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Design and Development of Internet System for Residential Smart-Grid


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Design and Development of Internet System for Residential Smart-Grid

  1. 1. Design and Development of Internet System for Residential Smart-Grid Presented By: Ateeq ur rehman 2403-FET/BSEE/F14-D
  2. 2. Table of Contents  Role of Wireless communication  Internet of Things  Smart Devices  Smart Grid  Digital Grid Communication  Internet Systems  Layers & Protocols  Merits & Demerits  References
  3. 3. Wireless communication  We need highly sensitive software and controllers (i-e Zigbee or Z-ware) to bring capability of communication in the smart-grid  Compatibility of 1G,2G and 3G in Smart devices (i-e inverter or converters)  There should be internet of thing (IOT)
  4. 4. Wireless communication
  5. 5. Internet of Thing  Integration, Coordination, Communication and collaboration of real-word objects that performs task in very intelligent is the process of Internet  Internet of thing is the communication of each device with one another  It controls and coordinate the smart devices
  6. 6. Smart Devices  smart devices need to have a set of capabilities including 1.Communication and cooperation 2.Addressability and identification 3.Sensing and actuation 4.Embedded information 5.Processing and user interfacing
  7. 7. Smart Devices
  8. 8. Smart-Grid
  9. 9. Digital Grid Communication
  10. 10. Internet System
  11. 11. Device Layers  Device layer is divided into two sub layers  The Thing Layer  It is responsible for sensing environment, collecting data & controlling home appliances  It consists of sensors, actuators, smart meters and e.t.c  The Gateway Layer  IT hosts the micro-controller, communication module, local storage, and display to which component from thing layer are connected
  12. 12. Network Layer  This layer connects the device layer to the application layer  It consist of  1G/2G  3G/LTE  Wi-Fi  Cable/fibre  Power line communication
  13. 13. Cloud management Layer  This layer is also divided into two sub layers  The cloud layer  The layer where all the data store  The management layer  User management  Authentication  Data management
  14. 14. Application Layer  This layer is responsible to provide services to  End users  Homes  Owner  Smart grid  It hosts  Demand response management (DRM)  Dynamic pricing for smart grid system  Energy management  Home security for customer service
  15. 15. Protocols  Protocols enables all devices to communicate with one another with various features  IP Based Protocol  RESTful HTTP  CoAP  MQTT  XMPP  Non IP Based Protocol  Bluetooth  Z-ware  Zigbee
  16. 16. Merits & Demerits  Consumption of resources much more efficient  Provide more security  Provide demandable power  Less wastage of power  Smart device installations  More expensive  Useless for high power consumption
  17. 17. References IEEE Paper: “System designing of the internet of thing for the residential smart grid” Sanjana Kadaba ViSwanath, Chau Yuen, waYeS tuShar, wen-tai Li, Chao-Kai wen, Kun hu, Cheng Chen, and Xiang Liu Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. 12, no. 13, Oct. 2016,