  </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey,  ski jumping, and speed skating have been featured at every Winter Olympics program since its inception in1924. </li></ul><ul><li>Current Olympic sports, like badminton, basketball, and volleyball, first appeared on the program as demonstration sports, and were later promoted to full Olympic sports. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Host Nations <ul><li>The host city for an Olympic Games is usually chosen seven years ahead of their celebration. The process of selection is carried out in two phases that span a two-year period.  </li></ul><ul><li>These Games also constitute a major opportunity for the host city and country to promote and showcase themselves to the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The next Winter Games will be in Sochi, Russia in 2014, which will be the first time this nation has hosted. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the next summer games will be in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions: <ul><li>What are the Olympic symbols? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the winners of the Olympic Games receive? </li></ul><ul><li>  Who founded the   Modern Olympic games? </li></ul><ul><li>What does every ring symbolize? </li></ul>